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In some

rian to notice, is often of more value thau whole pages of learned inferences or glowing descriptions. In the prosecution of our object we have examined every publication we could obtain, and made copious extracts. Numerous inscriptions from monuments in almost every part of the United States have been copied. Many of these contain valuable general and local historical information, which for reliability can not be excelled.

The drawings for the engravings in this work were, with very few exceptions, taken by us expressly for it. 1. They were drawn on the spot by the eye in outline, with pencil and paper, on a large scale. 2. After this, we reduced them in outline on the smaller scale of the engraving. 3. These outlines were again traced by an artist on the block, and shaded for the engraver. 4. Engraved. Beside our own work, as above indicated, upon them, it would have taken one man seven years of labor to have performed this task, provided only one had been employed. We mention these facts for the benefit of the reader unfamiliar with book publishing.

Owing to the position of many places, only a partial view could be given. To recognize any view the reader must be familiar with it from the point whence the drawing was taken. As a general thing, they have been rendered with that care that any one with the book in hand, can place himself within a yard or two of the precise spot from whence each was drawn. few instances, however, we have varied our "stand point” a trifle, to introduce objects that could not otherwise be shown. Care was taken that every engraving should be truthful; and as the work intends to be one of facts only, fancy sketches and artistic representations merely have been avoided in the text. Amid such a vast variety of dates, facts, etc., some errors must occur in spite of every precaution to avoid them, and some places not as fully noticed as was desirable. The failure in obtaining information, after the attempt was made, must be the apology.

While other and older nations pride themselves on the past, we in this western world are proud of what we expect to be. Like the heir apparent of a mighty empire, we claim respect. Although we have our faults, and our practice, in some instances, is in opposition to our theories—a common failing of humanity-yet what people have a fairer prospect of being the first among nations? What names in history are more venerated than that of Washington and of his co-patriots? What nation, at present, is doing more to extend the area of civilization and Christianity? What people have effected more, or even so much, in making discoveries and improvements which will eventuate in the elevation of the human race ? Notwithstanding some recent unhappy events in our national family, we believe a more accu. rate knowledge of each other will finally result, and dissolve mutual prejudice, thus uniting us in a stronger brotherhood; for the people of the United States are essentially but one, with one common interest, and as such there awaits them but ONE FATE and ONE DESTINY.

J. W. B.

ILLUSTRATIONS-VOL. I.

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1. Frontispiece.

39. Battle-field of Bennington,

Page 217 2. Map, United States, in 1803, Page 3 | 40. Rutland,

220 3. Map of the United States, in 1861, 3 41. Norwich University,

223 4. Testimonial of Noah Webster,

3 5. Arms of the United States,

17

MASSACHUSETTS. 6. Dighton Rock, 20 42. Arms of Massachusetts,

229 7. Dighton Rock Inscriptions,

20
43. Plymouth,

237 8. Map of Louisburg and vicinity, - 38 44. Plymouth Rock,

240 9. Map of North America, in 1753, 42 45. The Allyn House,

240 10. Map of Quebec, 46 46. Provincetown,

242 47. Fall River,

245 MAINE. 48. New Bedford,

246 11. Arms of Maine, 127 49. Boston,

251 12. Portland,

135
50. Faneuil Hall,

255 13. Augusta, 138 51. Statue of Benj. Franklin,

257 14. Bangor,

143 52. Signature of Benj. Franklin, 257 15. Indian Old Town, 145 53. Salem,

259 16. Bath, 150 54. Whitefield's Monument,

262 17. Mount Desert Rock, Lighthouse, etc.,153 55. Lawrence,

264 18. Bowdoin College, 154 56. Lowell,

265 57. Bunker Hill Monument, NEW HAMPSHIRE. 58. Bunker Hill Map,

271 19. Arms of New Hampshire, 165 59. Harvard College,

274 20. Portsmouth,

171
60. Lexington Monument, -

275 21. Concord, 172 61. Lexington Green,

277 22. Birthplace of Daniel Webster, 183 62. Main-street in Worcester,

279 23. Manchester,

185
63. Springfield,

282 24. Nashua, 189 64. Street in Northampton,

285 25. Keene, 190 65. Pittsfield,

287 26. Dartmouth College, 194 66. William's College,

289 27. Dartmouth College, 1771,

196 67. Signature of John Hancock, 291 28. Signature of Josiah Bartlett,

199

68. Signature of Elbridge Gerry, 291 29. Signature of Wm. Whipple, 199 69. Signature of John Adams,

292 30. Signature of Matthew Thornton, • 199 70. Birthplaces of John and John Q. 31. Birthplace of President Pierce, 201

Adams,

292 32. Old Man of the Mountain,

202 71. Signature of Robt. Treat Paine, 293 33. Signature of Daniel Webster, 204 72. Signature of Sam'l. Adams,

29

269

VERMONT. 34. Arms of Vermont, 35. Montpelier, 36. Burlington, 37. University of Vermont, 38. Vermont Lunatic Asylum,

RHODE ISLAND.
205 73. Arms of Rhode Island,
210 74. Market Square, Providence,
212 75. Brown University,
213

76. Newport, -
215 77. State House, Newport, -

297 301 304 312 815

-

78. Jewish Synagogue, Newport, Page 316
79. Round Tower, Newport,

318
80. Touro Monument, Newport,

319
81 White Hall, Newport,

322
82. Mount Hope, -

323
83. Signature of Stephen Hopkins, 327
84. Signature of William Ellery, - 328

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CONNECTICUT.
85. Arms of Connecticut,

329
86. Hartford,

337
87. Colt's Armory,

339
88. Charter Oak,

344
89. Hartford Monument,

344
00. Franklin Oak,

348
91. Public Buildings, Middletown, 351
92. Lady Fenwick's Tomb,

352
93. The New Haven Green,

354
94. Yale College,

355
95. Judge's Cave,

358
96. Bridgeport,

359
97. Central View in Waterbury, 364
98. New London and vicinity,

365
99. Groton Monument,

370
100. Ledyard Monument,

371
101. Norwich,

372
102. Uncas' Monument, -

374
103. Birthplace of Capt. Nathan Hale, 376
104. Putnam's Wolf Den,

379
105. Signature of Samuel Huntington, 380
106. Birthplace of Noah Webster, 380
107. Signature of Roger Sherman, 382
108. Signature of Wm. Williams, 382
109. Signature of Oliver Wolcott, 382

128. Hudson City,

Page 411
129. Birthplace of Prest. Van Buren, 412
130. Poughkeepsie,

413
131. Up the Hudson, from West Point, 414
132. Kosciusko's Monument,

415
133. Dade Monument,

415
134. Andre's Place of Execution,

417
135. Irving's Residence,

417
136. Stony Point,

419
137. Troy,

420
138. Congress Spring, Saratoga, - 422
139. Coleman Monument,

423
140. Davidson Monument, -

423
141. Map of Burgoyne's Route,

424
142. Battle-field of Stillwater,

425
143. Ruins of Ticonderoga,

427
144. Union College, Schenectady, 431
145. Geneseo-street, Utica,

434
146. Hamilton College,

436
147. Street View in Syracuse,

438
148. Field of Salt Vats,

439
149. Salt Manufactory,

439
150. Grain Warehouses, Oswego, 440
151. Oswego in 1755,

441
152. State Prison, Auburn,

443
153. Logan Monument,

443
154. Street in Rochester,

444
155. Niagara Falls,

446
156. Map of Niagara and vicinity, 447
157. Harbor of Buffalo,

449
158. Custom House, etc., in Buffalo, 449
159. Bridge at Portage, -

452
160. State Inebriate Asylum,

453
161. Signature of Philip Livingston, 455
162. Signature of Francis Lewis, 455
163. Signature of Lewis Morris, - 455
164. Signature of Wm. Floyd,

455

NEW YORK.
110. Arms of New York,

385
111. Situation of New York City,

389
112. Stadt Huys, New York,

390
113. Nieuw Amsterdam in 1659,

391
114. Forest of Masts, on East River, - 393
115. Broadway, from the Park,

395
116. Printing House Square,

396
117. Harpers,

396
118. The Tombs,

397
119. Cow Bay, Five Points,

397
120. Cooper Institute,

398
121. The Bible House,

399
122. Statue of Washington, Union Park, 400
123. Fifth Avenue Hotel,

401
124. Broadway, from Rev. Dr. Chapin's
Church,

403
125. Navy Yard, Brooklyn,

406
126. Miss Canda's Monument, Greenw'd, 408
127. Albany, -

409

NEW JERSEY.
165. Arms of New Jersey, -

457
166. Park at Newark,

462
167. State House, Trenton,

465
168. College of New Jersey, Princeton, 469
169. Battle-field, Princeton,

470
170. Jersey City, from New York, 472
171. New Brunswick,

473
172. Sandy Hook,

475
173. Camden,

476
174. Mills at Paterson,

479
175. Map of Seat of War in N. Jersey, 481
176. Battle-field of Monmouth,

484
177. The Huddy House,

486
178. Washington's Headquarters, Mor-
ristown,

488
179. Caldwell Monument,

491

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720

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273. Hieroglyphic Stone,

311. State Capitol, Columbia,

712

274. Signature of Washington,

662 312. South Carolina College,

713

275. Signature of Carter Braxton, 663 313. Congaree Bridge,

715

276. Signature of Benj. Harrison, - 663 314. Map of Seat of War in the South, 718

277. Signature of Richard Henry Lee, 663 315. Battle-ground at Cowpens, 719

278. Signature of Thos. Nelson, jr.,

663

316. Monument at Cowpens,

719

279. Signature of Francis Lightfoot Lee, 664 317. Battle-ground at King's Moun-
280. Signature of George Wythe, 664

tain,

281. Signature of Patrick Henry, 664 318. Monument to Col. Ferguson, 721

282. Seat of President Monroe,

665 319. Furman University,

723

283. Birthplace of President Harrison, 666 320. Chick's Springs,

723

284. Birthplace of Henry Clay,

666 321. Residence of John C. Calhoun, 725

285. Seat of President Madison, - 667 322. Signature of John C. Calhoun, 726

286. Seat of John Randolph, -

668 323. Ancient Church, near Pendleton, 727

287. Church of the Blind Preacher, 669 324. Signature of Thos. Heyward, jr., 728

325. Signature of Thos. Lynch, jr., 728

NORTH CAROLINA.

326. Signature of Arthur Middleton, 728

288. Arms of North Carolina,

671 327. Signature of Edward Rutledge, 729

289. Wilmington,

328. Residence of Gen. Marion,

730

290. Ancient House, Wilmington,

676 329. The Palmetto Tree at Charleston, 732

291. The Harnett House,

677 330. Huguenot Church,

733

292. Tryon's Palace,

679

293. U. S. Mint, Charlotte,

690

GEORGIA.

294. State Capitol, Raleigh,

682

331. Arms of Georgia,

735

295. Insane Asylum,

682 332. Ancient View of Savannah, 741

296. Regulator Battle-ground,

683

333. Central View in Savannah,-

742

297. University of N. Carolina, Chapel 334. Ancient House in Savannah, 743

Hill,

686 335. The Pulaski Monument,

744

298. Turpentine Distillery, -

689 336. Jasper's Spring,

746

299. Cabin in the Pine Forest,

691 337. City Hall and Monument, Augusta, 749

300. Battle-ground at Guilford,

693 338. Macon,

751

301. Signature of Joseph Hewes,

695

339. Fort Hawkins,

752

302. Signature of Wm. Hooper, 695 340. Central View in Milledgeville,

303. Signature of John Penn,

695 341. Oglethorpe University,

754

304. Birthplace of President Jackson, 696 342. Athens,

755

343. Columbus,

756

SOUTH CAROLINA.

344. Tocoa Falls,

757

305. Arms of South Carolina,

697 345. Signature of Goo. Walton,

759

306. Broad-street, Charleston,

702 346. Signature of Button Gwinnett, 759

307. Orphan Asylum, -

347. Signature of Lyman Hall,

759

308. Charleston College, -

704 348. Rice Harvest,

761

309. Turnbull's Monument,

708 349. Southern Cabin,

762

310. Calhoun's Monument,

350. Planter's Mansion,

763

703

708

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