Attitudes, Personality, and Behavior

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McGraw-Hill Education (UK), 01.11.2005 - 192 Seiten
This thoroughly revised and updated edition describes why and how beliefs, attitudes and personality traits influence human behaviour. Building on the strengths of the previous edition, it covers recent developments in existing theories and details new theoretical approaches to the attitude-behaviour relationships.

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Inhalt

Chapter 01 ATTITUDES AND PERSONALITY TRAITS
1
Chapter 02 CONSISTENCY IN HUMAN AFFAIRS
24
Chapter 03 FROM DISPOSITIONS TO ACTIONS
41
Chapter 04 THE PRINCIPLE OF COMPATIBILITY
71
Chapter 05 FROM INTENTIONS TO ACTIONS
99
Chapter 06 EXPLAINING INTENTIONS AND BEHAVIOR
117
Chapter 07 CONCLUSION
142
References
147
Author Index
168
Subject Index
174
Back cover
179
Urheberrecht

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Seite 28 - An attitude is a mental and neural state of readiness, organized through experience, exerting a directive or dynamic influence upon the individual's response to all objects and situations with which it is related
Seite 38 - Taken as a whole, these studies suggest that it is considerably more likely that attitudes will be unrelated or only slightly related to overt behaviors than that attitudes will be closely related to actions.
Seite 68 - Once we attend to interactions, we enter a hall of mirrors that extends to infinity. However far we carry our analysis — to third order or fifth order or any other — untested interactions of a still higher order can be envisioned.
Seite 41 - I have yet to see any problem, however complicated, which, when you looked at it in the right way, did not become still more complicated.
Seite 38 - personality coefficient' might be coined to describe the correlation between .20 and .30 which is found persistently when virtually any personality dimension inferred from a questionnaire is related to almost any conceivable external criterion involving responses sampled in a different medium - that is, not by another questionnaire.
Seite 30 - Specifically the subjective value of each attribute contributes to the attitude in direct proportion to the strength of the belief (ie, the subjective probability that the object has the attribute in question).
Seite 38 - Mischel (1968) has concluded that "behaviors which are often construed as stable personality trait indicators actually are highly specific and depend on the details of the evoking situations and the response mode employed to measure them (p.
Seite 32 - Will you accept members of the Chinese race as guests in your establishment?
Seite 38 - With the possible exception of intelligence, highly generalized behavioral consistencies have not been demonstrated, and the concept of personality traits as broad response predispositions is thus untenable
Seite 38 - little evidence to support the postulated existence of stable, underlying attitudes within the individual which influence both his verbal expressions and his actions

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