Witch Beliefs and Witch Trials in the Middle Ages: Documents and Readings

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A&C Black, 30.06.2011 - 240 Seiten
In 1901 a rich collection of extracts from documents relating to witch beliefs and witch trials in the Middle Ages - Hexenwahns und der Hexenverfolgung in Mittelalter - was published in Bonn. Most of the original documents are in Latin, with some in medieval German and French, and it has been left largely untranslated, making the material inaccessible, and neglected. This new translation of the key documents will enable students and scholars to look afresh at this crucial period in the development of attitudes towards witchcraft. Through the translated extracts we can see the beliefs and activities which had been formally condemned by ecclesiastical and secular authorities, but which had not yet become subject to widespread eradicating pogroms, start to be allied with heresy and with changing conceptions of demonic activity. The extensive introductory essay gives the reader the historical, theological, intellectual and social background and contexts of the translated documents. The translations themselves will all have introductory notes. This volume will contribute significantly to our understanding of the witchcraft phenomenon in the Middle Ages.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
Latin terminology
14
Punctuation convention
15
Part I
17
1 Should inquisitors investigate and punish fortune tellers? 1258
19
4 Instructions to root out demon worship and sacrilegious magic in Carcassonne 1320
22
5 Parish clergy and monks threaten the life of Philippe de Valois with harmful magic 1331
23
6 An English necromancer and his magical apparatus 1336
24
4 A notary practises magic and summons demons 1410
143
5 The Devil appears in the form of a goat 1432
144
6 A priest charged with invoking demons and divining the future with their help in Carcassonne 1435
145
8 Invoking Beelzebub and taking him as a teacher of harmful magic 1438
146
9 Guillaume Adeline a Benedictine confesses to taking part in the Sabbat 1453
149
10 Four men and four women from Chamonix are sentenced to death for demon worship and apostasy 1462
153
11 Women condemned for holding a Sabbat and for heresy and fortune telling 1470
154
12 An acquittal disapproved 1476
155

7 Payment to a notary for recording the trial of fortune tellers and other criminals 1336
25
10 Benedict XII investigates a plot to kill John XXII by magic 1337
26
11 Two women who have entered a devils service 1338
27
12 Image magic and buried treasure 1339
28
13 Demon worshippers seek to obstruct the inquisitorial process 1374
30
14 Eugenius IV addresses all inquisitors on the subject of demon worship and magical practice 1437
31
15 Pope Eugenius rails against Amadeus Duke of Savoy as a protector of and a consorter with witches 1440
32
16 Boniface IX writes to a priest who has been involved in magic and an unforeseen death 1440
33
17 Confirmation of an inquisitors powers against a variety of offences 1451
34
19 Heretics who practise fortune telling and magic and spread errors among the faithful 1459
35
20 Grant of an indulgence to the Dominican house in Sélestat to help with its upkeep and contribute to the expenses of local inquisitors 1483
36
21 Heinrich Institoris and Jakob Sprenger have their powers as inquisitors clarified in the face of objections from certain clergy and lay men 1484
37
22 Incantations acts of poisonous magic and superstitious practices are to be suppressed and punished 1501
41
23 Lay interference in cases of magic divination and demon worship 1521
42
Part II
45
Canon Episcopi c900
47
1 The form and method of questioning readers of signs and idolaters anonymous c1270
48
2 Magically induced impotence and a mixture of remedies Arnald of Villanova attributed c1300
50
3 Interrogating sorcerers fortune tellers and invokers of demons and repudiating past practice of magic Bernard Gui c1320
55
4 Worshipping demons can be a good thing Ramón de Tárrega c1370
57
5 Actions which are superstitious and actions which are not Heinrich von Gorkum c1425
58
6 Infecundity eating children and repentance Johannes Nider 14351437
60
7 Can people sometimes be carried by the Devil through various places? Alonso Tostado c1440
63
8 Peasant beliefs and practices according to a hostile source Felix Hemmerlin 14441450
67
9 The Sabbat anonymous c1450
70
10 The extent and limitation of demons powers Jean Vineti c1450
74
11 The Waldensians their Sabbat their evil deeds and how to prosecute them anonymous 1460
79
13 What workers of magic do Jean Vincent c1475
122
14 Impotence magic at the Spanish Court anonymous c1505
128
Afterword
129
Part III
139
1 Women from the south of France offer magical cures 1245
141
3 Clerical magic in Toulouse 1323
142
14 Decisions in a trial of five accused witches 1485
167
15 Wolfgang Heimstöckl is commissioned to suppress all forms of magic and divination and undertakes the task 14911499
168
16 Sabbats in the Val Camonica 1518
171
Part IV
173
1 A dead body vanishes from the field of battle 1304
175
3 Conjuring the Devil in an act of hostile sex magic 1390
176
4 Magic with toads and a wax image 13901391
178
5 A thief evokes a devil to act as a source of information 1401
180
6 The execution of the Chancellor of Savoy on a charge of attempted assassination by magical means 1417
181
7 The activities and subsequent prosecution of sorcerers fortune tellers and similar workers of magic in the bilingual territory of Valais Wallis 14281...
182
8 The crimes and sentence of Jubert of Bavaria tried for witchcraft 1437
189
9 An accused woman found not guilty 1431
195
10 The costs of guarding prisoners and execution in Fribourg Switzerland 14261442
196
11 Paying a fine or being burned in Perugia 1445
197
theft and abuse of the Blessed Sacrament for the purposes of harmful magic 1447
198
14 Punishments for witches and their cronies 1448
200
16 Children Waldensians and the witches Sabbat 1452
202
17 Mob rule as an epidemic is blamed on female witches 1453
205
18 A boys evidence convicts several witches of destroying vines 1456
206
19 A female magical practitioner specializing in weather magic and freezing water 1456
207
20 More male and female witches executed in Metz 1457
209
22 Payments to Meister Hans executioner of Freiburg 14541477
210
24 The effect of hydromancy in Jülich 1486
211
25 Record of executions and deaths Metz 1488
212
26 A woman imprisoned as a witch set free 1492
213
28 A woman executed in Konstanz 1495
214
29 Two witches beheaded at Hildesheim 1496
215
31 Three workers of harmful magic burned at Worms 1509
216
33 Magical damage to crops 15181519
220
Select Bibliography
221
Index
225
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Über den Autor (2011)

Dr PG Maxwell-Stuart is an Honorary Lecturer in the School of History at the University of St Andrews. His many publications include Witchcraft - A History (Tempus 2000)and The Occult in Medieval Europe (Palgrave 2005).

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