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And makes what happiness we juftly call
He observes that as it is necessary for order, and the peace and welfare of society, that external goods should be unequal, happiness is not made to consist in these: for notwithstanding that in inequality, the balance of happiness among mankind is kept even by Providence, by the two passions of hope and fear.
If then to all men happiness was meant,
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He tells us what the happiness of individuals is, as far as is confiftent with the constitution of this world ; and here it appears that the good man has evidently the advantage.
nob pice Wh nese nal
Know, all the good that individuals find,
After this he points out the error of impating to virtae what are only the calamities of nature, or of fortune, and also the folly of expecting that God should alter his general laws in favour of particulars. He proves that we are unable to judge who are good, but concludes that whoever they are they must be happy. He observes that
was inf the rea
external goods are so far from being the proper rewards
What nothing earthly gives, or can destroy,
prove that these can make no man happy without virtue, he has considered the effect of riches, honours, nobility, greatness, fame, superior talents, &c. and given pictures of human infelicity in men poffefs'd of them all; whence he concludes, that virtue only constitutes happiness, whose object is universal, and whose prospect eternal; and that the perfection of virtue and happiness consists in a due conformity to the order of providence here, and a refignation to it here and hereafter.
We have dwelt long enough, perhaps too long, on this poem; but it was necessary to give the whole scope and design of the poet ; that the reader might see what art was required to make a subject so diy and metaphysical, instructive and pleasing : and that it is so will appear by the extracts we have taken, which we hope will induce our readers to peruse attentively the poem itself. From the nature of his plan, the reader will see that the poet was deprived of many embellishments which other subjects will admit of, and tied down as it were to a chain of