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It is now proper to say something of the elifions or contractions that are admitted in our poetry, according as the measure requires.
CH A P. IV. Of the ELISIONS allowed of in ENGLISH POETRY; and
Some miscellaneous Remarks.
Elision is the cutting off one or more letters, either from to the beginning, ending, or middle of a word, whereby two syllables are contracted into one, and are so pronounced.
In words of three or more fyllables, which are accented on the last save two, when the liquid r comes between two vowels, that which precedes the r is frequently cut off; as in temperance, difference, flatterer, victory, amorous, and others; which, though three fyllables, and often used as fuch in verse, may be contracted into two when the meafure requires it ; and this contraction is denoted by a little mark called an apostrophe, the words being written or printed temp'rance, diff'rence, flatt'rer, vietry, amorous, and pronounced accordingly. An elision is made of both vowels before the r in lab'ring, endeav’ring, neighb'ring, and fuch like words. · Sometimes a vowel is cut off before the other liquids ' m, n, when found between two vowels in words accent.