Abbildungen der Seite

of other accidentswhat would be the fate of our poor family? Must not the regret of our parents be excessive, at having placed so great a difference between sisters who are so perfectly equal ? Alas! we must perish from distress; for it would not be in iny power even to scrawl a suppliant petition for relief, having been obliged to employ the hand of another in transcribing the request which I have now the honour to prefer to you.

· Condescend, sirs, to make my parents sensible of the injustice of an exclusive tendervess, and of the necessity of distributing their care and affection among all their children equally. I am, with a profound respect,

Your obedient servant,




There are two sorts of people in the world, who, with equal degrees of health and wealth, and the other comforts of life, become, the one happy, and the other miserable. This arises very much from the different views in which they consider things, persons, and events; and the effect of those different views upon their own minds.

- Iu whatever situation men can be placed, they may find conveniences and inconveniences; in whatever conpany, they may find persons and conversation more or less pleasivg; at whaterer table, they may meet with meats and drinks of better and worse taste, dishes better and worse dressed ; in whatever climate, they will find good and bad wea.

ther; under whatever government, they may find good and bad laws, and good and bad administration of those laws; in whatever poem, or work of 'genius, they may see faults and beauties; in almost every face, and every person, they may discover fine features and defects, good and bad qualities.

Under these circumstances, the two sorts of peo. ple above mentioned fix their attention; those who are disposed to be happy, on the conveniences of things, the pleasant parts of conversation, the welldressed dishes, the goodness of the wines, the fine weather, &c. and enjoy all with cheerfulness. Those who are to be unhappy, think and speak only of the contraries. Hence they are continually discontented themselves, and, by their remarks, sour the pleasures of society, offend personally many people, and make themselves every where disagreeable. If this turn of mind was founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be the more to be pitied. But as the disposition to criticise, and to be disgusted, is, perhaps, taken up originally by imitation, and is, unawares, grown into a habit, which, though at present strong, may nevertheless be cured, when those who have it are convinced of its bad effects on their felicity; I hope this little admonition may be of service to them, and put them on changing a habit, which, though in the exercise it is chiefly an act of imagination, yet has serious consequences in life, as it brings on real griefs and misfortunes. For, as many are offended by, and nobody loves, this sort of people, no one shows them more than the most common civility and respect, and scarcely that; and this frequently

puts them out of humour, and draws them into disputes and contentions. If they aim at obtaining some advantage in rank or fortune, nobody wishes them success, or will stir a step, or speak a word, to favour their pretensions. If they incur public censure or disgrace, no one will defend or excuse, and many join to aggravate their misconduct, and render them completely odious. If these people will not change this bad habit, and condescend to be pleased with what is pleasing, without fretting themselves and others about the contraries, it is good for others to avoid an acquaintance with thein, which is always disagreeable, and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one finds oneself entangled in their quarrels.

An old philosophical friend of mine was grown, from experience, very cautious in this particular, and carefully avoided any intimacy with such peo ple. He had, like other philosophers, a thermometer, to show him the heat of the weather, and a barometer, to mark when it was likely to prove good or bad; but there being no instrument invented to discover, at first sight, this unpleasing disposition in a person, he, for that purpose, made use of his legs; one of which was remarkably handsome, the other, by some accident, crooked and deformed. If a stranger, at the first interview, regarded his ugly leg more than his handsome one, he doubted him. If he spoke of it, and took po notice of the handsome leg, that was sufficient to determine my philosopher to have no farther acquaintance with him. Every body has not this two-legged instrument; but every one, with a little attention, may observe signs of that carping, faultfinding disposition, and take the same resolution of avoiding the acquaintance of those infected with it. I therefore advise those critical, querulous, discontented, unhappy people, that, if they wish to be respected and beloved by others, and happy ju themselves, they should leave of looking at the ugly leg.


PLAYING at chess is the most ancient and most universal game kuown among men ; for its origiual is beyond the memory of history, and it has, for uumberless ages, been the amusement of all the civilized nations of Asia, the Persiaus, the Indians, and the Chinese. Europe has had it above a thousand years; the Spaniards have spread it over their part of America, and it begins lately to wake its appearance in these states. It is so in. teresting in itself, as pot to need the view of gain to induce engaging in it; and thence it is never played for money. Those, thercfore, who have leisure for such diversious, cannot find one that is more innocent; and the following piece, writies with a view to correct (among a few young friends) some little improprieties in the practice of it, shows, at the same time, that it may, in its ef. fects on the mind, be not merely innocent, but advantageous, to the vauquished as well as the victor.

The game of chess is not merely an idle amusemeut. Several very valuable qualities of the mind, useful in the course of human life, are to be acquired or strengthened by it, so as to become babits,

ready on all occasions. For life is a kind of chess, in which we have often points to gain, and competitors or adversaries to contend with, and in which there is a vast variety of good and ill events, that are, in some degree, the effects of prudence or the want of it. By playing at chess, then, we may learn,

1. Foresight, which looks a little into futurity, and considers the consequences that may attend an action : for it is continually occurring to the player, “ If I move this piece, what will be the ad. vantage of my new situation ? What use can my adversary make of it to annoy me? What other moves can I make to support it, and to defend myself from his attacks ?”

II. Circumspection, which surveys the whole chess-board, or scene of action, the relations of the several pieces and situations, the dangers they are respectively exposed to, the several possibilities of their aiding each other, the probabilities that the adversary may take this or that move, and attack this or the other piece, and what different means can be used to avoid his stroke, or turn its consequences against him.

III. Caution, not to make our moves too hastily. This habit is best acquired by observing strictly the laws of the game, such as, “ If you touch a piece, you must move it somewhere : if you set it down, you must let it stand ;” and it is therefore best that these rules should be observed, as the game thereby becomes more the image of human life, and particolarly of war; in which, if you have incautiously put yourself into a bad and dangerous posi. tion, you cannot obtain your enemy's leave to with

« ZurückWeiter »