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2121. National education association--Continued.

son: The divided-period plan of supervised study in American history, p. 587-94. 90. J. S. Brown: Supervised and directed study, p. 594-97. 91. Grace A. Day: Supervision of study in the grades, p. 598-600. 92. D. J. Kelly: Administrative problems in supervised study, p. 601-602. 93. J. W. Sexton: Training teachers to supervise, p. 602-606. 94. H. C. Johnson: The English language-its new importance and universality, p. 606-609. 95. J. W. McClinton: What shall we do with the ancient and modern languages ? p. 609-14. 96. Arthur Deamer : Changes produced in the modern-science courses by the war, p. 616-19. 97. P. P. Colgrove: The part-time continuation school, p. 619-21. 98. R. B. Irons : Supervision in the small city school system, p. 622–25. 99. Theodore Saam : Intelligence testing as an aid to supervision, p. 625-29; Discussion, p. 030–34. 100. M. Beatrice Johnstone: The county school nurse, p. €34-37. 101. Samuel Hamilton : The educational value of play, p. 637-42. 102. Z. E. Scott: The work and value of the helping teacher, p. 642-45. 103. Clifford Funderburg: The six-six plan in Indiana, p. 646-49. 104. T. H. Harris : Educational readjustments following the war, p. 619-52. 105. Margaret S. McNaught: National aid for education, p. 652-54. 106. H. S. Magill: Our legislative program, p. 654–58. 107. A. A. Méras : How to teach pupils that democracy involves duties as well as rights, p. 658-60. 108. F. S. Fosdick: How to teach pupils respect for properly constituted authority, p. 661-65. 109, Katherine D. Blake: How to teach pupils to respect the rights of others, p. 665-67. 110. Report of the committee on economy of time, p. 668-73. 111. Administrative cooperation in the making of courses of study in elementary schools, p. 675–716. 112. Report of the subcommittee on curriculum, p. 717–39.

EDUCATIONAL BIOGRAPHY. 2122. Lewis, Ivey F. William Harry Heck, 1879-1919. Alumni bulletin of the

University of Virginia, 12: 357–79, August-October, 1919.

A sketch of Prof. Heck's life, his ancestry, boyhood, college and university life, his work as a scholar and as a university professor.

CURRENT EDUCATIONAL CONDITIONS.

UNITED STATES. 2123. Bagley, William C. Education: the national problem. New republic,

21: 87-92, December 17, 1919.

Says that the teaching profession is held in low esteem, and inquires why this is the case. Advocates the creation of a department of education in the

Federal Government. Analyzes the Smith-Towner bill and its implications. 2124. Malone, Thomas J. When boys leave school. American review of re

views, 60: 627-30, December 1919.

A study based on statistics of the draft in Minneapolis, Minn., under the Selective service act of the first draft only, that of June 5, 1917. It involved a classification of more than 30,000 registrants on a basis of extent of schooling

received, as stated by them in Government questionnaires. 2125. Smith, Payson. A program for education in Massachusetts. School and

society, 10 : 711-20, December 20, 1919.

An address delivered at the twenty-eighth annual meeting of the Harvard teachers' association, April 12, 1919.

Discussion by members of the Association : (by] F. V. Thompson, p. 720-24; [by] A. L. Lowell, p. 724-27 ; (by] F. C. Hood, p. 727-33; (by] A. C. Boyden,

p. 733-36 ; [by] C. W. Eliot, p. 737-39 ; [by) S. M. Crothers, p. 739-40. 2126. Virginia Education commiss'on. Virginia public schools. Education

commission's report to the Assembly of Virginia. Survey staff's report to the Education commission. Richmond, Va., Everett Waddey company, 1919. 400 p. plates. 8°.

Director of the survey: Dr. Alexander J. Inglis.

2126. Virginia Education commission-Continued.

CONTENTS.-Report of the Education commission, with recommendations, p. 7-52. Report of the Survey staff, p. 53–286.-1. Problems and needs of education in Virginia.-2. The school term in Virginia.-3. School population, enrolment and attendance.—4. The progress of pupils in the schools.--5. The elementary school program.-6. The results of instruction measured.-7. The teaching force in Virginia.-8. The training of teachers.---9. The certification of teachers.10. Secondary education, -11. Practical arts education.—-12. School hygiene and health education.-13. Negro education in Virginia.-14. The supervision of instruction in rural schools.--15. The small school and school consolidation.-16. School organization.--17. School buildings, grounds and equipment.-18. State organization and administration.—19. School administration in county and district.–20. City school administration.—21. Financial support. Appendix A.Tables, P. 287-400.

FOREIGN COUNTRIES. 2127. Dean, S. H. The republic within the republic of China. Purpose of the

student organization is to increase education and industry. Transpacific, 1:8-12, December 1919. illus.

2128. Fries, Wilhelm. Die bedeutung der freien erziehungs- und bildungs

anstalten für das öffentliche schulwesen. Lehrproben und lehrgänge aus der praxis der höheren lehranstalten, heft 141:1-10, October 1919.

2129. Goad, Harold E. The need of British institutes in southern and eastern

Europe. Fortnightly review, 106: 759–70, November 1919.

Advocates the establishment and maintenance of institutes for the diffusion of

English ideals and English teaching in the Balkan states and Italy. 2130. Haldane, Richard Burdon, Lord. New ideals in education. Yale review,

9:237-52, January 1920.

A description of the recent experience of Great Britain in education. The school as a whole now receives consideration, that is, its atmosphere, and not the mere mechanical product of the response of the pupils to a process of forcing for an external test. The attention which was given to individuality in the earlier schools is now lacking, for “no general provision on a necessarily colossal scale can take adequate account of the importance of developing individuality. It can only prepare for a later stage in which the requisite process may be begun in the secondary school and completed in the university." Since these are closed to the great majority of boys and girls, the demand for adult education has arisen, and organizations such as the Workers' educational asso

ciation are making great progress. 2131. Leclère, Léon. Les universités belges de 1914 à 1919. Revue interna

tionale de l'enseignement, 39 : 356-62, September-October 1919. 2132. Lichtenberger, Henri. L'Université de Strasbourg. Éducation, 11:1-7,

March-June 1919.

After a brief sketch of the University of Strasburg as a German foundation, the writer discusses the spirit which should characterize the new French University of Strasburg. He thinks the new university should attract foreign students, especially Americans, and quotes a letter from an American friend to this effect.

2133. Pfister, Christian. La première année de la nouvelle Université française

de Strasbourg (1918–1919). Revue internationale de l'enseignement,

39: 313-55, September October 1919. 2134. Russell, William F. Schools in Siberia; one way to stand by Russia.

Philadelphia and London, J. B. Lippincott company (1919] 135 p. plates. 12°.

This account of educational conditions in Siberia was gained during months spent there in the service of the Committee on public information. As director 2134. Russell, William F.-Continued.

of the educational section of the Russian division, the writer had opportunity to visit many schools and confer with teachers, school administrators, and government officials. He found in Siberia already existing the elements of a well worked-out system of schools. The book outlines various methods by which America may help to improve the Siberian schools.

2135. Streichert, G. Neue ziele und neue wege. Allgemeine deutsche lehrer

zeitung (Berlin) 48: 629-33, September 25, 1919.

An interesting discussion of the ways in which the schools may assist to reestablish Germany as an equal member in the society of nations.

2136. Van der Heyden, J. Holland's new school bill. America, 22:125–26,

December 6, 1919.

A bill to provide state support for private schools upon practically the same footing as the public schools.

2137. Williams, Orlo. The public schools. Edinburgh review, 230: 340–57, Oc

tober 1919.

Based on the recent discussion regarding the great English public schools in various books and periodicals.

EDUCATIONAL THEORY AND PRACTICE.

2138. Brubacker, A. R. Plain talk to teachers. Atlantic monthly, 124: 789–95,

December 1919.

Education is the means of social salvation for modern peoples. The teachers must, therefore, have scholarship and technical skill, and also high moral

purpose. 2139. Gray, William S. Methods of improving the technique of teaching. Ele

mentary school journal, 20: 263–75, December 1919.

A study based on a questionnaire sent to two hundred elementary school teachers “ to determine how supervisors aid their teachers." The answers received indicated that approximately one-half the teachers had not obtained detailed help in their classroom problems.

2140. Rausch, A. Der begriff der wissenschaftlichen pädagogik. Monatschrift

für höhere schulen (Berlin) 18:321-30, September-October 1919. 2141. Slattery, Margaret. The teacher's highway. Church school, 1:9-10, 45,

November 1919.

The writer thinks that a good imagination is the best highway to success any teacher can travel.

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY: CHILD STUDY.

2142. Burnham, William H. Success and failure as conditions of mental

health. Mind and body, 26: 289-98, December 1919.

Read at the National conference of social work, Atlantic City, June 1919.

Reprinted from Mental hygiene, 3:387-97, July 1919. 2143. Dugas, L. Docilité et indocilité. Éducation, 11:8-18, March-June 1919.

Discusses a study by Benedetto Croce entitled “Critique de moi-même,"

published in Revue de métaphysique et de morale, January-February 1919. 2144. Ioteyko, Josefa. Les types de mémoire chez l'enfant au point de vue

pédagogique. Éducation, 11:19-31, March-June 1919.

2145. Watson, John B. Psychology from the standpoint of a behaviorist. Phil

adelphia and London, J. B. Lippincott company (1919) 429 p. 8°.

A new manual based on the definition that “psychology is that division of natural science which takes human activity and conduct as its subject matter." It discards much of the terminology of the traditional psychology.

EDUCATIONAL TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS.

2146. Indiana university. Conference on educational measurements. Sixth

annual conference. . . held at Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind., April 18–19, 1919. Bloomington, Ind., Pub. by the Extension division of Indiana university, 1919. 122 p. 8°. (Bulletin of the Extension division, Indiana university, vol. 5, no. 1, September 1919)

Contains : 1. W. W. Charters: Diagnosis of language errors, p. 6–12. 2. W. W Charters : Diagnosis of grammatical errors, p. 13-24. 3. S. L. Pressey : Demonstration of the use of group tests of intelligence, p. 23-37. 4. Mrs. S. L. Pressey: A group scale of intelligence for the first and second grades, p. 38-45. 5. S. L. Pressey: School surveys by means of group tests of intelligence, p. 46–53. 6. C. S. Carney: Some experiments with mental tests as an aid in the selection and placement of clerical workers in a large factory, p. 60-74. 7 0. H. Williams : Intelligence test of high school seniors, p. 73-77. 8. W. W. Charters : Scientific curriculum construction, p. 78-93. 9. W. S. Monroe : Next steps in educational measurements, p. 94-103. 10. E. J. Ashbaugh: Educational service in Iowa, p104-12. 11. E. J. Ashbaugh : Some recent developments in spelling, p. 113–22.

2147. Chapman, J. Crosby. The measurement of physics information School

review, 27: 748–56, December 1919.

The measurement described is the outcome of several meetings with a club composed of the physics teachers in the Cleveland public schools.

2148. Differentiating instruction in ninth-grade English (English department of

the University high school, University of Chicago). School review, 27: 772-88, December 1919.

Results of tests in language mechanics, etc.

2149. Lowell, Frances. A preliminary report of some group tests of general

intelligence. Journal of educational psychology, 10:323-44, September 1919.

Study based on a series of group tests used in the first, second, and third grades, to determine which children should be given the individual Binet tests.

2150. Pressey, Luella W. A group scale of intelligence for use in the first three

grades. Journal of educational psychology, 10: 297-308, September 1919.

This paper urges that “a group scale of intelligence is necessary in the prmary grades in order (a) to permit comparison of the 'pupil material' entering different schools and (b) to aid in individual diagnosis."

2151. Reeder, John C. The Geneseo scale of qualities. Elementary school jour

nal, 20: 292-96, December 1919.

A scale of measurement introduced in the elementary schools of Geneseo, Ill. 2152. Rugg, Earle U. Character and value of standardized tests in history.

School review, 27 : 757–71, December 1919.

The writer presents considerations concerning the existing tests in history; the general criticisms of them; and their value to the lay teacher of history. 156438°—20_ 2

2153. Washburne, Carleton W. A classified scale for measuring intelligence.

Journal of educational psychology, 10: 309–22, September 1919.

The writer claims to have made a practical diagnostic scale which will not
only measure the general intelligence but will also indicate in what particular
functions a child is above or below normal.

2154. Crumly, Charles W. The movies-bane or blessing? Education, 40:

199-213, December 1919,

Says that the chief appeal of the “screen” to-day is to the erotic senses.

The problem is to remove this and other objectionable defects from moving-
pictures. Makes a plea for better educational features.

2155. Leonard, James H. The movies. Journal of education, 90: 509-12, No.

vember 20, 1919.

Dwells on the evil effccts of the movies on children. Says that morally, the

movies as now conducted are impossible. Shows the desirability of some sort

of effective control of the moving picture industry in the interests of the

children of the country.

2156. McMurry, Frank M. Applying the “ sixth sense" to motion picture edu-

cation. Educational film magazine, 2:7-8, 10, November 1919.

An interview by the editor with Dr. McMurry, professor of elementary edu-

cation, Teachers college, New York city.

2157. Minor, Ruby. The supervision of project teaching. Educational admin.

istration and supervision, 5: 357--63, October 1919.

Bibliography: p. 363.

2158. Osborne, A. E. Visual instruction. Normal instruction and primary

plans, 29:41, 61, January 1920. illus.

The stereograph, its history, development and application to present-day
classroom needs.

2159. Morley, Edith J. The place of English studies in national life. Contem.

porary review, 116: 563-67. November 1919.

The place of English studies, literary and linguistic, in the life of English-
speaking people.

2160. Rader, L. W. Home cooperation in promoting good speech. Illinois asso-

ciation of teachers of English bulletin, 12:1-11, November 1, 1919.

Plans worked out by the teachers of the Columbia school, St. Louis, Mo., for

enlisting the help of the parents in improving spoken language.
2161. Randall, Julia Davenport. Blessing Esau; experiments in high-school

English-teaching. Boston, R. G. Badger [1919) 121 p. 8°.
2162. Ruppenthal, J. C. The legal status of the English language in the Ameri-

can school system. School and society, 10: 658-66, December 6, 1919.

2163. Sayrs, William C. English in our public schools. Education, 40 : 230-37,

December 1919.

Makes a plea for idealism in education. Commercialism is putting the

emphasis on materialism.

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