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most elegant and valuable dress is formed on a very economical plan, as the lace will turn afterwards to any other purpose. A crimson foil wreath worn on the head, white sleeves and gloves, with diamond and pearl orna

ments.

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3. A white lace dress wreathed round the figure, in the same manuer as the above, over a pale pink, or plum-coloured satin slip, with pink topaz, or amethysts, is beyond all comparison the most facinating dress that has for the last month fallen under our observation.

4. A grass green mantle, formed of a half square of cloth, hanging in a point behind ore corner falling over the arm, the other cut off square on the bosom, of which a small col. lar is made, bound round with a very broad velvet, on which is laid a grass green gymp trimming, which gives the effect of a double row of velvet; it is tied at the throat with the gymp trimming.

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made to eling so close to the shape behind, but are rendered far more easy, elegant, and graceful, by laying two plaits under the back on each side; they are confined by bands of the same, or of gold, or black velvet. Spensers are likewise of very fashionable adoption, in satin or rich figured sarsuet; during this cold weather they have been worn trimmed with swansdown.

White chip hats are just introduced in the circles of fashion, and we have considerable reason to suppose, that as the spring advances they will entirely take place of the straw bonnets. We cannot say too much in praise of them, though it is scarcely necessary to say any thing, as their delicate and elegant simplicity will doubtless sufficiently recommend them.

5. A blue satin wrap spenser, trimmed at the wrist, round the collar, and across the bosom with swansdown; a quilted satin bonnet to correspond.

6. A figured blue sarsnet pelisse, shot and lined with pink; the back and shirt in one, plaits laid under the back on each side the waist, which give to the gore an easy fuluess, and prevents the too great exposure of the shape, now no longer considered as fashion-made just above the rise of the bosom, and able. A small bonnet with fancy flower to correspond, and short black lace veil.

For dinner or afternoon dresses, stuffs, sarsnets, velvets, and cloths, continue to be worn,

laced up the back which is of correspondent beight with the front. Long sleeves, and quarter trains are universal. Bands for the waist, with gem clasps. In full or evening dress, the gowns are made with the utmost simplicity, in the frock form. White satin seems to have a decided preference, but figured sarsuets, embroidered crapes, gossamer nets, Imperial gauze, Spanish bombazeens with black and white lace over white satin, are all seen on ladies of the first distinction. The lace, or worked muslin handkerchief, is still a much approved covering for the neck, thrown negli. gently over the dress. Gold nets or bands, foil flowers or wreaths, with lace veils and handkerchiefs,are the present style of ornament for the head. Velvet Blowers are in the greatest estimation, for though not so appropriate to the season, they accord best with the present state of the atmosphere.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS

AND REFLECTIONS ON
FASHION AND DRESS.

colours.

But little change has taken place in the style of dress since our last communications. The season is too far advanced for variety, and it is as yet too early for the introduction of novelty. Much taste and fancy have, however, been displayed in the assortment of We noticed on a lady of high rank, a dead leaf coloured sarsnet mantle, made short, with a large hood thrown open, tied with ribband; the cloak was lined with pink Persian, and ornamented at the edges with a satin vandyke ribband. The bounet to correspond. Ou another, a mantle of drab-coloured velvet, liued with pink, and a plain satin ribband round the edge. And on a third, a mantle of green sarsnet, lined with orange. On her head she wore a turban bonnet, composed of folds of orange and green sarsuet. Pelisses begin to be worn short, in satin, trimmed with black lace. They are no longer

No change, whatever during the last month, has taken place in the formation of morning dresses, they are still made high in the neck with long sleeves, and collar, or no collar, according to the fancy of the wearer. Jacconot muslin seems to have the preference in this rank of dress; it is variously ornamented with lace or worked muslin. Lace or muslin lap. pet caps, with fancy velvet flowers, are in great estimation.

It would be an endless task to endeavour to describe the formation of the various bonnets worn at this season, as they are the effect of individual taste rather than belonging to any prevailing fashion. Cottage bonnets, though confessedly simple and becoming, are now of too general adoption to be any longer worn by women of fashion. The Guadaloupe and

No new invention has appeared in shoes, the season of Lent, indeed, is seldom productive of novelties of any kind. In full-dress, white satin, figured silk, or kid slippers, trimmed with silver, can never be surpassed; some of our more dashing belles still adhere to to Grecian sandal, but in order to give this effect, the petticoat must be shorter, consequently the ancle more exposed than seems consistent with strict modesty. Half boots of naukeen calashed to correspond with the

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Paris hats, with the Retreat or Malmaison bonnet, have succeeded to them, worn over a French lace cap, ornamented with a small bunch of apple or almond blossom. Bouquets are much worn in the bosom, and strange to say, the nettle blossom is a favourite flower, mixed with the pink or yellow rose,

No material change has taken place in the mode of wearing the hair; the hind part is brought forward, the ends are curled, and form a full tuft on the left side, after the Persian manner. Gold bands, studded with coloured || pelisse or mantle, are very general; it is needgems, are the newest ornament. Small less to observe that the fur is laid aside: in lace handkerchiefs, placed very far back on carriages we observe that pale green, jonquille, the head, with bunches of blossom flowers and light blue prevail. continue to be much worn, but they are considered too simple a style of dress for the Opera or crowded assembly: bands, tiaras of Indian feathers, Turkish handkerchiefs embroidered in silver or gold, interspersed with various coloured gems, forming spriggs and flowers, with foil wreaths and sprays, are here the most appropriate. A band of pearls in the centre of the forehead, with a clasp of diamonds or precious stones, and a light silver handkerchief thrown lightly over the head, forms a most fascinating head dress, we know of nothing so becoming to a pretty

woman.

The prevailing colours for the season are jonquille, grass, and apple green, peach bloom, pale blue, rose, lavender, dead leaf, drab, orange, and violet. The most fashionable mixtures, dead leaf and lilac, blue shot with pink, orange and green, green and brown, pink and drab, purple and greeu.

The difficulty of procuring French gloves, we suppose, has been the means of confining our belles to the white kid glove in full-dress, and the pale Limerick for walking.

The fashion for jewellery remains unchanged. Necklaces in wrought gold and Ceylon gems, pearl chains, and coloured crosses of amethysts, emeralds, amber, pink topaz, diamonds, and pearls, with girdles, brooches, and bracelets, bands for the hair, and coloured clasps, are variously selected by the graceful fair.

Embroidery in silk, chenille, worsted, gold, and silver, will continue to be much won dur ing the spring. Plain trimmings of gold and silver begin to be laid aside. Caps in velvet or satiu are much ornamented with gold and silver cords and tassels.

MONTHLY MISCELLANY.

INCLUDING

VARIETIES, CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS.

THIRD THEATRE.-The question respecting the establishment of a third Theatre, to be argued lately, before the Lords of the Council. The case of the Peti

came on

It is not that sort of thing which has any claim to sober examination. The audience received it in a manner which we trust bas satisfied the author.

A new Farce, called "Hit or Miss," has been produced at the Lyceum Theatre, and acted with great applause. COVENT-GARDEN-King Henry the Fourth has been revived at this Theatre. Kemble, in Hotspur, was somewhat feeble, owing to his Jate indisposition Cooke's Falstaff had its usual merit and defects. The Oratorios, on Wednesdays and Fridays, are full to an overLow.

LYCEUM—At this Theatre has been produced a new Operatic Piece, called the Maniac, or Swiss Banditti. It is the composition of Mr. Arnold, the Manager of the Theatre.tioners, the Lord Mayor, &c. for a Charter of Incorporation, in order to erect a third Theatre, was ably opened by Mr. Taddy, who built much of argument on passages in the Petitious from the Proprietors of CoventGarden Theatre, Mrs. Richardson, and others, against the measure-Mr. Adam then requested that other Petitions, which had been since presented to the King in Council, might be read, which was done accordingly. One of them was a Petition from the Right Honourable R. B Sheridan, which entered into a defence of the mo opoly, or the original right of the royal grantor, and shewed, that there was no instance since the reign of

described, not a third of our numerous tribes of insects have been noticed or enumerated. This neglect is doubtless principally to be attributed to the want of a popular aud comprehensive elementary work, adapted to the

Charles the Second of such patent rights being invaded and taken away, without the compensation being first made to those who had em barked their property on the security and faith of the presumed monopoly. A Petition was also read from Caroline Henrietta She-present improved state of the science. To supply this desideratum, and facilitate the study of a department of natural history, singularly amusing and instructive, abounding in objects striking in their shape and structure, splendid in decoration, and in the highest degree interesting in babits, manners and economy, the Rev. W. Kirby, and Mr. W. Spence, are engaged in preparing an introduction to Entomology, which is in considerable forwardness. The plau of the work is popular; but without overlooking science, to the technical and anatomical departments of which much new matter will be contributed, its object, after obviating objections, and removing prejudices, is to include every thing useful or interesting to the entomological student, except descriptions of genera aud species, which are foreign to the nature of such a work.

ridan, wife of Mr. T. Sheridan, now in Sicily|| for the recovery of his health, and duly autho- || rised to act for him in her husband's absence. Mr. Curwood followed as Counsel in support of the application for a third Theatre. Mr. Adam was heard in behalf of the established Theatres; after which the Court adjourned to a future day to decide.

WORKS IN THE PRESS.

Mr. Jesse Foot is preparing for publication the lives of the late Andrew Robinson Bowes, Esq. and his wife, the Countess of Strath

more.

Mr. Charles A. Elton has in the press, in a foolscap octavo volume, Tales of Romance, with other Poems.

Mr. F. W. L. Stockdale is about to publish a series of etchings, in imitation of the original sketches from picturesque subjects in the county of Kent, with explanatory descriptions.

Mr. Samuel Prout has nearly ready for publication the first number of the Relics of Antiquity, or Remains of Ancient Structure, with other vestiges of early times in Great Britain, etched from drawings by himself, and accompanied with descriptive sketches.

Mr. Stephen Pasquier has issued proposals for publishing, in a quarto volume, with copper-plates engraved by means of the author's newly-invented machines and tools, a new system, called Neography, in which he has attempted to simplify and reduce to one common standard, all the various modes of writing and printing used among the several nations of the globe, with a view to assist commerce, facilitate correspondence, and open an easier intercourse to the diffusion of knowledge, the fine arts, and civilization.

A work of some importance, under the title of County Annual Archives, will be published about Easter. Hitherto the annals of each county have been entirely lost to the public, and any person desirous of referring to any particular event or proceeding in the county in which he resides, has no means of gaining such information, however interesting to himself or the public. As the County Archives is intended to supply this desideratum, the contents of each annual volume will be arranged under the counties to which they respectively belong, and the subjects classed under the five general departments of public business, civil and criminal jurisprudence, political economy, chronicle, and biography.

It has long been matter of surprise to foreign naturalists, that although in this country Botany has been cultivated with a zeal and success which leave nothing to desire, scarcely any attention has been hitherto paid to the sister-science, entomology; so that while the vegetable productions of the British isles are for the most part well known and accurately

Nations are not only distinguished by their moral character, but by their physiognomy. Nothing is easier than to perceive the difference that exists between them, and nothing is more difficult than to point it out scientifically. A Frenchman is not easily depicted. Less bold than the features of an Englishman, his are more prominent, and yet softer than those of a German. He is chiefly characterised by his teeth, and his way of laughing. An Italian is known by the elevation of his nose, the smallness of his eye, and the prominence of his chin. An Englishman by his forehead and eye brows, as well as the oval shape of his face, and the undulating curve of his lips. A Dutchman by the roundness of his head, and the softness of his hair. A German by the wrinkles that surround his eycs, and the deep furrows on his cheeks. And a Russian by his turned up nose, and his black or white hair.

A Literary and Philosophical Society is forming under the title of "The Literary and Philosophical Society of Hackuey," including that village and its vicinity. It is to consist of three classes, none of which is limited. }. Ordinary Members, who contribute one guinea per annum to the funds, enjoy the use of the books, &c. 2. Honorary, consisting of persons whose association may reflect honour on the society, and whose opinion of the labours of its members may be such as to impress them with sentiments of regard for such a mark of respect. 3. Those whose attachment to literature may entitle them to become members, but whose finances would prevent them from contributing to the subscriptions for the support of the society. To these last the library will be open gratis. Ladies are admitted into this society without the formality of a ballot, on the recommendation of three subscribers, and are allowed to vote by proxy.

A new institution, called Gower's Walk Free School, from its situation in Gower's Walk, Church-lane, Whitechapel, has lately been

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liable to tarnish, or to he scratched, than gold, and though very ductile, is capable of being rendered extremely strong and elastic.

built, and endowed almost at the sole cost of one individual, William Davis, Esq. of Laytonstone and Goodman's-fields. This gentleman, convinced of the excellence of the mode M. Descroizilles, of Paris, has published of teaching introduced by the Rev. Dr. Bell, some observations on the preservation of veand desirous of providing instruction for thegetables for distillation by salting. To premultitudes of poor children in and about the serve rose-leaves, for example, either for mestreets in the neighbourhood of his sugar dical purposes or for perfumes, he gives the manufactory, several of whom he had before following directions:-Take four pounds, troy, placed at his own expence under the care of a of rose-leaves, and pound them two or three school-mistress not far from his house, re- minutes with one-third of their weight of comsolved, in the true spirit of benevolence and mon salt. The flowers, bruised with the salt, patriotism, to erect a school on an ample scale will soon give out their juice, and produce a in which that system might be pursued with-paste of little bulk, which must be put into an carthen vessel or small cask, and proceed in the same manner till you have filled it. Stop the vessel close, and keep it in a cool place till wanted. This fragrant paste may be distilled at leisure in a common still, diluting it with about double its weight of pure water.

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out controul. He accordingly purchased a plot of ground, and built a substantial house, of which the centre and one wing are completed, and which, when finished, will be capable of accommodating 300 children. Over the door we simply read, that this school was founded" for training up children in the principles of the Christian religion, and in habits of useful industry." It was opened without parade; the founder and his lady, who takes an active part in the superintendance of the establishment, a single friend, and the curate of the parish, were the only persons present, exclusive of the schoolmaster and mistress, the children first received into the school, and their parents. The present number of pupils is 110 boys and 50 girls. The boys are taught all that ought to be taught in charity schools, reading, writing, and arithmetic. The girls are instructed besides in sewing, knitting, marking, &c. A printingpress on Lord Stanhope's construction, affords employment to the boys, while the girls are busied in knitting and all sorts of useful On ascending into the north room, we obneedle-work But the privilege of working serve the figure of an Elder Vestal, attending the press (which, by a curious combination of the sacred fire, from the pencil of J. F. Rilevers, gives the band of a boy the power of gaud, R. A. and a Herd attacked by Lions; fifteen horses), and of taking up the needle, one of the compartments of the shield of must be obtained as an indulgence, by previ- Achilles, as described by Homer, in the eighously performing their tasks in school in a teenth book of his Iliad; this composition is perfect manner. The children receive a share by R. Westall, R.A.-In the middle room, of what they earn, and have some rewards the prominent performances are, "Weariness, besides. Exclusive of the dividend on £.2000 or the Old Gleaner," by W. R. Bigg, Associate 3 per cents. this school maintains itself. The of the Royal Academy.-The Gipsy, by S. doors are always open to the visits of any re- Woodforde, R. A.-The commission of Dugo spectable persons; but the examination of the || Leiva, and Camillo de la Torre, to secure the children's proficiency takes place on Thurs-young Princes of Mantua and Montserrat; days, at two o'clock, at which time the na from Nanc's History of the Republic of Veture of the establishment may be studied with nice, by S. Drummond, A. R A.-A Mary the least possible interruption to the business looking into the Sepulchre, by H. Howard, of the place. R. A.; and a View near Britton Ferry, in Gla

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Mr. Mesure, of Craven-buildings, Drury-morganshire; a Gale with Shipping and FiJane, having been, in consequence of the greatgures, by Nicholas Pocock. In the south scarcity and exorbitant price of gold, induced room is a Scene from Nature, by B. Barker.— to turn his attention to the discovery of a sub- || Returning from Market, by J. L. Agassc.-A stitute for that metal, has at length announ- Ferry-boat, by J. J. Chalon- -A design for a ced the complete success of his exertions Picture, painted for Sir John Leicester, Bart. The metal, which is the result of them, has || by J. Ward, A. R. A.-—A Study of a Horse, by the exact appearance of gold, and is peculiarly || P. A. Reinagle; and Dead Game, by S. Elnier, adapted to the manufacture of all the various A.R.A. There are some models possessing a trinkets for which gold is at present employed. considerable degree of truth and spirit; parThe inventor supplies it unwrought at the ticularly one, representing the late regretted rate of three shillings per ounce. It ap- Sir John Moore on horseback, as in the act of proaches nearer to the qualities of gold, ex- giving command; and a model for a monucept in weight, than any other metal yet dis- ment to the memory of Captain Hardinge, covered; takes a most beautiful polish, is less being both executed agreeably to the order of

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M. Seezen, a Germau traveller, in his pro gress through Syria, has discovered, in the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, the ruins of the ancient city of Dscherrasch, probably the Gerasa of antiquity. He found remains of several public edifices, two amphitheatres, several palaces, a temple, &c.

M. Von Humboldt has recently presented to the King of Prussia's cabinct of minerals, the only lump of native platina that is known. He found it in 1800, in the soap manufactories of the town of Taddo, in the province of Cleves, in South America. It is of the size of a pigeon's egg, and weighs 10,886 grains.

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The British Institution for promoting the Fine Arts, in Pall-Mall, is now open for public inspection.

Parliament.-There are eighteen specimens of historical composition, which are sent in by their respective authors, as bases upon which they found a claim for the two premiums offered by the Directors for the two best pictures in that class; these rewards consist of one hundred guineas for the first, in point of merit; and fifty guineas for the second, to be adjudged hereafter by the Committee of Directors. No Member of the Royal Academy is included in this laudable competition, nor are the artists particularized in the catalogue of the establishment

Lieut. Davies, with a pick-axe in his hand, cut his way into the den, and got sufficiently near to fasten a strong rope round his neck, by which means he was dragged out, to the no small satisfaction of a numerous crowd of anxions spectators. He measured seven feet and a half from the nose to the tail.

In April last, a party of gentlemen went out from Kishenagur to hunt the wild boar; but, not meeting with any sport, one of the number (Mr. Kelso), quitted his companions, and set out on his return home. He had proceed. ed but a short distance, when a boar was started, and finding himself attacked by the hun ters, took his course across the very road by which Mr. Kelso was returning. Mr. Kelso immediately galloped up to the boar, with the intention of spearing him; but just as he came within reach, his horse tripped and unfortunately tell. The shaft of his spear, at the same time, took the ground; while the point entered his side between the ribs and the haunch-bone, and by the violence of the fall, was driven completely through his body,—the entire blade and part of the shaft issuing from the loin of the same side. At the same critical instant, he was charged by the boar, who ripped up the flesh of one of his arms (which be instinctively stretched out, with a view to ward him off) from the fingers to the elbow, and would unquestionably have put him to death, had not his attention heen diverted by another of the gentlemen, who providentally came up at the moment, and threw his spear, a little way short of the spot, where Mr Kelso lay. To add to the horrid circumstances of this accident, it was found impracticable to extract the weapon in any other way than by drawing its whole length through the wound. This was acordingly done, and Mr. Kelso was conveyed to Kishenagur. Notwithstanding the formidable appearance and dangerous course of the wound, it fortunately had not passed through any vital part, and the great flow of blood effectually contributed to prevent inflammation, without proceeding to such a height as to be itself a source of danger. We learn with much pleasure, that, contrary to the apprehensions at first entertained, Mr. Kelso is now considered to be in a fair way of recovery.

The particulars of the late earthquakes at the Cape of Good Hope, are given in the following letter from that Colony :

"Cape Town, Dec. 6, 1809. -I have now to inform you as accurately as my circumscribed observations will admit, of an event extremely uncommon and awful, which has just occurred. On the 30th of November the weather was unusually warm, for so early a period of the season. The thermometer varying in the shade from 86° to 92°, with a sky perfectly clear, and but little wind. Thus it continued till the evening of the 3d instant; when a cool breeze, westerly, attended with a slight fog, came in from the sea.-On Monday at nine A M. the fog still continued; thermometer 74°, barometer 29° 80'. In the middle of the day (4th Dec.) the mountains of Hottentot Holland in the S. E., were covered with fleecy

A meeting of Architects lately took place in London, for the purpose of considering of the best mode of establishing an Academy of Architecture, containing, among other requisites in such a foundation, a museum of models, and a good library. It is understood not to be in the least opposed to the Royal Academy.

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The following singular instance of intrepidity took place, in March last, at Agoada, near Gon. A report was received at the cantonments that a large tiger had been seen on the rocks near the sea. About nine o'clock in the morning a number of officers and men assembled at the spot where it was said to have been seen, when, after some search, the animal was discovered to be in the recess of an immense rock; dogs were set in, in the hopes of starting him, but without effect, they hav. ing returned with several wounds. Lient. Evan Davis, of the 7th regiment, attempted to enter the den, but was obliged to return, finding the passage extremely narrow and dark. He, however, attempted it a second time, with a pick axe in his hand, with which be removed some obstructions that were in his way, and having procecded a few yards, he heard a noise, which he conceived to be that of the animal in question. He then returned, and communicated the same to Lient. Thew, who also went in the same distance, and was of a similar opinion. What course to pursue was doubtful; some proposed blowing up the rock, others smoaking him out. At length a porture was tied to the end of a bamhoo, and introduced into a small crevice which Jed towards the den. Lieut. Davies went on bis hands and knees down the narrow passage which led to it (which he accomplished with jmment danger to himself) and by the light fit he was enabled to discover the auimal; paving returned he said he could kill him with a pistol; which being procured, he eutered again, and fired, but without success, owing to the awkward situation he was then placed jo, with his left band only at liberty. He went again with a musket and bayonet, and wound. est him in the loins, but was obliged to retreat as quick as the narrow passage would allow, the tiger having forced the mosket back towards the mouth of the den. He then procured a rifle, with which he again forced his way into the place, and taking a deliberate sim at his head, fired, and put an end to his existence. Another difficulty still presented itself how to get him out required some consideration. Ropes were procured, but every tempt to reach him proved fruitless, till A

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