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stition. Scarcely did any Christian dare to approach the throne of God, without rendering first the saints and images propitious by a solemn round of expiatory rites and lustrations. The fears of purgatory, of that tire which was to destroy the remaining impurities of departed souls, were now carried to the greatest height, and exceeded by far the terrifying apprehensions of infernal torments; for they hoped to avoid the latter easily, by dying enriched with the prayers of the clergy, or covered with the merits and mediations of the saints; while from the pains of purgatory they knew there was no excmption. The clergy therefore, finding these superstitious terrors admirably adapted to increase their authority and promote their interest, used every method to augment them, and by the most pathetic discourses, accompanied with monstrous fables, and fictitious miracles, they laboured to establish the doctrine of purgatory, aud also to make it appear that they had a mighty interest in that formidable region.”

The sovereign Pontiff exercised the authority he had obtained in making and publishing edicts and constitutions for the establishment of idolatry. Divine honours were conferred upon reputed saints, who were solemnly canonized according to the regular forms of consecration. As they were supposed to be possessed of divine power, the most fervent prayers were offered up to them-the name of God, and of them that dwell in heaven, was blasphemed, and the Supreme Being was deprived of the glory and worship due to him alone, and the name of the genuine saints and angels was abused by setting them up as mediators and intercessors for mankind. The divine laws were changed. In the Popish mass-books, and in the tables written in the churches, the second commandment, so directly pointed against all idolatry, was omitted; and, in order to make up the complete number of the Decalogue, the tenth commandment is divided into two. It has been the practice of the Church of Rome for many ages, to dispense for money with the duc observance of the precepts of the Gospel, and to sell indulgences, pardons, and absolutions, even for crimes of the most atrocious nature. Of the progress of this infamous traffic, we may judge by the account given of it in the twelfth century.

"When the Roman Pontiffs cast an eye upon the immense treasures that the inferior rulers of the Church were accumulating by the sale of indulgeuces, they thought proper to limit the power of the Bishops in

remitting the penalties imposed upon traus gressors, and assumed almost entirely this profitable traffic to themselves. Ju consequence of this new mcasure, the Court of Rome became the general magazine of indulgences: and the Pontiffs, when either the wants of the Church, the emptiness of their coffers, or the demon of avarice prompted them to look out for new subsidies, published not only an universal, but also a complete, or what they call a plenary remission of all temporal pains and penalties, which the Church had annexed to certain transgressions. They went still farther, and not only remitted the penalties which the civil and ecclesiastical laws had enacted against transgressors, but audaciously usurped the authority which belongs to God alone, and impiously pretended to abolish even the punishments which are reserved in a future state for the workers of* · iniquity; a step this, which the Bishops with all their avarice and presumption had never once ventured to take." He opened his mouth in blasphemy against Gol. "God alone hath given power to forgive sins," is the declara. tion of our Lord.

"When a new Pope is inaugurated, he is clothed with the pontifical robes, and crowned, and placed upon the altar of the church of St. Peter at Rome, and the Cardinals come and kiss his feet, which ceremony is called adoration. They first elect, and then they worship him; as in the medals of Martin V. where two are represented crowning the Pope, and two kneeling before him, with this inscription, Querm creant, adorant-whom they create they adore." Can any one be a spectator of this impious ceremony, and not be struck by the appearance of the Man of Sin who exalteh himself, and as God sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God!

"Among the Catholics, Cardinal Orsi says, there is no one who dares deny, or can deny, that Jesus Christ has instituted a monarchy, or form of monarchical government in his church, and that the supreme head of this monarchy is the Roman Pontiff." This is declared with great solemnity from the portico of St. Peter's Church, in the presence of a numer ous assembly at the coronation of a Pope; when a Cardinal Deacon having taken the mitre from his head, another places on it the triple crown, and says, "Receive this Tiara adorned with three crowns; and know that thou art Father of Princes and Kings, Governor of the Globe of the Earth, Vicegerent of our Saviour Jesus Christ."

With such pretensions to more than mortal bonours, agrees the language of Gregory 11.

the the truth.

addressed in his Epistle to the Emperor Leo. Now the spirit speaketh expressly, that in in the eigth century, which will show how the latter times some shall depart from the faith, soon the sovereign Pontiff began to exalt him- || forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain self, even when affecting a style of humility-from meats, which God hath created to be received "Are you ignorant that the Popes are the with thanksgiving of them which believe and knew bond of union, the mediators of peace between the East and West? The eyes of the nations are fixed on our humility; and they revere as a God upon earth the Apostle St. Peter, whose image you threaten to destroy. The remote and interior kingdoms of the West present their homage to Christ and his Vicegerent." Similar were the presumptuous, or rathering the different classes of Cœnobites and

Had the great Apostle of the Gentiles beheld in the ages that succeeded his own, the sects of Encratites and Apostolici, who observed the most rigid abstinence, and condemued marriage as an unholy state-Had he seen the numerous monks, who, form

Anachorets, devoted themselves to a recluse
life, and gradually overflowing like a torrent,
first the Greek, and afterwards the Latin
Church-And if he had lived to see all Europe
covered with religious houses, and those
houses peopled with nuns and friars of all
denominations, who, in common with the
Popish laity, preserved during Lent, and at
other times, the injunctions of the sovereign
Pontiff, to abstain from flesh-The great
Apostle might have drawn a more full pic
ture;
but he could not have given a more
striking sketch, by a few masterly strokes,
than he has done.

blasphemous appellations either claimed or approved by his successors. Innocent III. asserted the Popes held on earth the place not of mere men, but of the true God. Martin V. in the instructions which he gave to the ambassadors whom he sent to Constantinople, styled himself the Most Holy and the Most Blessed, who has the celestial empire, who is Lord upon Earth, Successor of St. Peter, the Christ of the Lord, the Master of the Universe, the Father of Kings, and the light of the world." An Archbishop thus addressed Leo X. "All power is given unto you, and he who said all excepted nothing." This Pope suffered himself to be styled Divine Majesty. Paul V. allowed himself to be called Vice-God, and received the prophetic Janguage of Jeremiah and Daniel as applicable to himself. Thus the authority with which for many centuries the Popes claimed the disposal of the dominion of the earth, the obedience which they required to their decrees, and the exalted and impious titles which they assumed or authorized, demonstrate the full establishment of the predicted universal empire. Modern like ancient Rome kept the world in subjection to its laws: it devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet.

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But where, it may be asked, are any traces to be found in the prophecies, of those peculiar institutions and practices which have distinguished the Church of Rome so very remarkably from all others-the celibacy of her clergy, the institution of her fasts, and spirit of persecution, that has so often drawn the sword against the more pure professors of the Gospel.

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We learn from Mosheim, that the great work ascribed to the monastic orders, the sup port of the Papal authority, was more espe cially performed by two mendicant classes of monks. The power of the Dominicans and Franciscans surpassed greatly that of the other two orders, and rendered thein singularly conspicuous in the eyes of the world. During three centuries these two fraternities governed, with an almost universal and absolute sway both state and church, filled the most eminent posts ecclesiastical and civil, taught in the universities and churches, with an authority, before which all opposition was silent, and maintained the pretended Majesty of the Roman Pontiffs, against Kings, Princes, Bishops, and Heretics, with incredible ardour and equal success.' And since the reformation, the Papal pretensions to universal supremacy have been supported with equal zeal, and even carried into another hemisphere, by that order who have assumed the very name of Jesus.

[To be continued.]

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Engraved for the 3 Number of the New Series of La Belle Assemblee Pub by J. Bell April 1. 1810.

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FASHIONS

FOR

APRIL, 1810.

EXPLANATION OF THE PRINTS OF FASHION,

No. 2. EVENING DRESS.

1

ENGLISH COSTUME.

No. 1.-EVENING DRESS.

A robe of amaranthus figured sarsnet, made to sit high in the neck, with a full cuff of lace; long sleeves with short loose tops trimmed Furred great coats are worn at the same with swansdown. A turban of amaranthus time as very thin gowns, and winter toques crape and velvet. Gold brooch and earrings. appear in competition with spring hats, oruaSwansdown muff. White kid gloves and shoes.mented with roses, flowers of the season, Hair in light ringlet curls.

of correspondent fur. A gold band, studded with rabies, garnets, or other jewels, ornaments the hair, which is dressed in bands and curls very flat to the head. Gloves and shoes of white kid, with gold rosets.

double violets, jacinths, or lilacs. Some hats of lilac-coloured silk are trimmed with lilacs. White and rose are still the prevailing colours, and the milliners sometimes make use of sky blue and green. The stuffs for hats are gros de Naples satin, and Paduasoie. The masked balls have presented such an obstacle to the progress of fashion, that for six weeks there has been no change. No artist has credit enough to lay down a rule. No female is willing to be a subject; all wish to reign; so that the kingdom of fashion has become a republic, where all the parties dispute, are alternately victorious, and display the colours which they choose to adopt. Sometimes the green faction, sometimes the red, and sometimes the yellow, rules for a day. The young and the handsome appear willing to follow the standard of any leader.

A round dress of white muslin made high over the bosom, with short sleeves trimmed with lace, and ornamented round the bottom with three rows of small tucks. A spotted ermine tippet. A cap composed of fluted satin and lace, bound in tight to the head, and ornamented with a full bunch of apple bloscom. Earrings and brooch of goid. Gloves and shoes of white kid. Hair in light round

curls.

PARISIAN FASHIONS.

No. 3.-LAST PARISIAN FULL DRESS. It affords us no small degree of satisfaction, that we are enabled to present our fair readers with a correct representation of the latest and most approved style of dress worn in Paris; and we cannot help observing, it is seldom that that style is so divested of whimsicality and indelicacy as in the figure now before us, consequently so well adapted to the chaste taste, good sense, and propriety, at all times so characteristic our country-women.

A round dress of India mull muslin flounced
at the bottom, with a deep vandyke lace, or
frill of embroidered muslin, and finished with
a rich gold cord; the bosom is shaded with
white crape, in the handkerchief form, plaited ||
in to the bottom of the waist, which is of
white apple blossom, apple green, or pale
blue satin, and confined by a dead gold band
clasped with rubies or garnets; the sleeves are
worn short and much off the shoulders; the
back very high and of a moderate width. A
bouquet of white roses and nettle blossom.
A Zealand wrap of pink satin, bordered with
a rich wide trimming of swansdown, Chincelli, ||
or Nootka Sound fur. A Kamskatska mantlet
No. III. Vol. I. —Ŋ. S.

A DESCRIPTION OF SEVERAL DRESSES WORN
BY LADIES OF RANK AND FASHION.

1. A peach-colour train satin dress, with long sleeves trimmed at the wrist, with two rows of Mechlin lace falling over the hand; the bosom of the gown is het in with white crape in folds crossed in the centre like a handkerchief, with a diamond broach; it is made sufficiently high on the neck to wear without any other covering. The bottom of the dress is ornamented with two rows of lace, full, in the style of a flounce placed one above the other; a band of lace confines the waist; a light lace veil thrown over the head, with a half wreath of almond blossom completes this truly elegant dress.

2. A black lace dress worn over a white satin or lemon-coloured slip. This dress is made by twisting a broad cloak lace round the figure, lightly tacked together without cutting, in the style of the lace sleeves; by which means a U

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