« ZurückWeiter »
2. Having a slippery surface void of roughpess, opposed to scabrous, not to pilosus, hairy. Greater degrees of smoothness are expressed by nitidus, shining, nitens, glittering, and lucia dus, glossy.--MARTYN.
S. Smooth, having an even surface, opposed
to scaber. --BERKEN HOUT. NOTES.
4. Smooth, opposed to all kinds of hairiness.
SMITH. LEVIS, smooth.
5. Glabre, lorsqu'elle n'a pas de poils. --LA1. Superficie æquali.—LINNÆUS.
MARK 7. Even, level, very smooth, polished, having an even surface, opposed to striatus, streak
XXXII. HIRSUTE, Harry, ed, and sulcatus, furrowed or grooved; whereas glaber, smooth, is opposed to asper, rough, sca
SHAGGY (hirsutus), nearly the same
definition as the next, but having ber, rugged, &c.—MARTYN. 3. Not in BERKEN HOUT.
more hairs like bristles, but less 1. Smooth and even, opposed to all rongh- stiff. Bess and inequality whatever.---SMITH.
5. Lisse, lorqu'elle est par-tout égale et doie.—LAMARK.
6. Not in BRISSE A U-MIRBEL.
XXXV. STRIATED, STREAKHISPIDUS. 1. Setis rigidis aspersus.-LINNEUS.
ED (striatus), marked with hollow 2. Beset with stiff bristles. Since we can
channels, running in straight lines, not find significant English terms for all the as with the Arum maculatum. numerous varieties of pubescence, it is perhaps best to use the Latin terms where we can. Thus hirsule and hispid are preferable to shaggy and bristly; rough with hairs, hirtus, is nearly the same as hirsutus, and implies bairs stilier thau in pilvsus. -MARTYN.
3. Covered with strong fragile bristles, or prickles, but whese roots are only superficial, so as to strip off with the rivd.-BERKENHOUT.
4. Bristly; and also hirtus or pilosus, hairy.S.Th.
5. Not in LAMARK, or BRISSEAU-MIRBEL.
XXXIV. SCABROUS, ROUGIT, RUGGED (scaber), rough with small prominent or hooked joints, as Rudbeckiu lucineata. Vide Nos. XXXIX. XL. XLI. XLII. XLIII.
4. Furrowed, with deeper lines than in the STRIATUS, from stria, a groove.
striated stem.-SMITH. 1. Lineis tenuissimis excavatis inscriptus.
5. Lorsque les excavations longitudinales, LINNAUS.
plus profondes et plus élargies, imitent des
sillons.--LAMARK, 2. Stalk, or culm, marked or scored with superficial, or very slender lines ---MARTYN.
3. Superficially channelled, or fluted, lon- XXXVII. MURICATED (muria gitudinally, with parallel lines.-BERKEN- catus), having subulate scattered HOUT.
points, like the sharp prickles of the 4. Marked with fine parallel lines, -SMITH. 5. Lorsqu'elle est chargée longitudinalement murex, a kind of shell-lish, as Cactus de petites côtes nombreuses et rapprochées. parasiticus. LAMARK.
OBS.--The small linear projections of Lamark would have been an bappy illustration, unless from his departure from this mode of explanation in his next definition.
XXXIV.FURROWED, GROOVED FLUTED (sulcatus sillonnee), marked as the last, but the excavations wider and deeper, as in Ranunculus bulbosus.
NOTES. Muricatus, from murex, a prickly fish. 1. Punctis subulatis ads persis.-LINN ÆUS.
2. Having subulate points scatiered over it; or armed with sharp prickles, like the murex shell fish.--IARTYN.
3. Prickly.-BERKEN HOUT.
4. Quand ses tubercules sont grands, poins tus, rules ou anguleux.-LAMARK.
XXXVIII. TUBERCULATED, KNOBLED (tuberculatus), covered with small knobs, or tubercles, like a shell-fish.
TUBERCULATUS, from tuberculum, a little
round knob or pimple, a term not found in 1. Sulcis excavatis latis profundis exaratus. | MARTYN, BERKENHOUT, or Smith, as apLINNEUS.
plied to stems 2. Scored with deep broad channels, longi- 1. Tubercul use, lorsqu'elle (la tige) porte des tudinally. -MARTYN.
Lubercules saillans et arrondis, - LAMARK. 3. Deeply channelled or furrowed, longi- 2. Couverte de tubercules, is translated, inu. tudinally.-BERKEN HOUT.
ricatus, by BRISBEAU-MIRBEL
XXXIX. TOMENTOSE, XL. WOOLLY (lanatus), coverDowny, NAPPY, FLOCKY, COT-ed with still finer hairs, which TONY (tomentosus), covered with soft appear curled, as in Salvia Æthi, hairs so interwoven,as scarcely to be ligpica, discernible, as Verbascum thapsus.
NOTES. LANATUS, from lana, wool. 3. Quasi tela araneæ indutus.-LANN£.
2. Woolly, having a covering resembling a spider's web, composed of hairs curling spoe. tanecusly.-MARTYN.
3. Covered as with a spider's web.-BER. KENHOUT
4. Woolly.--SMITH. Notes.
5. Laineuse, lanugineuse; les poil sont
semblable a de la laine.—BRISSEAU-MIRBEL. TOWENTOSUS, from tomentum, down, nap, cotton, or flocks, from TEMNO, to cut, being the fine cuttings or shavings, or as others
XLI. VILLOSE, VILLOUS (vilthink from TUMEO, to swell, being used to stuff losus), covered with soft hairs; & pillows and beds. Strictly speaking, tomen- less degree than the last. tum is short wool that is not carded and spun.
1. Villis intertextis vix conspicuis tegitur, ergo sæpius albidus; uti plantæ marinæ et campestres ventis expositæ. -LINNÆUS.
2. Tomentose, which if translated, is downy, rappy, cottony, or flocky, is applied to stems, when they are covered with hairs so interwoven as scarcely to be discernible, and is a species of pubescence, usually white, as found on sea plants, and such as grow in exposed situations.-MARTYN.
3. Covered with whitish down, whose hairs are interwoven, and hardly distinguishable. BERKEN HOUT.
4. Downy, very soft to the touch.-SMITH. 5. Drapée, les poils forment une couver
Notes. ture semblable à du drap.-BRISSEAU-MIR
VILLOSU 3, from villus, wool, and this froa SEL.
velare, to conceal.
1. Pilis mollibus pubescens.--IANNÆUS.
3. Covered with pubes, one of the seven 2. Pabescent, or covered with soft hairs.- kinds of fulcra. It includes pili, lana, barba, MARTYN.
tomentum, striga, setæ, hami, glochides 3. Woolly, covered with distinct, but soft glaudulze, striculi, viscositas, and glutinohairs.-BERKENHOUT.
sitas. In the Plilomphiu Botanica, stimuli, 4. Shaggy.-SMITH.
aculei, furcz, and spinæ, are also numbered 5. I find no such term in BRESSEA U-MIR- among the pubes, but Linnæus has since
ranged them under arma.-BERKENHOUT. BEL
4. Pubescente, couverte d'uu léger duvet.
BRISSE AU-DIRBEL. XLII. PUBESCENT (pubescens), covered with any of the
LXX. PRICKLY (aculeatus), foregoing armour, as Linnæus calls armed with prickles, the eightla it.
species of armature, which arises
from the bark. 1. HAIRS (pili.), hairs not so stiff as the next term. Vide No. XXXIL
2. BRISTLES ( setæ ), or strong found hairs. Vide No. XXXIII.
3. BEARD (barba), parallel hair.
4. FLOCK ( tumentum), interwoven villous hairs not individually distinct. Vide No. XXXIX.
5. Wool (lana), the finest curled hairs. Vide No. XL.
6. Hooks (hami), sharp crooked points. Vide No. XXXIV.
7. BARBS (glochides), sharp straight points. Vide No. XXXIV.
NOTES. 8. GLANDS (glandulæ), having
ACULEATUB, from aculeus, a prickle. the structure of glands. Vide
1. Prickly.--MARTYN. No. XXXVIII.
2. Beset with stiff sharp prickles, between
hispidus and spinosas, furuished withı uculei. NOTES.
3. Pourvue d'acquillon.---BRISSEAU-MARPUBEECEX?, from pubes, down. 1. Pubescentia est armatura plantæ quâ
5. Aculeus is a prickle like a thorn, but aris. ab externis injuris defenditur---LINNÆUS.
ing from the bark only; mucro pungens cortice 2. Covered with some sort of pubescence. tantum affixus.-LINNÆUS. Glands seem to be improperly enumerated by Linnæus as a sort of pubescence. -MARTYN.
[To be continued.]