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ACTS OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CONGRESS

OF THE

UNITED STATES:

PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION, WHICH WAS BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, IN THE DISTRICT OF CO

LUMBIA, ON MONDAY, THE SIXTH DAY OF DECEMBER, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY, AND ENDED ON THE THIRD DAY OF MARCH, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY-OXE.

AN ACT to change the time of holding the rule term the said three per centum to be transmitted to the Secre. of the Circuit Court for the District of West Tennessee. tary of the Treasury be, and the same is hereby repealed. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

Approved: January 13, 1831 tives of the United States of America in Congress assem. bied, That it shall be the duty of the District Judge of AN ACT making appropriations for carrying into effect

certain Indian Treaties. Tennessee, to hold a term of the Circuit Court at Nash. ville, for the District of West Tennessee, on the first Be it enacted, &c. That the following sums be, and the Monday in March, in each year, who shall have power to same are hereby appropriated, for the seryice of the year make all necessary rules and orders touching any suit, one thousand eight hundred and thirty: action, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings or pro For the annual support of a school for the education ceedings, that may be pending in said Circuit Court, or of Indian youth, as stipulated for by the sixth article of that may have issued returnable to the Circuit Court to the treaty of the fifth of August, one thousand eight hunbe holden on the first Monday in September next, prepa- dred and twenty-six, with the Chippewa tribe of Indians, ratory to the hearing, trial, or decision of such action, one thousand dollars ; suit, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings, or pro. For the payment of the annuity of two thousand dollars, ceedings; and all writs and process may hereafter be re- and also the sum of two thousand dollars for education, turnable to the said Courts to be holden on the first Mon. as stipulated for by the third article of the treaty of the day in March, in the same manner as to the sessions of sixteenth October, one thousand eight hundred and twen. the Circuit Courts directed by law to be held at Nash. ty-six, with the Potawattamies, the annual sum of four ville on the first Monday in September of each year ; and thousand dollars ; the writs and other process returnable to the said Circuit For the annual support of a blacksmith and miller, and Court on the first Monday in September, may bear teste for furnishing annually one hundred and sixty bushels of on the first Monday in March.

salt, under the same treaty, one thousand five hundred $€. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said District and twenty dollars ; Judge shall have power to adjourn from day to day, or For the payment of the permanent and limited annui. to any other period of time, more than three months be ties provided for by the second article of the treaty with fore the September term of said Court: Provided, that the Pottawattamies, of the twentieth of September, one no final judgment be rendered at said term to be held thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, annually the by the District Judge, except by the consent of both sum of three thousand dollars ; parties.

For tobacco, iron, steel, education, annuity to the
ANDREW STEVENSON, principal chief, and employinent of laborers, by same arti.
Speaker of the House of Representatives. cle, one thousand nine hundred and sixty dollars ;
JOHN C. CALHOUN,

For payment of permanent annuity under the fourth President of the Senate. article of the treaty with the Miamies, of the twenty-third Approved: January 13, 1831.

of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, ANDREW JACKSON.

twenty-five thousand dollars;

For iron, steel, tobacco, and laborers, by same article, AN ACT to amend an act, entitled “An act to provide one thousand one hundred dollars.

for paying to the State of Illinois three per centum of For support of the poor and infirm, and for education, the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public under the sixth article of said treaty, two thousand dollars. lands within the same.”

Approved: January 13, 1831. Be it enacted, &c. That so much of the act, entitled, an act to provide for paying to the State of Illinois three per AN ACT for the benefit of schools in Lawrence county, centum of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the

Mississippi. public lands within the same,” approved the twelfth of Be it enacted, &c. That one section of the public lands December, eighteen hundred and twenty, as requires an subject 10 private entry and sale in the state of Missisannual account of the application, by the said State, of sippi, be located for the use and benefit of schools in

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Lawrence county, in said State, in lieu of the sixteenth several objects, to the credit of certain other heads of section, sold and patented to Will Whitehead.

Indian expenditure, under which balances accruing pre. Sæc 2 And be it further enacled, That any person ap- viously to the above date, remain due to certain indiv. pointed by order of the Probate Court, in and for the viduals, and appear upon the books of the Second Allcounty of Lawrence, be, and he is hereby, authorized to ditor ; also, to direct similar transfers to be made to and locate the quantity of land named in this act, for the pur. from the several specific tieads of contingencies of the poses above named.

Indian Department, pay of agents, sub-agents, and preApproved: January 13, 1831.

sents to Indians; and, alsn, of the sum of five thousand

and fourteen dollars and fifteen cen's from the head of AN ACT for the relief of Aaron Fitzgerald. subsistence of the army, to the head of Indian expend: Be il enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be direct. ure, under which that amount was actually applied and ed to place Aaron Fitzgerald on the pension list during expended : Provided, always, That no such transfe: life, at twelve dollars per month, instead of the pension shall be made unless it satisfactorily appear that the spe which he now receives.

cific expenditure was actually made for the service of Suc. 2. And be it further enacled, that there be paid Indian affairs, in good faith, by an authorized agent of to the said Aaron Fitzgerald the sum of three hundred the Government, and before the date aforesaid, and that and sixty-one dullars and sixty-six cents; being the diffe. the balances from which such transfers are authorized to rence between six dollars per month actually allowed him be made are not necessary for the specific purpose of as a pension, and eight dollars per month which ought to their original appropriation. have been allowed him from the twenty-first of February,

Suc. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary one thousand, eight hundred and fifteen, to the eleventh of the Treasury be, and is hereby, authorized to pay to of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty ; and Mark and R. H. Bean, of Arkansas, out of any money in that the said sum be paid to him out of any noney in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, eight thos. the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

sand seven hundred and forty-eight dollars and twenty Approved: January 13, 1831.

five cents, for supplies furnished to the emigrant Creek Indians by direction of former Indian agents : Prorided

, AN ACT to amend an act, entitled “ An act to provide That the said Beans shall first present sufficient evidence

for paying to the States of Missouri, Mississippi, and to the proper accounting officer, that credit was original Alabama, three per centum of the nett proceeds aris- ly given by them to the Government of the United ing from the sale of the public lands within the same." States, and that no part of the amount has been receir

Be it enacled, &c. That so much of an act, entitled ed by them, or satisfied, directly or indirectly, from tke "An act to provide for paying to the States of Missouri, agent through whom they sold or contracted. Mississippi, and Alabama, three per centum of the nett

Approved, January 27, 1831. proceeds arising from the sale of the public lands within AN ACT making appropriations for the payment of rethe same," approved the third of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-two, as requires an annual account of the ap.

volutionary and invalid pensioners. plication of the said three per centum, to be transmitted

Be it enacled, &c. That the following sums be, and the to the Secretary of the Treasury, be, and the same is same are bereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any mohereby repealed.

ney in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for på Approved: January 19, 1831.

ing revolutionary and invalid pensioners, viz :

For payment of revolutionary pensioners, for the year AN ACT for the relief of Thomas Fitzgerald.

one thousand eight hundred and 'thirty-one, one milizo

eleven thousand one hundred dollars. Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be, and he hereby is, directed to cause to be paid to Thomas thousand eight hundred and thirty one, two hundred and

For paying the invalid pensioners, in the year one Fitzgerald, an invalid pensioner of the United States, the seventy-six thousand seven hundred and twenty dollar sum of two hundred and eighty-four dollars and twenty in addition to an unexpnted balance of appropriation fe: 1 two cents, being arrearages of pension to which he is invalid pensioners of twenty-nine thousand two hundrei entitled on account of a total disability received while and foriy-six dollars ninety-five cents. in the service of the United States, and wbich has here. tofore been withheld in consequence of a mistake in first dollars.

For pensions to widows and orphans, five thousan placing his name on the pension roll.

Approved, January 27, 1831.
Approved: January 19, 1831.
AN ACT for closing certain accounts, and making ap.

AN ACT to alter the times of holding the District Courts

of the United States for the Districts of Maine and L. propriations for arrearages in the Indian Department.

linois, and Northern District of Alabama. Be it enacted, &c. That the sum of sixty one thousand Be it enacted, &c. That the terms of the District Coe:re dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be of the United States for the Northern District of Alabor paid out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise ap. ma, which are

now directed by law to be held on the propriated, for arrearages in the Indian Department, the first Mondays of March and October in each year, shal same to be applied to the payment of balances on ac- hereafter be held on the second Mondays of April ani counts presented and settled by the proper accounting October in each year, and that the term of the Distra: officer, and now actually due, which accrued previous 10 Court of the United States for the District of Maine, the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and which is now directed by law to be held on the second twenty-nine, and to no other purpose.

Tuesday of September in each year, shall hereafter be Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose held on the first Tuesday of September in each it of settling and closing the accounts in the office of the and all processes which may have issued, or which sha! Second Auditor, relating to Indian affairs, prior to the hereafter issue, returnable to the next succeeding terms date of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty of the said District Courts as heretofore established, sin! nine, the President of the United States is hereby autho. be held returnabie, and be returned, to those terens ko rized to direct tranfers to be made from such balances of which they are severally changed by this act. moneys heretofore appropriated to carry into effect cer. tain Indian treaties as are no longer required for their the District Court of the United States for the Distric

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the terms of

Laws of the United States.

[21st Cong. 2d SESS.

of Illinois, which are now directed by law to be held on manner, as may be directed by the Legislature of said the third Mondays of June and November in each year, State. shall hereafter be held on the first Mondays of May and Approved, January 27, 1831. December in each year ; and all process which may have issued, or which shall hereafter issue, returnable to the AN ACT for the relief of the legal representatives of next succeeding terms of the said District Court as here.

Edward Moore, deceased. tofore established, shall be held returnable, and be re. Be il enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Navy pay turned, to these terms to which they are severally chang. to the legal representatives of Edward Moore, deceased, ed by this act.

the sum of one hundred and twenty dollars and fortyApproved, January 27, 1831.

two cents, reported on the books of the Fourth Auditor

of the Treasury to the said Edward Moore, for his share AN ACT to extend the time for entering certain dona. of the prize money for the British vessels captured on

tion claims to land in the Territory of Arkansas Lake Erie, during the late war; to be paid out of any Be it enacted, &c. That the provisions of the eighth money not otherwise appropriated. and ninth sections of the act of Congress, approved Approved, January 27, 1831. twenty-fourth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, entitled “ An act to aid ibe State of AN ACT making provision for the compensation of wit. Ohio in extending the Miami Canal from Dayton to Lake nesses, and payment of other expenses atttending the Erie, and to grant a quantity of land to said State to aid trial of the impeachment of James H. Peck. in the construction of the Canals authorized by law, and Be it enacted, &c. That to every witness summoned fo making donations of land to certain persons in Arkan. to attend the trial of the impeachraent of James H. sa Territory," and the provisions of the act, entitled Peck, there shall be allowed and paid, for every day's ** An act restricting the location of certain land clainis atlendance upon the said trial, the sum of four dollars ; in the Territory of Arkansas, and for other purposes,

,” and also for mileage, at the rate of twenty cents for every approved sixth January, one thousand eighit hundred and mile distance coming to the City of Washington, and twenty-nine ; and, also, the provisions of the act, enti returning to the usual place of residence of the witnes tled “An act to extend the time for locating certain do ses respectively, computing the said distance hy the nations in Arkansas ;" approved thirteenth January, one usual route of travel by land. thonsand eight hundred and thirty, le, and same are Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the hereby, continued in force for the period of two years, duty of the Secretary of the Senate to ascertain and cerfrom the twenty-fourth May, one thousand eight hundred tify the amount due to each witness for attendance and and thirty-onc: Provided, That nothing in this act, or mileage; which certificate shall be a sufficient voucher the foregoing acts, shall be so construed as to prevent to entitle the witness to receive from the Treasury of the the President of the United States from bringing ihe said United States, the amount certified to be due, unless lands in Arkansas into market under the existing laws: otherwise ordered by the Senate. and all claims to donations under the before recited act, Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That to the Marshal which shall not have been presented and allowed by the of the District of Columbia there shall be allowed and proper authorities on or before the day which shall be paid, for every day's attendance upon the Court of im. fixed on by the President for the sale of said land, are peachment, during the said trial, the sum of five dollars, hereby declared forfeited to tlae United States.

the amount to be ascertained and certified by the Secre. Approved, January 27, 1831.

tary of the Senate ; which certificate shall be a sufficient

voucher to entitle the said Marshal to receive from the AN ACT further supplemental to the act entitled “an Treasury of the Uni{ed States, the amount certified to be

an act making further provision for settling the claims due, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. to land, in the Territory of Missouri,” passed the thir. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be teenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and paid to the Marshal of the State of Missouri, the sum of twelve.

fifty dollars ; and to the Marshal of the Territory of Ar. Be it enacted, &c. That the United States do hereby kansas, the sum of five dollars, for serving and returning relinquish to the inhabitants of the several towns or vil. subpænas for witnesses, issued by order of the said Court. lages of Portage des Sioux, Saint Charles, Saint Louis, Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, that the sum of Saint Ferdinand, Villa a Robert, Carondelet, Saint Ge thirteen thousand five hundred dollars be, and the same nevieve, New Madrid, New Bourbon, and Little Prairie, is hereby, appropriated to defray the expenses incurred in the State of Missouri, all the right, title, and interest under the provisions of this act, to be paid out of any of the United States in and to the town or village lots, money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. out lots, common field lots, and commons in, adjoining Approved, February 3, 1831. and belonging to, the said towns or villages, confirmed to them respectively, by the first section of the act of AN ACT to authorize the construction of three Schoor. Congress, entitled " An act making further provision for ers for the naval service of the United States. settling the claims to land in the Territory of Missouri," Be it enacted, &c. That the President of the United passed the thirteenth day of June, one thousand eight States be, and he is hereby, aut!orized to cause to be bundred and twelve, to be held by the inhabitants of the built, equipped, and employed in the naval service of the said towns and villages, in full property, according to United States, three Schooners, not exceeding twelve their several rights therein, to be regulated or disposed guns each ; and that the sum of eighty-seven thousand of for the use of the inhabitants, according to the laws three hundred and sixty dollars be, and the same is here. of the State of Missouri.

by, appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the United otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of carrying the States do liereby relinquish all their right, tiile, and in foregoing provisions into effect. terest, in and to the town and village lots, out lots, and Approved, February 3, 1831. common field lots, in the State of Missouri, reserved for the support of schools, in the respective towns and vil. AN ACT to amend the several acts respecting copy lages aforesaid, by the second section of the above re

rights. cited act of Congress ; and that the same shall be sold Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the passing of or disposed of, or regulated for the said purposes, in such this act, any person or persons, being a citizen or citi.

21st Coxo. 2d Syss.]

Laws of the United States.

zens of the United States, or resident therein, who shall Sec. 5. And be it further ended, That no person shall be the author or authors of any book or books, map, be entitled to the benefit of this act, unless be stail zire chart, or musical composition, which may be now male information of copyright being secured, by can ing to be or composed, and not printed and published, or shall inserted, in the several copies of each and every edition hereafter be made or composedi, or who shall invent, published during the term secured on the title page, * design, etch, engrave, work, or cause to be engraved, the page immediately following, if it be a book, or, ifa etched, or worked from his own design, any print or en.' map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engrargraving, and the executors, administrators, or legal as., ing, by causing to be impressed on the face thereof, or signs of such person or persons, shall have the sole right' a volume of maps, charts, music, or engravings, upon the and liberty of printing, re-printing, publishing, and title or frontispiece thereof, the following words

, vis : vending such book or books, map, chart, musical com- “ Entered according to act of Congress, in the year position, print, cut, or engraving, in whole or in part,

by A. B., in the clerk's office of the district for the term of twenty eight years from the time of recordo court of

(as the case may be.) ing the title thereof, in the manner hereinafter directed. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any ote

Szc. 2. And be it further enacted, That if, at the expi. person or persons, from and after the recording the title ration of the aforesail term of years, such author, inven- ofany book or books, according to this act, shall, within tor, designer, engraver, or any of them, where the work the term or terms berein limited, print, publish, or im had been originally composed and made by more than port, or cause to be printed, published, or importel, ang one person, be still living, and a citizen or citizens of the copy of such book, or books, without the consent of the United States, or resident therein, or being dead, shall person legally entitled to the copy-right thereof, first ha:1 have left a widow, or child, or children, either or all then and obtained in writing, signed in presence of tro o: living, the same exclusive right shall be continued to more credible witnesses, or shall, knowing the same ta such author, designer, or engraver, or, if dead, then to be so printed or imported, publis!), sell, or expose të such widow and child, or children, for the further term sale, or cause to be publishel, sold, or exposed to salt, of fourteen years: Provided, That the title of the work any copy of such book without such consent in whic 80 secured shall be a second ti ne recorded, and all such then such offender shall forfeit every copy of such book other regulations as are herein required in regard to ori. to the person legally, at the time, entitled to the copy ginal copy.rights, be complied with in respect to such right thereof; and shall also forfeit and pay fifty cer's renewed copy-right, and that within six months before for every such sheet which may be found in his poster the expiration of the first term.

sion, either printed or printing, published, imported, en Suc. 3. And be il further enacted, That in all cases of exposed to sale, contrary to the intent of this act, the one renewal of copyright under this act, such author or moiety thereof to such legal owner of the copy.rights proprietor shall, within two months from the date of said aforesaid, and the other to the use of the United States renewal, cause a copy of the record thereof to be pub- to be recovered by action of debt in any court havieg lished in one or more of the newspapers printed in the competent jurisdiction thereof. United States, for the space of four weeks.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That, if any perSec. 4. And be il further enacted, That no person shall son or persons, after the recording the title of any poin', be entitled to the benefit of this act, unless he shall, be. or cut, or engraving, map, chart, or musical compositor, fore publication, deposit a printed copy of the title of according to the provisions of this act, shall, within the such book, or books, map, chart, musical composition, term or terms, limited by this act, engrave, etch, print, cut, or engraving, in the clerk's office of the dis work, sell, or copy, or cause to be engraved, etched trict court of the said district wherein the author or proprie. worked, or sold, or copied, either on the whole, or by tor shall reside, and the clerk of such court is hereby di- varying, adding to, or diminishing the main design, wit rected and required to record the same thereof forth with, intent to evade the law, or shall print or import for sale, in a book to be kept for that purpose, in the words fol. or causc to be printed or imported for sale, any such map, lowing (giving a copy of the title, under the seal of the chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, court, to the said author or proprietor, whenever he shall any parts thereot, without the consent of the proprieks require the same:) “ District of

io wit: Be or proprietors of the copy-right thereof, first obtained in it remembered, that on the

day of

writing, signed in the presence of two credible witaes Anno domini, A. B. of the said District, hath de- ses; or, knowing the same to be so printed or importe

: posited in this office the title of a book, (map, chart, or without such consent, shall publish,sell or expose to sile otherwise, as the case may,) the title of which is in the or in any manner dispose of any such map, chart, mus words following, to wit. (here insert the title,) the right cal composition, engraving, cut,or print, without such com: whereof he claims as author (or proprietor as the case sent, as afuresaid, then such an offencier or offender

: may be;) in conformity with an act of Congress, entitled shall forfeit the plate or plates on which such map,chart

, "An act to amend the several acts respecting copy- musical composition, engraving, cut, or print, shall be rights." c. 1). Clerk of the District." For which 're copied, and also all and every sheet thereof so copied er cord, the clerk shall be entitled to receive, from the per- printed, as aforesaid, to the proprietor or proprietorsi son claiming such right as aforesaid, fifty cents; and the the copy-right thereof; and shall further forfeit one da like sum for every copy, under seal, actually given to lar for every sheet of such map, chart, musical como such person or his assigns. And the author or proprie Lion, print, cut, or engraving, which may be found in a tor of any such book, mar, chart, musical composition, or their possession, printed or published, or exposer! print, cut, or engruvais, shall, within three months from sale, contrary to the true intent and meaning of the the publication of said book, map, chart, musical com. act; the one moiety thereof to the proprietor of pri position, print, cut, or engraving, deliver or cause to be prietors, and the other moiety to the use of the Unite delivered a copy of the saine io the clerk of said dis- States, to be recovered in any court having compete.? trict. And it shall be the duty of the clerk of each dis- jurisdiction thereof. trict court, at least once in every year, to transmit a cer. Sec. 8. And be il further enacted, That nothing in thisze: tified list of all such records of copy-right, including the shall be construed to extend to prohibit the importatione titles so recorded, and the dates of record, and also all vending, printing, or publishing, of any map, chart, bock the several copies of books or other works deposited in musical composition, print or engraving, written, computer his office according to this act, to the Secretary of State, ed, or made, by any person not being a citizen of the to be preserred in his office.

United States, nor resident within the jurisdiction tbertus

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