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move into, or near the capital. With this view; he purchased a house at Twickenham, 'which to this day is confidered as a valuable monument of his taste and improvements. His father survived the change only two years, dying suddenly, after a very healthy life, at the age of seventy-five. As a Pa. pift, he could not purchase on real fecurity; and adhering to King James's intereft, he made it a. point not to lend to the New Government; so that, though he had been worth, near twenty thousand pounds, he left his son with so confined a fortune, that one false ftep would have been fatal to his finances. In 1717, he published a collection of all the poetical pieces he had written before, and proceeding in the spirit of acquisition, gave a new edition of Shakespeare in 1721,, which discovered that he had consulted his fortune, in the undertaking, more than his fame. The Iliad being finished, he engaged, upon the same plan, to undertake the Odyley. The conditions to Lintot were the same, except that, instead of 1200k. he had but 600 £.

Mr. Broome and Mr. Fenton had, about this time, entered into a design of translating the Odyley; which, on Pope's commencing the fame work, they declined, and parted with the unfinished scheme of their joint labours for 500. In 1726, our Poet was employed, with Dean Swift and Dr. Arbuthnot, in printing several volumes of Miscellanies, and about the same time narrowly escaped lofing his life as he was returning home in a friend's chariot, which, on passing a bridge, was

overturned.

for the copy

overturned into the river. The glaffes were up, and he unable to break them.; but by the affiftance : of the postillion, he was taken out and carried to the bank, though, by a wound from a fragment of the glass, he loft the use of two of his fingers. In the year 1727, the Dunciad appeared in quarto. He had borne the insults of his enemies for ten : years, while he had ftudioully resigned all seconds ary concerns to cultivate the Muses; and at length, having ascended the top of Parnasus, fell upon his yielding foes with irresistible assault. This poem .. made its first appearance in Ireland, and engaged. Dean Swift to become our Author's second, ander, whose auspices it was re-publifhed at London in 1728. Sir Robert Walpole presented an edition to the King and Queen, and at the same time offered to procure Mr. Pope a penfion, which he refused with the samei fpirit as he had a former offer of the kind, made to him by Lord Halifax. His letters on that fubject are to be met with in his works.. This fame year, by the advice of Lord Bolingbroke,, he turned his pen to subjects of morality, and formed the first outlines of his Elay on Man. In the course of the two following years, his Ethic Epiftles made their appearance. The clamour raised : against one of these put him upon writing satires, wherein he ventured to attack the characters of many persons of very elevated rank. His fupposed reflections on the Duke of Chandos incurred the displeasure of the Court; and, though he used every endeavour to rescue his Poems from their sup

posed

posed infinuations, he failed of entire success. Lord Hervey and Lady Mary Wortley Montague, whom he pointedly ridiculed under the names of Lord Fanny, and Sappha, used every species of inAuence with the King and Queen to ruin him. This in a very comprehensive letter he much regrets, and inveighs with great acrimony against their unmerited ill-usage. In the year 1739, he entertained fome thoughts of undertaking an Epic Poem, which however proved abortive. In the interim, several of his familiar letters having stolen into public without his privacy, he published a genuine collection of them in 1737. About this time he became acquainted with the late Bishop of Gloucester (Dr. Warburton) whose commentary on the Esay on Man was publihed with it in 1740. At the follicitation of his Lordship, he added a fourth book to the Dunciad, and about the fame time declined accepting the degree of Doctor of Laws, offered him by the University of Oxford. Dr. Warburton confented to the compliment of Doctor of Divinity; though, when the congregation met for the purpose, the grace paffed in the negative. In the year 1743, the whole poem of the Dunciad came out, as a specimen of a more correct edition of his works, which he had then resolved to give the public. From an inveterate enmity conceived against Mr. Cibber, now Laureat, our Bard promoted him to the throne of Dullnefs. Various puerile offences have been named as the cause of their animosity, which fubfifted with such irreconcileable opposition, as to interest future ages in the admiration of Cibber's patience, and Pope's revenge. This eminent and incomparable writer had all his life been subject to an ha. bitual head-ach; and that hereditary complaint was now greatly increased by a dropfy in his breast, under which he expired May the 30th, 1744, in the fifty-fixth year of his age. His body was deposited,, pursuant to his own request, in the same vault with those of his parents, to whose memory he had erected a monument, with an infcription written by himself. Not long before his death, he made his will, in which he constituted Mifs Blount, with whom he was said to have been fincerely in love, his teftamentary heir during her life; and among other legacies he bequeathed to Dr. Warburton the property of all fuch of his works, already printed, as he had written, or should write commentaries upon, and had not atherwise been alienated, with this condition, that they were published without future alteration. This very learned and judicious Critic promised a Life of Mr. Pope, and by several advertisements engaged that its execution should be confiftent with candor and impartiality. The proposal was left unfulfilled. Sufficient amends have been made, however, for the omiffion, by Dr. Warton's Effay, which remains at present the most correct and invaluable record of our Author's principles and taste. Lord Orrery says of him, “ that, “ if we may judge him by his works, his chief 66 aim was to be elteemed a Man of Virtue." His. Letters are all written in that ftyle. With regard to his religious prejudices, perhaps a bigoted devotion to the

with letters

nę tenets of his parents influenced him to remain within the pale of the Romifo church. Dr. Atterbury endeavoured more than once to convert him, without fuccess. The notions he had embraced, arose not from the consciousness that they were juft, but rather were esteemed inviolable from an hereditary observance of them. He regulated their tendency no farther than innocence permitted, and in a letter to M. Racine, vindicates his faith from having received any inferior from the principles of Spinoza or Leibnitz.

1

The failings of humanity fell to Mr. Pope's fhare, not less abundantly than an impartial hiftorian will acknowledge. From ill health he contracted a degree of petulance, which in the instant of his disorder he was unable to correct. This discovered itself most frequently in his behaviour to domeftics : yet his honour and generofity thought themselves constrained, till he obliterated the unkindness by a display of ample munificence. When the repait was ended, he usually withdrew from table, leaving his friends for the feclusion of study, or the indulgence of an afternoon's nap. The dignity of a Royal Guest made the alternative one day impoflible ; and the fomniferous habit he had contracted, gaining an ascendancy, he dozed, with unintentional neglect, while the Prince was largely expatiating on the sublime of Epic Poetry. Mr. Pope's

prose

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