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a foot

Lest my brain turn, and the deficient sight

Glo. Alack, I have no eyes.Topple' down headlong.

Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit, Glo.

Set me where you stand. To end itself by death 7. 'Twas yet somo comfort, Edg. Give me your hand : You are now within When misery could beguile the tyrant's rage,

And frustrate his proud will. of the extreme verge : for all beneath the moon Edg.

Give me your arm : Would I not leap upright.

Up:-So;-How is't? Feel you your legs? You Glo. Let go my hand.

stand. Here, friend, is another purse ; in it a jewel

Glo. Too well, too well. Well worth a poor man's taking: Fairies, and gods, Edg.

This is above all strangeness. Prosper it with thee! Go thou further off;

Upon the crown o' the cliff, what thing was that Bid me farewell, and let me hear thee going. Which parted from you ? Elg. Now fare you well, good sir. (Seems to go.


A poor unfortunate beggar. Glo.

With all my heart. Edg. As I stood here below, methought, bis eyes Edg. Why I do trifle thus with his despair, Were two full moons ; he had a thousand noses, Is done to cure it.

Horns welk'd,' and wav'd like the enridged sea ; Glo. O, you mighty gods !

It was some fiend : Therefore, thou happy father, This world I do renounce; and, in your sights Think that the clearest gods, who make them honShake patiently my great affliction off :

ours If I could bear it longer, and not fall

of men's impossibilities, have preserv'd thee. To quarrel with your great opposeless wills, Glo. I do remember now; henceforth I'll bear My snuff, and loathed part of nature, should Affliction, till it do cry out itself, Burn itself out. If Edgar live, o, bless him ! Enough, enough, and, die. That thing you speak of, Now, fellow, fare thee well.

I took it for a man; often 'twould say, (He leaps and falls along. The fiend, the fiend: he led me to that place Edg.

Gone, sir ? farewell. Edg. Bear free! and patient thoughts. But who And yet I know not how conceit may rob

comnes here? The treasury of life, when life itself Yields to the theft :: Had he been where he thought,

Enter LEAR, funtastically dressed up with Flowers. By this, had thought been past.-Alive, or dead? The safer sensell will ne'er accommodate Ho, you sir ! friend !-Hear you, sir ?-speak !

His master thus,
Thus might he pass indeed : 1-Yet he revives : Lear. No, they cannot touch me for coining;
What are you, sir?

I ain the king himself.
Away, and let me die.

Edg. O, thou side-piercing sight!
Edg. Had'st thou been ought but gossamer, *

Lear. Nature's above art in that respect. There's feathers, air,

your press-money." That follow handles his bow So many fathom down precipitating,

like a crow-keeper:13 draw me a clothier's yard. Thou had'st shiver'd like an egg: but thou dost Look, look, a mouse ! Peace, peace ;—this piece of breathe;

toasted cheese will do't.-There's my gauntlet; I'll Hast heavy substance; bleed'st not; speak’st ; art prove it on a giant.--Bring up the brown bills.sound.

O, well flown, bird !--' the clout, if the clout ! Ten masts at each make not the altitude,

hewgh --Give the word.15 Which thou hast perpendicularly fell;

Edg. Sweet majoram. Thy life's a miracle : Speak yet again.

Lear. Pass. Glo. But have I fallen, or no ?

Glo. I know that voice. Edg. From the dread summit of this chalky

Lear. Ha! Goneril with a white beard ! bourn:6

They faiter'd me like a dog ; and told me, I had Look up a-height ;-the shrill-gorg'd lark so far white hairs in my beard, ere the black ones were Cannot be seen or heard: do but look up.

there. To say ay, and no, to every thing I said To topple is to tumble : the word is again used in because its shell is marked with convolved protuberant

ridges. Macbeth. So in Nashe's Lenten Stuffe, 1599 :— Fifty people toppled up their heels there.'

9 That is, the purest; the most free from evil. So in 2 'That is, 'when life is willing to be destroyed.

Timon of Athens :- Roots! you clear gods! 3. Thus might he die in reality.' We still use the

9 By men's impossibilities perhaps is meant what word passing.bell. So in King Henry VI. Part II. :

men call impossibilities, what appear as such to mere

mortal beings. * Disturb him not, let him

puss peaceably.' 4 «The substance called gossamer is formed of the

10 • Bear free and patient thoughts." Free here means collected webs of flying spiders, and during calm pure, as in other places of these plays. weather in autumn sometimes falls in amazing quanti.

11 "The safer sense (says Mr. Blakeway) seems to ties.'-Holt White. Some think it the down of plants; me to mean the eyesight, which, says Edgar, will never others the vapour arising from boggy or marshy ground more serve the unfortunate Lear so well as those which in warm weather. The etymon of this word, which returned to a right mind. Horace terms the eyes oculi has puzzled the lexicographers, is said to be summer

, fidelix,' and the eyesight may be called the safer sense goose or summer gauze, hence 'gauze o’the summer, in allusion to the proverb Seeing is believing. Gloster its well known name in the north. See Hore Momente afterwards laments the stiffness of his vile sense.' Cravenæ, or the Craven Dialcci Eremplified, 1924,

12 It is evident from the whole of this speech that Lear 8vo. p. 79.

i. e. drawn out at length, or each added to the fancied himself in a battle. For the meaning of press other. Eche, exp. draro out, ab Anglo Saxon elcan, serve to explain the passage in Act v. Sc. 2:

money, see the first scene of Hamlet, which will also elcian, Diserre, vel a verb. to eak.' Skinner, Etymolog.

"And turn our impresi lances in our eyes.' Skinner is right in his last derivation, it is from the

13 Or if thou'll not ihy archery forbear, Anglo-Saxon eacan, tv add. Thus Chaucer, in The

To some base rustick do thyself prefer ; House of Fame, b. iii, v. 975:

And when corn's sown, or grown into the ear, gan somewhat to eche,

Practice thy quiver and turn crow-keeper.'
To this tiding in his speche.'

Drayton, Idea the Forty-eighth. And in Troilus and Cressejle, b. i. v. 706 :

Ascham, in speaking of awkward shooters, says : "As doen these fooles, that hir sorrowes eche.' • Another cuwrech down, and layeth out his buttockes as Pope changed this to altacht; Johnson would read on thoughe he would shoote at crowes.' end; Steevens proposes at reach. Ignorance of our The subsequent expression of Lear, draw me a earlier language has been the stumbling-block of all clothier's yard,' Steeveng thinks, alludes to the old these eminent critics.

ballad of Chevy Chase :6 i. e. this chalky boundary of England.

"An arrow of a cloth yard long, ? Welk'd is marked with protuberances. This and

Up to the head he drew,' &c. whelk are probably only different forms of the same 14 Battleaxes. word The icelk is a small shellfish, 60 called, perhaps, 16 Lear is here raving of archery, faleonry, and a

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Ay and no too was no good divinity.' When the Lear. Read. rain came to wet me once, and the wind to make Glo. What, with the case of eyes ? me chatter ; when the thunder would not peace at Lear. O, ho, are you there with me? No eyes my bidding; there I found them, there I smelt them in your head, nor no money in your purse ? Your out. Go to, they are not men o' their words: they eyes are in a heavy case, your purse in a light: Yet told me I was every thing : 'tis a lie ; I am not you see how this world goes. ague proof.

Glo. I see it feelingly. Glo. The trick of that voice I do well remember: Lear. What, art mad ? A man may see how this Is't not the king ?

world goes, with no eyes. Look with thine ears Lear. Ay, every inch, a king : see how yon' justice rails upon yon simple thiet

? When I do stare, see how the subject quakes. Hark, in thine ear : Change places ; and handyI pardon'd that man's life : what was thy cause ?— dandy, which is the justice, which is the thief ?Adultery.

Thou hast seen a farmer's dog bark at a beggar? Thou shall not die ; Die for adultery! No :

Glo. Ay, sir. The wren goes to't, and the small gilded fly

Lear. And the creature run from the cur ? There Does lecher in my sight.

thou might'st behold the great image of authority ; Let copulation thrive, for Gloster's bastard son A dog's obey'd in office. Was kinder to his father, than my daughters Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand : Got 'tween the lawful sheets.

Why dost thou lash' that whore ? Strip thine own To't, luxury, pell-mell, for black soldiers.

back : Behold yon simpering dame,

Thou hotly lust'st to use her in that kind Whose face between her forks presageth snow ;* For which thou whipp'st her. The usurer hangs That mincess virtue, and does shake the head

the cozener. To hear of pleasure's name ;

Through tatter'd clothes small vices do appear The fitchew, nor the soiled horse, goes to't Robes, and furr'd gowns,

hide all.) Plate sin with With a more riotous appetite.

gold, Down from the waist they are centaurs,

And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks : Though women all above;

Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. But to the girdle do the gods inherit,

None does offend, none, I say none; I'll able 'em ;' Beneath is all the fiends'; there's hell, there's dark-Take that of me, my friend, who have the power ness,

To seal the accuser's lips. Get thee glass eyes ; There is the sulphurous pit,burning, scalding, stench, And, like a scurvy politician, seem consumption :-Fie, fie, fie ! pah; pah ! Give me To see the things thou dost not.-Now, now, now, me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, to sweeten my imagination : there's money for thee.

Pull off my boots ;-harder, harder; só. Glo. O, let me kiss that hand !

Edg. O, matter and impertinency'l mix'd ! Iew. Let me wipe it first; it smells of mortality. Reason in madness! Glo. O, ruin'd piece of nature! This great world Lear. If thou wilt weep my fortunes, take my eyes. Shall so wear out to nought.-Dost thou know me! I know thee well enough ; ihy name is Gloster:

Lear. I remember thine eyes well enough. Dos! Thou must be patient; we came crying hither. thou squiny at me ? No, do thy worst

, blind Cupid ! Thou know'st the first time that we smell the air, I'll not love.—Read thou this challenge ; mark but we wawl, and cry:1?_I will preach to thee; mark the penning of it.

Glo. Were all the letters suns, I could not see one. Glo. Alack, alack the day !

Edg. I would not take this from report ;-it is, Lear. When we are born, we cry that we are And my heart breaks at it.

this great stage of fools ;-

-This a good battle, jumbled together in quick transition. 6 Well

block ? 13 foron bird' was the falconer's expression when the hawk was successful in her flight; it is so used in A 10 i. e. support or uphold them. So Chapman, in the Woman Kill'd with Kindness. The clout is the white Widow's Tears, 1612 :mark at which archers aim. By 'give the word,' the Admitted! ay, into her heart, and I'llable it." walchwoord in a camp is mean. The quartos read, 'Again, in his version of the twenty-third Iliad :well flown bird in the ayre, hugh, give the word.'

I'll able this I It has been proposed to read, 'To say ay and no lo

For five revolved years.' every thing I said ay and no lo, was no good divinity.' 11 Impertinency here is used in its old legitimate Besides the inaccuracy of construction in the passage as sense of something not belonging to the subject. it stands in the text, it does not appear how it could be 12 The childe feeles that, the man that feeling knowes, flattery to dissent from as well as assent to every thing Which cries first borne, the presage of his life,' &c. Lear said.

Sidney's Arcadia, lib. ii. 2 Trick is a word used for the air, or peculiarity in a The passage is, however, evidently laken from Pliny, face, voice, or gesture, which distinguishes it from as translated by Philemon Holland, Proeme to b. vii. others, We still say he has a trick or winking with his Man alone, poor wretch (nature) hath laid all naked eyes, &c.

upon the bare earth, even on his birthday to cry and 3 i. e. incontinence.

wrawle presently from the very first houre that he is 4 The construction is, 'Whose face presageth snow borne into this world.'-Douce. between her forks.' So in Timon of Athens, Act iv. 13 Upon the king's saying 'I will preach to thee,' the Sc. 3:

poet seems to have meant him to pull off bis hai, and · Whose blush doth thaw the consecrated snow keep turning it and feeling it, in the attidude of one of That lies on Dian's lap.'

the preachers of those times (whom I have seen re. See Cotgrave's Dict. in v. Fourcheure.

presented in ancient prints) till the idea of felt which 5 i. e. puts on an outward affected seeming or virtue. the good hal or block was made of, raises the stratagem See Cotgrave in v. Mineur-se. He also explains it in his brain of shoeing a troop of horse with the (same under · Faire la sadinette, lo mince it, nicefio it, be substance) which he held and moulded between his very squeamish, backward, or coy!

hands. So in Decker's Gull's Hornbook, 1609 That 6 The fitchero is the polecat. A soiled horse is a horse cannot observe the tune of his hatband, nor know what that has been fed with hay and corn during the winter, fashioned block is most kin to his head: for in my opin. and is turned out in the spring to take the first push of ion the brain cannot chuse his felt well. Again, in grass, or has it cut and carried to him. This at once Run and a Creat Cast, no date, Epigram 46, in Sexti. cleanses the animal and fills him with blood. In the num :old copies the preceding as well as the latter part of "A pretty blocke Sextinus names his hat, Lear's speech is printed as prose. It is doubtful whether So much the filter for his head by that.' any part of it was intended for metre.

This delicate stratagem is mentioned by Ariosto : 1 Bul in its exceptive sense.

fece pel cadar strepito quanto 8 Possess.

Avesse avuto sotto i piedil filtro.' 9 From "hide all' to accuser's lips' is wanting in so in Fenton's Tradical Discourses, 41h. blk. I. 1567:the quartos

He atyreth himself for the purpose in a night-gowns



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It were a delicate stratagem, to shoe

Glo. Hearty thanks :
A troop of horse with felt : I'll put it in proof; The bounty and the benizon of heaven
And when I have stolen upon these sons-in-law, To boot, and boot !
Then, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill."

Enter Steward.
Enter a Gentleman, with Attendants.


A proclaim'd prize! Most happy! Gent. O, here he is, lay hand upon him.-Sir, That eyeless head of thine was first fram’d flesh Your most dear daughter

To raise my fortunes.—Thou old unhappy traitor, Lear. No rescue ? What, a prisoner ? I am even Briefly thyself remember :10—The sword is out The natural fool of fortune?- Use me well;

That must destroy thee. You shall have ransom. Let me have a surgeon,


Now let thy friendly hand I am cut to the brains.

Put strength enough to it. [EDGAR opposes. Gent. You shall have any thing.


Wherefore, bold peasant, Lear. No seconds ? All myself?

Dar’st thou support a publish'd traitor ? Hence; Why, this would make a man, a man of salt,»

Lest that the infection of his fortune take To use his eyes for garden water-pots,

Like hold on thee. Let go his arm. Ay, and for laying autumn's dust.

Edg. Ch'ill not let go, zir, without vurther 'casion. Gent.

Good sir,

Slow. Let go, slave, or thou diest. Lear. I will die bravely, like a bridegroom :

Edg. Good gentleman, go your gait," and lot


pass. And ch'ud ha' been zwagger'd out I will be jovial ; come, come ; I am a king,

of my life,' would not ha' been zo long as 'tis by a My masters, know you that !

vortnight. Nay, come not near the old man; keep Gent. You are a royal one, and we obey you.

out, che vor'ye, 2 or ise try whether your costard 13 Lear. Then there's life in it.* Nay, an you get it, or my bat be the harder : Ch'ill be plain with you. you shall get it by running. Sa, sa, sa, sa."

slow. Out, dunghill ! (Exil, running, Atiendants follow. Edg. Ch'ill pick your teeth, zir ; Come; no mat Gent. A sight most pitiful in the meanest wretch; ter vor your foins,* Past speaking of in a king!—Thou hast one daughter [They fight; and EDGAR knocks him down. Who redeems nature from the general curse

Stew. Slave, thou hast slain me:-Villain, take Which twain have brought her to.

my purse; Edg. Hail, gentle sir.

If ever thou wilt thrive, bury my body; Gent. Sir, speed you: What's your will? And give the letters, which thou find'st'about me, Edg. Do you hear aught, sir, of a battle toward ? To Edmund earl of Gloster; seek him out Gent. Most sure and vulgar : every one hears Upon the British party : -0, untimely death that,

(Dies. Which can distinguish sound.

Elg. I know thee well: A serviceable villain; Edg. But, by your favour,

As duteous to the vices of thy mistress, How near's the other army ?

As badness would desire. Gent. Near, and on speedy foot, the main descry


What, is he dead? Stands on the hourly thought.

Eig. Sit you down, father; rest you.Edg.

I thank you, sir : that's all. Let's see his pockets; these letters, that he speaks of Gent. Though that the queen on special cause is May be my friends. -Ile's dead: I am only sorry here,

He had no other deathsman.-Let us see: Her army is mov'd on.

Leave, gentle wax; and, manners, blame us not: Edg.

sir. [Erit Gent. To know our enemies' minds, we'd rip their hearts Glo. You ever-gentle gods, take my breath from Their papers, is more lawtul.15

[Reads.] Let our reciprocal vous be remembered. me i Let not my worser spirit' tempt me again

You have many opportunities to cut him off"; if your To die before you please!

will want not, time and plave rill be fruitfully offered. Edg.

Well pray you, father. There is nothing done, if he return the conqueror : Glo. Now, good sir, what are you?

Then am I the prisoner, and his bed my gaol; from Edg. A most poor man, made lame by fortune's the loathed warmth whereof deliver me, and supply the blows ::

place for your labour. Who, by the art of known and feeling sorrows,

Your wife, (so I would say,) and you Am pregnant to good pity. Give me your hand,

affectionate servant,

GONERIL. I'll lead you to some biding.

O undistinguish'd space of woman's will!16-girt to hym, with a payre of shoes of falte leaste the A plot upon her virtuous husband's life; noyse of his secte mishi discover bis goinge,' p. 58.- | And the exchange, my brother!-Here, in the sands, It had, however, been actually put in practice about Any years before Shakspeare was born, at a tournament

7 By this expression may be meantómy evil genius.'

8 The folio really maile tante by fortune's blows.' held at Lisle before Henry the VIII. (Oct. 13, 1313,] where the horses, to prevent their sliding on a black The original is probably the true reading. So in Shak. stone pavement, were shod with fell or florks (filtro speare's thirty-seventh Sounct:sive lomento.) See Lord Herbert's Life of King Henry "So I, madr lame by furtunnis dearest spight.' VIII. p. 41.

9 Feeling is probably ured here for felt. Sorrows This was the cry formerly in the English army known not by relation, but by experience. Warburton when an onset was made on the enemy. So in Venus explains it, Sorrows past and present and Adonis :

10 i. e. quickly recollect the post offences of thy lifo, Gives false alarms, suggestcth mutiny,

and recommend thyself to heaven.' And in a peaceful hour doth cry, Kill, kill.'

11 Gang your gail, is a common expression in the 2 So in Romeo and Juliet :--0, I am fortune's fool.' | north. In the last rebellion, the Senich soldiers, when

3 - A man of salt' is a man of tears. In All's Well they had finished their exercise, were dismissed by this that Ends Well, we meet with Your salt tears phrase, 'gang your gaits.'

12 i. e. I warn you.

When our ancient writers have head. And in Troilus and Cressida, 'the salt of broken tears.' Again, in Coriolanus :

occasion to introduce a rastic, they commonly allot

him the Somerset:bire dialect. Golding, in his transla• He has betray'd your business, and given up,

tion of the second book of Ovil's Metamorphoses, For certain drops of sall, your city Romo.'

makes Mercury, assuming the appearauce of a clown, 4 The case is not yet desperate. So in Antony and speak with the provinciality of Elear. Cleopatra :- There's sap in't yet.'

13 i. e. head. A but is a star. It is the proper nainc 5 Mr. Boswell thinks that this passage seems to prove of a walking-stick in Sussex even at this day. that seesti

means the very reverse of cessez. Sec 14 i. e. thrusts. p. 414, and p. 416, note 13, ante.

15 i. e. to rip their papers is more lawful. 6 The main body is expected to be descried every 16 This seems to me to mean, 'O how inordinate, how buur.

wubounded is the liccntious inclination of women.

I thank you,

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Theo I'll rake up, the post unsanctified'

Phys. Please you, draw near.-Louder the music Of murderous lechers: and, in the mature time,

there." With this ungracious paper strike the sight Cor. O, my dear father! Restoration, hang Of the death-practis'd duke :' for him 'uis well, Thy medicine on my lips; and let this kiss That of thy death and business I can tell.

Repair those violent harms, that my two sisters [Erit EDGAR, dragging out the Body. Have in thy reverence made! Glo. The king is mad: How stiff' is my vile sense, Kent.

Kind and dear princess! That I stand up, and have ingenious feeling?

Cor. Had you not been their father, these white Of my huge sorrows! Better I were distract:

flakes So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs; Had challeng'd pity on them. Was this a face And woes, by wrong imaginations, lose

To be expos'd against the warring winds ? The knowledge of theniselves.

[To stand against the deep dread-bolted thunder ? Re-enter EDGAR.

In the most ierrible and nimble stroke Edg.

Give me your hand : With this thin helm?'' | Mine enemy's dog,

Of quick, cross lightning ? to watch (poor perdu!) Far off, methinks, I hear the beaten drum.

Though he had bit me, should have stood that night Come, father, I'll bestow you with a friend.

Against my fire; And wast thou fain, poor father,

(Ereunt. To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlorn, SCENE VII. A Tent in the French Camp. LEAR In short and musty straw ? Alack, alack!

on a Bed asleep : Physician, Gentleman, and 'Tis wonder, that thy life and wits at once others attending : Enter CorpElia and Kent. Had not concluded all.12-He wakes ; speak to him. Cor. O, thou good Kent, how shall I live, and

Phys. Madam, do you ; 'us fittest.

Cor. How does my royal lord ? How fares your work, To match thy goodness? My life will be too short,


Lear. You do me wrong, to take me out o' tho And every measure fail me. Kent. To be acknowledgd, madam, is o'erpaid. Thou art a soul in bliss; but I am bound

grave :-All my reports go with the modest truth; Nor more, nor clipp’d, but so.

Upon a wheel of fire, that mine own tears Cor.

Be better suited : Do scald like molten lead.

Cor. These weeds are memories of those worser hours;

Sir, do you know me? I pr’ythee, put them off.

Lear. You are a spirit, I know; When did you die 3 Kent. Pardon me, dear madam;

Cor. Sull, still, far wide! Yet to be known, shortens my made intent:'

Phys. He's scarce awake; let him alone awhile. My boon I make it, that you know me not,

Lear. Where have I been? Where am I?-Fair Till time and I think meet.

day-light ?Cor. Then be it so, my good lord.—How does Lam mightily abus’d.'S_I should even die with pity, the king ?

[To the Physician. To see another thus.--I know not what to say. Phys. Madam, sleeps still,

I will not swear, these are my hands :-let's see ; Cor. O, you kind gods,

I feel this pin prick. 'Would, I were assur'd Cure this great breach in his abused nature !

Of my condition. The untun'd and jarring senses, 0, wind up,


0, look upon me sir, of this child-changed father !

And hold your hands in benediction o'er me
So please your majesty, No, sir, you must not kneel.14

That we may wake the king ? 'he hath slept long.

Pray, do not mock me : Cor. Be govern’d by your knowledge, and proceed Fourscore and upward ;'S and, to deal plainly,

I am a very foolish fond old man, l' the sway of your own will. Is he array'd ? Gent. Ay, madam ; in the heaviness of his sleep, Methínks, I should know you, and know this man •

I fear, I am not in my perfect mind. We

put fresh garments on him. Phys. Be by, good madam, when we do awake Yet I am doubtful: for I am mainly ignorant him ;

What place this is ; and all the skill I have I doubt not of his temperance.

Remembers not these garments; por I know not Cor. Very well.

Where I did lodge last night: Do not laugh at me;

11 The lines in crotchets are not in the folio. The al. 'Thee I'll raké nip, the post unsanctified,' &c. lusion is to the forlorn hope of an army, called in French i. e. I'll cover thee. In Staffordshire, to rake the fire, is enjans perdus; amongst other desperate adventures in to cover it for the night. Unsanctified refers to his want which they were engaged, the night-watches seem to of burial in consecrated ground.

have been a common one. Warburton is wrong in sup? That is, the Duke of Albany, whose death is ma- posing that those ordered on such services were lightly chinated by practice or treason.

or badly armed; the contrary is clearly the fact, and to 3 Ingenious feeling.' Bullokar, in his Expositor, such a fact is the allusion of ihe poet, Poor perdu, you interprets ingenious by quick conceited, i. e. acute. are exposed to the most dangerous situation, not with This makes Warburton's paraphrase unnecessary. the most proper arms, but with a mere helmet of thin

4 In the folio, the Gentleman and the Physician are and hoary hair.' The same allusion occurs in Dave. one and the same person.

nant's Love and Honour, 1619 :5 i.e. be better dressed, put on a better suit of clothes.

I have endured 6 Memories are memorials.

Another night would tire a perdu 7 A made intent is an intent formed. We say in

More than a wet furrow and a great frost.' common language to make a design, and to make a So in Beaumont and Fletcher's Little French Lawyer :resolution.

I am set here like a perdu 8 That is, changed by his children; a father whose To walch a fellow that has wrong'd my mistress.' jarring senses have been untuved by the monstrous in. 12 i. e. had not all ended. So in Timon of Athens :gratitude of his daughters. So care-crazed, crazed by

'And dispossess her all.' care ; 10-inearied, wearied by wo, &c.

13 I am strangely imposed upon by appearances; I 9 This and the foregoing speech are not in the folio. I am in a strange míst of uncertainty. It has been already observed that Shakspeare consider 14 “This circumstance is found in the old play of King ed soft music as favourable to sleep. Lear, we may Leir, apparently written by another hand, and published suppose, had been thus composed to rest ; and now the before any edition of Shakspeare's play had made its Physician desires louder music to be played, for the pur appearance. As it is always difficult to say whether pose of waking him. So again in Pericles, Cerimon, such accidental resemblancés proceed from imitation, or to recover Thaisa, who had been thrown into the sea, a similarity of thinking on the same occasion, I can says:

only point out this in the reader, to whose determina* The rough and woful music that we have, tion I leave the question.'- Steerens. Cause it to sound, beseech you.'

15 The folio here adds the words 'not an hour more Again in the Winter's Tale ::

or less, Which, as they are absurd and superfluous, Music awake her, strike!'

have been justly degraded as the interpolation of some 10 Restoration is no more than recovery personified. inconsiderate player.


For, as I am a man, I think this lady

(Reg. But have you nover found my brother's way To be my child Cordelia.

To the forefended place?
And so I am, I am, Edm.

That thought abusess you. Lear. Be your tears wet ? Yes, 'faith. I pray, Reg. I am doubtful that you have been conjunct weep not:

And bosom'd with her, as far as we call hers. If you have poison for me, I will drink it.

Edm. No, by mine honour, madam.) I know, you do not love me ; for your sisters Reg. I never shall endure her: Dear my lord, Have, as I do remember, done me wrong:

Be not familiar with her. You have some cause, they have not.


Fear me not: Cor.

No cause, no cause. She, and the duke her husband,Lear. Am I in France ?

Enter ALBANY, GONERIL, and Soldier Kent.

In your own kingdom, sir. Lear. Do not abuse me.

Gon. I had rather lose the battle, than that sister

Should loosen him and me. Phys. Be comforted, good madam: the great rage,

(Aside. You is cur'd in him: and yet it is danger

Alb. Our very loving sister, well be met.see, To make him even' o'er the time he has lost.]

Sir, this I hear,—The king is come to his daughter, Desire him to go in; trouble him no more,

With others, whom the rigour of our state Till further settling.

Forc'd to cry out. (Where I could not be honest Cor. Will’t please your highness walk ?

I never yet was valiant: for this business,
You must bear with me :

It toucheth us as France invades our land, 'Pray now, forget and forgive : I am old, and foolish. Not bolds the king; with others, whom, I fear,

More just and heavy causes make oppose.
[ Exeunt LEAR, CORDELIA, Physician, and

Edm. Sir, you speak nobly. [Gent. Holds it true, sir,


Why is this reason'd? That the Duke of Cornwall was so slain?

Gon. Combine together 'gainst the enemy : Kent.

Most certain, sir.

For these domestic and particular broils” Gent. Who is conductor of his people ?

Are not to question here.

As 'tis said, with the ancient of war on our proceedings.

Let us then determino
The bastard son of Gloster.

They say, Edgar,

Edm. I shall attend you presently at your tent." His banish'd son, is with the Earl of Kent

Reg. Sister, you'll go with us? In Germany.

Gon. No. Kent. Report is changeable.

Reg. 'Tis most convenient ; 'pray you, go with us. 'Tis time to look about; the powers o' the kingdom

Gon. O, ho, I know the riddle: [Aside. ] I will go. Approach apace:

As they are going out, enter EDGAR, disguised. Gent. The arbitremnent is like to be a bloody.

Edg. If e'er your grace had speech with man so Fare you well, sir.


poor, Kent. My point and period will be thoroughly Hear me one word.

Alb. wrought,

I'll overtake you.-Speak. Or well, or ill, as this day's battle's fought.?)

(Exeunt EDMUND, Regan, Goseril, Offi(Exit.

cers, Soldiers, and Attendants.

Edg. Before you fight the battle, ope this letter. ACT V.


you have victory, let the trumpet sound

For him that brought it; wretched though I seem, SCENE I. The Camp of the British Forces, near I can produce a champion, that will prove Dover. Enter, with Drums, and Colours, Ed. What is avouched there : 'If you miscarry, MUND, Regan, Officers, Soldiers, and others.

Your business of the world hath so an end, Edm. Know of the duke, if his last purpose hold; And machination ceases.' Fortune love you! Or, whether since he is advis'd by aught

Alb. Stay till I have read the letter. To change the course : He's full of alteration, Edg.

I was forbid it. And self-reproving :-bring his constant pleasure. When time shall serve, let but the herald cry, [To an Officer, who goes out. And I'll appear again.

(Exit. Reg. Our sister's man is certainly miscarried. Alb. Why, fare theo well; I will o'erlook thy Edm. 'Tis to be doubted, madam.

paper. Reg. Now, sweet lord,

Re-enter EDMUND. You know the goodness I intend upon you:

Edm. The enemy's in view, draw up your powers, Tell me,—but truly, but then speak the truth,

Here is the guess of their true strength and forces Do you not love my sister ? Edm.

In honour'd love.

By diligent discovery;'°-but your haste

Is now urg'd on you. "To make him even o'er the time he has lost,'.


We will greet the time." [Exil. is to make the occurrences of it plain or level to his troubled mind. See Barel's Alvearie, 1573, E. 307. king to assert his former title.' Thus in the ancient

? What is printed in crotchets is not in the folio. It is Interlude of Hycke Scorner :at least proper, if not necessary, and was perhaps only

Alas, that I had not one to bolde me.' omitted the players to abridge a play of very con. Again in Arthur Hull's translation of the fourth Iliad, siderable length.

410. 1581 :3 i. e. his seuled resolution.

* And Pallas bolds the Greeks, ' &c. 4 The first and last of these speeches within crotchets | To make bolde, to encourage, animum aduere. are inseried in Hanmer's, Theobald's, and Warburton's

Baret. editions, the two intermediate ones, which were omitted 7 The quartos have it :in all others, are restored from the 410. 1609. Whether

For these domestic doore particulars.' they were left out through negligence, or because the The folio reads in the subsequent line: imagery contained in them might be thought too luxuri • Are not the question here.' ant, I cannot determine ; but surely a material injury is 8 This speech is wanting in the folio. done to the character of the Bastard by the omission; 9 i. e. all designs against your life will have an end, for he is made to deny that flatly at first, which the poet These words are not in the quartos. only meant to make him evade, or return slight answers 10 i. e. the conjecture, or what we can gather by dilito, till he is urged so far as to be obliged to shelter him. gent espial, of their strength. So in King Henry IV. self under an immediate falsehood. Query, however, Part I. Act iv. Sc. 1.:whether Shakspeare meant us to believe that Edmund

--send discoverers forth had actually found his way to the forefended (i. e, for To know the mumber of our enemies' biddeu) place ? - Steevens.

The passage has only been thought obscure for want of 5 Imposes on you; you are deceived.

a right understanding of the word discorery, which nei. 6. This business (says Albany) touches us, as France ther Malone nor Steevens seems to have understood. inyades our land, not as it emboldens or encourages the 11 i. e. be ready to meet the occasion.


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