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• ! go of message from the queen to France ; * Geo. O miserable age ! Virtue is not regarded J charge thee, waft me safely cross the channel. * in handycrafts-men. Cap. Walier,

John. The nobility think scorn to go in Icather Whil. Come, Suffolk, I must waft thee to thy aprons. death,

* Geo. Nay more, the king's council are no good Sutf. Geli-lus timor occupat artus ;'-'tis thee 1 *workmen. fear.

* John. True ; And yet it is said,---Labour in thy • Whit. Thou shalt have cause to lear, before 11 * vocation ; which is as much to say, as,-let the leave thee.

* magistrales be labouring men; and therefore • What, are ye daunted now ? now will ye stoop ? * should we be magistrates. . 1 Gent. My gracious lord, entreat him, speak * Geo. Thou hast hit it: for there's no better him fair.

sign of a brave mind, than a hard hand. *Sul. Suffolk's imperial tongue is stern and rough, * John. I see them! I see them! There's Best's • Us'd to command, untaught to plead for favour. son, the tanner of Wingham ;Far be it, we should honour such as these

* Ġeo. He shall have the skins of our enemies, • With humble suit; no, rather let my head * to make dog's leather of. • Stoop to the block, than these knees bow to any, John. And Dick the butcher,• Save to the God of heaven, and to my king; * Geo. Then is sin struck down like an ox, and . And sooner dance upon a bloody pole,

*iniquity's throat cat like a call. · Than stand uncover'd to the vulgar groom.

* John. And Smith the weaver :* True nobility is exempt from fear :

* Geo. Argo, their thread of life is spun. • More can I bear, than you dare execute.?

* John. Come, come, let's fall in wrih them. Cap. Hale him away, and let him talk no more. Sup Come, soldiers, show what cruelly ye can, Drum. Enter Cade, Dick the Butcher, SMITH • That this my death may never be forgot !-

the Wewer, and others in great number. • Great men oft die by vile bezonians : *

· Cade. We John Cade, so termed of our sup• A Roman sworder and banditto slave,

posed father, Murder'd sweet Tully; Brutus' bastard hand Dick. Or rather, of stealing a cade of herrings." • Stabb'd Julius Cæsar; savage islanders,

{Aside • Pompey the Great: and Suffolk dies by pirates.


for our enemies shall fall before us, (Erit Surf, with Whis, and others. inspired with the spirit of putting down kings and Cap. And as for these whose ransom we have set, princes.-Command silence. It is our pleasure, one of them depart :

Dick. Silence ! Therefore come you with us, and let him go. Coule. My father was a Mortimer.(Exeunt all but the first Gentleman. Dick. He was an honest man, and a good bricklaver.

(Aside. Re-enter WHITMORE, with Suffolk's Body.

* Cade. My mother a Plantagenet,Whit. There let his head and lifeless body lie, "Dick. I knew her well, she was a midwife. • Until the queen his mistress bury it. (Eril.

(Aside. 1 Gent. O barbarous and bloody spectaclc! Carle. My wife descended of the Lacios,His body will I bear unto the king :

Dick. She was, indeed, a pedler's daughter, and If he revenge it not, yet will his friends :

sold many laces.

(Axide. So will the queen, that living held him dear. Smith. But, now vi late, not able to travel with Eril, with the Body. 'her furred pack, she washes bucks here at home.

(Aside. SCENE II. Blackheath. Enter GEORGE Bevis

Cade. Therefore am I of an honourable house, and John HOLLAND.

Dick. Ay, by my faith, the field is honourable ; ! Gen. Come, and get thee a sword, though made and there was he born, under a bedge ; for his father • of a lath; they have been up these two days. had never a house, but the cage.* (Aside. John. They have the more need to sleep now

Carle. Valiant I am.

* Snuith. 'A must needs; for beggary is valiant. Geo. I tell thee, Jack Cade the clothier means

(Aside to dress the commonwealth, and turn it, and set Cade. I am able to endure much. a new nap upon it.

Dick. No question of that; for I have seen him John. So he had need, for 'tis threadbare. Well, whipped three market days together. Aside. I say, it was never merry world in England, since genilemen came up."

were, reached the coast, his head being thrown into the sea, a circumstance sufficiently resembling Suffolk's

death o bring it to the poet's memory; though his men1 The source from whence this line has been ex. tion of it is not quite accurate. In the old play Pompey tracted has not yet been discovered. The following lines is not named. are the nearest which have been found in the Classic 6 They laid his body on the sands of Dover, and Pouts >

some say that his head was set on a pole by it'-Pas. "Subitus tremor occupat artus.'

ton's Lellers, vol. i. p. 41.

Virg. En. v. 446. 7 The same phrase was used by the duke of Suffolk * Ille quidem gelidos radiorum viribus artus.' to Wolsey and 'Campeggio in the reign of Henry VIII,

Ovid. Metam. iv. 247. "With that stepped forth the duke of Suffolk from the *Navitse, confessu gelido pallore timorem' king, and by his commandment spake these worus, with

De Tristib. El. iii. 113. a stout and hault countenance—“It was never merry 9'I am able now, methinks

England (quoth he) whilst we had cardinals among (Out of a fortitude of soul I feel,)

us.' "-Cavendish's Life of Wolsey, p. 167, ed. 18:25. To endure more miseries, and greater far,

8 Tom Nashe speaks of having weighed one of GaThan my weak-hearted enemies dare offer." briel Harvey's books against a cade of herrings, and

King Henry VIII. ludicrously says, “That the rebel Jack Cade was the Again in Othello :

first that devised to put red herrings in cades, and from "Thou hast not half the power to do me harm, him they have their name.'- Lenten Stuffe, 1599. As I have to be hurt."

Cade, however, is derived from cadus, Lai. a cask. 3 According to the Letter in the Paston Collection, al. We may add, from the aceounts of the Célereas of the ready cited, the cutting off of Suffolk's head was very Abbey of Barking, in the Monasticon Anglicanum, ‘a barbarously performed. One of the lewdest of the ship barrel of herryng shold contain a thousand herryngs, bade him lay down his head, and he should be fairly and a cade of berryng six hundred, six score to tho ferd (dealt with, and dye on a sword; and took a rusty hundred.'. Cade, with more learning than should na. sword and smole off his head within half a dozen curally fall to his character, alludes to his name from strokes,

cudo, to fall. 4 A bezonian is a mean low person.

9 Liule places of prison, set commonly in the mar. 6 Pompey was killed by Achillas and Septimius at ket place for harlots and vagabonds, we call cages. the moment that the Egyptian fishing boat in which they Baret.


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Cade. I fear neither sword nor fire.

Mich. Fly, fly, fly! Sir Humphrey Stafford and Smith. He need not fear the sword, for his coat his broiher are hard by, with the king's fo.. es. is of proof.'

(Aside. Cade. Stand, villain, stand, or I'll fell theo Dick. But, methinks, he should stand in fear of down : He shall be encountered with a man as Sre, being burnt i’ the hand for stealing of sheep. good as himself: He is but a knight, is 'a ?

Aside. Mich. No. Cade. Be brave then; for your captain is brave, Cade. To equal him, I will make myself a and vows reformation. There shall be, in England, knight presently : Rise'up Sir John Mortimer.

Now have at him.' hooped pot shall have ten hoops ;! I

will make it felony, to drink small beer: all the realm sha! Enter SsR HUMPHREY STAFFORD, and WILLIAM be in common, and in Cheapside shall my palfry go

his Brother, with Drum and Forces. to grass. And, when I am king (as king I will * Staf. Rebellious hinds, and filth and scum of be)

Kent, AU. God save your majesty!

* Mark'd for the gallows,-lay your weapons down, Cade. I thank you, good people : -- there shall * Home to your cottages, forsake this groom ;• be no money;' all shall eat and drink on my * The king is merciful, if you revolt.

score ; and I will apparel them all in one livery, * W. Staf. But angry, wrathful, and inclin'd to • that they may agree like brothers, and worship me

blood, • their lord.

* If you go forward : therefore yield, or die. Dick. The first thing we do, let's kill all the Cade. As for these silken-coated slaves, I pass • lawyers.

not ;* Cade. Nay, that I mean to do. Is not this a It is to you, good people, that I speak, lamentable thing, that of the skin of an innocent * O'er whom, in time to come, I hope to reign; lamb should be made parchment ? that parchmeni, * For I am rightful heir unto the crown. being scribbled o'er, should undo a man? Some • Staf. Villain, thy father was a plasterer ; say, the bee stings : but I say, 'uis the bee's wax; ' And ihou thyself, a shearman, Art thou not? for 1 did but seal once to a thing, and I was never Cade And Adam was a gardener. mine own man since. How now; who's there? 'W. Staf. And what of that?

Cade. Marry, this:-Edmund Mortimer, earl of Enler some, bringing in the Clerk of Chatham.

March, Smith. The clerk of Chatham: he can write and Married the duke of Clarence' daughter; Did he read, and cast accompt.

not? Cade. O monstrous !

Slaf. Ay, sir.
Smith. We took him setting of boys' copies. Cade. By her, he had two children at one birth
Carle. Here's a villain !

W. Staf. Thai's false.
Smith. H'as a book in his pocket, with red let Cade. Ay, there's the question ; but, I say, 'tis
ters in't.
Carle. Nay, then he is a conjurer.

· The elder of them, being put to nurse, Dick. Nay, he can make obligations, and write · Was by a beggar-woman stol'n away; court-hand.

' And, ignorant of his birth and parentage, Cade. I am sorry fort: the man is a proper . Became a bricklayer, when he came to age : • man, on mine honour ; unless I find him guilty, His son am l; deny it, if you can. • he shall not die,-Come hither, sirrah, I must Dick. Nay, 'tis too true ; therefore he shal oo examine thee: What is thy name ?

king Clerk. Emmanuel.

Smith. Sir, he made a chimney in my father's Dick. They use to write it on the top of letters ;' house, and the bricks are alive at this day to testify -"Twill go hard with you.

il; therefore, deny it not. · Cade. Let me alone :-Dost thou use to writu: Staf. And will you credit this base drudge's • thy name? or hast thou a mark to thyself, like an

words, • honost plain-dealing man?

* That speaks he knows not what? Clerk. 'Sir, I thank God, I have been so well * All. 'Ay, marry, will we; therefore get yo gono. brought up, that I can write my name.

W. Staf. Jack Cade, the duke of York hath Au. He hath confessed: away with him ; he's taught you this. a villain, and a traitor.

* Cade. He lies, for I invented it myself. (Aside.) Cade. Away with him, I say: hang him with -Go to, sirrah. Tell the king from me, that-for • his pen and inkhorn about his neck.

his father's sake, Henry the Fifih, in whose time (Exeunt some with the Clerk. boys went to span counter for French crowns,–I Enter MICHAEL.

am content he shall reign; but I'll be protector

over him. • Mich. Where's our general ?

Dick. And, furthermore, we'll have the Lord Cade. Here I am, thou particular fellow. • Say's head, for selling the dukedom of Maine.

Cade. And good reason; for thereby is England I A quibble is most probably intended between two "maimed,' and fain to go with a staff, but that my Bonses of the word; one as being able to resist, the

' puissance holds it up: Fellow kings, I tell you, other as being well tried, that is, long worn. 9 These drinking vessels of our ancestors were of

• that ihat Lord Say hath gelded "" the common-
wood. Nash, in his Pierce Pennilesse, 1595, says, 'I
believe hoopes in quart pols were invented to thai end, Tom. Yea, his brother.
that every man should take his hoope, and no more." Carle. Then kneel down, Dick Butcher; rise up Sir

8.To mend the world by banishing inoney is an old Dick Butcher, Sound up the drum.'
contrivance of those who did not consider that the quar. 8 I care not, I pay them no regard.
rols and mischiefs which arise from money, as the signs * Transform me to what shape you can,
or tickets of riches, must, if riches were to cease, arise I pass not what it be. Druyton's Quest of Cynthia.
from riches themselves, and could never be at an end 9 The same play upon words is in Daniel's Civil
till every man was contented with his own share of the Wars, 1595 :-
goods of life.' Johnson.

"Anjou and Maine, the main that soul appears."
4 This speech was transposed by Shakspeare from 10 Steevens observes that 'Shakspeare has here
a subsequent scene in the old play.

transgressed a rule laid down by Tully, De Oratore: 5 i. e. bonds.

• Nolo morte dici Africani castratam esse rempublicam.' 6 That is on the top of Letters Missive and such like The character of the speaker may countenance such public acts. See Mabillon's Diplomata.

indelicacy here, but in other places our author talks of 7. After this speech, in the old play, are the following gelding purses, pat es, and continents.' I must words :

again remark thai in the former instances the phrase 1- Is there any more of them that be knights ? was only metaphorically used for diminishing or cus

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wealth, and made it an eunuch : and more than * Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast:

that, he can speak French, and therefore he is a * But where's the body that I should embraco ? • traitor.

* Buck. What answer makes your grace to the Staf. O gross and miserable ignorance ! rebels' supplication ? Carle. Nay, answer, if you can: The French *k. Hen: I'll send some holy bishop' to entreat: men are our enemies : go to, then, I ask but this ; ' For God forbid, so many simple souls • Can he, that speaks with the tongue of an enemy, • Should perish by the sword! And I myself, be a good counsellor, or no?

• Rather than bloody war shall cut them short, * Au. No, no; and therefore we'll have his head. Will parley with Jack Cade their general. *W. Staf. Well, seeing gentle words will not " But stay, I'll read it over once again. prevail,

*Q. Mar. Ah, barbarous villains ! hath this lovely * Assail them with the army of the king.

face *Staf. Herald, away: and, throughout every town, * Ruld, like a wandering planet, over me; • Proclaim them traitors that are up with Cade; * And could it not enforce them to relent, That those, which fly before the battle ends, * That were unworthy to behold the samo ?

May, even in their wives' and children's sight, K. Hen. Lord Say, Jack Cade hath sworn to • Be hang'd up for example at their doors :

have thy head. you, that be the king's friends, follow me. Say. Ay, bui I hope, your highness shall havo (Éreunt the Two STAFFORDS, and Forces.

his. * Cade. And you, that love the commons, follow K. Hen. How pow, madam? Still

Lamenting, and mourning for Suffolk's death? * Now show yourselves men, 'tis for liberty. I fear, my love, if that I had been dead, * We will not leave one lord, one gentleman : Thou wouldest not have mourn'd so much for mo.

Spare none, but such as go in clouted shoon;' Q. Mar. No, my love, I should not mourn, but * For they are thrifty honest men, and such

die for thee. * As would (but that they dare not) take our parts. * Dick. They are all in order, and march toward us.

Enter a Messenger. * Cade. But then are we in order, when we are * K. Hen. How now! what news? why com'st most out of order. Cume, march forward.

thou in such haste ? (Ereunt.

" Mes. The rebels are in Southwark; Fly, my

lord! SCENE III. Another part of Blackheath. AlaThe two Parties enter and fight, and both

• Jack Cade proclaims himself Lord Mortimer,

" Descended from the duke of Clarence' houso : the STAFFORDS are slain.

• And calls your grace usurper, openly, · Cade. Where's Dick, the butcher of Ashford ? . And vows to crown himself in Wesiminster. Dick. Here, sir.

' His army is a ragged multitude Cade. They fell before thee like sheep and oxen, . Of hinds and peasants, rude and merciless;

and thou behavedst thyself as if thou hadst been Sir Humphrey Stafford and his brother's death • in thine own slaughter-house: therefore thus will Hath given them heart and courage to proceed : . I reward thee,- The Lent shall be as long again • All scholars, lawyers, courtiers, gentlemen,

as it is ; and thou shalt have a licence to kill for a " They call-false" caierpillars, and intend their • hundred lacking one, a week.”

death. Dick. I desire no more.

* K. Hen. O graceless men! they know not what * Cade. And, to speak truth, thou deservest no

they do. *less. This monument of the victory will I bear;' Buck. My gracious lord, retire to Kenelworth, * and the bodies shall be dragged at my horse's' Until a power be rais'd to put them down. * heels, till I do come to London, where we will *Q. Mar. Ah! were the duke of Suffolk now alive, * have the mayor's sword borne before us.

* These Kentish rebels would be soun appeas'd. * Dick. If we mean to thrive and do good, break K. Hen. Lord Say, the traitors hate thee, * open the gaols, and let out the prisoners. • Therefore away with us to Kenelworth.

Carle. Fear not that, I warrant thee. Come, Say. So might your grace's person be in dan* let's march towards London.



( The sight of me is odious in their eyes : SCENE IV. London. A Room in the Palace. And therefore in this city will I stay,

Enter King HENRY, reading a Supplication; the And live alone as secret as I may.
Duke of BUCKINGHAM, and LORD Say with
him; at a distance, QUEEN MARGARET, mourn-

Enter another Messenger. ing over SUFFOLK's Head,

* 2 Mess. Jack Cade hath gotten London Bridgo; *Q. Mar. Oft have I heard-that grief softens

the citizens the mind,

* Fly and forsake their houses : * And makes it fearful and degenerate;

* The rascal people, thirsting after prey, * Think therefore on revenge, and cease to help

* Join with the traitor ; and they jointly swear, * But who can cease to weep, and look on this

* To spoil the city, and your royal court.

* Buck. Then linger not, my lord; away, take tailing, and is not peculiar to Shakspeare, but a com.

horse. mon form of expression in his time. 1 Shoes.

phrey's brigandine, set full of gilt nails, and so in glory 2 The last two words, a week, were added by Malone returned again toward London.' Sir Humphrey Star. from the old play: It is necessary to render the passage ford was, in fact, killed at Sevenoaks, and is buried at intelligible. In the reign of Elizabeth, butchers were Bromsgrove, in Staffordshire. strictly enjoined not to sell flesh meat in Lent, not with 4 Shakspeare has here fallen into another inconsist. a religious view, but for the double purpose of dimin. ency, by sometimes following Holinished instead of tho ishing the consumption of flesh meat during that period, old play. He afterwards forgets this holy bishop: and and so making it more plentiful during the rest of the in scene the eighih we find only Buckingham and Clif: year, and of encouraging the fisheries and augmenting ford were sent, conformably to the old play, Holinshed the number of seamen. Butchers, who had interest ai mentions that the archbishop of Canterbury and the duko court, frequently obtained a dispensation to kill a certain of Buckingham were sent. number of beasts a week during Lent; of which indul. 5 Predominated irresistibly over my passione, as the gence, the wants of invalids who could not subsist with planets over those born under their influence. The old out animal fond, was made the pretence. There are play led Shakspeare into this strange exhibition ; a several proclamations on the subject in the library of queen with the head of her murdered paramour on her the Society of Antiquaries.

bosom, in presence of her husband ! 3 He Cade must supposed to take off Stafford's 6 Instead of this line the old copy has : armour. So Holinshed Jack Cade, upon his victo Go bid Buckingham and Clifford gather ry against the Staffords, apparelled himself in Sir Hum An army up, and meet with the rebels.'

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K. Hen. Come, Margaret ; God, our hope, will Cade. Be it a lordship thou shalt have it for that

word. Q. Mar. My hope is gone, now Suffolk is deceas'd. Dick. Only, that the laws of England may con

come * K. Hen. Farewell, my lord; (T. LORD Sav.) trust not the Kentish rebels.

" John. Mass, 'twill be sore law then; for he was * Buck. Trust nobody, for fear you be betray'd. thrust in the mouth with a spear, and 'uis not "Say. The trust I have is in mine innocence,

6 whole vet.

I Aside. • And therefore am I bold and resolute. (Ereunl. Smith. Nay, John, it will be stinking law; for

his breath stinks with eating toasted cheese. SCENE V. The same. The Tower. Enter LORD

(Aside. Scales, and others on the Walls. Then enter cer Cade. I have thought upon it, it shall be so. lain Citizens, below..

Away, burn all the records of the realm; my Scales. How now ? is Jack Cade slain?

* mouth shall be the parliament of England. I Cil. No, my lord, nor likely to be slain; for * John. Then we are like to have biting statutes, they have won the bridge, killing all those that * unless his teeth be pulled out.

(Aside. withstand them: The lord mayor craves aid of your * Cade. And henceforward all things shall be in honour from the Tower, to defend the city from the * rebels.

Enter a Messenger. Scales. Such aid as I can spare, you shall command;

Mess. My lord, a prize, a prize! here's the

" Lord Say, which sold the towns in France; * he But I am troubled here with them myself,

* that made us pay one and twenty fifteens,' and The rebels have assay'd to win the Tower. But get you to Smithfield, and gather head,

one shilling to the pound, the last subsidy. And thither will I send you Matthew Gough: Enter George Bevis, toith the LORD SAY. Fight for your king, your country, and your lives ; And so farewell, for I must hence again. (Ereunt.

' Carle. Well, he shall be beheaded for it ten

• times.-Ay, thou say, thou serge, nay, thou SCENE VI. The same. Cannon Street. Enter buckram Iord! now art thou within point-blank

Jack CADE, and his Followers. He strikes his of our jurisdiction regal. What canst thou answer Staff on London-stone.

' to my majesty, for giving up of Normandy unto Cade. Now is Mortimer lord of this city. And Monsieur Basimecu, the dauphin of France ? Be here, sitting upon London-stone, I charge and com

• it known into thce, by these presence, even the mand, that, of the city's cost, the pissing-conduit! presence of Lord Mortimer, that I am the besom run nothing but claret wine this first year of our that must sweep the court clean of such filth as reign. And now, henceforward, it shall be treason • thou art. Thou hast most traitorously corrupted for any that calls me other than-Lord Mortimer. the youth of the realm, in erecting a grammar. Enter a Soldier running.

school: and whereas, before, our forefathers had

no other books but the score and the tally, thou Sold. Jack Cade! Jack Cade!

• hast caused pripting to be used ; and, contrary Cade. Knock him down there. (They kill him.? to the king, his crown, and dignity, thou hast build * Smith. If this fellow be wise, he'll never call a paper-mill

. It will be proved to thy face, that you Jack Cade more ; I think he hath a very fair thou hast men about thee, that usually talk of a * warning.

noun, and a verb; and such abominable words, Dick. My lord, there's an army gathered toge- ' as no Christian ear can endure to hear. Thou ther in Smithfield.

' hast appointed justices of peace, to call poor men Cade. Come then, let's go fight with them: But, before them about matters they were not able to hrst, go and set London Bridge on fire ;' and, if answer. Moreover, thou hast put them in prison; you can, burn down the Tower too. Come, let's' and because they could not read, thou hast hanged away.

(Eseun. them to when, indeed, only for that cause, they SCENE VII. The same. Smithfield. Alarum.

have been most worthy to live. Thou dost ride Enter on one side, Cade and his Company; on

on a foul-cloth," dost thou nou? the other, Citizens, and the King's Forces, headled

Say. What of that by MATTHEW Gough. They fight ; the Citi

Caile. Marry, thou oughtest not to let thy horse

in zens are routed, and Matthew Gough is slain. wear a cloak, when honester men than thou

their hose and doublets. Carle. So, sirs :-Now go some and pull down the Savoy others to the inns of court; down king his father. See also W. of Wyrcestre, p. 3575 with them all.

and the Paston Letters, vol. I, p. 42. Dick. I have a suit unto your lordship.

5 This trouble had been saved Cade's reformers by

his predecessor Wat Tyler. It was never re-edified till I Whatever offence to modern delicacy may be given Henry VI. founded the hospital.? by this imagery, such ornaments to fountains appear to 6. It was reported, indeed, that he should saie with have been no uncommon device in ancient times. The great pride that within four dajes all the laws of Eng. curious reader may see a design, probably from the pen-land should come foorth of his mouth.-Holinshed, cil of Bene letto di Montagna, for a very singedar foun. p. 432. tain of this kind, in that elegant book the Hypnerolo. 7 A fifteen was the fifteenth part of allthe moveables, machia, printed by Aldus in 1499. Le Grand, in his or personal property of each subject. Vie Privee des François, mentions that at a seast made 8 Sa'y is a kind of thin woollen stuff or serge. by Phillippe-le-Bon, ihere was . une statue d'enfant nu, 9 Shakspeare is a little too early with this accusation. pose sur une roche, el qui de sa broquette pissait eau Yet Meerman, in his Origines Typographicæ, has de rose.' This conduit may, however, have been one availed himself of this passage to support his hypotheset up at the standarde in Cheape, according to Stowe, sis that printing was introduced into England by Fre. by John Wels, grocer, mayor, in 1430, with a small cis- deric Corsellis, one of Coster's workmen, from Haer. terne for fresh water, having one cock continually run- lem in the time of Henry VI. Shakspeare's anachroning.

nisms are not more extraordinary than those of his con2 He also put to execution in Southwarke diverse temporaries. Spenser mentions cloth made at Lincoln persons, some for breaking this ordinance, and other in the ideal reign of King Arthur, and has adorned a being his old acquaintance, lest they should be wray his castle at the same period with cloth of Arras and of base lineage, disparaging hirn for his usurped name of Tours. Mortimer. --- Holinshed, p. 634.

10 i.e. they were hanged because they could not clair 3 At that time London Bridge was of wood: the the benefit of clergy. houses upon it were actually burnt in this rebellion. 11 A fuol.cloth was a kind of housing, which coverea Hall says he entered London, and cut the ropes of the the body of the horse: it was sometimes made of velvet drawbridge.'

and bordered with gold lace. This is a reproach truly 4 Holinsheil calls Mathew Gough a man of great wit characteristical: nothing gives so much offence to the and much experience in feats of chivalrie, the which in lower orders as the sight of superfuities merely ostencontinuall warres had spent his time in serving of the tatious.

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* Dick. And work in their shirt too ; as myself, \ * Is my apparel sumptuous to behold? * for example, that am a butcher.

* Whom have I injur'd, that ye seek my death? Say. You men of Kent,

* These hands are free from guildess blood-shedDick. What say you of Kent ?

ding, Say. Nothing but this: 'Tis bona terra, mala *This breast from harbouring foul deceitful thoughts, gens.'

* 0, let me live! Cade. Away with him, away with him! he * Cade. I feel remorse in myself with his words : speaks Latin

* but I'll bridle it; he shall die, an it be bul for * Say. Hear me but speak, and bear me where pleading so well for his life. Away with him!

* he has a familiar? under his tongue; he speaks • Kent, in the commentaries Cæsar writ,

* not o' God's name. Go, take him away, I say, • Is term'd the civil'sı place of all this isle:? ' and strike off his head presently; and then break • Sweet is the country, because full of riches; • into his son-in-law's house, Sir James Cromer," • The people liberal, valiant, active, wealthy; • and strike off his head, and bring them both upon • Which makes me hope you are not void of pity. ' two poles hither. • I sold not Maine, I lost not Normandy:

All. It shall be done. * Yet, to recover them, would lose my life.

Say. Ah, countrymen! if when you make your * Justice with favour have I always done ;

prayers, * Prayers and tears have mov'd me, gifts could * God should be so obdurate as yourselves,

* How would it fare with your departed souls ? * When have I aught exacted at your hands, * And therefore yet relent, and save my life. * Kent, to maintain the king, the realm, and you ? * Cade. Away with him, and do as I command ye. * Large gifts have I bestow'd on learned clerks,

(Exeunt some, with LORD SÁY, * Because my book preferr'd me to the king : • The proudest peer in the realm shall not wear * And-seeing ignorance is the curse of God, head on his shoulders, unless he pay me tribute ; * Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven, ' there shall not a maid be married, but she shall * Unless you be possess'd with devilish spirits, pay to me her maidenhead ere they have it :) * You cannot but forbear to murder me.

• Men shall hold of me in capite ; and we charge * This tongue hath parley'd unto foreign kings " and command, that their wives be as free as heart * For your behoof,

can wish, or tongue can tell. * Cade. Tut! when struck'st thou one blow in · Dick. My lord, when shall we go to Cheap. * the field?

• side, and take up commodities upon our bills ?10 * Say. Great men have reaching hands; oft have Cade. Marry, presently. I struck

All. O brave! * Those that I never saw, and struck them dead. * Geo. O monstrous coward! what, to come be- Re-enter Rebels, with the Heads of LORD SAY, and hind folks?

his Son-in-law. * Say. These cheeks are pale for watching for your good.

Cade. But is not this braver ?--Let them kiss * Cade. Give him a box o'the ear, and that will one another," for they loved well, when they were *make 'em red again.

• alive. Now part them again, lest they consult * Say. Long sitting to determine poor men's about the giving up of some more towns in France.

Soldiers, defer the spoil of the city until night : Hath made me full of sickness and diseases. • for with these borne before us, instead of maces,

* Cale. Ye shall have a hempen caudle then, will we ride through the streets; and, at every *and the pap of a hatchet."

( corner, have them kiss.--Away! (Eseunt. · Dick. Why dost thou quiver, man? • Say. The palsy, and not fear, provoketh me. SCENE VIII. Southwark. Alarum, Enter Cule. Nay, he nods at us; as who should say,

Cade, and all his Rabblement. • I'll be even with you. I'll see if his head will • stand steadier on a pole, or no: Take him away,

* Cade. Up Fish Street ! down Saint Magnus' and behead him.

* Corner! kill and knock down! throw them into * Say. Tell me, wherein I have offended most? * Thames !--[A Parley sounded, then a Retreat.) * Have I affected wealth, or honour; speak ?

* What noise is this I hear? Dare any be so bold Are

my chests fill'd up with extorted gold ? * to sound retreat or parley, when I command them



* kill?

1 After this line the old play proceeds thus :

Cade. Bonun terrum, What's that?
Dick. He speaks French.

7 A demon who was supposed to attend at call. Will. No, 'lis Dutch.

8 It was William Crowmer, sheriff of Kent, whom Nick. No, 'tis Outalian: I know it well enough. Care put to death. Lord Say and he had been previ. 2 ' Ex his omnibus sunt humanissimi, qui Cantium ously sent to the Tower, and both, or at least the former, Incolunt. Cæsar. Thus translated by Ar. Golding, convicted of treason at Cade's mock commission of 1590 :- of all the inhabitants of the isle, the civilesi Oyer and Terminer at Guildhall. See W. of Wyrces. are the Kentish-folke.!. It is said also in the same words ter, p. 470. in Lyly's Euphues and his England, 1550.

9 Alluding to an ancient usage, on which Beaumont 3 This passage has been supposed corrupt merely and Fletcher have founded their play called the Custom because it was erroneously pointed. I have now placed of the Country. See Cowel's Law Dictionary, or a comma at Kent, to sliow that it is parenthetically Bloune's Glossographia, 1681, in voce Marcheta. Black. spoken; and then I see not the slightest litficulty in the stone is of opinion that it never prevailed in England, meaning of the passage. It was thus absurdly pointed though he supposes il certainly did in Scotland. Boelius in the folio:

and Skene both mention this custom as existing in tho "When have laught exacted at your hands?

time of Malcolm III. A. D. 1057. Sir D. Dalrymplo Kent to maintain, the king, the realm, and you ? controverts the fact, anıl denies the actual existence o Large gifts, have I bestow'd on learned clerks,' &c. the custom ; as does Whitaker in his History of Man4 i. e. in consequence of.

chester. There are several ancient grants from our 5 The old copy reads the help of a hatchet.' There early kings to their subjects, written in rude verse, and can be liule doube but that Dr. Farmer's emendation, empowering them to enjoy their lands as 'free as heart 'pap of a hatchet,' is the true reading : it is a proper can wish or tongue can tell. The authenticity of them, accompaniment to the 'hempen caudle.' Lyly wroie a however, is doubtful. See Blount's Jocular Tenures. pamphlet with the title of Pap with a Hatchet ;' and 10 An equivoque alluding to the halberts or bills borno ihe phrase occurs in his play of Mother Bombie : 'They by the rabble. 'Shakspeare has the same quibble in give us pap with a spoone, and when we speake for Much Ado about Nothing, Act iii. Sc. 3o what we love, pap with a hatchet.'

11 This may be taken from the Legend of Jack Cado 6 i. e. these hands are free from shedding guiltless or in the Mirror for Magistrates, as Dr. Farmer obsegves ; innocent blood.

but both Hall and Holinshed mention the circumstanca

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