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your heart

and your

That I have blown this coal: I do deny it: Induce you to the question on't? or ever
The king is present: if it be known to him, Have to you,-but with thanks to God for such
That I gainsay' my deed, how may he wound, A royal lady,--spake one the least word, might
And worthily, my falsehood ? yea, as much Be to the prejudice of her present stałe,
As you have done my truth. But if he know Or touch of lier good person ?
That I am free of your report, he knows,

K. Hen.

My lord cardinal, I am not of your wrong: Therefore in him

I do excuse you; yea, upon mine honour, It lies, to cure me; and the cure is, to

I free you from't. You are not to be taught Remove these thoughts from you: The which before That you have many enemies, that know not His highness shall speak in, I do beseech

Why ihey are so, but, like to viliage curs, You, gracious madam, to unthink your speaking,

Bark when their felloivs do: by some of these And to say so no more.

The queen is put in anger.

You are excus'd : Q. Kaih.

My lord, my lord, But will you be more juistihed! you ever I am a simple woman, much too weak

Have wish'd the sleeping of this hu inams; never To oppose your cunning. You are meek, and hum- Desir'd it to be s'irr'd; but of have lunlerii, oft, ble mouth'd ;

The passages ma le toman !! :-- in 'n stor, You sign your place and calling, in full seeming, I speak iny good lord cardinal to the possint," With meekness and humility; but

And thus far clear bun. Non, nhai mov'd me Is cramm’d with arrogancy, spleen, and pride.

to',You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours, I will be bold with tim", and yolir alten :Gone slightly u'er low steps ; and now are mounted Then mark the inducement. Thus it came ;-give Where powers are your retainers :

heed tot:wards,

My conscience first receiv'd a lenderness, Domestics to you, serve your will, as't please Scruple, and prick, on ceriain spearhes utter'd Yourself pronounce their office. I must tell you, By the bishop of Bayonne, then French amnbasYou tender more your person's honour, than

sador; Your high profession spiritual : That again

Who had been hither sent on the debating I do refuse you for my judge ; and here,

A marriage, 'twixt the duke of Orleans and Before you all, appeal unto the pope,

Our daughier Mary : I' the progress of this buTu bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,

siness, And to be judg'd by him.

Ere a delerininate resolution, he (She curtsies lo the King, and offers to depart. (I mean, the bishops did require a respite ; Сат.

The queen is obstinate, Wherein he might the king his lord adveriise Stubborn to justice, apt to accuse it, and

Whether our daughter were legitimate, Disdainful to be try'd by it; 'tis not well.

Respecting this our marriage with the dowager, She's going away.

Sometimes our brother's wife. This respite shook K. Hen. Call her again.

The bosom of my conscience,' enter'd me, Crier. Katharine queen of England, come into Yea, with a splitting power, and made to tremble the court.

The region of my breast; which forc'd such way, Grif. Madam, you are call'd back.

That many maz'd considerings did throng, Q. Rath. What need you note it? pray you, And press'd in with this caution. First methought, keep your way:

I stood not in the sinile of heaven; who had When you are call’d, return. Now the Lord help, Commanded nature, that my lady's womb, They vex me past my patience !--pray you, pass on:

If it conceiv'd a male child by me, should I will not tarry: no, nor ever more,

Do no more offices of life to't, than Upon this business, my appearance make

The grave does to the dead: for her male issue In any of their courts.

Or died where they were made, or shortly after (Ereunt Queen, GRIFFITH, and other This world had air'd them: Hence I took a thought, Attendants.

This was a judgment on me; that my kingdom, K. Hen.

Go thy ways, Kate : Well worthy the best heir of the world, should not Thai man i' the world, who shall report he has Be gladded in't by me: Then follows, ihat A better wife, let him in nought be irusted, I weigh'd the danger which my realms stood in For speaking falso in that : Thou ari, alone,

By this my issue's fail; and that gave to me (If thy rare qualities, sweet gentleness,

Many a groaning throe. Thus hulling in Thy meekness saint-like, wife-like government,

The wild sea of my conscience, I did steer Obeying in commanding, -and thy parts

Toward this remedy, whereupon we are Sovereign and pious else, could speak thee out,)* Now present here together; ibai's to say The queen of earthly queens :-She is noble born; I meant to rectify my conscience, which And, like her true nobility, she has

I then did feel full sick, and vet not well, C'arried herself towards me.

By all the reverend fathers of the land, Wol.

Most gracious sir, And doctors learn'd. First, I began in privato In humblost mannor I require your highness,

With you, my lord of Lincoln ; you remember That it shall please you to declare, in hearing How under my oppression I did reok, ' Of all these ears (for where I am robb’d and bound, When I first mov'd you. There must I be unloos'd; although not there Lin.

Very well, my liego. At once and fully satisfied, ') whether over I K. Hen. I have spoke long; be pleas'd yourself Did broach this business to your highnoss; or Lair anv scruple in your way, which might How far you satisfied mo.


So ploase your highness, I Deny. 2 You show in appearance meekness and humility, off; and declares upon his honour to the whole court,

6 The king, having first addressed Wolsey, breaks as a loken or ontuurd sign of your place and calling; thai he speaks the cardinal's sentiments upon the point but your heart is crammed with arrogancy, &c. 3 The old copy reads :

in question; and clears him from any allenipt or wish to

stir that business. * Where powers are your relainers; and

your words,

7 The words of Cavendish are _ The special cause Domestics to you,' &c.

that moved me hereunto was a scrupulosity ihat pricked 4 If thy seyeral qualities had tongues capable of my conscience.'-See also Holinshed, p. 907. speaking out thy meris, i. e. of doing them extensive 8 Theobald thought we should read “The bottom of justice.

his conscience.' 6 The sense, which is encumbered with words, is no 9 The phrase belongs in navigation. A ship is said more than this :-I must be loosed, though when so lo hidl when she is dismasted, and only her hull or hulk loosed I shall not be satisfied fully and at once; that is, is left at the direction and mercy of the waves I shall not be immediately satisfied.

10 Waste, or wear away.

to say

The question did at first so staggor me,

Q. Kath. Would they speak with me? Bearing a state of mighty moment in't,

Gent. They will'd me say so, madam. And consequence of dread, -that I committed Q. Kath.

Pray their graces The daring'st counsel which I had, to doubt; To come near. (Exit Gent.) Whai can be their And did entreat your highmess to this course,

business Which you are running here.

With me, a poor weak woman, fallen from favour? K. Hen.

I then mov'd you, I do not like their coming, now I think on't. My lord of Canterbury; and got your leave They should be good men; their affairs as righTo make this present summons:-Unsolicited

teous : I left no reverend person in this court;

But all hoods make not monks.
But by particular consent proceeded,

Under your hands and seals. Therefore, go on:
For no dislike i' the world against the person


Peace to your highness ! or the good queen, but the sharp thorny points

Q. Kath. Your graces find me here part of a of my alleged reasons, drive this forward:

housewife; Prove but our marriage lawful, by my life,

I would be all, against the worst may happen. And kingly dignity, we are contented

What are your pleasures with me, reverend lords? To wear our mortal state to come, with her,

Wol. May it please you, noble madam, to withKatharine our queen, before the primest creature

draw That's paragon'd' o' the world.

Into your private chamber, we shall give you Сат.

So please your highness, The full cause of our coming. The queen being absent, 'tis a needful fitness R. Kath.

Speak it here; That we adjourn this court till further day: There's nothing I have done yet, o' my conscience, Meanwhile must be an earnest motion

Deserves a corner: 'Would, all other women Made to the queen, to call back her appeal

Could speak this with as free a soul as I do! She intends unto his holiness. (They rise to depart. My lords, I care not, (so much I am happy K. Hen,

I may perceive, (Aside. Above a number,) if my actions These cardinals trifle with me: I abhor

Were tried by every tongue, every eye saw them, This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome.

Envy and base opinion set against them, My learn'd and well-beloved servant, Cranmer,

I know my life so even: If your business Prythee return with thy approach, I know,

Seek me out, and that way I am wife in," My comfort comes along. Break up the court :

Out with it boldly; Truth loves open dealing. I say, set on (Ereunt, in manner as they entered.

Wol. Tanta est ergà te mentis integritas, regina


Q. Kath. O, good my lord, no Latin ;'

I am not such a truant since my coming,,

As not to know the language I have liv'd in: SCENE I. Palace at Bridewell. A Room in the A strange tongue makes my cause more stralige, Queen's Apartment. The Queen, and some of her

suspicious; Women, at work."

Pray, speak in English: here are some will thank you, Q. Kath. Take thy lute, wench: my soul grows Believe me, she has had much wrong: Lord car

If you speak truth, for their poor mistress' sake; sad with troubles; Sing, and disperse them, if thou canst : leave work. The willing'st sin I ever yet com



May be absolv'd in English.

Noble lady,
Orpheus with his lule marle trees,

I am sorry, my integrity should breed
And the mountain-tops, that freeze,

(And service to his majesty and you,)'
Bow themselves, when he did sing

So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant.
To his music, plants, and powers,

We come not by the way of accusation,
Ever sprung; as sun, and showers, To taint that honour every good tongue blesses;
There had been a lasting spring.

Nor lo betray you any way to sorrow;
Every thing that heard him play,

You have too much, good lady: but to know
Even the billows of the sea,

How you stand minded in the weighty difference
Hung their heads, and then lay by.

Between the king and you ; and to deliver,
In sueet music is such art;

Like free and honest men, our just opinions,
Killing care, and grief of heart,

And comforts to your cause.

Fall asleep, or, hearing, die.

Most honour'd madam,

My lord of York,-out of his noble nature,
Enter a Gentleman.

Zeal and obedience he still bore your grace ;
Q. Kath. How now?

Forgetting, like a good man, your late censure Gent. An't please your grace, the two great car. Both of his truth and him (which was too far,)

dinals Wait in the presence.

sion to the Latin proverb--Cucullus non facit mona. chum, to which Chaucer also alludes :

Habite ne maketh monke ne frere; 1 Shakspeare uses the verb to paragon both in An.

But a clene life and devotion, tony and Cleopatra and Othello :

Maketh gode men of religion.'
Jrthou with Csesar puragon again

6 I would be glad thai my conduct were in some pubMy man of men.'

lic trial confronted with mine euemics, that malice and

corrupt judgment might try their utmost power against That paragons description and wild fame.' 2 This is only an apostrophe to the absent bishop of 7 This is obscurely expressed, but seems to mean, that name.

If your business is with me, and relates to the question 3 Cavendish, who appears to have been present at this of my marriage, out with it boldly." interview of the cardinals with the queen, says- She 8 Then began my lord to speak to her in Latincame out of her privy chamber with a skein of white “ Nay, good my lord (quoth she,) speak to me in En. thread about her neck into the chamber of presence.' elish, I beseech you, though I understand Latin.” A subsequent speech of the queen's is nearly conform. Cavendish, able to what is related in Cavendish, and copied by 9 This line stands so awkwardly, and out of its place, Holinshed.

that Mr. Edwards's proposition to transpose it, should be 4 Presence chamber.

adopted, thus:5. Being churchmen they uld be virtuous, and 'I am sorry my integrity should breed every business they undertake as righteous as their sa. So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant, cred office : but all hoods make not monks.' In allu. And service to his majesty and you.'

-a maid


Q. Kath,

aim al.


Offers, as I do, in a sign of peace,

Cam. Your fears are worse. His service and his counsel.

Q. Kath. Have I lived thus long-(let me speak To betray me. (Aside.

myself, My lords, I thank you both for your good wills, Since virtue finds no friends,)—a wife, a true one? Ye speak like honest men, (pray God, ye prove so!) A woman (I dare say, without vain-glory,) But how to make you suddenly an answer, Never yet branded with suspicion ? In such a point of weight, so near mine honour, Have I with all my full affections (More near my life, I fear,) with my weak wit, Still met the king ? lov'd him next heaven ? obey'd And to such men of gravity and learning,

hin? In truth, I know not. I was set at work

Been, out of fondness, superstitious to him?" Among my maids, full little, God knows, looking Almost forgot my prayers to content him? Either for such men, or such basiness.

And am I thus rewarded ? 'tis not well, lords. For her sake that I have been' (for I feel

Bring me a constant woman to her husband, The last fit of my greatness,) good your graces, One that ne'er dream'd a joy beyond his pleasure; Let me have time, and counsel, for my cause ; And to that woman, when she has done most, Alas! I am a woman, friendless, hopeless. Yet will I add an honour,-a great patience. Wol. Madam, you wrong the king's love with Wol. Madam, you wander from the good wo

these fears; Your hopes and friends are infinite.

Q. Kath. My lord, I dare not make myself so guilty, Q. Kath.

In England, To give up willingly that noble title
But little for my profit: Can you think, lords, Your master wed nie to: nothing but death
That any Englishman dare give me counsel ? Shall e'er divorce my dignities.
Or be a known friend, 'gainst his highness' pleasure Wol.

'Pray, hear mo. (Though he be grown so desperate to be honest,) Q. Kath. 'Would I had never trod this English and live a subject ? Nay, forsooth, my friends,

earth, They that must weigh out' my afflictions,

Or felt the flatteries that grow upon it! They that my trust must grow to, live not here ; Ye have angels' faces, 5 but heaven knows your They are, as all my other comforts, far hence,

hearts. In mine own country, lords.

What will become of me now, wretched lady? Cam.

I would, your grace I am the most unhappy woman living. Would leave your griefs, and take my counsel. Alas! poor wenches, where are now your fortunes ? P. Kath. How, sir ?

[To her Women. Čam. Put your main cause into the king's pro- Shipwreck'd upon a kingdom, where no pity, tection;

No friends, no hope; no kindred weep for me, He's loving, and most gracious; 'twill be much Almost, no grave allow'd me :-Like the lily, Both for your honour better, and your cause ; That once was mistress of the field, and flourish'd, For, if the trial of the law o'ertako you,

I'll hang my head, and perish. You'll part away disgrac'd.


If your grace Wol.

He tells you rightly. Could but be brought to know, our ends are honest, Q. Kath. Ye tell me what ye wish for both, my You'd feel more comfort: why should we, good lady,

Upon what cause, wrong you ? alas ! our places, Is this your Christian counsel ? out upon ye ! The way of our profession is against it; Heaven is above all yet; there sits a judge, We are to cure such sorrows, not to sow them. That no king can corrupt.

For goodness' sake, consider what you do; Cain.

Your rage mistakes us. How you may hurt yourself, ay, utierly 2. Kath. The more shame for ye;' holy men I Grow from the king's acquaintance, by ihis carriage. thought ye,

The hearts of princes kiss obedience, Upon my soul, wo 'reverend cardinal virtues :

So much they love it ; but to stubborn spirits, But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye : They swell, and grow as terrible as storms.' Mend them for shame, my lords. Is this your com- I know, you have a gentle, noble temper, fort?

A soul as even as a calm; Pray, think us The cordial that ye bring a wretched lady? Those we profess, peace-makers, friends, and sorA woman lost among ye, laugh'd al, scoru'd ?

vants. I will not wish ye half my miseries,

Cam. Madam, you'll find it so. You wrong your I have more charity: But say, I warn’d ye;

virtues Take heed, for heaven's sake, take heed, lest at once with these weak women's fears. A noble spirit, The burden of my sorrows fall upon ye.

As yours was put into you, ever casts Wol. Madam, this is a mere distraction; Such doubts, as false coin, from it. The king loves You turn the good we offer into envy.

you ; Q. Kath. Ye turn me into nothing: Woe upon ye, Beware, you lose it not: For us, if you please And all such false professors! Would ye have me To trust us in your business, we are ready (If you have any justice, any pity,

To use our utmost studies in your service. If ye be any thing but churchmen's habits,)

Q. Kath. Do what ye wili, iny lords: And, pray. Put my sick cause into his hands that hates mo?

forgive me,
Alas!'he has banish'd mo his bed already; If I have us'de myself unmannerly;
His love too long ago : I am old, my lords, You know, I am a woman, lacking wit
And all the fellowship I hold now with him, To make a seemly answe lo such persons.
Is only my obedience. What can happen

Pray, do my service to his majesty:
To me, above this wretchedness ? all your studies He has my heart yet; and shall have my prayers,
Make me a curse like this.

While I shall have my life. Come, reverend fathers,

Bestow your counsels on me. she now begs, 1 For the sake of that royalty which I have heretofore possessed.

2 Weigh out for out-weigh. In Macbeth we have "The lily, lady of the flow'ring field.” overcome for come over.

Spenser, F Q. b. ii. c. vi. st. 16. 3 If I mistake you, it is by your fault, not mine ; for 7 It was one of the charges brought against Lord Es. I thought you good.

sex, in the year before this play was written, by his un. 4 Served him with superstitious attention.

grateful kinsman Sir Francis Barnn, when that noble6 This is an allusion to the old jingle of Angli and man, to the disgrace of humanity, was obliged by a junto Angeli. Thus Nashe in his Anatomy of Absurdity, of his enemies to kneel at the end of the council table 1589:-'For my part I meane to suspend my sentence, for several hours, that in a letter written during his re and let an author of late memorie be my speaker ; who tirement in 1599 to the lord keeper, he had said, There affirmech that they carry angels in their faces, and is no tempest to the passionate indignation of a prince' depila in their devices.'

8 Behaved.


No, no;

That little thought, when she set footing here, Nor. All men's
She should have bought her dignilies so dear. Suf. There's order given for her coronation :

(Ereunt Marry, this is yet but young, and may be left

To some ears unrecounted.--But, my lords, SCENE II. Antechamber to the King's Apart. She is a gallant creature, and complete

ment. Enter the Duke of NorFOLK, the DUKE In mind and feature : I persuade me, from her of SUFFOLK, the Earl of SURREY, and the Will fall some blessing to this land, which shall Lord Chamberlain.

In it be memoriz'd.'

Sur. Nor. If you will now unite in your complaints,

But, will the king

Digest this letter of the cardinal's ? And force' them with a constancy, the cardinal

The Lord forbid ! Cannot stand under them: If you omil

Nor. The offer of this time, I cannot promise,

Marry, amen!

Suf. But that you shall sustain more new disgraces,

There be more wasps that buz about his nose, With these you bear already. Sur.

I am joyful

Will make this sting the sooner. Cardinal Campeius To meet the least occasion, that may give me

Is stolen away to Rome; haih ta'en no leave; Remenibrance of my father-in-law, the duke,

Has left the cause o' the king unhandled; and

Is posted, as the agent of our cardinal,
To be reveng'd on him.
Which of the peers

To second all this plot. I do assure you
Have uncontemn'd gone by him, or at least

The king cry'd, ba! at this.

Now, God incense him,
Strangely neglected ?2 when did he regard
The stamp of nobleness in any person,

And let him cry ha, louder!

Nor. Out of himself?

But, my lord,

When returns Cranmer?
Chum. My lord, you speak your pleasures :
What he deserves of you and me, I know;

Suf. He is return'd, in his opinions; which

Have satisfied the king for his divorce, What we can do to him (though now the time

Together with all famous colleges Gives way to us,) I much fear. If you cannot

Almost in Christendom :" shortlv, I believe, Bar his access to the king, never attempt

His second marriage shall be publish'd, and
Any thing on him; for he hath a witchcraft

Her coronation. Katharine no more
Over the king in his tongue,

o, sear him not ;

Shall be call'd queen ; but princess dowager,

And widow to Prince Arthur. His spell in that is out: the king hath sound


This same Cranmer's Matter against him, that for ever mars The honey of his language. No, he's settled,

A worthy fellow, and hath ta'en much pain Not to come off, in his displeasure.

In the king's business. Sur.


He has : and we shall see him

I should be glad to hear such news as this

For it, an archbishop.

So I hear.
Once every hour.

'Tis so.
Believe it, this is truo,

Suf. In the divorce, his contrary proceedingso

The cardinal
Are all unfolded; wherein he appears,

Enter Wolsey and CROMWELL.
As I could wish mine enemy.

How camo


Observe, observe, he's moody. His practices to light ?


. The packet, Cromwell, gave it you the king ? Suf. Most strangely.

Crom. To his own hand, in his bodchamber. Sur.

0, how, how? Wol. Look'd he o' the inside of the paper ? Suf. The cardinal's letter to the pope miscarried,


Presently And came to the eve o' the king: wherein was read, He did unseal them; and the first he view'd, How that the cardinal did entreat his holiness He did it with a serious mind; a heed To «av the judgment o the divorce : For if Was in his countenance : You, he bade It did iake place, I do, quoth he, perceive

Attend him here this morning. My king is tangled in affertion to


Is he ready d creature of the queen's, Lady Anne Bullen, To come abroad ? Sur. Has the king this ?


I think, by this he is.
Believe it.

Wol. Leave me a while. - (Erit CROMWELL. Sür.

Will this work? It shall be to the duchess of Alençon, Cham. The king in this perceives him, how he The French king's sister: he shall marry her. coasts,

Anne Bullen ! No; I'll no Anne Bullens for him : And hedges, his own way. But in this point There is more in it than fair visage.-Bullen! All his tricks founder, and he brings his physic No, we'll no Bullens.--Speedily I wish Afier his patient's death; the king already To hear from Rome. The marchioness of PemHath married the fair lady.

broke! Sur. 'Would he had !

Nor. He's discontented. Suf. May you be happy in your wish, my lord ! Suf.

May be, he hears the king For, I profess, you have it.

Does whet his anger to him.
Now all my joy

Sharp enough,
Traces the conjunction !

Lord, for thy justice !
My amen to't!

Wol. The late queeu's gentlewoman ; a knight's

daughter, | Force is en force, urge.

To be her mistress' mistress! the queen's queen! 2. Which of the peer- has not gone by him contemned This candle burns not clear: 'tis I must snuff it; or neglectedl.” When did he regard the stamp of noblo. Then,out it goes.-What though I know her virtuous, nes in any person, though attentive to his own dignity? | And well deserving ? yet I know her for

3 1.*, his secret en leavours to counteract the divorce.

+ To rousi ja to hover about to pursue a sidelong 7 To memorize is in make memorable. epur-e about a thing. To hedg, is to creep alnng by the 8 Suffolk means to say Cralimer is recurned in his hedge, not to take the direct and open path, but to steal opinions, i. e. with the raine sentiments which he enter covertly through circumvolutious.

tained before he went abroad, which (sentiments) have 5 To trace is to follow.

easisfied the king, together with all the famous colleges 6 This same phrase occurs again in Romeo and Juliet, referred in on the occasion. Or perhaps the passage (as Ac i. Sc. 1:

Mr. Tyrwhiu observes) may mean, He is returned in Good morrow, cousin.

effect,'having sent his opinions, i. e. the opinions on Is the day so young?" I divines, &c. collected by him

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