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Commencing with Black. Illustrated by observations upon

the most material moves; with three additional methods of play, arising out of important positions in the game.

N. B. To facilitate the acquirement of the moves, the numbers are

added, referring to the Self Instructing Chess Board, and also to the figured plan at page 18.

1-Black. King's pawn two squares.—(to 29)

White. The same.-ito 37) 2-B. King's knight to his bishop's 3rd square.-(22)*

W. Queen's pawn one square.-(44) 3-B. King's bishop to his queen's bishop's 4th square.-(27)

W. King's bishop's pawn two squares.--(38)

* This is bad play of Black, as it gives the advantage of the attack to his adversary; he should bave advanced his queen's pawn one square, to have made an opening for his queen's bishop.

+ White by this move, places the pawn in the power of the black king's pawn, and though attended with loss may be considered advantageous. The white king and queen’s pawns being placed in tbe centre of the board, are thus enabled to stop the progress of the black pieces; besides gaining the attack, owing to the wrong move of the black king's knight. There is also another advantage White has, in exchanging the king's bishop's pawn for the adverse king's pawn, in case of castling with his king's rook,-the bishop's file, being open, will allow the rook immediate play, as will appear by reference to the second mode of play, at the twenty-first move.

4-B. Queen's pawn one square.—(20)

W. Queen's bishop's pawn one square.-(43) 5-B. King's pawn takes king's bishop's “pawn.=(29 to 38)*

W. Queen's bishop takes the king's pawn.---(39 to 38) 6-B. Queen's bishop to his king's knight's 5th square.

(39) w. King's knight to his bishop's 3rd square --(46) 7-B. Queen's knight to his queen's 2nd square.-(12)

W, Queen's pawn one square.- (36) 8-B. King's bishop retires to his queen's knight's 3rd

square.--(18) W. King's bishop to his queen's 3rd square. --(44) 9-B. Queen to her king's 2nd square.-(13)

W. The same.-(53)

* Thts is the move referred to in the previous note.-If Black had refused taking this pawn, While should have left it exposed, unless Black castled with his king's rook, in which case it should have been pushed forward to attack the king, supported by the other pawns of the right wing. The effect will be seen by the third mode of play, commencing from this move.

+ If Black should take the knight with his bishop, White must retake with his pawn, as by concentrating his pawns be increases his strength.

f & White has here selected the best attacking position for his king's bishop,-excepting the fourth of his queen's bishop, (35); especially, a's Black has not the power to hinder that bishop from playing upon his king's bishop's pawn'; the king's knight (the only piece Black could, with safety, have advanced to protect it) having been already brought out.- Move 2nd, see nute* page 45.

10-B. King castles with bis rook.-(K. to 7, R. to 6)*

W. Queen's knight to his queen's 2nd square.-(52) 11.-B. King's knight to his rook's 4th square.--(32)

W. Queen to her king's 3rd square —(45) 12.-B. King's knight takes the queen's bishop:-(32 to 38)1

W. Queen retakes the knight-(45 to 38) 13.-B. Queen's bishop takes the king's kniglit.-(39 to 46)||

W. King's knight's pawn retakes the bishop.-(55 to 46)

* If Black had castled with his queen's rook, White should castle with his king's, that he might attack more conveniently with his pawns on the left. The form of this attack is the subject of the fourth mode of play, commencing from this move.

+ Black here again finds the error of his second move, in having too early brought out his king's knight; for although in his present position, he menaces the white queen's bishop, he has nevertheless been obliged, for the present, to forego his plan of attack on the formidable chain of pawns, White is fast arranging against him on the black squares diagonally; the black knight hindering his king's bishop's pawn advancing for this parpose.

| If Black had advanced his king's bishop's pawn two squares (to 30) for purposes mentioned in preceding note, instead of taking the queen's bishop, White must have attacked the queen with bis queen's bishop, and the next move bave pushed his king's rook's pawn upon the black queen's bishop, in order to force him to lake the king's knight; in which case White would retake the bishop with his king's koighi’s pawo, in order to support his king's pawn and replace it if it be taken.

|| If Black had not taken the knight, his bishop'would have remained imprisoned by White's pawns for at least three moves, or might have been only exchanged for one of them.

14-B. King's bishop's pawn two squares.-(30)"

W. Queen to her king's knight's 3rd square.-(47) 15—3. King's bishop's pawn takes the king's pawn.-(30

to 37) W. King's bishop's pawn retakes it.—(46 to 37) 16—B. King's rook to his king's bishop's 3rd square.—(22)+

W, King's rook's pawn two squares.-(40); 17-B. Queen's rook to his king's bishop's square.-(6) W. King castles with his queen's rook.—(K. to 59, R.

to 60) 18—B. Queen's bishop's pawn two squares.-(27)||

W. King's pawn one square.—(29)

* Black is only here enabled to commence the attack meditated on his eleventh move:the white pawns are now iu too formidable a position to be broken.

+ Black plays this rook either with an intention of doubling it, or removing the adversary's queen.

# White pushes this pawo two squares to give his queen more room to retire, if attacked; as sheltered by it, she would menace the black kiug's rook's pawn. This white pawn afterwards advanced, may become dangerous to the black king.

|| The principal object of this move may not readily appear to the comprehension of a learner. It embraces two points.—ist, by inducing White to advance his queen’s pawn to prevent capture, be would break his chain of pawns-a material point of his strength; and 2nd, that of preventing the advance of the white king's pawn, which at present masks his king's rook's pawn from the attack of the white king's bishop.

§ White does not fall into the snare laid for him in the preceding move, but acts upon the general principle that whenever a chain of

19-B. Queen's pawn takes the pawn.-(20 to 29)

W. Queen's pawn one square.—(28) 20-B. Bishop to his queen’s bishop's 2nd square.—(11)

W. Knight to his king's 4th square.—(37)* 21-B. King's rook to his king's bishop's 6th square.-(46)

W. Queen to her king's knight's 2nd square.-(55) 22—B. Queen to her king's bishop's 2nd square.-(14)+

W. Knight to his king's night's 5th square.—(31)

pawns succeed each other upon the same coloured squares, the pawn in the van must not be abandoned, but should be supported in his post. In this instance the white king's pawn not being in the line with his comrades, White advances him thereto, and it will be seen that his interest is, to push it forward to loss, as Black by the capture opens a free passage for the queen's pawn, which White should advance immediately, supported, if necessary, by the other pawns or pieces, with a view of pushing to queen or some other advantage. The black queen's pawn has apparently similar advantages the difference however is material as being isolated, it would be subject to the attack of the various pieces on the road.

* White plays the knight thus, to stop the progress of the black king's pawn, now impeding the passage of both his own bishop and his knight.

+ The queen is played to give check the next move, at her king's bishop's fifth square (38)—but if the king's rook's pawn had been played one square, to frustrate the attack of the white knight, the white queen's pawn should advance one square, and fork the black bishop and queen; the pawn would have been lost, and the black bishop would have fallen to the knight, which could not have been retaken by the black queen, because she would then be lost by a

scovered check of the white bishop.


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