Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes: French Diplomacy in the Age of Revolution, 1719-1787

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SUNY Press - 607 Seiten
This is the first complete study of Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, one of the most distinguished diplomats and statesmen of eighteenth-century France. Vergennes represented France as a diplomat in Germany, Constantinople, and Stockholm, and was Louis XVI s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Orville Murphy traces Vergennes career as he steadily rose from the provincial nobility of the robe to the ranks of the court aristocracy; from the post of an obscure diplomat to the lofty position of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Murphy, however, has written much more than an interesting biography. The book develops a link between diplomatic personalities, the foreign policies of the French kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and the contemporary social, economic, and political problems during much of the eighteenth century. Indeed, Vergennes and his policies are central to any study of the American Revolution, the underlying causes of the French Revolution, and of the subsequent Age of Revolutions in Europe.
 

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Inhalt

War of the Austrian Succession
3
A King of the Romans
16
The Congress at Hanover
29
Constantinople
53
Ceremony and Debts at the Court of the Sultan
65
The Diplomatic Revolution
97
Matters of Prestige
124
Recall
165
II
303
Mogilev
312
Peace Appears Trailing Clouds of Ambitions
321
The Crisis of 1783
333
The Vergennes Family
345
Gibraltar
358
The Right to Catch Fish
368
The Mississippi Boundary
382

To Stockholm
172
Coup détat
184
From Stockholm to Versailles
202
The Past Present and Future in 1774
211
The Spanish Temptation
222
The Revolution in America
232
Saratoga and Germantown
242
The Decision to Intervene
252
Spain Enters the War
261
17761782
280
I
291
The Legacy of the American War
397
17801785
405
17741787
417
The AngloFrench
432
The FrancoRussian
447
17831787
459
Epilogue
473
Bibliography
579
Index
595
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