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How under my oppression I did reek,

Of my alledged reasons, drive this forward : When I first mov'd you.

Prove but our marriage lawful, by my life, Lin. Very well, my liege.

[say, And kingly dignity, we are contented King. I have spoke long; be pleas'd yourself to To wear our mortal state to come, with her, How far you satisfy'd me.

5 Katharine our queen, before the primest creature Lin. So please your highness,

That's paragon'd o’the world. 'The question did at first so stagger me,

Cam. So please your highness, Bearing a state of mighty moment in’t,

The queen being absent, 'tis a needful fitness And consequence of dread,—that I committed That we adjourn this court to further day: The daring'st counsel which I had, to doubt; 10 Mean while must be an earnest motion And did entreat your highness to this course, Made to the queen, to call back her appeal Which you are running here.

She intends unto his holiness. [They rise to depart. King. I then mov'd you,

King. I may perceive,
My lord of Canterbury; and got your leave Thiese cardinals trifle with me: I abbor
To make this present summons :-Unsolicited 15 This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome.
I left no reverend person in this court;

My learn’d and well-beloved servant, Cranmer, But by particular consent proceeded,

Pr'ythee, return! with thy approach, I know, Under your hands and seals. Therefore, go on; My comfort comes along. Break up the court; For no dislike i'the world against the person I say, set on. Of our good queen, but the sharp thorny points 201

[E.reunt in manner as they entered.

[blocks in formation]


Enter Wolsey and Campeius. 30 Wol. Peace to your highness !

(wife: The Queen's Apartments.

Queen. Your graces find me here part of a houseThe Queen and her Women, as at work. I would be all, against the worst may happen. Queen. TAKE thy lute, wench: my soul grows What are your pleasures with ine, reverend tords? sad with troubles;

Wol. May it please you, noble madam, to Sing, and disperse them, if thon canst; leave 35 withdraw working.

Into your private chamber, we shall give you S O N G

The full cause of our coming. Orpheus with his lute made trees,

Queen. Speak it here; And the mountain-tops, that freeze,

There's nothing I have done yet,o' my conscience, Bow thems: Ives, when he did sing:

10 Deserves a corner: Would, all other women To his musick, plants and flowers

Could speak this with as free a soul as I do! Ever sprung; as sun, and showers,

My lords, I care not, (so much I am happy There had made a lasting spring.

Above a number) if my actions

Were try'd by every tongue, every eye saw 'em, Every thing that heard him play, Even the billows of the sea,

45 Envy and base opinion set against 'em,

I know my life so even: If your business
Hung their heads, and then lay by.

Seek me out, and that way I am wife in,
In sweet musick is such art;

Out with it boldly; Truth loves open dealing: Killing care, and grief of heart,

Wol. Tanta est erga te mentis integritas, reging Fall asleep, or, hearing, die.


serenissima, Enter a Gentleman.

Queen. O, good my lord, no Latin; Queen. How now?

[dinals I am not such a truant since my coming, Gent. An't please your grace, the two great car- As not to know the language I have liv'd in: Wait in the presence'.

A strange tongue makes my cause more strange, Queen. Would they speak with me?


suspicious; Gent. They willd me say so, madam. Pray, speak in English: here are some will thank Queen. Pray their graces


you, To come near. [Erit Gent.] What can be their If you speak truth, for their poor mistress' sake: With me, a poor weak woman, fallen from ta- Believe me, she has had much wrong: Lord vour?


cardinal, I do not like their coming, now I think on't. The willing'st sin I ever yet committed, They should be good men; their affairs ? are May be absolv'd in English. righteous :

Viol. Noble lady, But, all hoods make not monks.

am sorry, my integrity should breed di.e. in the presence-chamber. Affairs for professions.



(And service to his inajesty and you)

Upon my soul, two reverend cardinal virtues ; So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant. Bút cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye : We coine not by the way of accusation, Mend 'em for shame, my lords. Is this yout To taint that honour every good tongue blesses;

comfort? Nor to betray you any way to sorrow; 5 The cordial that ye bring a wretched lady: You have too much, good lady: but to know A woman lost among ye, laugh'd at, scorn'd? How you stand minded in the weighty difference I will not wish ye half my miseries, Between the king and you; and to deliver, I have more charity: But say, I warn'd ye; Like free and honest men, our just opinions,

Take heed, for heaven's sake, take heed, lest at And comforts to your cause.

10 Cam. Most honour'd madam,

The burdens of my sorrows fall upon ye. My lord of York,-out of his noble nature,

Wol. Madam, this is a mere distraction ; Zeal and obedience he still bore your grace;

You turn the good we offer into envy. Forgetting, like a good man, your late censure

Queen. Yeturn me into nothing: Woe upon ye, Both of his truth and him, (which was too far)—15 And all such false professors ! Would ye have me Olfers, as I do, in a sign of peace,

(If you have any justice, any pity; His service, and his counsel.


you be any thing but churchnien's habits) Queen. To betray me.

[Aside. Put my sick cause into his hands that hates me? My lords, I thank you both for your good wills,

Alas! he has banish'd me his bed already ; Yespeak like honest men, (pray God, yeprove so!)20 His love, too long ago ; I am old, my lords, But how to make ye suddenly an answer, And all the fellowship I hold now with him In such a point of weight, so near mine honour, Is onlymy obedience. What can happen (More near my life, I fear) with my weak wit, To me, above this wretchedness? all your studies And to such inen of gravity and learning,

Make me a curse like this. In truth, I know not. I was set at work 25 Cam. Your fears are worse. [myself, Among iny maids; full little, God knows, looking Queen. Ilave I liv'd thus long,_let me speak Either for such men, or such business.

Since virtue finds no friends,—a wife, a true one? For her sake that I have been', (for I feel A wonian, (I dare say, without vain-glory) The last fit of my greatness) good your graces,

Never yet branded with suspicion? Let me have time, and counsel, for my cause; 39 Have I'with all my full affections [him Alas! I am a woman, friendless, hopeless. Still met the king? lov'd him next heaven? obey'd Wol. Madam, you wrong the king's love with Been, out of fondness, superstitious' to him?" these fears;

Almost forgot my prayers to content him? Your hopes and friends are infinite.

And am I thus rewarded? 'tis not well, lords. Queen. In England,

35 Bring me a constant woman to her husband, But little for my profit; Can you think, lords, One that ne'er dream'd a joy beyond his pleasure; That any Englishman dare give me counsel ? And to that woman, when she has done most, Or be a known friend, 'gainst his highness' plea

Yet will I add an honour,-a great patience. sure,

Wol. Madam, you wander from the good we (Though he be grown so desp'rate to be honest) 40

aim at.

(guilty, And live a subject? Nay, forsooth, my frieuds, Queen. My lord, I dare not make myself so They that must weigh out my aftlictions, To give up willingly that noble title They that my trust must grow to, live not here; Your master wed ine to: nothing but death They are, as all iny other comforts, far hence, shall e'er divorce my dignities. In mine own country, lords.

145 Wol. Pray, hear me,

searth, Cam. I would, your grace

Queen. 'Would I bad never trod this English Would leave your griefs, and take my counsel. Or felt the flatteries that grow upon it! Queen. How, sir?

[tection ; Ye have angels'* faces, but heaven knows your Cam. Put your main cause into the king's pro

hearts. He's loving, and most gracious : 'twill be much 50 What will become of me now! wretched lady! Both for your honour better, and your cause ; I am the most unhappy woinan living.-For, if the trial of the law o'ertake you,

Alas! poor wenches, where are now your forYou'll part away disgrac'd.


[To her women. Wol. He tells you rightly.

(ruin: Shipwreck'd upon a kingdom, where no pity, Queen. Ye tell me what ye wish for both, my 55 No friends, no hope; no kindred weep for me; Is this your christian counsel? out upon ye ! Almost, no grave allow'd me :-Like the lily, Heaven is above all yet; there sits a Judge, That once was mistress of the field, and flourished, That no king can corrupt.

I'll hang my head, and perish. Cam. Your rage mistakes us. (thought ye,

Wol. If your grace

(nest, Queen. The more shame for ye ; holy men 1160 Could but be brought to know, our ends are ho

'i.e. for the sake of that royalty I have formerly possessed. ? To weigh out here implies the sme as to outweigh. Si. e. served him with superstitious attention. * A quibble, said to have been originally the quibble of a saint.-" England, a little island, where, as Saint Augustin saith, there be people with angels' faces, so the inhabitants have the courage and hearts of lyons."

You'd loves you ;

You'd feel more comfort: why should we, good Gives way to us) I much fear. If you cannot lady,

Bar his access to the king, never attempt Upon what cause, wrong you ? alas! our places, Any thing on him; for he hath a witchcraft The way of our profession is against it;

Over the king in his tongue. We are to cure such sorrows, not to sow 'em. 5

Nor. O, fear him not; For goodness' sake, consider what you do ; His spell in that is out: the king hath found How you may hurt yourself, ay, utterly

Matter against him, that for ever mars
Grow from the king's acquaintance, by this car- The honey of his language. No, he's settled,
The hearts of princes kiss obedience, [riage.

Not to come off, in his displeasure.
So much they love it; but, to stubborn spirits, 10 Sur. Sir,
They swell, and grow as terrible as storms. I should be glad to hear such news as this
I know, you have a gentle, noble temper,

Once every hour.
A soul as even as a calm ; Pray, think us

Nor. Believe it, this is true. Those we profess, peace-makers, friends, and In the divorce, his contrary proceedings servants.

(virtues 15 Are all unfolded; wherein he appears, Cam. Madam, you'll find it so. You wrong your

As I would wish mine enemy. With these weak woman's fears. A noble spirit,

Sur. How came As yours was put into you, ever casts

His practices to light? Such doubts, as false coin, from it. The king Suf. Most strangely.

20 Sur. O, how, how? Beware, you lose it not: For us, if you please

Suf.The cardinal's letter to the pope miscarried, To trust us in your business, we are ready And came to the eye o' the king: whereinwas ready To use our utmost studies in your service.

How that the cardinal did entreat his holiness Queen. Do what ye will, my lords: And, pray,

To stay the judgement o' the divorce; For if forgive me,

25 It did take place, I do, quoth he, perceive, If I have us’d myself unmannerly;

My king is tangled in affection to You know, I am a woman, lacking wit

A creature of the queen's, lady Anne Bullen. To make a seemly answer to such persons.

Sur. Has the king this? Pray, do my service to his majesty:

Suf. Believe it. He has my heart yet; and shall have my prayers, 30

Sur. Will this work?

[coasts, While I shall have my life. Come, reverend fa- Cham. The king in this perceives him, how he thers,

And hedges*, his own way. But in this point Bestow your counsels on me: she now begs, All his tricks founder, and he brings his physick That little thought, when she set footing here, After his patient's death; the king already She should have bought her dignities so dear. 135 Hath married the fair lady.

[Exeunt. Sur. Would he had ! SCENE II.

Suf. May you be happy in your wish, my lord;

For, I profess, you have it. Antichamb.r to the King's Apartment.

Sur. Now all

my joy Enter Duke of Norfolk, Duke of Suffolk, the Earl 40 Trace the conjunction ! of Surrey, anul the Lord Chamberlain.

Suf. My amen to't! Nor. If you will now unite in your complaints,

Nor. All men's. And forcethem with a constancy, the cardinal Suf. There's order given for her coronation : Cannot stand under them : If you omit

Marry, this is yet but young, and may be left The offer of this tine, I cannot promise, 45 To some ears unrecounted.-But, my lords, But that you shall sustain more new disgraces, She is a gallant creature, and complete With these you bear already.

In mind and feature: I persuade me, from her Sur. I am joyful

Will fall some blessing to this land, which shall To meet the least occasion, that may give me In it be memoriz'd": Remembrance of my father-in-law, the duke, 150 Sur. But, will the king To be reveng'd on him.

Digest this letter of the cardinal's ? Suf. Which of the peers

The Lord forbid ! Have uncontemn’d gone by him, or at least Nor. Marry, Amen! Strangely neglected when did he regard

Suf. No, no; The stamp of nobleness in any person, 55 There be more wasps that buz about his nose, Qut of himself??

Will make this sting ihesooner.CardinalCampeias Cham. My lords, you speak your pleasures : Is stol'n away to Rome; hath ta’en no leave; What he deserves of you and nie, I know; Has left the cause of the king unhandled; and What we can do to him, (though now the time Ils posted, as the agent of our cardinal, Ti.e. enforce, urge.

2 i. e. except in himself. 3 i.e. his private practices opposite to his public procedure. To hedge, is to creep along by the hedge : not to take the direct and open path, To trace is to follow. To memorize is to make memorable.


To second all his plot. I do assure you, Hath crawl'd into the favour of the king,
The king cry'd ba! at this.

And is his oracle.
Cham. Now, God incense him,

Nor. He is vex'd at something. And let him cry ha! louder.

Sur. I would, 'twere something that would Nor. But, my lord,


'fret the string, When returns Cranmer?

The master-cord of his heart!
Suf. He is return'd, in his opinions ; which
Have satisfy'd the king for his divorce,

Enter the King, reading a schedule?; and Lovel. Together with all famous colleges

Suf. The king, the king. Almost in Christendom: shortly, I believe, 10 King. What piles of wealth hath he accuniulated His second marriage shall be publish'd, and To his own portion! and what expence by the hour Her coronation. Katharine no more

Secms to tiow from him! How, i' the name of Shall be call'd queen; but princess dowager,

thrift, Aad widow to prince Arthur.

Does he rake this together!-Now, my lords; Nor. This same Cranmer's

15 saw you the cardinal ? A worthy fellow, and hath ta’en much pain Nor. My lord, we have

[tion In the king's business.

Stood here observing him: Some strange commoSuf. He has; and we shall see him

Is in his brain: be bites his lip, and starts ; For it, an archbishop

Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground, Nor. So I hear.

20 Then, lays his finger on his temple; straight, Suf. 'Tis so.

Springs out into fast gait; then, stops again, The cardinal

Strikes his breast hard; and anon, he casts

Hiseye against the moon: in most strange postures
Enter Wolsey, and Cromwell.

We have seen him set himself.
Nor. Observe, observe, he's moody. 125 King. It may well be;
Wol. The packet, Cromwell,

There is a mutiny in his mind. This morning, Gave't you the king?

Papers of state he sent me to peruse, Crom. To his own hand, in his bed-chamber. As I requir'd; And, wot you, what I found Wol. Look'd he o' the inside of the paper ? There; on my conscience, put unwittingly? Crom. Presently

30 Forsooth, an inventory, thus importing, He did unseal them: and the first he view'd, The several parcels of his plate, his treasure, He did it with a serious mind; a heed

Rich stuffs, and ornaments of household; which Was in his countenance : You, he bade

I find at such proud rate, that it out-speaks Attend him here this inorning.

Possession of a subject. Wol. Is he ready

135) Nor. It is heaven's will; To come abroad?

Some spirit put this paper in the packet, Crom. I think, by this he is.

so bless your eye withal, Wol. Leave me a while.

[Erit Cromwell. King. If we did think It shall be to the dutchess of Alençon,

His contemplations were above the earth, The French king's sister : he shall marry her.- 40 And fix'd on spiritual objects, he should still Anne Bullen! No; I'll no Anne Bullens for him : Dwell in his musings; but, I am afraid, There's more in't than fair visage.--Bullen! His thinkings are below the moon, not worth No, we'll no Bullens!-Speedily I wish

His serious considering. To hear from Roine. The marchioness of Pem- [He takes his seat; and whispers Lovel, who goes to broke!

14: Wolsey. Nor. He's discontented.

Wol. Heaven forgive me! Suf. May be, he hears the king

Ever God bless your highness! Does whet his anger to him.

King. Good my lord,

[tory Sur. Sharp enough,

You are full of heavenly stuff, and bear the invenLord, for thy justice !

(daughter, 500f your best graces in your mind; the which Wol. The late queen's gentlewoman; a knight's You were now running o'er: you have scarce To be her mistress' mistress! the queen's queen!:

time This candle burns not clear: 'tis I must snuff it; To steal from spiritual leisure a brief span, Then, out it goes.—What though I know her To keep your earthly audit: sure, in that virtuous,

55 i deem you an ill husband; and am glad And well-deserving? yet I know her for

l'o have you therein my companion.
A spleeny Lutheran; and not wholesome to Wol, Sir,
Our cause, that she should lie i' the bosom of For holy offices I have a time; a time
Our hard-rul'd king. Again, there is sprung up To think upon the part of business, which
An beretic, an arch one, Cranmer; one (ool bear i' the state ; and nature does require

'i. e. with the same sentiments he entertained before he went abroad, which sentiments justify the king's divorce, * Mr. Steevens on this passage remarks thus: “That the cardinal gave the king an inventory of his own private wealth, by mistake, and thereby ruined himself, is a known variation from the truth of history. Shakspeare, however, has not injudiciously. represented the fall of that peat man, as owing to a similar incident which he had once improved to the destruction of apother." See Holioshed, vol. č. p. 796.



lier times of preservation, which, perforce,

King. 'Tis nobly spoken:
I her frail son, amongst my brethren mortal, Take notice, lords, he has a loyal breast,
Must give my tendance to.

For you have seen him open't.—[Read o'er this; king. You have said well.

[Giving him papers. Wol.Andever may your highness yoke together, 5 And, after, this: and then to breakfast, with As I will lend you cause, my doing well What appetite you have. With my well saying!

[Erit kuig, frowing upon Cardinal Wolsey: · King: 'Tis well said again;

the Nobles throng after him, whispering And ’ris a kind of good deed, to say well:

and smiling. And yet words are no deeds. My father lov'd you: 10 l'o!. What should this mean? He said, he did; and with his deed did crown What sudden anger's this? how have I reap'd it? His word upon you. Since I had my office, He parted frowning from me, as if ruin I have kept you next my heart; have not alone Leap'd from his eyes: So looks the chafed lion Employ'd you where high profits might come C'pon the daring huntsman that has galld him; home,

15 Then makes him nothing. I must read this paper; But par'd my present havings, to bestow I fear, the story of his anger.-—Tis so: Aly bounties upon you.

This paper has undone me:- Tis the account Hol. What should this mean? F.Aside. Of all that world of wealth I've drawn together Sur. The Lord increase this business! [ Aside. For mine own ends: indeed, to gain the popedom, King. Have I not made you

20 And fee my friends in Rome. O negligence, The prime man of the state? I pray you, tell me, t'it for a fool to fall by! What cross devil If what I now pronounce, you have found true: Made me put this main secret in the packet And, if you may confess it, say withal,

I sent the king? Is there no way to cure this? If you are bound to us, or no. What say you? No new device to beat this from his brains?

Wol. My sovereign, I confess, your royal graces, 251 know, 'twill stir him strongly; yet I know Shower'don me daily, have been more than could Away, if it take right, in spite of fortune, My studied purposes requite; which went Willbring me ottagain. What'sthis-Tothe Pope! Beyond all man's endeavours': inv endeavours The litter; as I live, with all the business Have ever come too short of my desires, I writ to his holiness. Nay then, farewell! Yet, fil'd' with my abilities: Mine own ends |30|1 have touch'd the higlrest point ofalliny greatness; Have been mine so, that everinore they pointed and, from that full ineridian of iny glory, To the good of your most sacred person, and I haste now to my setting: I shall fall The profit of the state. For your great graces

Like a bright exhalation in the evening, Heap'd upon me, poor undeserver, 1

And no man see me more. Can nothing render but allegiant thanks ; 35 Re-enter the Dukes of Norfolk, and Suffolk, the My prayers to heaven for you; my loyalty,

Earl of Surrcy, and the Lord Chumberluin. Whichever has, and ever shall be growing,

Nor. Hear the king's pleasure, cardinal: who 'Till death, that winter, kill it.

commands you King. Fairly.answer'd:

render up the great seal presently A loyal and obedient subject is

-10 Into our hands; and to contine yourself Therein illustrated: the honour of it

To Esher house, my lord of Winchesur's, Does pay the act of it; as, i' the contrary, Till you hear iurther from bis higliness. The foulness is the punishment. I presume,

[carry That, as my hand has open’d bounty to y ju, Where's your commission, lords? words cannot My heart dropp'd love, my power rain'd honour,'t Authority so mighty.

Suf. Who dare cross 'em? On you, than any; so your hand, and heart, Bearing the king's willirom his mouth expressly? Your brain, and every function of your power, Hol Till I iind inore than will, or words, io Should, notwithstanding that your bond of duty, As 'twere in love's particular, be more jcl(I mean your malice) know, oflicious lords, :To me, your friend, than any,

I dare, and inust deny it. Now I feel Wol. I do profess,

Of what coarse metal ve are moulded, envy. That for your highness' good I ever labour'd Dow eagerly ye follow my disgrace, More than mine own; that ain, have, and will be. As if it ted ye! and how sleek and wanton Though all the world should crack their duty Ye appear in every thing anay: bring my ruin!

Follow your envious courses, men of nialice; And throw it from their soul; though perils did You have christian warrant for them, and no doubt, Abound, asthick as thought could make 'em, and in time will find their fit rewards. That scal, Appear in forms more horrid; yet my duty, You ask with such a violence, the king

[me: As doth a rock against the chiding flood, 6cline, and your master) with his own hand gave Should the approach of this wild river break, Bade me enjoy it, with the place and honours, And stand unshaken yours.

During my life ; and, to contigin his goodness, ' The sense is, my purposes went beyond all human endeacour. 2 j. e. ranked, or have gone an equal pace with my abilities.


Hlöl. Stay,


do it,

to you,

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