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Suf. How is the king employ'd?

Nor. Thanks, my good lord chamberlain. Cham. I left him private,

[Erit Lord Chamberlain. Full of sad thoughts and troubles,

A door opens, and discovers the King sitling and Nor. What's the cause?


reading pensirely. Cham. It seems, the marriage with his brother's 5 Suf. How sad he looks! sure, he is much Has crept too near his conscience.

afflicted. Suf. No, his conscience

King. Who's there? ha? Has crept too ncar another lady.

Nor. Pray God, he be not angry! Nor. "'Tis so ;

King. Who's there, I say? How dare you thrust This is the cardinal's doing, the king-cardinal: 10 yourselves That blind priest, like the eldest son of fortune, Into my private meditations? Turns what he lists. This king will know him Who am I? ha? one day.

[else. Nor. A gracious king, that pardons all offences, Suf. Pray God, he do! he'll never know himself Malice ne'er meant: our breach of duty, this way,

Aor. How holily he works in all his business! 15 Is business of estate; in which, we come And with what zeal! For, now he has crack'd the To know your royal pleasure. league

King. You are too bold: Between us and the emperor, the queen's great Go to; I'll make ye know your times of business: nephew,

Is this an hour for temporal affairs? ha? He dives into the king's soul; and there scatters 20 Enter Wolsey, and Campeius with a Commission. Doubts, dangers, wringing of the conscience, Who's there? my good lord cardinal?

-my Fears, and despairs, and all these for his marriage:

Wolsey, And, out of all these to restore the king,

The quiet of my wounded conscience, He counsels a divorce: a loss of her,

Thou arta cure fit for a king,—You're welcome, That, like a jewel, has hung twenty years 125

[To Campeius. About his neck, yet never lost her lustre; Most learned reverend sir, into our kingdom; Of her, that loves him with that excellence Use us, and it:—My good lord, have great care That angels love good men with; even of her, I be not found a talker.

[To Wolsey. That, when the greatest stroke of fortune falls, Wol. Sir, you cannot. Will bless the king : And is not this course pious : 30 I would, your grace would give us but an hour Cham. Heaven keep me from such counsel! Of private conference. 'Tis most true, ['em, King. We are busy; go.

[To Norf. and Suf. These news are every where; every tongue speaks Nor. This priest has no pride in him? And every true heart weeps for 't: All, that dare Suf. Not to speak of; Look into these affairs, see his main end, [open 35 I would not be so sick though', for bis The French king's ' sister. Heaven will one day


Asida The king's eyes, that so long have slept upon But this cannot continue. This bold bad man.

Nor. If it do, Suf. And free us from his slavery,

P'll venture one heave at him. Nor. We had need pray,

40 Suf. I another. [Exeunt Norf. and Suf. And heartily, for our deliverance;

Wol. Your grace has given a precedent of Dr this imperious man will work us all

From princes into pages: all men's honours Above all princes, in committing freely
Lie like one lump before him, to be fashion'd Your scruple to the voice of Christendom:
Into what pitch - he please.

45 Who can be angry now? what envy reach you! Suf. For me, my lords,

The Spaniard, ty'd by blood and favour to her, I love him not, nor fear him; there's my creed: Must now confess, if he have any goodness, As I am made without him, so I'll stand,

The trial just and noble. All the clerks, If the king please; his curses and his blessings I mean, the learned ones, in christian kingdoms, Touch me alike, they are breath I not believe in. 50 Have their free voices: Rome, the nurse of judge I knew him, and I know him; so I leave him

ment, To him that made him proud,--the pope. Invited by your noble self, hath sent Nor. Let's in;

One general tongue unto us, this good man, And, with some other business, put the king This just and learned priest, cardinal Campeius; From these sad thoughts, that work too much 55 Whom, once more, I present unto your highness. upon him;

King. And, once more, in nine arms I bid him My lord, you'll bear us company?

welcome, Cham. Excuse me;

And thank the holy conclave for their loves ; The king hath sent me other-where: besides, They have sent me such a man I would have You'll find a most unfit time to disturb him: 601

wish'd for.

[gers' loves, Health to your lordships.

Cam. Your grace must needs deserve all stran! The duchess of Alençon. . * Meaning, that the cardinal can, as he pleases, make high or low. Pitch here implies heiglit. !i. e, so șick as he is proud,

my favour

You are so nobie: To your highness' hand His highness having liv’d so long with her; and she I tender my commission; by whose virtue, So good a lady, that no tongue could ever (The court of Rome commanding)-you, my lord Pronounce dishonour of her,—by my life, Cardinal of York, are join'd with me their servant, She never knew harm-doing;- now, after In the unpartial judging of this business. 5 So many courses of the sun enthron’d, King. Two equal men. The queen shall be still growing in a majesty and pomp,—the which acquainted

[diner: To leave is a thousand-fold more bitter, an Forthwith, for what you come: - Where's Gar- 'Tis sweet at first to acquire,-after this proces,

Wol. I know, your majesty has always lov'd To give her the avaunt !? it is a pity
So dear in heart, not to deny her that [her 10 Would move a monster.
A woman of less place might ask by law,

Old L. Hearts of most hard temper
Scholars, allow'd freely to argue for her.

Melt and lament for her.
King. Ay, and the best, she shall have; and Anne. 0, God's will! much better,

She ne'er had known pomp: though it be temporal, To him that does best, God forbid else. Cardinal, 15 Yet, if that quarrel ', fortune, do divorce Pr’ythee, call Gardiner to me, my new secretary;

It froni the bearer, 'tis a sufferance, panging I find him a fit fellow.

As soul and body's severing. Cardinal goes out, and re-enters with Gardiner. Old L. Alas, poor lady!

Wol. Give me your hand : much joy and favour She's stranger now again *. You are the king's now.

[to you ;/20

Anne. So much the more Gard. But to be commanded

me. Must pity drop upon her. Verily, For ever by your grace, whose hand has raised I swear,

'tis better to be lowly born, [Aside. And


with humble livers in content, King.Comehither, Gardiner. [Walksandzhispers. Than to be perk'd up in a glistering grief,

Cam. My lord of York,was not one doctor Pace25 And wear a golden sorrow. In this man's place before him?

Old L. Our content, Wol. Yes, he was.

is our best having. Cam. Was he not held a learned man?

Anne. By my troth, and maidenhead, Wol. Yes, surely.


I would not be a queen.
Cam. Believe nie, there's an ill opinion spread 30. Old L. Beshrew me, I would,
Even of yourself, lord cardinal.

And venture maidenhead for't; and so would you, H'ol. How! of me?

[him; For all this spice of vour hypocrisy: Cam. They will not stick to say, yon envy'a You, that have so fair parts of woman on you, And, fearing he would rise, he was so virtuous, Have too a woman's heart; which ever yet Kept him a foreign man still: which so griev'd 35 Affected eminence, wealth, sovereignty; That he ran mad, and dy'd.

[him, Which, to say sooth, are blessings; and which Wol. Heaven's peace be with him!

(Saving your mincing) the capacity [gifts That's christian care enough for living murmurers, Of your soft cheveril conscience would receive, There's places of rebuke. He was a fool; If you might please to stretch it. For he would needs be virtuous: that good fellow, 40 Anne. Nay, good troth.- [be a queen? If I command him, follows iny appointment; Old L. Yes, troth and troth,—You would not I will have none so near else. Learn this, brother, Anne. No, not for all the riches under heaven. We live not to be grip'd by meaner persons. Old L. 'Tis strange; a three-pence bow'd would King. Deliver this with modesty to the queen.

(Exit Gardiner. 45 Old as I am, to queen it: but, I pray you, The most convenient place that I can think of, What think you of a dutchess? have you limbs For such receipt of learning, is Black-friars ; To bear that load of title? There ye shall meet about this weighty business:- Anne. No, in truth.

[a little ' ; My Wolsey, see it furnish'd.—O my lord,

Old L. Then you are weakly made; pluck off Would it not grieve an able man, to leave 50 I would not be a young count in your way, Sosweetabedfellow?but,conscience,conscience,-- For more than blushing comes to if your back O,'tis atender place,and I must leave her, [Exeunt. Cannot vouchsafe this burden, 'tis too weak SCENE III.

Ever to get a boy. An Antichamber of the Queen's Apartments. Anne. How


do talk! Enter Anne Bullen, and an old Lady. 1551 swear again, I would not be a queen Anne, Not for that neither ;-Here's the pang For all the world, that pinches :

Old L. In faith, for little England 'i. e. kept him out of the king's presence, by employing him in foreign embassies, ? i. e. to send her away contemptuously. Dr. Warburton says, “ she calls fortune a quarrel or arrow, from her striking so deep and suddenly. Quarrel was a large arrow so called." —Dr. Johnson, however, thinks the poet may be easily supposed to use quarrel for quarreller, as murder for murderer, the act for the agent. í. e. she is again an alien; not only no longer queen, but no longer an Englishi. e. our best possession.

Cleveril, kid-skin, soft leather, Pi, e. let us descend stiļl lower, and more upon a level with your own quality,


hire me,


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You'd venture an emballing!: I myself A very fresh fish here, (fye, fye upon
Would for Carnarvonshire, although there 'longa This compell’d fortune have your mouth fill'd
No more to the crown but that. Lo, who comes Before you open it.

[up, here?

Anne. This is strange to me.
Enter the Lord Chamberlain,

5 Old L. How tastes it? is it bitter? forty pence', Cham. Good morrow, ladies. What were's There was a lady once, ('tis an old story) worth, to know

That would not be a queen, that would she not, The secret of your conference?

For all the mud in Egypt :-Have you heard it! Anne. My good lord,

Anne. Come, you are pleasant. Not your demand; it values not your asking; 10 Old L. With your theme, I could Our inistress' sorrows we were pitying:

O'er-mount the lark. The marchioness of PemCham. It was a gentle business, and becoming

broke! The action of good women: there is hope, A thousand pounds a year! for pure respect; All şill be well.

No other obligation : by my life, Anne. Now I pray God, Amen! [blessings/15 That proinises more thousands : honour's train

Cham. You bear'a gentle mind, and heavenly is longer than his fore-skirt. By this time, Follow such creatures. That you may, fair lady, I know, your back will bear a dutchess ;-say, Perceive I speak sincerely, and high notes Are you not stronger than you were? Ta'en of your many virtues, the king's majesty Anne. Good lady, Commends his good opinion to you, and 20 Make yourself mirth with your particular fancy, Does purpose honour io you no less flowing, and leave me out on't. 'Would I had no being Than inarchioness of Pembroke; to which title If this salute my blood a jot; it faints me, A thousand pounds a year, annual support, To think what follows. Out of his grace he adds.

The queen is comfortless, and we forgetful Anne. I do not know,

125 In our long absence: pray, do not deliver What kind of my obedience I should tender : What here you have heard, to her. More than my all is nothing: nor my prayers Old L. What do you think me? [Exeunt. Are not words duly hallow'd, nor my wishes

SCENE IV. More worth than empty vanities; yet prayers, and wishes,


A Hall in Black-Fryars. Are all I can return. 'Beseech your lordship, Trumpets, "Sennet, und Cornets. Entertwo Vergers, Vouchsafe to speak my thanks, and my obedience,

with short Silver Wands ; next them, two Scribes, As from a blushing hándmaid, to his highness; in the hahits of Doctors; after them, the ArchWhose health, and royalty, I pray for.

bishop of Canterbury alone; after him, the Bishops Chan. Lady,

35 of Lincoln, Ely, Rochester, and Saint Asaph; I shall not fail to approve the fair conceit

next them, with some small distance, follows a The king hath of you. I have perus'd her well; Gentleman bearing the Purse, with the Great Seal, Beauty and honour in her are so mingled, [Aside.

and a Cardinal's Hat; then two Priests, bearing That they have caught the king: and who knows each a Silver Cross; then a Gentleman-usher bareyet,

40 headed, accompanied with a Serjeant at Arms, But from this lady may proceed a gem,

bearing a Silver Mace; then two Gentlemen, bear To lighten all this isle-I'll to the king,

ing two great Silver Pillars'; after them, side by And say, I spoke with you,

side, the two Cardinals; two Noblemen rith the Anné. My honour'd lord. [Erit Lord Chamber- Sword and Mace. The King takes place under

Old L. Why, this it is; see, see! [lain. 45 the Cloth of State; the two Cardinals sit under him, I have been begging sixteen years in court, as Judges. The Queen takes place some distance (Am yet a courtier beggarly) nor could

from the King: The Bishops place themselves on Come pat betwixt too early and too late,

each side the Court, in manner of a Consistory; For any suit of pounds; and you, (0, fate!) belowy them, the Scribes. The Lords sit next the

. The meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is, “You would venture to be distinguished by the ball, the ensign of royalty.” Mr. Tollet, however, says, “. Dr. Johnson's explanation cannot be right, because a queen-consort, such as Anne Bullen was, is not distinguished by the ball, the ensign of royalty, nor has the poet expressed that she was so distinguished.”. From this and many other artful strokes of address, the poet has thrown in upon queen Elizabeth and her mother, it süould seem, thał this play was written and performed in his royal mistress's time: if so, some lines were added by him in the last scene, after the accession of her successor, king James. 3 Mr. Steevens on this passage remarks, Forty pence was in those days the proyerbial expression of a small wager, or a small sum. Money was then reckoned by pounds, marks, and nobles. Foriy pence is half a noble, or the sixth part of a pound. Forty pence, or three and four pence, still remains in many offices the legal and established fee." • Dr. Burney in his General Hisu ry of Music conjectures, that sennet may mean a flourish for the purpose of assembling chiefs, or apprizing the people of their approach. Mr. Steevens adds, that he has been informed that seneste is the name of an antiquated French tune.

• Pillars were some of the ensigns of dignity carried before cardinals. Wolsey had two great silter pillars usually borne before him by two of the tallest priests that he could get within the realm. This remarkable piece of pageantry did not escape the notice of Shakspcare,


You may

Bishops. The rest of Attendants stand in con- Beseech you, sir, to spare me, 'till I may venient order about the Stage.

Be by my friends in Spain advis'd; whose counsel Wol. Whilst our commission from Rome is read, I will implore: If not; i' the name of God, Let silence be commanded.

Your pleasure be fulfilld! King. What's the need?

5 Wol. You have here, lady, It hath already publicly been read,

(And of your choice) these reverend fathers; men And on all sides the authority allow'd;

Of singular integrity and learning,
that time.

Yea, the elect of the land, who are assembled Wol. Be't so :-Proceed.

To plead your cause: It shall be therefore bootless, Scribe. Say, Henry king of England, come into 10 That longer you defer the court; as well the court.

For your own quiet, as to rectify Crier. Henry king of England, &c.

What is unsettled in the king. King. Here."

Cam. His grace Scribe. Say, Katharine queen of England, come Hath spoken well, and justly: Therefore, madam, into the court.

15 It's fit this royal session do proceed; Crier. Katharine, queen of England, &c. And that, without delay, their arguments [The Queen makes no answer, rises out of her chair, Be now produc'd, and heard.

goes about the Court, comes to the King, and Queen. Lord cardinal,-
kneels at his feet; then speaks.]

To you I speak.
Queen. Sir, I desire you, do me right and justice;20 Wol. Your pleasure, madam?
And to bestow your pity on me: for

Queen. Sir,
I am a most poor woman, and a stranger,

I am about to weep; but, thinking that Born out of your dominions: having here Weare a queen, (or long have dream'd so) certain, No judge indifferent, nor no more assurance. The daughter of a king, my drops of tears Of equal friendship and proceeding. Alas, sir, 25I'll turn to sparks of fire. In what have I offended you? what cause

Hol. Be patient yet. Hath my behaviour given to your displeasure, Queen. I will, when you are humble; nay, beThat thus you should proceed to put me off, Or God will punish me. I do believe, (fore, And take your good grace from me? Heaven wit- Induc'd by potent circumstances, that I have been to you a true and humble wife, [ness, 30 You are mine enemy; and inake my challenge', At all times to your will conformable :

You shall not be my judge: for it is you Ever in fear to kindle your dislike,

Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and me.Yea, subject to your countenance ; glad, or sorry, Which God's dew quench!—Therefore, I say As I saw it inclin'd. When was the hour, utterly abhor, yea, from my soul (again, I ever contradicted your desire,

35 Refuse you for my judge; whom, yet once more, Ormade it not mine too? Or which of your friends I hold my most malicious foe, and think not Have I not strove to love, although I knew At all a friend to truth. He were mine enemy? what friend of mine, Wol. I do profess, That had to him deriv'd your anger, did I You speak not like yourself; who ever yet Continue in my liking? nay, gave not notice 40 Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects He was from thence discharg'd: Sir, call to mind, Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom (wrong: That I have been your wife, in this obedience, O'er-topping woman's power. Madam, you do me Upwards of twenty years, and have been blest I have no spleen against you; nor injustice With many children by you: If, in the course For you, or any: how far I have proceeded, And process of this time, you can report, 45 Or how far further shall, is warranted And prove it too, against mine honour aught, By a commission from the consistory, My bond to wedlock, or my love and duty Yea, the whole consistory of Rome. You charge Against your sacred person, in God's name, That I have blown this coal: I do deny it: [me, Turn me away; and let the foul'st contempt The king is present: If it be known to hin, Shut door upon me, and so give me up 50 That I gainsay my deed, how may he wound, To the sharpest kind of justice. Please you, sir, And worthily, my falsehood? yea, as much The king, your father, was reputed for

As you have done my truth. If he know A prince most prudent, of an excellent

That I am free of your report, he knows, And unmatch'd wit and judgement: Ferdinand, I am not of your wrong. Therefore in him My father, king of Spain, was reckond one 55 It lies, to cure me; and the cure is, to [before The wisest prince, that there had reign’d by many Remove these thoughts from you: The which A year before: It is not to be question'd

His highness shall speak in, I do beseech That they had gather'd a wise council to them You, gracious madam, to unthink your speaking, Of every realm, that did debate this business, And to say so no more. Who deem'd our marriage lawful; Wherefore 160 Queen. My lord, my lord, humbly

I am a simple woman, much too weak

* Challenge is here a verbum juris, a law term, The cşiminal, when he refuses a juryman, says, I challenge him. * j, e. deny.


To oppose your cunning. You are meek, and! Or touch of her good person : humble-mouth'd ;

King. My lord cardinal, You sign your place and calling, in full seeming. I do excuse you; yea, upon mine honour, With nieekness and humility: but your heart I free you from 't. You are not to be taught Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride. 5 That you have many enemies, that know not You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours, Why they are so, but, like to village curs, Goneslightly o'er low steps; andnoware mounted, Bark when their fellows do : by some of these Where powers are your retainers: and your words, The queen is put in anger. You are excus'd : Domestics to you, serve your will, as't please But will you be more justified ? you ever. Yourself pronounce their oflice'. I must tell you, 10 Have wish'd the sleeping of this business ; never You tender more your person's honour, than Desir'd it to be stirr'd: but oft have hindred, oft, Your high profession spiritual : That again The passages made toward it:Von my honour, I do refuse you for my judge; and here, I speak my good lord cardinal to this point, Before you all, appeal unto the Pope,

and thus far clear him. Now, what mov'd me To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness, 15

to't, And to be judg'd by him,

I will be bold with time, and your attention : [She curt'sies to the King, and offers to depart. Then mark the inducement. Thus it came ;Cam. The queen is obstinate,

give heed to't:Stubborn to justice, apt to accuse it, and

My conscience first receiv'd a tenderness, Disdainful to be try'd by it; 'tis not well.

20 scruple, and prick", on certain speeches utter'd She's going away

By the bishop of Bayonne, then french ambassaKing. Call her again.

[the court.

Who had been hither sent on the debating [dor; Crier. Katharine, queen of England, come into

A marriage, 'twixt the duke of Orleans and l'sher. Madam, you are call'd back.

Our daughter Mary:l'the progress of this business, Queen. What need you note it? pray you, keep 25 Ere a determinate resolution, he your way:

|(I mean the bishop) did require a respite; When you are call'd, return.-Now the Lord help, Wherein he might the king his lord advertise They vex me past my patience!-pray you, pass

Whether our daughter were legitimate, I will not tarry; no, por ever more,

Lon: Respecting this our marriage with the dowager, Upon this business, my appearance make

30 sometime our brother's wife. This respite shook In any of their courts.

The bosom of my conscience, enter'd me, [Ereunt Queen and her Attendants. Yea, with a splitting power, and made to tremble

The region of my breast; which forc'd such way King. Go thy ways, Kate:

That many maz'd considerings did throng, That man i' the world, who shall report he has 35 And pressd in with this caution. First, methought, A better wife, let him in nought be trusted, I stood not in the smile of heaven; who had For speaking false in that: Thou art, alone, Commanded nature, that my lady's womb, (If thy rare qualities, sweet gentleness,

If it conceiv'd a male child by me, should Thy meekness saint-like,wife-like government,- Do no more offices of life to 't, than Obeying in commanding and thy parts 40 The grave does to the dead: for her male-issue Sovereign and pious else, could speak thee out") Or died where they were made, or shortly after The queen of earthly queens:-She is noble born; This world hadair'i them: Hence I took a thought And like her true nobility, she has

This was a judgement on me; that my kingdom, Carried herself towards me.

Well worthy the best heir o'the world, should not Wol. Most gracious sir,

45 Be gladded in’t by me: Then follows, that In humblest manner I require your highness, I weiglı'd the danger which my realms stood in That it shall please you to declare, in hearing By this my issue's fail; and that gave to me Of all these ears, (for where I am robb’dand bound, Many a groaning throe. Thus hulling'in There must I be unloos'd; although not there The wild sea of my conscience, I did steer At once and fully satisfied) whether ever I 50 Toward this remedy, whereupon we are Did broach this business to your highness; or Now present here together; that's to say, Lay'd any scruple in your way, which might I meant to rectify my conscience,—which Induce you to the question on't? or ever I then did feel full sick, and yet not well,--Have to you,—but with thanks to God for such By all the reverend fathers of the land, Aroyal lady,--spake one the least word, thatmight|55 And doctors learn'd. First, I began in private Be to the prejudice of her present state, With you, my lord of Lincoln; you remember

' i.e. you shew or denote. * That is, Having now got power, you do not regard your word. 'i.e. if thy several qualities could speak thy praise. * The sense is, “ I owe so much to my own innocence, as to clear up my character, though I do not expect my wrongers will do me justice.” • The king, having first addressed Wolsey, breaks off; and declares upon his honour to the whole court, that he speaks the cardinals sentiments upon the point in question; and clears him from any attempt, or wish, to stir that business, • i. e. prick of conscience, which was the term in confession. A ship is said to hull, wben she is dismasted, and only her hull, or hulk, is left at the direction and mercy of the waves.


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