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PERSONS REPRESENTED. King HENRY the Eighth.
Griffith, Gentleman-Usher to Queen Katha: Cardinal WOLSEY. . Cardinal CAMPEIUS.
rine. CAPUCTUS, Ambassador from the Emperor
Three other Gentlemen. Charles V.
Doctor Butts, Physician to the King.
Garter King at Arms.
BRANDON, and a Serjeant at Arms.
Door-keeper of the Council Chamber.
Porter, and his Man.
Anne BULLEN. Sir Henry GUILDFORD.
An old Lady, Friend to Anne Bullen. Sir THOMAS Lovell.
PATIENCE, Woman to Queen Katharine. Sir ANTHONY Dexxy.
Several Lords and Ladies in the dumb showus. Sir NichoLAS VAUX.
Women attending upon the Queen. Spirits, Sir William Sands'.
which appear to her. Scribes, Officers, Cromwell, Sertant to Wolsey.
Guards, and other Attendants.
P R O L OG UE. I COME no more to make you laugh; things note,
Will be deceio'd: for, gentle hearers, know, That bear a weighty and a ser.ous brou, To rank our chosen truth with such a show Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe,
As fool and fight is, (beside forfeiting Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow, Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring We now present. Those that can pity, here 5 To make that only true we now intend :) May, if they think it well, let fall a tear ; Will leave us necer an understanding friend. The subject will deserve it. Such, as give Therefore, for goodness' sake,and as you are a nown Their money out of hope they may believe, The first and happiest hearers of the town, May here find truth too. Thosť, that come to see Be sad, as we could make ye : Think, ye see Only a show or two, and so agree,
10 The very persons of our noble story, The play may pass; if they be still and willing, 4s they were liring; think, you see them great, Pll undertake, may see arcay their shilling And follow'd with the general throng, and szeest Richly in two short hours. Only they,
of thousand friends; then, in a moment, see That come to hear a merry, bawdy play;
How soon this mightiness meets misery! A noise of targets; or to see a fellow
15 And, if you can be merry then, I'll sai, In a long motley coat, guarded with yellozu, A mun may weep upon his wedding-dey.
A C Τ Ι.
| Nor. I thank your grace: Lodzn.
Healthful; and ever since a fresh * admirer An antichamber in the Palace.
Of what I saw there. Enter the Duke of Norfolk, a one door; at the other, 25
Buck. An untimely ague the Duke of Buckingha'n and the Lord Abergavenny. Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when Buck. GOOD inorrow, and well met. How Those sons of glory, those two lights of nien, have you donc,
Met in the vale of Arde. Since last we saw in France ?
Nor. 'Twixt Guines and Arde: Mr. Steevens observes, that Sir William Sands was created Lord Sands about this time, but is here introduced among the persons of the drama, as a distinct character. Sir William has not a single speech assigned to him; and, to make the blunder the greater, is brought on after Lord Sands has already made his appearance. Alluding to thie fools and buffoons, introduced
for the generality in the plays a little before our author's time; and of whom he has 'left us a small taste in his own. i e. pretend. ii. e. an untired admirer.
I was then present, saw them salute on horseback; Buck. The devil speed him! no man's pye is Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung
freed In their embracement, as they grew together; From his ambitious finger. What had he Which had they, what four thron'd ones could To do in these fierce vanities? I wonder, have weigh'd
5 That such a keech'can with his very bulk Such a compounded one?
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun, Buck. All the whole time
And keep it from the earth. I was my chamber's prisoner.
Nor. Surely, sir, Nor. Then you lost
There's in hin stuff that puts him to these ends; The view of earthly glory: Men might say, 10 For, being not propt by ancestry, (whose grace 'Till this time, pomp was single; but now marry'd
Chalk'd successors their way) nor call'd upon To one above itselt
. Each following day For high feats done to the crown; neither ally'd Became the next day's master, 'till the last To eminent assistants, but, spider-like, Made former wonders it's: To-day, the French, Out of his self-drawing web, he gives us note, All clinquant', all in gold, like heathen gods, 15 The force of his own merit makes his way; Shone down the English; and, to-morrow, they A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys Made Britain, India: every man, that stood, A place next to the king. Shew'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were Aber. I cannot tell As cherubims, all gilt : the madams too, What heaven hath given him, let some graver eye Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear 20 Pierce into that; but I can see his pride The pride upon them, that their
very labour Peep through each part of him; Whence has he Was to them as a painting: now this mask
pon this French going-out, took he upon him, 'Twas said, they saw but one: and no discerner Without the privity o' the king to appoint Durst wag his tongue in censure?. When these Who should attend on him? He makes up the file suns,
30 Of all the gentry; for the most part such (For so they phrase'em)by their heraldschallengd Too, whom as great a charge as little honour The noble spirits to arms, they did perform He meant to lay upon : and his own letter, Beyond thought's compass; that former fabulous The honourable board of council out', story,
Must fetch in him he papers to.
Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have Buck. Oh, you go far.
By this so sicken'd their estates, that never
Buck. O, many
[them Would by a good discourser lose some life, 40 Have broke their backs with laying manors or Which action's self was tongue to. All was royal; For this great journey. What did this vanity, To the disposing of it nought rebellid,
But minister communcation of Order gave cach thing view; the office did A most poor issue"? Distinctly his full function.
Nor. Grievingly I think, Buck. Who did guide,
45 The peace between the l'rench and us not values I mean, who set the body and the limbs
The cost that did conclude it.
Buck. Every man,
A thing inspir’d; and, not consulting, broke Buck. I pray you, who, my lord?
50 Into a general prophecy,--That this tempest, Nor. All this was order'd by the good discretion Dashing the garment of this peace, aboaded Of the right reverend cardinal of York. The sudden breach on't.
'i.e. all glittering, all shining: Censure for the determination of which had the noblest appearance. • The old romantic legend of Bevis of Southampton. This Bevis (or Beavois) a Saxon, was for his prowess created by William the Conqueror earl of Southampton. * i. e. the commission for regulating this festivity was well executed. 'No initiation, no previous practices. ' i. e. proud. keech is a solid lump or mass.
A cake of wax or tallow formed in a mould is called yet in some places a keech.—There may, perhaps, be a singular propriety in this term of contempt. Molscy was the son of a butcher, and in the Second Part of King lienry IV. a butcher's wife is called-Goody Ketch. Si. e, the list. · That is, all mention of the board of council being left out of his letter.
10 i. e. Ilis own letter, by his own single authority, and without the concurrence of the council, must fetch in hiin whom he papers down." i.e. Issue here refers to the wretched conclusion of this pompous plew, as also to the poverty of their families, occasioned by laying manors on their backs.
Nor. Nor. Which is budded out;
Buck. I'll to the king; ForFrancehathflaw'd the league,and hath attach'd And from a mouth of honour quite cry down Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux.
This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim, Aber. Is it therefore
There's difference in no persons. The ambassador is silenc'd'?
5 Nor. Be advis'd; Nor. Marry, is't.
Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot Aber. A propertitle of a peace”; and purchas'd That it do singe yourself: We may out-run, At a superfluous rate!
By violent swiftness, that which we run at, Buck. Why, all this business
And lose by over-running. Know you not, Our reverend cardinal carry'd.
10 The fire, that mounts the liquor 'till it run o'er, Nor. Like it your grace,
In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be advis'd; The state takes notice of the private difference I say again, there is no English soul Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you, More stronger to direct you than yourself; (And take it from a heart that wishes towards you
If with the sap
of reason you
would quench, Honour and plenteous safety) that you read 15 Or but allay, the fire of passion. The cardinal's malice and his potency
Buck. Sir, Together: to consider further, that
I am thankful to you; and I'll go along What his high hatred would effect, wants not By your prescription:-but this top-proud fellow, A minister in his power: You know his nature, (Whom froin the flow of gall I name not, but That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword 20 From sincere motions') by intelligence, Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and, it may be said, And proofs as clear as founts in July, when It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend, We see each grain of gravel, I do know Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, [rock, To be corrupt and treasonous. You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that Nor. Say not, treasonous.
[as strong That I advise your shunning.
25 Buck. Tóthe king I'll say't; and make myvouch Enter Cardinal Wolsey, the purse borne before him, As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox,
certain of the guard, and tro Secretaries with Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous papers. The Cardinal in his passage fireth his As he is subtle; and as prone to mischief eye on Buckingham, und Buckingham on him, As able to perform't: his mind and place both full of disdain.
30 Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally) Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor: ha Only to shew his pomp as well in France Where's his examination ?
As here at home, suggests the king our master Secr. Here, so please you.
To this last costly treaty, the interview, Wol. Is he in person ready?
That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass Sar. Ay, please your grace. [ingham 35 Did break i' the rinsing. Wol. Well, weshallthen know more; and Buck- Nor. 'Faith, and so it did.
[cardinal Shall lessen this big look.
Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir. This cunning [Exeunt Cardinal, and his train. The articles o' the combination drew, Buck. Thisbutcher'scur'is venom-mouth'd, and As himself pleas'd; and they were ratify'd, llave not the powertomuzzle him; therefore, best 40 As he cry'd, Thus let be: to as much end, Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book As givea crutch to the dead: Butourcourtcardinal Out-worths a noble's blood.
Has done this, and’tis well; for worthy Wolsey, Nor. What, are you chaf'd?
Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance (Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy Which your disease requires.
[only, 45 To the old dam, treason)-Charles the emperor, Buck. I read in his looks
Under pretence to see the queen his aunt,
|(For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came
50 England and France might, through their amity, Nor. Stay, my lord,
Breed him some prejudice; for, from this league And let your reason with your choler question Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He privily What 'tis you go about: To climb steep hills,
Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,Requires slow pace at first: Anger is like Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor A full-hot horse; who being allow'd his way,
55 Pay'dere he promis'd; wherebyhissuitwasgranted, Seli-mettle tires him. Not a man in England Ere it was ask'd:—but when the way was made, Can advise me like you: be to yourself And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd;As you would to your friend.
|That he would please to alter the king's course, Silenc'd for recalled. * A fine name of a peace! spoken ironically. Wolsey, as has been before observed, is said to have been the son of a butcher. * That is, the literary qualifications of a bookish beggar are more prized than the high descent of hereditary greatness. This is a contemptuous exclamatiot very naturally put into the mouth of one of the ancient, unletter'd, martial nobility. ' i.e. he stabs or wounds me by some artifice or fiction. : i.e. from honest indignation ; warmth of integrity. ? i.e. excites. Xx
And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know, Of a full-charg'd confederacy; and give thanks
I'll hear him his confessions justify;
5 And point by point the treasons of bis master To hear this of him; and could wish, he were Ite shalt again relate. Sonething mistaken in't.
A noise within, crying, Room for the Queen. Buck. No, not a syllable;
Enter the Queen, ushered by the Dukes of NorI do pronounce him in that very shape,
folk and Suffolk: she kneels. The king riseth Ilc shall appear in proof.
10 from his state, takes her up, kisses, and places
hier by him. Enter Brandon; a Serjeant at Arms before him,
Queen. Nay,we must longerkneel; I am a suitor. and two or three of the guard.
King. Arise, and take your place by us:-Half Bran. Your office, serjeant; execute it. Serj. Sir,
15 Never naine to us; you have half our power : My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl The other moiety, ere you ask, is given; Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
Repeat your will, and take it. Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Queen. Thank your majesty. Of our most sovereign king.
That you would love yourself; and, in that love, Buck. Lo you, my lord,
20 Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor The net has fallen upon me; I shall perish
The dignity of your office, is the point
Of my petition.
Ki Lady mine, proceed. To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on
Queen. I am solicited, not by a few, The business present: 'Tis his highness' pleasure, 25 And those of true condition, that your subjects You shall to the Tower. Buck. It will help me nothing,
Are in great grievance: There have been cominissions
[heart To plead mine innocence; for that dye is on me,
Sent down among them, which have flaw'd the Which makes my whitest part black. The will
Of all their loyalties:-wherein, although,
[To Wolsey. Be done in this and all things! I obey.- My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well.
Most bitterly on you, as putter-on Bran. Nay, he must bear you company: The Of these exactions, yet the king our master, king
[To Aberg (Whose honour heaven shield from soi!!) even he Is pleas’d, you sball to the 'Tower, 'till you know 35
escapes not How he determines further.
Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks Aber. As the duke said,
The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
Nor. Not almost appears,
40st doth appear: for, upon these taxations, The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the bodies
The clothiers all, not able to maintain Of the duke's confessor, John de la Court,
The many' to thein ’longing, have put off One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,
The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who, Buck. So, so; These are the limbs of the plot: No more, I hope. 45 And lack of other means, in desperate manner
l'nfit for other life, compell’d by hunger Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux. Buck. 0, Nicholas Hopkins?
Daring the erent to the teeth, are all in uproar,
And Danger serves among them. Bran. He. .
King. Yaxation! Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great car
Wherein? and what taxation ?-My lord cardinal,
Know you of this taxation:
I know but of a single part, in aught
Pertains to the state; and front but in that file? SCENE II.
55 Where others tell steps with me.
Queen. No, my lord,
You know no more than others: but you frame Cornet.Enter Kingllenry,leaning on the Cardinal's Things, that are known alike; which are not shoulder; the Nobles, and Šir Thomas Lorel.
wholesome The Cardinal places himself under the King's|60 Tothose which would not know them and yet must feet, on his right side.
Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions, King. My life itself, and the best heart of it, Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are Thanks you for this great care: I stood i’ the level Most pestilent to the hearing; and, to beartbem,
| i. e, the multitude.
: i.e. I am but first in the row of counsellors.
The back is sacrifice to the load. They say,
(Let there be letters writ to every shire, They are devis'd by you; or else you suffer Of the king's grace and pardon. The griev'd Too hard an exclamation.
commons King. Still exaction!
Hardly conceive of me; let it bè nois’d, The nature of it? In what kind, let's know, 5 That, through our intercession, this revokement Is this exaction?
And pardon comes: I shall anon advise you Queen. I ain much too venturous
Further in the proceeding. [Erit Secretary. In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd
Enter Surveyor. Under your promis'd pardon. The subject's grief Queen. I am sorry, that the duke of Buckiogham Comes through commissions, which compel from 10 Is run in your displeasure. each
King. It grieves many: The sixth part of his substante, to be levy'd The gentleman is learn'd, a most rare speaker, Without delay; and the pretence for this To nature none more bound; his training such, Is nam’d, your wars in France: This makes bold That he may furnish and instruct great teachers, mouths: [freeze 15 And never seek for aid out of bimself
. Yet see, Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts When these so noble benefits shall prove Allegiance in them; their curses now,
Not well dispos'd, the mind growing once corrupt, Live where their prayers did; and it's come to pass, They turn to vicious forms, ten times more uğly That tractable obedience is a slave
Than ever they were fair. This man, so complete, To each incensed will. I would, your highness 20 Who was enroll’d’mongst wonders, and when we Would give it quick consideration, for
Almost with ravish'd list'ning, could not find There is no primer business'.
His hour of speech a minute; he, my lady, king. By my life,
Hath into monstrous habits put the graces This is against our pleasure.
That once were his, and is become as black Wol. And for me,
25 As if besmear'd in hell. Sit by us; you shall hear I have no further gone in this, than by
(This was his gentleman in trust) of him A single voice; and that not past me, but Things to strike honour sad. -Bid him recount By learned approbation of the judges. If I am The fore-recited practices; whereof Traduc'd by ignorant tongues,which neither know We cannot feel too little, hear too much. My faculties, nor person, yet will be
30 Wol. Stand forth; and with bold spirit relate The chronicles of my doing, --- let me say,
what you, "Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake Most like a careful subject, have collected That virtue must go through. We must not stint? Out of the duke of Buckingham. Our necessary actions, in the fear
King. Speak freely. To cope' malicious censurers; which ever, 35 Sury. First, it was usual with him, every day As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow
It would infect his speech, That if the king That is new trimın'd; but benefit no further Should without issue die, he'd carry it so Than vainly longing. What we oft do best, To make the sceptre his: These very words By sick interpreters, once* weak ones,
I have heard him utter to his son-in-law, Not ours, or not allow'd; what worst, as oft 40 Lord Aberga'ny; to whom by oath he mcpacid Hitting a grosser quality, is cry'd up
Revenge upon the cardinal.
Wol. Please your highness, note
Not friended by his wish, to your high person State statues only:
45 His will is most malignant; and it stretches King. Things done well,
Beyond you, to your friends.
King. Speak on :
Surv. He was brought to this From every tree, lop', bark, and part o'the timber; By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins. And, though we leave it with a root, thus hack’d, 55 King. What was that Hopkins? The air will drink the sap. To every county, Surv. Sir, a Chartreux friar, Where this is question’d, send our letters, with His confessor; who fed him every minute Free pardon to each man that has deny'd With words of sovereignty. The force of this commission: Pray, look to 't; King. How know'st thou this? [France, I put it to your care.
160 Suri. Not long before your highness sped to Wol. A word with you. [To the Secretary. The duke being at the Rose, within the parish 'i.e. no matter of state that more earnestly presses a dispatch.
a j.e. stop.
3 i. e. to en counter with. * Once is not unfrequently used for sometime, or at one time or other, among our ancient writers. Lop signifies the branches. Xx2