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And, madam, these for you; from whom I know Bona. My quarrel and this English queen's are


[To the Queen. They all read their letters. War. And mine, fair lady Bona, joins with yours. Oxf. I like it well, that our fair queen and K. Lew. And mine, with hers, and thine, and mistress


Smiles at her news, while Warwick frowns at his. Therefore, at last, I firmly am resolv'd,
Prince. Nay, mark, how Lewis stamps as he You shall have aid.

[once. I hope, all's for the best. [were nettled: Queen. Let me give humble thanks for all at K. Lew. Warwick, what are thy news? and K. Lew. Then, England's messenger, return in yours, fair queen?

[joys. 10

post; Queen. Mine, such as tills my heart with unhop'a And tell false Edward, thy supposed king War. Mine, fullof sorrow and heart's discontent. That Lewis of France is sending over maskers, K. Lew. What! has your king marry'd the lady To revel it with him and his new bride: Grey?

Thou seest what's past, go fear thy king withal. And now, to sooth your forgery and his, 151 Bona. Tell him, in hope he'll prove a widower Sends me a paper to persuade me patience?

shortly, Is this the alliance that he seeks with France ? I'll wear the willow garland for his sake. [aside, Dare he presume to scorn us in this manner? Queen. Tell him, iny mourning weeds are laid

Queen. I told your majesty as much before: And I am ready to put armour on. (wrong; This proveth Edward's love, and Warwick's ho-20 War. Tell him from me, that he hath done me nesty:

[heaven, And therefore I'll uncrown him ere't be long. War. King Lewis, I here protest,---in sight of There's thy reward; be gone.

[Erit Post. And by the hope I have of heavenly bliss,

K. Lew. But, Warwick; That I'am clear from this misdeed of Edward's; Thyself

, and Oxford, with five thousand men, No more my king, for he dishonours me; 25 Shall cross the seas, and bid false Edward battle: But most himself, if he could see his shaine.- And, as occasion serves, this noble queen Did I forget, that by the house of York

And prince shall follow with a fresh supply. My father came untimely to his death?

Yet, ere thou go, but answer mę one doubt;Did I let pass the abuse done to my niece'? What pledge have we of thy firm loyalty? Did I impale him with the regal crown? 30 War. This shall assure my constant loyalty; Did I pui Henry from his native right;

That if our queen and this young prince agree, And am I guerdon'd at the last with shame? I'll join my younger daughter, and my joy, Shame on himself! for my desert is honour. to him forthwith in holy wedlock bands. And, to repair my honour lost for hin,

Queen. Yes, I agree, and thank you for your I here renounce him, and return to Ilenry :- 13

motion : My noble queen, let former grudges pass, son Edward, she is fair and virtuous, And henceforth I am thy true servitor;

Therefore delay not, give thy hand to Warwick; I will revenge his wrong to lady Bona,

Ind, with thy hand, thy faith irrevocable, And replant Henry in his former state.

Chat only Warwick's daughter shall be thine. [it; Yucen. Warwick, these words have turn'd my 10. Prince. Yes, I accept her, for she well deserves hate to love;

And here, to pledge my vow, I give my hand, And I forgive and quite forget old faults,

[He gives his hand to it'arwick. And joy that thou becom'st king Henry's friend. K. Lew. Why stay we now? These soldiers War. So much his friend, ay, his unfeigned

shall be levy'd, friend,

45 And thou, lord Bourbon, our high adıniral, That, if king Lewis vouchsafe to furnish us shall waft them over with our royal fleet.--With some few bands of chosen soldiers,

I long, 'till Edward fall by war's mischance, I'll undertake to land them on our coast,

For mocking marriage with a dame of France. And force the tyrant from his seat by war.

[Exeunt. Manet Warwick. "Tis not his new-made bride shall succour him: 50 Iar. I came from Edward as embassador, And as for Clarence,-as my letters tell me, But I return his sworn and inortal foe: He's very likely now to fall from him;

Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me, For matching more for wanton lust than honour, But dreadful war shall answer his demand. Or than for strength and safety of our country. Had he none else to inake a stale, but me

Bona. Dear brother, how shall Bona be reveng’d, 55 Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow. But by thy help to this distressed queen? I was the chief that rais'd him to the crown, Queen. Renowned prince, how shall poor Henry And I'll be chief to bring him down again: live,

Not that I pity Henry's misery, Cnless thou rescue him from foul despair? But seek revenge on Edward's mockery. (Exit.

· We learn from Holinshed, “That king Edward did attempt a thing once in the earles house which was much against the earles honestie, (whether he would have detoured his daughter or his niece, the certaintie was not for both their honours revealed,) for surely such a thing was attempted by king Edward." ii. e. fright thy king


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the king.


Would more have strengthened this our comThe Palace in England.


Gainst foreign storms, than any home-bred marEnter Gloster, Clarence, Somerset, and Montague.

riage. Glo. NOW tell me, brother Clarence, what think 5 Hast. Why, knows not Montague, that of itself, you

England is safe, if true within itself? Of this new marriage with the lady Grey?

Alont. Yes; but the safer, when 'tis back'd Hath not our brother made a worthy choice?

with France.

[France : Clar. Alas, you know, 'tis far from hence to Hast. 'T'is better using France, than trusting France;

10 Let us be back'd with God, and with the seas', How could he stay till Warwick made return? Which he hath given for fence impregnable, Som. My lords, forbcar this talk; here comes And with their helps alone defend ourselves;

In them, and in ourselves, our safety lies. Flourish. Enter King Edward, Lady Grey, as Clar. For this one speech, lord Hastings well

Queen ; Pembroke, Stafford, and Hastings. 15 deserves
Four stand on one side, and four on the other. To have the heir of the lord Hungerford.
Glo. And his well chosen bride.

K. Edw. Ay, what of that? it was my will, Clar. I mind to tell himn plainly what I think.

and grant; K. Edw. Now, brother of Clarence, how like And, for this once, my will shall stand for law. you our choice,

20 Glo. And yet, methinks, your grace hath not That you stand pensive, as half malecontent?

done well, Clar. As well as Lewis of France, or the earl To give the heir and daughter of lord Scales of Warwick;

Unto the brother of your loving bride ; Which are so weak of courage, and in judgement, She better would have fitted me, or Clarence; That they'll take no offence at our abuse. 25 But in your bride you bury brotherhood. K. Edw. Suppose they take offence without a Clar. Or else you would not have bestow'd cause,

the hcir They are but Lewis and Warwick; I am Edward, of the lord Bonville on your new wife's son?, Your king and Warwick's, and must have my will. And leave your brothers to go speed elsewhere.

Glo. And you shall have your will, because our 30 K. Edw. Alas, poor Clarence! is it for a wife, Yet hasty marriage seldom proveth well. [king: That thou art malecontent? I will provide thee. K. Edw. Yea, brother Richard, are you offend- Clar. In choosing for yourself, you shew'd Glo. Not I:

[ed too

your judgement: No; God forbid, that I should wish them sever'd, Which being shallow, you shall give me leave Whom God hath join'd together: ay, and 'twere 35 To play the broker in mine own behalf; To sunder them that yoke so well together. [pity And, to that end, I shortly mind to leave you. K. Edrv. Setting your scorns, and your mislike, K. Edw. Leave me, or tarry, Edward will be aside,

king, Tell me some reason, why the lady Grey And not be ty'd unto his brother's will. Should not become my wife, and England's queen: 40 Queen. My lords, before it pleas'd his majesty And you too, Somerset, and Montague,

To raise my state to title of a queen, Speak freely what you think.

Do me but right, and you must all confess Clar. Then this is my opinion,--that king Lewis That I was not ignoble of descent, Becomes your enemy for mocking him

And meaner than myself have had like fortune. About the marriage of the lady Bona.

45 But as this title honours me and mine, Glo. And Warwick, doing what you gave in So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing, charge,

Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow. Is now dishonour'd by this new marriage.

K. Edw. My love, forbear to fawn upon their K. Edw. What, if both Lewis and Warwick be

frowns: appeas'd,

50 What danger, or what sorrow can befall thee, By such invention as I can devise ?

So long as Edward is thy constant friend, Mont. Yet to have join'd with France in such And their true sovereign, whom they must obey? alliance,

INay, whom they shall

obey, and love thee too, Dr. Johnson observes, that this has been the advice of every man who in any age understood and favoured the interest of England. Prior to the Restoration, the heiresses of great estates were in the wardship of the king, who in their minority gave them up to plunder, and afterwards matched them to his favourites.-Þr. Johnson remarks on this passage, that he knows not when liberty gained more than by the abolition of the court of wards. 1

Unless what news,

Unless they seek for hatred at my hands : And haste is needful in this desperate case.-
Which it they do, yet will I keep thee safe, Pembroke and Statiord, you in our behalf
And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath. Go levy men, and make prepare for war;
Glo. (aside.] I hear, yet say not much, but They are already, or quickly will be landed:
think the more.

5 Myself in person will straight follow you.

[Exeunt Pembroke and Stafford. Enter a Post.

But, ere I go, Hastings,--and Montague, K. Edu. Now, messenger, what letters, or Resolve any doubt. You twain, of all the rest,

Are near to Warwick, by blood, and by alliance: From France?

[words, 10 Tell me, if you love Warwick more than me? Post. My sovereign liege, no letters; and few If it be so, then both depart to him; But such as I, without your special pardon, I rather wish you foes, than hollow friends: Dare not relate.

[brief, But it you mind to hold your true obedience, K. Edr. Go to, we pardon thee: therefore, in Give me assurance with some friendly vow, Tell me their words as near as thou canst guess 15 That I may never have you in suspect. them.

Alon. So God help Montague, as he proves true! What answer makes king Lewis unto our letters Ilust. And Hastings, as he favours Edward's Post. At my depart, these were his very words:


[by us? “Go tell false Edward, thy supposed king, - K. Edz:. Now, brother Richard, will you stand " That Lewis of France is sending over maskers, 20 Glo. Ay, in despight of all that shall withstand “ 'To revel it with him and his new bride."

you. K. Edw. Is Lewis so brave? belike, be thinks K. Ede. Why so; then am I sure of victory. me Henry.

Now therefore let us hence; and lose no hour, But what said lady Bona to niy marriage? "Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power. Post. These were her words, utier'd with mild 25

Exeunt. disdain : * Tell him, in hope he'll prove a widower shortly,

SCENE II. " I'll wear the willow garland for his sake.”

Iarwickshire. K.Edz. I blame not her, she could say little less; She had the wrong. But what said IIenry's queen: 30 Enter Warwick and 0.xford, with French soldiers. For I have heard, that she was there in place. War. Trust me, my lord, all hitherto goes well; Post. “Tell him," quoth she, “my mourning The common people by numbers swarm to us.

weeds are done, “ And I am ready to put armour on.”

Enter Clarence and Somerset. K. Edz. Belike, she minds to play the Amazon. 33 But, see, where Somerset and Clarence come; But what said Warwick to these injuries? Speak suddenly, my lords, are we all friends :

Posi. He, niore incens'd against your majesty Cla. Fear not that, my lord. [Warwick; Than all the rest, discharg'd me with these words: War. Then, gentle Clarence, welcome unto " Tell him from me, that he hath done me wrong, And welcome, Somerset:--I hold it cowardice,

And therefore I'll uncrown him, ere't be long." 40 To rest mistrustful where a noble heart K. Edw. Ha! durst the traitor breathe out so Hath pawn’d an open hand in sign of love; [ther, proud words?

Else might I think, that Clarence, Edward's broWell, I will arm me, being thus forewarn'd: Were but a feigned friend to our proceedings: They shall have wars, and pay for their presump- But welcome, Clarence; my daughter shall be tion.


thine. But say, is Warwick friends with Margaret ? And now what rests, but, in night's coverture, Post. Ay, gracious sovereign; they are so link'd Thy brother being carelessly encamp’d, in friendship,

[ (daughter. His soldiers lurking in the towns about, That young prince Edward marries varwick's And but attended by a simple guard, Clar. Belike, the younger; Clarence will have 50 We may surprise and take him at our pleasure? the eldler.

Our scouts have found the adventure very casy: Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast, That as Ulysses, and stout Diomede, For l will hence to Warwick's other daughter; With slight and manhood stole to Rhesus' tents, That, though I want a kingdom, yet in marriage And brought froni thence the Thracian fatal steeds; I may not prove inferior to yourself.- 55 Sowe, well cover'd with the night's black mantle, You, that love me and Warwick, follow me. At unawares may beat down Edward's guard,

[Exit Clarence, and Somerset followes. And seize himself; I say not-slaughter him, Glo. Not 1:

For I intend but only to surprize him. My thoughts aim at a further matter; I

You, that will follow me to this attempt, Stay not for love of Edward, but the crown. 60 Applaud the name of Henry, with your leader.


[They all cry, Henry! K. Edw. Clarence and Somerset both gone to Why, then, let's on our way in silent sort: Warwick!

For Warwick and his friends, God and Saint Yet am I arm'd against the worst can happen ;


(Eseunt SCENE

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the day,

[tent, 30


Nay, then I see, that Edward needs must down. Edward's Camp.

Yei, Warwick, in despight of all mischance,

Of thee thyself, and all thy complices, Enter the Watchmen to guard his tent. Edward will always bear himself as king: i Iulch. Come on, my masters, each man take 5 Though fortune's malice overthrow my state, his stand;

My mind exceeds the compass of her wheel. The king, by this, is set him down to sleep. Wur. Then, for his mind, be Edward England's 2 Watch. What, will be not to bed?


[Takes off his crown. I Watch. Why, no: for he hath made a solemn But Henry now shall wear the English crown, VOW,

10.And be true king indeed; thou but the shadow.Never to lie and take his natural rest,

My lord of Somerset, at my request, "Till Warwick, or himself, be quite supprest. sce that forthwith duke Edward be convey'd 2 Watch. To-inorrow, then, belike, shall be Unto my brother, archbishop of York.

When I have fought with Pembroke and his fel. If Warwick be so near as men report. [that, 15 I'll follow you, and tell what answer [lows,

3 Watch. But say, I pray, what nobleman is Lewis, and the lady Bona, send to him: That with the king here resteth in his tent? Now, for a while, farewell, good duke of York. 1 Watch. "Tis the lord Hastings, the king's K. Edw. What fates impose, that men must chiefest friend.


needs abide; 3 Watch. O, is it so? But why commands the 20 It boots not to resist both wind and tide. That his chief followers lodge in towns about him,

[Exit King Edward, lcd out. While he himself keepeth in the cold field? Oxf. What now remains, my lords, for us to do, 2 IWatch. "Tis the niore honour, because more But march to London with our soldiers: dangerous.

[ness, War. Ay, that's the first thing that we have to 3 Watch. Ay; but give me worship and quiet-25 To free king Henry from imprisonment,

[do; I like it better than a dangerous honour.

And see him seated in the regal throne. [Ereunt. If Warwick knew in what estate he stands, 'Tis to be doubted, he would waken him.

SC E N E IV. I Hatch, Unless our halberds did shut up his

London. The Palace. passage.

Enter the Queen, and Rivers. 2 Watch. Ay; wherefore else guard we his royal

Ric. Madam, what makes you in this sudden But to defend his person from night foes?



Queen. Why, brother Rivers, are you yet to Enter Warwick, Clarence, O.xford, Somerset, and

What late misfortune is befall 'n king Edward ? French soldiers, silent all. War. This is his tent; and see, where stand 35 Rir. What, loss of some pitch'd battle against

Warwick ? his guard.

Queen. No, but the loss of his own royal person. Courage, my masters; honour pow, or never!

Rit. Then is my sovereign slain? But follow me, and Edward shall be ours.

Queen. Ay, almost slain, for he is taken prisoner; 1 llatch. Who goes there?

40 Either betray'd by falsehood of his guard, 2 Watch. Stay, or thou diest.

Or by his foe surpriz'd at unawares: [Iar-vick, and the rest, cry all,-'aruick!

And, as I further have to understand, Warwick ! and set upon the guard; who fly,

Is new committed to the bishop of York, crying.-- Arm! Arm! Warrick, and the rest,

Fell Warwick's brother, and by that our foe. following them.

45 Rit. These news, I must confess,are fullof grief; The drum beating, and trumpets sounding. Yet, gracious madam, bear it as you may; Enter Warrick, Somerset, and the rest, bringing Warwick may lose, that now hath won the day.

the King out in a gown, sitting in a chair: Člos- Queen. 'Till then, fair hope must hinder life's ter and Hastings fly over the stage. Som. What are they that fly there?

50 And I the rather weon me from despair, I'ar. Richard and Hastings: let them go, For love of Edward's offspring in my womb: here's the duke.

[parted last, This is it that makes me bridle my passion, K. Edw. The duke! why, Warwick, when we And bear with mildness my misfortune's cross; Thou calld'st me king?

Ay, ay, for this I draw in many a tear, War. Ay, but the case is alter'd:

55 And stop the rising of blood-sucking sighs, When you disgrac'd me in my embassage, Lest with my sighs or tears I blast or drown Then I degraded you from being king,

King Edward's fruit,true heir to the English crown. And come now to create you duke of York. Riv. But, madam, where is Warwick then beAlas! how should you govern any kingdom,


[London, That know not how to use embassadors ; 601 Queen. I am informed, that he comes towards Nor how to be contented with one wife; To set the crown once more on Henry's head : Nor how to use your brothers brotherly; Guess thou the rest; king Edward's friends must Nor how to study for the people's weltare; But, to prevent the tyrant's violence, [down. Nor how to shrowd yourself from enemies? (too? |(For trust not him that once hath broken faith). K. Edw. Yea, brother of Clarence, art thou bere|65|l'U hence forthwith unto the sanctuary,



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To save at least the heir of Edward's right; Ay, such a pleasure as incaged birds
There shall I rest secure from force, and fraud. Conceive, when, after many moody thoughts,
Come therefore, let us fly, while we may fiy; At last, by notes of household harmony,
If Warwick takes us, we are sure to die. [Exeunt. They quiie forget their loss of liberty.

5 But,'llarwick, atter God, thou sett'st me free, SCENE V.

And chiefly therefore I thank God and thee; A Park near Iliddleham Castle in Yorkshire.

He was the author, thou the instrument.

Therefore, that I may conquer fortune's spight, Enter Gloster, Hastings, und Sir William Stanley. By living low, where fortune cannot hurt me; Glo. Now, my lord Hastings, and Sir Williain 10 and that the people of this blessed land Stanley,

May not be punish'd with my thwarting stars ; Leave off to wonder why I drew you hither, Warwick, although my head still wear the crown, Into this chiefest thicket of the park. (brother, I here resign my government to thee, Thus stands the case: You know, our king, my For thou art fortunate in all thy deeds. is prisoner to the bishop here, at whose hands 15 War. Yourgrace hath still been tam’d for virtuous; He hath good usage and great liberty;

And now may seem as wise as virtuous, And often, but attended with weak guard, By spying, and avoiding, fortune's malice, Comes hunting this way to disport himself. For few men rightly temper with the stars': I have advertis'd him by secret means,

Yet in this one thing let me blame your grace, That it, about this hour, he make this way, 20 For chusing me, when Clarence is in place. l'uder the colour of his usual game,

Clar.No, Warwick, thou art worthy of the sway, He shall here find his friends, with horse and men, To whom the heavens, in thy nativity, To set him free trom his captivity.

Adjudg'd au olive branch, and laurel crown, Enter King Edward, und a luntsman. As likely to be blest in peace, and war; Hunt. This way, my lord; for this way lies the 25 And therefore I yield thee my free consent. game.

[huntsmen stand.— Har. And I chuse Clarence only for protector. K. Edw. Nay, this way, man; sce, where the K.Henry. Warwick, and Clarence, give me both Now, brother of Gloster, lordlistings and the rest,

your hands;

[hearts, Stand you thus close to steal the bishop's deer? Now join your hards, and, with your hands, your

Glo. Brother, the time and case requireth haste; 30 That no dissention hinder government:
Your horse stands ready at the park-corner. I make you both protectors of this land;
K. Ed... But whither shall we then?

While I'myself will lead a private life, Hust. To Lynn, my lord; and ship from thence And in devotion spend my latter days, to Flanders.

(meaning. To sin's rebuke, and my Creator's praise. [will? Glo. Well guess'd, believe me; for that was my 35 War. What answers Clarence to his sovereign's K.Edw. Stanley, I will requite ihy forwardness. Clar. That he consents, if Warwick yield conGlo. But wherefore stay we? 'tis no time to talk. For on thy fortune I repose myself. [sent; K. Edw. Huntsman, what say'st thou? wilt thou War. Why then, though luth, yet must I be go along?

content ;
Hunt. Better do so, than tarry and be hang d. 40 We'll yoke together, like a double shadow
Glo. Come then, away; let's ha' no more ado. To Henry's body, and supply his place;
K. Edw. Bishop, farewell; shield thee from 1

mean, in bearing weight of government,
Warwick's frown;

While he enjoys the honour, and his case. And pray that I may repossess the crown.[Exeunt. And, Clarence, now then it is more than needful,

45 Forthwith that Edward be pronounc'd a tra.tor, SCENE VI.

And all bis lands and goods confiscated. [min’d. The Tower in London.

Clar. What else? and that succession be deterEnter King Henry, Clarence, Warrick, Somerset, War. Ay, therein Clarence shall not want his Young Richmond, Orford, Montague, and


[fairs, Licuti nant of the Tower.

K.Henry. But, with the first of all our chicf atK. Henry. Master lieutenant, now that Godand Let me entreat, (for I command no more,) Haveshaken Edward from the regal seat; (triends That Margaret your queen, and my son Edward, And turn'd my captive state to liberty,

Be sent for, to return froin France with speed: My fear to hope, my sorrows unto joys; For, till I-see them here, by doubtful fear At our enlargement what are thy due fees? 53 My joy of liberty is half eclips'd. [speed. Lieut. Subjects may challenge nothing of their Clar. It shall be done, my sovereign, with all sovereigns;

K. Henry. My lord of Somerset, what youth is But, if an humble prayer may prevail,

that, I then crave pardon of your majesty.

Ofwhom you seem to have so tender care? [mond. K.Hen. For what, lieutenant? for well using me:60 Som. Niy liege, it is young Henry, carl of RiciXay, be thou sure, I'll well requite thy kindness, K. Henry. Come hither, England's hope: If seFor that it made my imprisonnient a pleasure:

cret powers [Luys his hand on his houd. : The meaning is, that few men conform their temper to their destiny. Ss




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