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loves you;

that attends the general's wife, be stirring, tell Des. O, that's an honest fellow.-Donot doubt, her, there's one Cassio entreats her a little favour

Cassio, of speech: Wilt thou do this?

But I will have my lord and you again
Clown. She is stirring, sir; if she will stir hither, As friendly as you were.
I shall seem to notify unto her. [Erit Clown. 5 Cas. Bounteous madam,
Enter Iago.

Whatever shall become of Michael Cassio, Cas. Do, good my friend.-Inhappy time, Iago. He's never any thing but your true servant. lago. You have not been a-bed then?

Des. O, sir, I thank you: You do love my Cas. Why, no; the day had broke


(assurd, Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago, 10 You have known him long; and be you well To send in for your wife: My suit to her He shall in strangeness stand no farther off Is, that she will to virtuous Desdemona

Than in a politic distance. Procure me some access.

Cas. Ay, but, lady, lago. I'll send her to you presently:

That policy may either last so long,
And I'll devise a mean to draw the Moor 15 Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,
Out of the way, that your converse and business Or breed itself so out of circumstance,
May be more free.

· [Exit. That, I being absent, and my place supply'd, Cas. I humbly thank you for't. I never knew My general will forget my love and service. A Florentine more kind and honest.

Des. Do not doubt that; before Æmilia here, Enter Æmilia.

20 I give thee warrant of thy place: assure thee, Æmil. Good morrow, good lieutenant: I am If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it sorry

To the last article: my lord shall never rest; For your displeasure; but all will soon be well. L'll watch hiin tame', and talk him out of pa. The general, and his wife, are talking of it;

tience; And she speaks for you stoutly: The Moor replies, 25 His bed shall seein a school, his board a shrift; That he, you hurt, is of great fame in Cyprus, I'll interiningle every thing he does And great affinity; and that, in wholesome wisdom, With Cassio's suit: Therefore be merry, Cassio; He might not but refuse you: but, he protests, he For thy solicitor shall rather die,

Than give thy cause away. And needs no other suitor, but his likings, 30 Ěnter Othello, and lago, at a distance. To take the safest occasion by the front,

nil. Madam, here comes my lord. To bring you in again.

Cas. Madam, I'll take my leave. Cas. Yet, I beseech you,

Des. Why, stay, and hear me speak. If you think fit, or that it may be done,

Cas. Madam, not now; I am very ill at ease, Give me advantage of some brief discourse

33 Unfit for mine own purposes.. With Desdeniona alone.

Des. Well, do your discretion. [Exit Cassio. Æmil. Pray you, come in;

Jago. Ha! I like not that. I will bestow you where you shall have time Oth. What dost thou say?

[what. To speak your bosom freely.

lago. Nothing, my lord: or if I know not Cas. I am much bound to you.

[Ereunt. 40 Oth. Was not that Cassio parted from my wife?

Iago. Cassio, my lord ? No, sure, I cannot SCENE II.

think it,
A Room in the Castle.

That he would steal away so guilty-like,
Enter Othello, lago, and Gentlemen.

Seeing you coming.

45 Oth. I do believe, 'twas he.
Oth. These letters give, lago, to the pilot; Des. How now, my lord?
And, by him, do my duties to the state:
That done, I will be walking on the works,

I have been talking with a suitor here,

A man that languishes in your displeasure. Repair there to me.

Oth. Who is 't, you mean? lago. Well, my good lord, I'll do't. Oth. This fortification, gentlemen,-shall we

150 Des. Why, your lieutenant Cassio. Good my

lord, Gent. We'll wait upon your lordship.


If I have any grace, or power to move you,

His present reconciliation take;

For, if he be not one that truly loves you,

551That errs in ignorance, and not in cunning?, Another Room in the Castle.

I have no judgement in an honest face:
Enter Desdemona, Cassio, and Æmilia.

I prythee, call him back.
Des. Be thou assur’d, good Cassio, I will do Oth. Went he hence now?
All my abilities in thy behalf. [husband, Des. Ay, sooth; so humbled,

. Good madam, do; I know it grieves ny 60 That he hath left part of his grief with me, As if the case were his.

To suffer with him: Good love all hin back. * It is said, that the ferocity of beasts, insuperable and irreclaimable by any other means, is subdued by keeping them from sleep. Cunning, for design, or purpose, simply. 3Y 2



lago. Indeed?

Oth. Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other Iago. But for a satisfaction of my thought ; .time.

No further harm. Des. But shall 't be shortly?

Oth. Why of thy thought, Iago? Oth. The sooner, sweet, for you.

lago. I did not think, he had been acquainted Des. Shall't be to-night at supper?


with it. Oth. No, not to-night.

Oth. O yes; and went between us very oft. Des. To-morrow dinner then? Oth. I shall not dine at home.

Oth. Indeed! ay, indeed; -Discern'st thou I meet the captains at the citadel. [morn;

aught in that?
Des. Why then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday 10 Is he not honest ?
Or Tuesday noon, or night; or Wednesday morn; lago. Honest, my lord?
I pray thee, name the time; but let it not

Oth. Honest! ay, honest.
Exceed three days: in faith, he's penitent;

lago. My lord, for aught I know. And yet his trespass, in our common reason, Oth. What dost thou think? (Save that, they say, the wars must make ex-15 lago. Think, my lord:

[re. amples

Oth. Think, my lord ;-By heaven, he echoes Out of their best) is not almost a fault

As if there were some mopister in his thought, To incur a private check: When shall he come? Too hidcousto beshewn.---Thou dost mean someTell me, Othello. I wonder in my soul,

thing: What you could ask me, that I should deny, 20 I heard thee say but now,-Thou lik’dst not that, Or stand so mammering on'. What! Michael When Cassio left my wife; What didst not like? Cassio,

[time, And, when I told theca-he was of my counsel That 'came a-wooing with you; and so many a In my whole course of wooing, thou cry’dst, When I have spoke of you dispraisingly,

Indeed! Hath ta’en your part; to have so much to do 25 And didst contract and purse thy brow together, To bring him in! Trust me, I could do much,- As if thou then hadst shut up in thy brain Oth. Pr’ythee, no more: let him come when Some horrible conceit. If thou dost love me, he will;

Shew me thy thought. I will deny thee nothing.

lago. My lord, you know I love you. Des. Why, this is not a boon;

130 Oih. I think, thou do'st; 'Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves, Ard,-for I know thoa art full of love and boOr feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you warm;


[breath,Or sue to you to do a peculiar prolit

And weigh’st thy words before thou giv'st them To your own person: Nay, when I have a suit, Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more: Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed, 35 i'or such things, in a false disloyal knave, It shall be full of poize and difficulty,

Are tricks of custom; but, in a man that's just, And fearful to be granted.

They are close delations', working from the heart, Oth. I will deny thee nothing:

That passion cannot rule. Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me this,- lago. For Michael Cassio, To leave me but a little to myself.

40|1 dare be sworn, I think that he is honest. Des. Shall I deny you? no: Farewell, my lord. Oth. I think so too. Oth. Farewell, my Desdemona: I will come to lago. Men should be what they seeni; thee straight.

(teach you: Or, those that be not, 'would they might seem Des. Æmilia, come :

Be it as


none! Whate'er you be, I am obedient.

45 Oth. Certain, men should be what they seem.

[Erit ruilh Æmil. lago. Why then, I think Cassio's an honest Oth. Excellent wretch '! Perdition catch mysoul, But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, Oih. Nay, yet there's more in this: Chaos is come again“.

(pray thee, speak to me as to thy thinkings, Iago. My noble lord.

50 As thou dost ruminate; and give thy worst of Oih. What dost thou say, Iago? [lady, The worst of words.

[thoughts Iago. Did Michael Cassio, when you woo'd my lugo. Good my lord, pardon me; Know of your love?

[ask Though I am bound to every act of duty, Oth. He did, from first to last: Why dost thou I am not bound to that all slaves are free to.


I To hesitate, to stand in suspence. * i. e. of weight. 3 The word wretch, in some parts of England, is a term of the softest and fondest tenderness. It expresses the utmost degree of amiableness, joined with an idea, which perhaps all tenderness includes, of feebleness, softness, and want of protection. * i. e. When I cease to love thee, the world is at an end; i. c. there remains nothing van luable or inportant. i. e. occult and secret accusations, torking involuntarily from the heart, which, though resolved to conceal the fault, cannot rule its pussion of resentment. i. e. would they might no longer seem, or bear the shape of men. '


Utter my thoughts? Why, say, they are vile and Think'st thou, I'd make a life of jealousy, false,

To follow still the changes of the moon As where's that palace, whereinto foul things With fresh suspicions? No; to be once in doubt, Sometin es intrude not? who has a breast so pure, (s-once to be resolv'd: Exchange me for a goat, But some uncleanly apprehensions

3 When I shall turn the business of iny soul Keep lei ts, and law-days, and in session sit To such essuffolate and blown surmises', With meditations lawful'?

Matching thy inference. 'Tis not to make me Oth. Thou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago,

jealous, If thou but think'st him wrong'd, and inak’st hi: Tosay—my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company, A stranger to thy thoughts.

[eas 10 [s free of speech, sings, plays, and dances well; lago. I do beseech you,

Where virtue is, these are more virtuous; Though l-perchance, am vicious in my guess ?,

Vor from mine own weak merits will I draw (As, I confess, it is my nature's plague

The smallest fear, or doubt of her revolt; To spy into abuses; and, oft, iny jealousy

For she had eyes, and chose me: No, laço; Shapes faults that are not) that your wisdom yet, 15|1'll see, before I doubt; when I doubt, prove; Froin one that so imperfectly conceits,

And, on the proof, there is no more but this, Would take no notice; nor build yourselfa trouble Away at once with love, or jealousy. {reason Out of his scattering and unsure observance :- lago, I am glad of this ; for now I shall have It were not for your quiet, nor your good,

To shew the love and duty that I bear you Nor for my manhood, honesty or wisdom, 20 With franker spirit: therefore, as I am bound, To let you know my thoughts.

Receive it from me:-I speak not yet of proof. Oth. What dost thou mean?

Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio; Iago. Good name, in man and woman, dear Wear your eye-thus, not jealous, nor secure : my lord,

I would not have your free and noble nature, Is the immediate jewel of their souls:

25 Out of self-bounty, be abus'dd; look to't: Who steals my purse, steals trash; 'tis something, I know our country disposition well; nothing;

In Venice they do let heaven see the pranks 'Twas mine,'tis his,and has been slave to thousands; They dare not shew their husbands; their best But he, that filches from me my good naine,

conscience Robs me of that, which not enriches him, 30 [s--not to leave undone, but keep unknown. And makes me poor indeed.

Oth. Dost thou say so? Oth. By heaven, I'll know thy thought:

Iago. She did deceive her father, marrying you; if my heart were in your

And whenshe seem'd toshake,and fear your looks, hand;

She lov'd them most'. Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody. 35. Oth. And so she did, Cth. Ha!

Iago. Why, go to, then; Iago. O, beware, my lord, of jealousy; She that, so young, could give out sạch a seeming, It is the green-ey'd monster, which doth mock' To seel her father's eyes up, close as oak o,The meat it feeds on: That cuckold lives in bliss, He thought, 'twas witchcraft:-But I am much Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger;


to blame; But,O,what damned minutes tells he o'er, (loves! I humbly do beseech you of your pardon, Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly

For too much loving you. Oth. O misery!

Oth. I am bound to thee for ever. lago. Poor,and content, is rich, and rich enough; lago. I see, this hath a little dash'd your spirits., But riches, fineless *, is as poor as winter,

145 Oih. Not a jot, not a jot. To him that ever fears he shall be poor :

lago. Trust me, I fear it has. Good heaven, the souls of all my tribe defend I hope, you will consider, what is spoke From jealousy!

Comes from my love :--But, I do see, you are Cth. Whywhy is this?

mov'd;* The poet's meaning is, “Who has a breast so little apt to form ill opinions of others, but that foul suspicions will sometimes mix with his fairest and most candid thoughts, and erect a court in his mind, to enquire of the offences apprehended?" * i. e. am apt to put the worst construction on every thing 'i.e. loaths that which nourishes and sustains it. This being a miserable state, Iago bids him beware of it. *i.e. unbounded, endless, unnumbered treasures. 5 The allusion is to a bubble. • Self-bounty, for inherent generosity. Dr. Jolinson observes, that “this and the following argument of lago ought to be deeply impressed on every reader. Deceit and falsehood,whatever conveniencies they may for a time promise or produce, are, in the sum of life, obstacles to happiness. Those who profit by the cheat, distrust the deceiver; and the act by which kindness was sought, puts an end to confidence. The same objection may be made with a lower degree of strength against the imprudent generosity of disproportionate marriages. When the first heat of passion is over, it is easily succeeded by suspicion, that the same violence of inclination, which caused one irregularity, may stimulate to another; and those who have shewn, that their passions are too powerful for their prudence, will, with very slight appearances against them, be censured, as not very likely to restrain them by their virtue.” Close as oak, mcans, close as the grain of the ouk: To seel is an expression taken from falconry.

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pray you not to strain my speech And knows all qualities, with a learned' spirit, To grosser issues', nor to larger reach,

Of human dealings: If I do prove her haggard', Than to suspicion.

Though that her jesses' were my dear heart-strings, Oth. I will not.

I'd whistle her off, and let her down the wind, lago. Should you do so, my lord,

5 To prey at fortune 0. Haply, for I am black; My speech should fall into such vile success And have not those soft parts of conversation As my thoughts aim not at. Cassio 's my worthy That chamberers l have: Or, for I am declin'd friend :

Into the vale of years ;-yet that's not much;My lord, I see you are mov'd.

She's gone; I am abus'd; and my relief Oth. No, not much mov'd:

10 Must be to loath her. O curse of marriage, I do not think but Desdemona's honest.

That we can call these delicate creatures ours, lago. Long live she so ! and long live you to And not their appetites! I had rather be a toad, think so!

And live upon the vapour of a dungeon, Oth. And yet, how nature erring from itself,--. Than keep a corner in the thing I love, lago. Ay, there's the point: As,—to be bold 15 For others' uses. Yet, 'tis the plague of great ones;

Prerogativ'd are they less than the base : Not to affect many proposed matches,

'Tis destiny unshunnable, like death;
Of her own clime, complexion, and degree; Even then this forked plague '2 is fated to us,
Whereto, we see, in all things nature tends : When we do quicken. Desdemona comes:
Foh! one may smell, in such, a will most rank’, 20 Enter Desdemona and Emilia.
Foul disproportion, thoughts unnatural. If she be false, O, then heaven mocks itself!
But parcion me; I do not, in position,

I'll not believe it.
Distinctly speak of her: though I may fear, Des. How now, my dear Othello?
Her will, recoiling to her better judgement, Your dinner, and the generous islanders 13
May fall to match you with her country forms, 25 By you invited, do attend your presence.
And (happily) repent.

Oth, I am to blame.

(well? Oth. Farewell, farewell:

Des. Why is your speech so faint ? are you not If more thou dost perceive, let me know more; Oth. I have a pain upon my forehead here. Set on thy wife to observe: Leave me, lago.

Des. Why, that's with watching ; 'twill away lago. My lord, I take


Oth. Why did I marry?-This honest creature, Let me but bind it hard, within this hour

[folds. It will be well. Sees and knows more, much more, than he un- Oth. Your napkin " is too little; lago. My lord, I would, I might entreat your

[She drops her handkerchief. honour

|35 Let it alone. Come, I'll go in with you. To scan this thing no further; leave it to time: Des. I ain' very sorry that you are not well. And though it be fit that Cassio have his place,

[Ercunt Des. and Oth. (For, sure, he fills it up with great ability) Æmil. I am glad, I have found this napkin; Yet, if you please to hold him off a while, This was her first remembrance from the Moor: You shall by that perceive him and his means “: 40 My wayward husband hath a hundred times Note, if your lady strain bis entertainment Woo'd me to steal it; but she so loves the token, With any strong, or vehement importunity; (For he conjur'd her, she should ever keep it) Much will be seen in that. In the mean time, That she reserves it evermore about her, Let me be thought too busy in my fears, To kiss and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en out, (As worthy cause I have, to fear I am) 45 And give it lago : And hold her free, I do beseech your honour. What he'll do with it, heaven knows, not I; ! Oth. Fear not my government'.

I nothing but to please his phantasy. Iago. I once more take my leave. [Erit.

Enter lago. Oth. This fellow's of exceeding honesty, Iago. How now? what do you krere alone? · Issues, for conclusions. Jago means,

“ Should you do so, my lord, my words would be attended by such infamous degree of success, as my thoughts do not even aim at.”

"A rank will, is self-will overgrown and exuberant. * j. e. You shall discover whether he thinks his best means, his most powerful interest, is by the solicitation of your lady. Si. e. press hard his re-admission to his pay and office.—Entertainment was the military term for admission of soldiers. • i. e, do not distrust my ability to contain my passion, Learned, for experienced. • A haggard hawk is a wild hawk, a hauk difficult to be reclaim'd.-It appears also, that haggard was a term

of reproach sometimes applied to a wanton. Jesses are short straps of leather tied about the foot of a hawk, by which she is held on the fist. " Dr. Johnson observes, that the falconers always let fly the hawk against the wind ; if she flies with the wind behind her, she seldom returns. If therefore a hawk was for any reason to be disniissed, she was let down the wind, and from that time shifted for herself, and prey'd at fortune. " i. e. men of intrigue. 12. In allusion, according to Dr. Johnson, to a barbed or forked arrow, which, once infixed, cannot be extracted. Or, according to Dr. Percy, the forked plague may mean the cuckold's horns. ." The generous islanders are the islanders of rank, distinction. ** i.e. your pocket-handkerchief.


Æmil. Do not you chide ; I have a thing for Farewell the neighing steed, and the shrill trump, you.

mon thing. The spirit-stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife, lago. You have a thing for me?-It is a com- The royal banner; and all quality, Amil. Ha!

Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious war! lago. To have a foolish wife.

[now 5 And O you mortal engines, whose rude throats mil. O, is that all? what will you give me The immortal Jove's dread clamours counterfeit, For that same handkerchief?

Farewell ! Othello's occupation's gone! lago. What handkerchief?

Jagn. Is it possible?- My lord, Æmil. What handkerchief?

Oth. Villain, be sure thou prove my love a whore; Why, that the Moor first gave to Desdemona; 10 Be sure of it; give me the ocular proof; That which so often you did bid me steal.

[Catching hold on him. lago. Hast stolen it from her?

Or, by the worth of mine eternal soul, Æmil

. No; but she let it drop by negligence; Thou hàdst been better have been born a dog, And, to the advantage, I, being here, took it up! Than answer iny wak'd wrath. Look, here it is.

15 lago. Is it come to this ? lago. A good wench; give it me.

oth. Make me to see it; or (at the least) so Æmil. What will you do with it, that you have

prove it, been so earnest

That the probation bear no hinge, nor loop, To have me filch it?

To hang a doubt on: or, woe upon thy life! lago. Why, what is that to you? [Snatching it.]20 lago. My noble lord, — Æmil. If it be not for some purpose of import,

Oth. If thou dost slander her, and torture me, Give it me again: Poor lady! she'll run mad, Never pray more: abandon all remorse ; When she shall lack it.

On horror's head horrors accumulate; lago. Be not you known on't; I have use for it. Do deeds to make heaven weep, all earth amaz'd; Go, leave me.

[Erit Æmil. 25 For nothing canst thou to danınation add, I will in Cassio's lodging lose this napkin,

Greater than that. And let him find it: Trifles, light as air,

lago. O grace! O heaven defend me! Are, to the jealous, confirmations strong

Are you a man? have you a soul, or sense? As proofs of holy writ. This may do something. God be wi' you; take mine office.- wretched The Moor already changes with my poison:


fool, Dangerous conceits are, in their natures, poisons, That liv'st to make thine honesty a vice! Which, at the first, are scarce found to distaste; O monstrous world! Take note, take note, O But, with a little act upon the blood,

To be direct and honest, is not safe. [world, Burn like the mines of sulphur.–I did say so:- I thank you for this profit: and, froin hence, Enter Oihello.

135 I 'll love no friend, sith love breeds such offence. Look, where he comes! Not poppy, nor man- Oth. Nay, stay:-Thou should'st be honest. dragora,

lago. I should be wise; for honesty's a fool, Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world,

And loses that it works for. Shall ever med'cine ihce to that sweet sleep

Oth. By the world, Which thou ow'dst' yesterday.

40 I think my wife be honest, and think she is not; Oth. Ha! ha! false to me? to me?

I think that thou art just, and think thou art not; Jago. Why, how now, general? no more of that. I'll have some proof: Her name, that was as fresh Oth. Avaunt! be gone! thou hast set me on the As Dian's visage, is now begrim'd and black rack:

As mine own face. If there be cords, or knives, I swear, 'tis better to be much abusid, 45 Poison, or fire, or suffocating streams, Than but to know't a little.

I'll not endure it.-'Would, I were satisfied! Iago. How now, my lord?

lago. I see, sir, you are eaten up with passion; Oth. What sense had I of her stolen hours of lust? do repent me, that I put it to you. I saw it not, thought it not, it harm'd not me: You would be satisfied ? I slept the next night well, was free, and merry:50 Oth. Would? nay, I will.

flord? I found not Cassio's kisses on her lips:

Jago. And may; But, how ? how satisfied, my He that is robb’d, not wanting what is stolen, Would you, the supervisor, grossly gape on? Let him not know it, and he's not robb'd at all. Behold her tupp'do? lago. I am sorry to hear this.

Oth. Death and damnation! 01 Oth. I had been happy, if the general camp, 55 Iago. It were a tedious difficulty, I think, Pioneers and all, had tasted her sweet body, To bring 'em to that prospect : Damn them then, So I had nothing known: 0 now, for ever, If ever mortal eyes do see them bolster, Farewell the tranquil mind ! farewell content ! More than their own! What then? how then? Farewell the plumed troop, and the big wars, What shall I say? Where's satisfaction? That make ambition virtue: 0, farewell! 160It is impossible, you should see this,

' i. e. I being opportunely here, took it up. * The mandragoras, or mandruko, has a soporific quality, and the ancients used it when they wanted an opiate of the most powerful kind. i.e. possessedst, or hadst.

: i. e. pity. ? A ram, in Staffordshire and some other counties, is called 3Y 4


a tup.

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