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your favour.

Destruction on my head, if my bad blame the place is best known to you: And though we Light on the man !--Come hither, gentle mistress; have there a substitute of most allow'd sufficiency, Do you perceive in all this noble company, yet opinion, a sovereign mistress of effects, throws Where most you owe obedience?

a more sate voice on you: you must therefore be Des. Niy noble father,

5 content to slubber *the gloss of your new fortunes, I do perceive here a divided duty:

with this morestubborn and boisterous expedition. To

I am bound for life, and education; Oih. The tyrant custom, most grave senators, My life, and education, both do learn me Hath made the flinty and steel couch of war How to respect you; you are the lord of duty, My thrice-driven bed of down: I do agnizes I am hitherto your daughter: But here's my 10 A natural and prompt alacrity, husband;

i tind in hardness; and do undertake And so much duty as my mother shew'd This present war against the Ottomites. To you, preferring you before her father, Most humbly therefore bending to your state, So much I challenge that I may profess

I crave fit disposition for iny wife; Due to the Moor, my lord.

13 Due reverence of place ?, and exhibition ; Bra. God be with you !-I have done :- With such accommodation, and besort, Please it your grace, on to the state atlairs;

As levels with her breeding. I had rather to adopt a child, than get it.

Duke. If you please,
Come bither, Moor :

Be 't at her father's.
I here do give thee that with all my heart, 201 Bra. I will not have it so.
Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart

Oth. Nor I.
I would keep from thee.-For your sake, jewel,

Des. Norl; I would not there reside, I am glad at soul I have no other child;

To put my father in impatient thoughts, For thy escape would teach metyranny,

By being in his eye. Most gracious duke;
To hang clogs on them.—I have done, my lord. 25To my unfolding lend a gracious ear;
Duke. Let me speak like yourself; and lay a And let me find a charter in your voice',
sentence,

To assist my simpleness.
Which, as a grise', or step, may help these lovers Duke. What would you, Desdemona ?
Into

Des. That I did love the Moor to live with him,
When remedies are past, the griefs are ended, 30 My down-right violence and storm of fortunes
By seeing the worst, which late on hopes depended. May trumpet to the world; my heart's subdu'd
To mourn a mischief that is past and gone, Even to the very quality of my lord:
Is the next way to draw new mischief on. I saw Othello's visage in his mind "";
What cannot be preserv'd when fortune takes, And to his honours, and his valiant parts,
Patience her injury a mockery makes. (35 Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate.
The robb'd, that smiles, steals something from So that, dear lords, if I be left behind,
the thiet;

A moth of peace, and he go to the war, He robs himself, that spends a bootless grief. The rites, for which I love him, are bereft mc, Bra. So let the Turk, of Cyprus us beguile;

And I a heavy interim shall support We lose it not, so long as we can smile. 40 By his dear absence: Let me go with him. He bears the sentence well, that nothing bears Oth. Your voices, lords :-1 do beseech you, let But the free coinfort which from thence he hears? :) Her will have a tree way. But he bears both the sentence and the sorrow, Vouch with me, heaven, I therefore beg it not, That, to pay grief, must of poor patience borrow. To please the palate of my appetite; These sentences, to sugar, or to gall,

45 Nor to comply with heat, (the young affects, Being strong on both sides, are equivocal: In me defunct) and proper satisfaction; But words are words: I never yet did hear, (ear :

But to be free and bounteous to her mind": That the bruis'd heart was pierced through the And heaven defend your good souls,thatyou think I humbly beseech you, proceed to the aišairs of I will your serious and great business scant, state.

50 For she is with me; No, when light-wing'd toys Duke. The Turk with a most mighty prepara- Of feather’d Cupid seel with wanton dullness, tion makes for Cyprus:-Othello, the fortitude of My speculative and active instruments"},

Grize, from degrees. A grise is a step. Meaning, the moral precepts of consolation, which are liberally bestowed on occasion of the sentence. 3 Dr. Johnson observes, that the consequence of a bruise is sometimes matter collected; and this can no way be cured without piercing, or setting it out. * To slubber, here means to obscure. A driven bed, is a bed for which the feathers are selected, by driving with a fan, which separates the light from the heavy. si. e. acknowledge, confess, avow.

'i.e. precedency suitable to her rank. 8 Exhibition is allowance, and here implies revenue. 9 i. e. Let your favour privilege me. l' i. e. The greatness of his character reconciled me to his form. Affects, stands in this passage, not for love, but for passions ; for that, by which any thing is affected.ask it not, says Othello, to please appetite, or satisfy loose desires, the passions oë youth which I have now outlived, or for any particular gratification of myself, but merely that I may indulge the wishes of my wife. 12 'To defend, is to forbid; from defendre, Fr, 13 All these words mean no more than this: When the pleasures and idle toys of love make me unfit either for seeing the duties of my office, or for the ready performance of them.

That

1

That my disports corrupt and taint my business, shame to be so fond; but it is not in my virtue to
Let housewives make a skillet of my helm, amend it.
And all indign and base adversities

lago. Virtue? a fig! 'tis in ourselves, that we Make head against my estimation!

are thus, or thus. Our bodies are our gardens; to Duke. Be it as you shall privately determine, 5 the which, our wills are gardeners: so that if we Either for her stay,orgoing: the affair cries—haste, will plant nettles, or sow lettuce; set hyssop, and And speed must answerit; you must hence to-night. weed up thyme; supply it with one gender of Des. To-night, my lord ?

herbs, or distract it with many; either haveitsterile Duke. This night.

with idleness, or manur'd with industry; why, the Oth. With all my heart.

{again. 10 power and corrigible authority of this lies in our Duke. At nine i’ the morning here we'll meet wills. If the balance of our lives had not one scale Othello, leave some officer behind,

of reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood And he shall our commission bring to you; and baseness of our natures would conduct us to And such things else of quality and respect, most preposterous conclusions : But we have reaAs doth import you.

15 son, to cool our raging motions, our carnal stings, Oth. Please your grace, my ancient;

our unbitted lusts; whereof I take this, that you A man he is of honesty, and trust:

call-love, to be a sect* or scyon. To his conveyance I assign my wife,

Rod. It cannot be. With what else needful your good grace shall think Iago. It is merely a lust of the blood, and a To be sent after me.

20 permission of the will. Come, be a man: Drown Duke. Let it be so.

thyself? drown cats, and blind puppies. I have Good night to every one.-And, noble signior, profess’d me thy friend, and I confess me knit to

(To Brab. thy deserving with cables of perdurabletoughness; If virtue no delighted beauty lack,

I could never better stead thee than now. Put Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. 25 money in thy purse: follow thou these wars; de

Sen. Adieu, brave Moor! use Desdemona well. feat' thy favour with an usurped beard : I say, Bra. Look to her, Moor; have a quick eye to put money in thy purse. It cannot be, that Dessee;

demona should long continue her love to the Moor, She has deceiv'd her father, and may thee. put money in thy purse ;-nor he his to her: it

[Exeunt Duke and Senators. 30 was a violent commencement in her, and thou Oth. My life upon her faith.-Honest lago, shalt see an answerable sequestration ®;—put but My Desdemona must I leave to thee:

money in thy purse.—These Moors are changeable I pr’ythee, let thy wife attend on her;

in their wills ;-fill thy purse with money: the And bring them after in the best advantage?- food that to him now is as fuscious as locusts”, shall Come, Desdemona ; I have but an hour 35 be to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida. She Of love, of worldly matter and direction, must change for youth: when she is sated with To spend with thee: we must obey the time. his body, she will find the error of her choice.

[Excunt Othello, and Desdemona. She must have change, she must: therefore put Rod. Iago,

money in thy purse. - If thou wilt needs damn lago. What say'st thou, noble heart ? 40 thyself, do it a inore delicate way than drowning. Rod. What will I do, think'st thou ?

Make all the money thou canst: If sanctimony Jago. Why, go to bed, and sleep.

and a frail vow, betwixt an erring Barbarian and a Rod. I will incontinently drown myself. super-subtle Venetian, be not too hard for my wits,

lago. Well, if thou dost, I shall never love thee and all the tribe of hell, thou shalt enjoy her; af rit. Why, thou silly gentleman !

45 therefore make money. A pox of drowning thyRod. It is silliness to live, when to live is a tor- self! it is clean out of the way: seek thou rather ment: and then have we a prescription to die to be hang'd in compassing thy joy, than to be when death is our physician.

drown's and go without her. Jago. O villainous! I have look'd upon the Rod. Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I depend world for four times seven years: and since I could so on the issue? distinguish betwixt a benent and an injury, I never lago. Thou art sure of me;-Go, make money: found man that knew how to love himself. Ere I I have told thee often, and I re-tell thee again would say, I would drown myself for the love of and again, I hate the Moor: My cause is hearted; a Guinea hen', I would change my bumanity

thine hath no less reason: Let us be conjunctive with a baboon.

55 in our revenge against him: if thou canst cuckold Rod. What should I do? I confess, it is myl him, thou dost thyself a pleasure, and me a sport.

· Delighted, for delighting, or delightful.—Shakspeare often uses the active and passive participles indiscriininately. ? i. e. fairest opportunity. ? A Gwinea-hen was anciently the cant term for a prostitute. " A sect is what the more modern gardeners call a cutting:

»To defeat, is to undo, to change. • The poet probably here uses sequestration for sequel.Sequestration, however, may mean no more than separation. ? The fruit of the locust-tree is a long black pod, which contains the reeds, among which there is a very sweet luscious juice, of much the same colisistency as fresh honey.

There

row.

There are many events in the womb of time, He has done my office: I know not, if't be true; which will be delivered. Traverse; go; provide But I for mere suspicion in that kind, thy money. We will have more of this to-mor- Will do, as if for surety. He holds me well; Adieu.

The better shall my purpose work on him. Rod. Where shall we meet i’ the morning? 5 Cassio 's a proper man: Let me see now; lago. At my lodging.

To get his place, and to plume up my will, Rod. I'll be with thee betimes.

A double knavery,How? how !-Let me see:lago. Go to; farewell. Do you hear, Roderigo After some time, to abuse Othello's ear, Rod. What say you?

That he is too familiar with his wife:lago. No more of drowning, do you hear ? 10 He hath a person, and a smooth dispose, Rod. I am chang'd. I'll go sell all my Tand. To be suspected; fram’d to make women false. lago. Go to; farewell; put inoney enough in

The Moor is of a free and open nature, your purse.

[Erit Roderigo. That thinks men honest, that but seem to be so; Thus do I ever make my fool my purse: And will as tenderly be led by the nose, For I mine own gain'd knowledge should profane, 15 As asses are. If I should time expend with such a snipe, I have't;-it is engender'd: Hell and night But for my sport, and profit. I hate the Moor; Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my sheets

light.

[Exit.

A CT II.

SCENE I.

Mont. How! is this true ?

3 Gent. The ship is here put in, The Capital of Cyprus.

30 A Veronese ?: Michael Cassio, A Platform.

Lieutenant to the warlike Moor, Othello, Enter Montano, and two Gentlemen. Is come on shore; the Moor himself 's at sea, Mont.

WHAT
THAT from the cape can you discern And is in full commission here for Cyprus.
at sea ?

[flood; Mont. I am glad on 't; 'tis a worthy, governor. i Gent. Nothing at all: it is a high-wrought35 3 Gent. But this same Cassio,—though he speak I cannot,'twixt the heaven and the main,

of comfort, Descry a sail.

[land; Touching the Turkish loss,—yet he looks sadly, Mont. Methinks, the wind hath spoke aloud at And prays the Moor be safe; for they were parted A fuller blast ne'er shook our battlements: With foul and violent tempest. If it hath ruftian'd so upon the sea,

40 Mont. Pray heaven he be; What ribs of oak, when mountains melt on them, For I have serv'd him, and the man conimands Can hold the niortice? What shall we hear of this: Like a full soldier. » Let's to the sea-side, ho!

2 Gent. A segregation of the Turkish fleet: As well to see the vessel that's conie in,
For do but stand upon the foaming shore, As to throw out our eyes for brave Othello;
The chiding billow seems to pelt the clouds; 45 Even 'till we make the main, and the aërial blue,
The wind-shak'd surge, with high and monstrous

An indistinct regard.
Seems to cast water on the burning bear, [main, Gent. Come, let's do so:
And quench the guards of the ever-fixed pole': For every minute is expectancy
I never did like molestation view

Of more arrivance.
On the enchafed food.

50

Enter Cassio. Mont. If that the Turkish fleet

Cas. Thanks to the valiant of this warlike isle, Be not inshelter'd, and embay'd, they are drown'd; That so approve the Moor; 0, let the heavens It is impossible they bear it out.

Give him defence against the elements,
Enter a third Gentleman.

For I have lost him on a dangerous sea!
3 Gent. News, lords ! our wars are done : 551 Mont. Is he well shipp'd?
The desperate tempest hath so bang'd the Turks, Cas. His bark is stoutly timber'd, and his pilot
That their designment halts: A noble ship of Of very expert and approv'd allowance";
Venice

Therefore my hopes, not surfeited to death, Hath seen a grievous wreck and sufferance Stand in bold cure *. On most part of their fleet.

1601 [Within.] A sail, a sail, a sail ! Alluding to the star Arctophylar. ? By a Veronese, a ship of Verona is denoted. and approv'd allowance, is put for allow'd and approv'd expertness. * The nieaning, Mr. Steevens thinks, is, Therefore, my hopes, not being destroy'd by their own excess, but being reasonable and moderate, are likely to be fulfilled.

Cas.

1

Expert Cas. What noise ?

lago. Sir, would she give you so much of her Gent. The town is empty; on the browo' the sea

lips, Stand ranks of people, and they cry-a sail. As of her tongue she oft bestows on me,

Cas. My hopes do shape him for the governor. You'd have enough.

Gent. They do discharge their shot of courtesy : 5 Des. Alas, she has no speech. Our friends, at least.

[Guns heard.

lago. In faith, too much; Cas. I pray you, sir, go forth,

I find it still, when I have list to sleep; And give us truth who 'tis that is arrived. Marry, before your ladyship, I grant, Gent. I shall.

[Erit. She puts her tongue a little in her heart, Mont. But, good lieutenant, is your general 10 And chides with thinking. wiv'd?

Ainil. You have little cause to say so. Cas. Most fortunately: he hath atchiev'd a maid Iago. Come on, come on; you are pictures out That paragons description, and wild fame;

of doors, One that excels the quirks of blazoning pens, Bells in your parlours, wild cats in your kitchens, And, in the essential vesture of creation, 15 Saints in your injuries, devils being offended, Does bear all excellency's How now i who has Players in your housewifery, and housewives in put in?

your beds. Re-enter Gentleman,

Des. O, fie upon thee, slanderer! Gent. 'Tis one lago, ancient to the general. lago. Nay, it is true, or else I am a Turk; Cas. He has had most favourable and happy 20 You

rise to play, and go to bed to work. speed:

Amil. You shall not write my praise. Tempeststhemselves, high seas, and howlingwinds, lago. No, let me not. The gutter'd rocks, and congregated sands,- Des. What would'st thou write of me, if thou Traitors ensteep'd to clog the guiltless keel,

should praise me? As having sense of beauty, do omit

123 lago. O gentle lady, do not put me to't; Their mortal natures, letting go safely by For I a:n nothing, if not critical ?. The divine Desdemona.

Des. Come on, assay: There's one gone to Mont. What is she?

[captain,

the harbour. Cas. She that I spake of, our great captain's Iago. Ay, madam. Left in the conduct of the bold lago;

30 Des. I am not merry; but I do beguile
Whose footing here anticipates our thoughts,
A se'nnight's speed.--Great Jove, Othello guard, Come, how would'st thou praise me?

The thing I am, by seeming otherwise.-
And swell his sail with thine own powerful breath;
That he may bless this bay with his tall ship,

Iago. I am about it; but, indeed, my invention Make love's quick pants in Desdemona's arms, 35 It plucks out brains and all: But my muse labours,

Comes from my pate, as bird-lime does from frize, Give renew'd fire to our extincted spirits, And bring all Cyprus comfort !-0, behold,

And thus she is deliver'd :

If she be fair and wise, fairness, and wit, Enter Desdemona, lago, Roderigo, and Amilia.

The one's for use, the other useth it.
The riches of the ship is come on shore ! -
Ye men of Cyprus, let her have your knecs:

Des. Well prais’d! How if she be black and

40 Hail to thee, lady! and the grace of heaven,

witty? Before, behind thee, and on every hand,

Tago. If she be black, and thereto have a wit, Enwheel thee round!

She'll find a white that shall her blackness

fit.
Des. I thank you, valiant Cassio.
What tidings can you telline of my lord? 145

Des. Worse and worse.
Cas. He is not yet arriv'd; nor know I aught Æmil. How, if fair and foolish?
But that he's well, and will be shortly here.

lago. She never yet was foolish that was fair; Des. O, but I fear;-How lost you company? For even her folly help'd her to an heir.

Cas. The great contention of the sea and skies Parted our fellowship: But, hark! a sail.

Des. These are old fond paradoxes, to make

|fools laugh i’ the alehouse. What miserable praise [Within.] A sail, a sail ! (Guns heard.

hast thou for her that's foul and foolish? Gent. They give this greeting to the citadel; This likewise is a friend.

Mgo. There's none so foul,and foolish thereunta, Cas. See for the news.-- [Anattendant goes out.

But does foul pranks which fair and wise Good ancient, you are welcome ;

-Welcome, 55 mistress.

[To Emilia. Des. O heavy ignorance !-thou praisest the Let not it gall your patience, food lago, worst best. But what praise could'st thou bestos That I extend my manners; 'tis my breeding on a deserving woman indeed? one, that, in the That gives me this bold shew of courtesv. authority of her merit, did justly put on the vouch

[Kisses her. 60 of very malice itself' | That is, She excels the praises of invention, and in real (the author seeming to use essential for real) qualities, with which creation has inresieil her, bears all excellency. ? That is, censorious.

Dr. Johnson says, To put on the touch of malice, is to assuine a character vouched by the testimony of malice itself.

laga.

50)

ones do.

3

fly;

say

lago. She that was ever fair, and never proud; And this, and this, the greatest discords be Had tongue at will,and yet was never loud;

[Kissing her. Never lack'd gold, and yet went never gay;

That e'er our hearts shall make! Fled from her wish, and yet said, -now 1 lago. O, you are well tun'd now! may ;

[nigh, 5 But I'll let down the pegs that make this music, She that, being anger'd, her revenge being

As honest as I am.

[Aside. Bade her wrong stay, and her displeasure Oth. Come, let us to the castle.

News, friends; our wars are done, the Turks are
She that in wisdom never was so frail,

drown'd.
To change the cod's head for the salmon's 10 How do our old acquaintance of this isle?
tail';

[mind, Honey, you shall be well desir’d in Cyprus,
She that could think,and ne'er disclose her I have found great love amongst them.O inysweet,
See suitors following, and not look behind; I prattle out of fashion", and I dute
She was a wight,-if ever such wight In mine own comforts. -- I pr’ythee, good lago,
were,

15 Go to the bay, and disembark my coffers: Des. To do what?

Bring thou the master to the citadel; lugo. Tosuckle fools, and chronicle small beer?. He is a good one, and his worthiness [mona,

Des. O most lame and impotent conclusion ! Does challenge inuch respect. Come, DesdeDo not learn of him, Æmilia, though he be thy Once more well met at Cyprus. husband.—How

you,

Cassio? is he not a most 20 [E.xeunt Othello, Desdemona, and Attendants. profane' and liberal counsellor ?

lugo. Dothou meet ine presently at the harbour. Cas. He speaks home, madain; you may relish Coine hither. If thou be'st valiant; as (they say) him more in the soldier, than in the scholar. base men, being in love, have then a nobility in

lago. [Aside.] He takes her by the palm: Ay, their natures more than is native to them,-- list well said, whisper: with as little a web as this, 25 me. The lieutenant to-night watches on the will I epsnare as great a fly as Cassio. Ay, court of guard ?:--First, I must tell thee this, smile upon her, do; I will gyve' thee in thine -Desdemona is directly in love with him. own courtship. You say true; 'tis so, indeed : Rod. With him! Why, 'tis not possible. if such tricks as these strip you out of your

lieu- lago. Lay thy finger-thus", and let thy soul be tenantry, it had been better you had not kiss'd your 30 instructed. Márk me with what violence she first three fingers so oft, which now again you are lov'd the Moor, but for bragging, and telling her most apt to play the sir in. Very good; we! fantastical lies : And will she love him still for kiss'd!' an excellent courtesy! 'tis so indeed. prating? let not thy discreet heart think it. Yet again your fingers to your lips ? 'would, they Her eye must be fed; and what delight shall she were clyster-pipes for your sake!- [Trumpet. 35 have to look on the devil ? When the blood is The Moor,---I know his trumpet.

made dull with the act of sport, there should be,Cas. 'Tis truly so.

again to intlame it, and to give satiety a fresh apDes. Let's meet him, and receive himn. petite,—loveliness in favour; sympathy in years, Cas. Lo, where he coines!

manners, and beauties; all which the Moor is deEnter Othello, and Attendants. 40fective in: Now, for want of these required conOth. O my fair warrior !

veniences, her delicate tenderness will find itself Des. My dear Othello!

abus’d, begin to heave the gorge, disrelish and Oth. It gives me wonder great as my content, abhor the Moor; very nature will instruct her in To see you here before me. O my soul's joy! it, and compel her to some second choice. Now, If after every tempest come such calmness, 45 sir, this granted, (as it is a most pregnant and unMay the winds blow till they have waken'd death! forc'd position,) who stands so eininently in the And let the labouring bark climb hills of seas, degree of this fortune, as Cassio does; á knave Olympus high; and duck again as low

very voluble; no farther conscionable, than in As hell's from heaven! If it were now to die, putting on the mere form of civil and humane 'Twere now to be most happy; for, I fear, 50 seeming, for the better compassing of his salt and My soul hath her content so absolute,

most hidden loose affection? Why, none; why, That not another comfort like to this

none: A slippery and subtle knave; a tinder out Succeeds in unknown fate.

of occasions; that has an eye can stamp and counDes. The heavens forbid,

terfeit advantages, though true advantage never But that our loves and conforts should increase, 55 present itself: A devilish knave! Besides, the Even as our days do grow!

knave is handsome, young; and hath all those reOth. Amen to that, sweet powers !

quisites in hini, that folly and green minds' look I cannot speak enough of this content,

after: A pestilent complete knave; and the woIt stops me bere; it is too much of joy;

man

hath found him already. 'i.e. to exchange a delicacy for coarser fare. ? i. e. to keep the accounts of a household. ';. e. gross of language, of expression broad and brutal. * i. e. a licentibus talker. Si. e. catch, shackle. i. e. out of method, without any settled order of discourse. 'i. e. the place where the guard musters.

•i. e. on thy mouth, to stop it while thou art listening to a wiser pan. Minds not yet fully formed.

Rod.

9

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