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THE

NATURAL HISTORY OF SELBORNE.

BY

THE REV. GILBERT WHITE, A.M.,

FELLOW OF ORIEL COLLEGE, OXFORD.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1841, by

HARPER & BROTHERS, In the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New York.

ACCOUNT

OF THE

REV. GILBERT WHITE.

“GILBERT WHITE was the eldest son of John White, of Selborne, Esq., and of Anne, the daughter of Thomas Holt, rector of Streatham in Surrey. He was born at Selborne on July 18, 1720, and received his school education at Basingstoke, under the Rev. Thomas Warton, vicar of that place, and father of those two distinguished literary characters, Dr. Joseph Warton, master of Winchester school, and Mr. Thomas Warton, poetry professor at Oxford. He was admitted at Oriel College, Oxford, in December, 1739, and took his degree of Bachelor of Arts in June, 1743. In March, 1744, he was elected Fellow of his college. He became Master of Arts in October, 1746, and was admitted one of the senior proctors of the University in April, 1752. Being of an unambitious temper, and strongly attached to the charms of rural scenery, he early fixed his residence in his native village,

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where he spent the greater part of his life in literary occupations, and especially in the study of Nature. This he followed with patient assiduity, and a mind ever open to the lessons of piety and benevolence, which such a study is so well calculated to afford. Though several occasions offered of settling upon a college living, he could never persuade himself to quit the beloved spot, which was, indeed, a peculiarly happy situation for an observer. Thus his days passed tranquil and serene, with scarcely any other vicissitudes than those of the seasons, till they closed at a mature age on June 26, 1793."

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Page
Affections of Birds .. 18i | Employments .... 27
Ayles Holt..... 39

Falco ..:· · 47
Barometers...:: 315 Falcon, Peregrine .. 307
Bat : .... 49, 86, 116 Fieldfares :. 96, 100, 167
Bat, Large ..
Birds, Language of

• 266

Fishes, Gold and silver : 297
Birds of Passage 68, 145, 197 Flight of Birds. ..263
Black Act

Fly-catcher.... 44,68
Blackcap .

Forest of Wolmer . . . 27
Botany

si: . . . 257 Forest-fly. .... 188
Botany of Selborne .. 259 Fossil Shell ..... 21
Bullfinch . . . . . . 63

Fossil Wood .....
Bunting . ... 57 Fowls, Language of ..
Burning of Heath ... 34 | Freestone
Butcher-bird

Game . . . . · ·
Buzzards, Honey ... 137

Garden ... · · ·
Canary Birds .... 53 German Silktail .. .
Cat and Leveret

Gipsies . . . . .
Chaffinches .. 55, 63, 166 Goat-sucker .....
Chinese Dog .. . 3

Gossamer . · · ·
Cliff, Fall of a . ... 273 Grosbeaks ....
Coccus . . . . . . 294

Harvest Mouse . ... 59
Condensation by Trees. 236

Harvest Bug ....

113
Congregation of Birds 176

Hawk and Hens ... 269
Cornua Ammonis. .. 21

Hawk, Sparrow ...
Crickets, Field . ... 277

Haws . . . . . .
Crickets, House . .. 280

Hedgehogs · · · · ·
Crickets, Mole .... 284

Heliotropes . . . . .

271
Crossbeaks · · · · · Herons . . . . . .

84
Crossbills. ..

Himantopus ..... 285
Cuckoo . . . . 155, 157

Hoopoes . . . . .

47
Curious Fossil Shell.

House Cat ... 105, 240
Curlew, Stone 65, 79, 112, 311

Idiot Boy, Propensity of an 234
Deer . . . . . . 30, 60
Deer, Moose : 101

Instinct ...... 302
Deer-stealers .... 33 Jackdaws .....
Dogs . . . . .

309
Dove, Ring, · · · ·

Lakes .......
Dove, Stock

Lamperns
·

...
· ·

Land-springs .. .
Eagle-owl ...

Lark, Willow . ...
Echoes ... .

251, 314 Lark, Grasshopper ..
Elm, Broad-leaved ... 17 Leprosy ......

138

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