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Conft. What should he say, but as the Cardinal ?

Lewis. Bethink you, father ; for the difference
Is purchase of a heavy curse from Rome, s
Or the light loss of England for a friend ;
Forgo the easier.

Blanch. That's the curse of Rome.

Conft. Lewis, stand fast ; the Devil tempts thee here In likeness of a new and trimmed bride. Blanch. The Lady Constance speaks not from her

faith : But from her need.

Conft. Oh, if thou grant my need,
Which only lives but by the death of faith,
That need must needs infer this principle,
That faith would live again by death of need:
O, then tread down my need, and faith mounts up;
Keep my need up, and faith is trodden down.

K. John. The King is mov’d, and answers not to this.
Conft. O, be remov'd from him, and answer well.
Auft. Do fo, King Philip; hang no more in doubt.

s It is a political maxim, that trimmed cannot bear any fignifica kingdoms are never married. Lewis tion to Square with the sense re upon the wedding is for making quired, it must be corrupt; therewar upon his new relations. fore he will cashier it, and read,

the Devil tempts and trimmed; in which he is folthee here

lowed by the Oxford Editor ; but In Likeness of a new untrimmed they are both too hasty. It

Bride.]' Tho' all the Co- squares very well with the sense, pies concur in this Reading, yet and fignifies unsteady. The tern as untrimmed cannot bear any is taken from Navigation. We Signification to square with the fay too, in a fimilar way of speakSense required, I cannot helping, not well marned.

WARB. thinking it a corrupted Reading.

I think Mr. Theobald's corI have ventur'd to throw out the rection more plausible than Dr. Negative, and read;

Warburton's explanation. A comIn Likeness of a new and trimmed mentator should be grave, and Bride.

therefore I can read these notes i. e. of a new Bride, and one with the proper severity of atdeck'd and adorn'd as well by tention, but the idea of trimming Art as Nature. THEOBALD. a lady to keep her fieady, would

- a new untrimmed bride.] be too risible for any common Mr. Theobald says, that as un- power of face.

6

Faulo. Hang nothing but a calve's-skin, most sweet

lout.

K. Philip. I am perplext, and know not what to say. Pand. What can'ít thou say, but will perplex thee

more, If thou stand excommunicate and curst? K. Philip. Good rev'rend father, make my person

yours ;
And tell me, how you would bestow yourself.
This royal hand and mine are newly knit,
And the conjunction of our inward souls
Marry'd in league, coupled and link'd together
With all religious strength of sacred vows.
The latest breath, that gave the sound of words,
Was deep-sworn faith, peace, amity, true love,
Between our kingdoms and our royal Selves.
And even before this truce, but new before,
No longer than we well could wash our hands
To clap this royal bargain up

of

peace, Heav'n knows, they were besmeard and over-stain'd With Naughter's pencil ; where revenge did paint The fearful diff'rence of incensed Kings. And shall these hands, so lately purg'd of blood, So newly join’d in love, ?.so strong in both, Unyoke this seizure, and this kind regreer? Play fast and loose with faith? so, jest with heav'n? Make such unconstant children of ourselves, As now again to snatch our palm from palm ? Un-swear faith sworn, and on the marriage-bed Of smiling peace to march a bloody hoft, And make a riot on the gentle brow Of true sincerity ? O holy Sir, My reverend father, let it not be fo; Out of your grace, devise, ordain, impose Some gentle order, and we shall be blest

7 So frong in both.] I believe the meaning is, were so strong in

both parties.

To

To do your pleasure, and continue friends.

Pand. All form is forinless, order orderless, Save what is opposite to England's love. Therefore, to arms! be champion of our Church! Or let the Church our mother breathe her-curse, A mother's curse on her revolting son. France, thou may'st hold a serpent by the tongue, A chafed lyon by the mortal paw, A fasting tyger safer by the tooth, Than keep in peace that hand, which thou dost hold. K. Phil

. I may dis-join my hand, but not my faith. Pand. So mak'st thou faith an enemy to faith ; And, like a civil war, fet'st oath to oath, Thy tongue against thy tongue. O, let thy vow First made to heav'n, first be to heav'n performid; That is, to be the champion of our Church. What since thou swor'ft, is sworn against thyself ; And may not be performed by thyself. For that, which thou hast sworn to do amiss, * Is't not amiss, when it is truly done? And being not done, where doing tends to ill, The truth is then most done, not doing it. The better act of purposes miftook Is to mistake again ; tho’ indirect, Yet indirection thereby grows direct, And falfhood falfhood cures ; as fire cools fire, Within the scorched veins of one new-burn'd. It is religion that doth make vows kept, 9 But thou hast sworn againīt religion : By what thou swear'st, against the thing thou swear'st :

And 3 Is Not amiss, when it is I rather read,

truly done :) This is a con Is't not amiss, when it is truly clusion de travers.

We should done? read,

as the alteration is less, and the Is yet amils,

fenfe which Dr. Warburton first The Oxford Editor, according to discovered is preserved. his usual custom, will improve it 9 But thou hast fw.rn against further, and reads, most amiss. religion, &c.] In this long

WARBURTON. speech, the Legate is made to VOL. III.

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And mak'st an oath the surety for thy truth, Against an oath. The truth thou art unsure To swear, swear only not to be forsworn; few his fill in casuistry; and wlicb. That is, ibou fear's the strange hcap of quibble and against the thing, by which ress nonsense of which it confifts, wear'A ; that is, against redigier. was intended to ridicule that of The most formidable dit: the schools. For when he ar- culty is in these lines. sumes the politician, at the con And mak's an oath ibe forety clusion of the third act, the au for thy truth, thor makes him talk at another

Against an oath the trwb iksa rate. I mean in that beautiful

art unsure paffage where he fpeaks of the

To swear, &c. mischiefs following the King's This Sir T. Hanmer reforms lofs of his subjects hearts. This thus, conduct is remarkable, and was And mak's an oath the faraty intended, I fuppofe, to thew us for the truth, how much better politicians the Against an sath; this trate Roman courtiers are, than divines.

bou art unfare WARBURTON. To fuear, &c. I am not able to discover here Dr. Warburton writes it thus, any thing inconsequent or ridicu

Against an oath the truté tha lously subtle. The propositions art unsure that the voice of the church is the which leaves the passage to me voice of heaven, and that the as obscure as before. Pope uiters the voice of the church, I know not whether there i neither of which Pandulpb's au- any corruption beyond the omifditors would deny, being once fion of a point. The sense, afgranted, the argument here used ter I had considered it, appeared to is irresistible ; nor is it easy, not me only this : In fwearing birewithstanding the gingle, to en-ligion againf religion, te wins force it with greater brevity or thou has already fruera, tbs propriety.

naket an oath the security for the

fith azainst an oath alread; tatu. But thou haft fworn againt re- 'I will give, says be, a rule for conligion :

frience in there cafes. Thou may By what thou swear'l, against be in doubt about the matter of

she thing thou wear'ť: an oath ; when thou swearef ik And mak’t

an oath the furety for may not be always sure to furat tby truth,

rightly, but let this be thy fettled Against an oath the truth thout principle, frear only not to be art unfure

for fuorr; let not thy latter oaths To fwear, fwear or.ly not to be be at variance with thy former.

firsworx.] By what. Şir Truth, through this wbok 1. Haniner reads,' by tbat. I speech, means ridtitude of Cogthink it should be rather by duct

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Else what a mockery should it be to swear ?
But thou doft swear, only to be forsworn,
And most forsworn, to keep what thou doft swear.
Therefore thy latter vows, against thy first,
'Js in thyself rebellion to thyself.
And better conquest never canst thou make,
Than arm thy constant and thy nobler parts
Against these giddy, loose suggestions :
Upon which better part, our pray’rs come in,
If thou vouchsafe them. But if not, then know,
The peril of our curses light on thee
So heavy, as thou shalt not shake them off;
But, in despair, die under their black weight.

Auft. Rebellion, Alat rebellion.

Faulc. Will't not be ?
Will not a calve's-skin stop that mouth of thine ?

Lewis. Father, to arms !

Blanch. Upon thy wedding day?
Against the blood that thou haft married ?
What, shall our feast be kept with Naughter'd men ?
Shall braying trumpets, and loud churlish drums,
Clamours of hell, be measures to our pomp?
O husband, hear me ; (ah! alack, how new
Is husband in my mouth ?) ev'n for that name,
Which till this time my tongue did ne'er pronounce,
Upon my knee I beg, go not to arms
Against mine uncle.
Conft

. O, upon my knee,
Made hard with kneeling, I do pray to thee,
Thou virtuous Dauphin, alter not the doom
Forethought by heav'n.

Blanch. Now shall I see thy love; what motive may Be stronger with thee than the name of wife?

Conft. That which upholdeth him, that thee upholds, His honour. Oh, thine honour, Lewis, thine ho

nour ! Lewis. I muse, your Majesty doth seem so cold, When such profound respects do pull you on?

Pand.

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