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Proceedings in Convention of New York.

To EDMUND RANDOLPH. New York, August

11, 1788


Future seat of Congress.

To EDMUND RANDOLPH. New York, August 22,



George Clinton's views on Federal Constitution—Proposal for sec-

ond Convention.

To EDMUND RANDOLPH. New York, Septem-

ber 14, 1788


Proceedings of Congress for organizing the Federal government-

Future seat of Congress.


Mr. Randolph's third proposition—The National Legislature to

have two branches--Agreed to.

Mr. Randolph's fourth proposition-First branch of the National

Legislature to be elected by the people-Agreed to-Qualifications
&c. of members of first branch—Postponed.

Mr. Randolph's fifth proposition-Second branch of the National
Legislature to be chosen by the first branch, from nominations by
State Legislatures-Disagreed to-Qualifications of members of
second branch-Not considered.

Mr. Randolph's sixth proposition-Powers of the National Leg-
islature-Each branch to originate laws-Agreed to - National
Legislature to possess all the legisla tive powers of the Congress
of the Confederation, to pass laws where State Legislatures are
incompetent; or where necessary to preserve harmony among the
the States; and to negative State laws contravening the articles
of union or foreign treaties–Agreed to—The National Legislature
authorized to exert the force of the whole against a delinquent

FRIDAY, June 1st


Mr. Randolph's seventh proposition - The National Executive to

possess the Executive powers of the Congress of the Confedera-

tion-Amended, to possess power to execute the National laws,

and appoint to offices not otherwise provided for-Amendment

agreed to—To be chosen for a term of years—Amended, for

seven years—Amendment agreed to—To be chosen by the Nation-

al Legislature-Postponed.



Mr. Randolph's seventh proposition—The National Executive to

be chosen by the National Legislature, resumed-Agreed to—To

receive fixed compensation-Amended, to receive no salary, but ex-

penses to be defrayed-Amendment postponed-To be ineligible a

second time--Amended, to be removable on impeachment--Clause

and amendment agreed to-To consist of persons--Postponed.

MONDAY, June 4th


Mr. Randolph's seventh proposition—The National Executive to

consist of persons, resumed-Amended, a single person

Agreed to

Mr. Randolph's eighth proposition-A Council of Revision, to

consist of the National Executive, and a convenient number of the

National Judiciary, to have a negative on acts of National Legisla-

ture unless again passed by — Members of each branch-Amended,

to give the National Executive alone that power, unless overruled

by two thirds of each branch of the National Legislature-Amend-

ment agreed to.

Mr. Randolph's ninth proposition—The National Judiciary to be

established-Agreed to-To consist of one or more supreme tri-
bunals and of inferior tribunals-Amended to consist of one supreme
tribunal and of inferior tribunals

Amendment agreed to.

TUESDAY, June 5th


Mr. Randolph's ninth proposition—The National Judiciary to be

chosen by the National Legislature-Disagreed to-To hold office

during good behaviour and to receive fixed compensation--Agreed

to--To have jurisdiction over offences at sea, captures, cases of

foreigners and citizens of different States, of National revenue, im-

peachments of National officers, and questions of National peace

and harmony-Postponed.

Mr. Randolph's tenth proposition-New States to be admitted-

Agreed to.

Mr. Randolph's eleventh proposition-Republican government

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and its territory, except in case of voluntary junction, to be guar-
anteed to each State-Postponed.

Mr. Randolph's twelfth proposition - The Congress of the Con-

federation to continue till a given day, and its engagements to be

fulfilled --Agreed to.

Mr. Randolph's thirteenth proposition - Provision to be made

for amendments of the Constitution, without the assent of the Na-
tional Legislature-Postponed.

Mr. Randolph's fourteenth proposition-National and State offi-

cers to take an oath to support the National Government--Post-


Mr. Randolph's fifteenth proposition—The Constitution to be

ratified by Conventions of the people of the States recommended

by the State Legislatures-Postponed.

Motion to strike out “ inferior tribunals” in the ninth proposition

-Agreed to.

Motion to amend the ninth proposition, so as to empower the

National Legislature to institute inferior tribunals-Agreed to.



Motion to amend fourth proposition so as to provide that the first

branch of the National Legislature be elected by the State Legis-

latures-Disagreed to.

Motion to reconsider the vote on the eighth proposition, so as to
unite a convenient number of the National Judiciary with the Na-
tional Executive in the revision of the acts of the National Legis-
lature-Disagreed to.

Motions to supply the blank occasioned by the disagreement to

Mr. Randolph's fifth proposition relative to the mode of choosing

the second branch of the National Legislature—To be elected by

the people divided into large districts—Disagreed to—To be ap-

pointed by the National Executive out of nominations by the State

Legislatures-- Disagreed to-To be chosen by the State Legisla-

tures-Agreed to.

Friday, June 8th


Motion, on a reconsideration of that part of the sixth proposition

which gives the National Legislature power to negative State laws

contravening the articles of union, or foreign treaties, to extend the

power so as to authorize the National Legislature to negative all

laws which they should judge to be improper-Disagreed to.

SATURDAY, June 9th


Motion, on a reconsideration of that part of the seventh proposition

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