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vania " Bucktail " Regiment, serving two years; at the battle of Fredericksburg he was struck by a minie-ball, which resulted in the loss of a limb. Returning to Emporium, he was engaged as clerk in the hotel of C. C. Fay, where he remained until 1805, when he went to Marion, Iowa, from which place he came, in 1867, to Benezette, where he was in the mercantile business until 1871, when he sold his store and engaged as clerk for B. E. Morey, of Caledonia, Penn. He married, in May, 1874, Mrs. L. E. Chase, widow of M. M. Chase and daughter of David and Jane (Cadwell) Wheeler, and they have two children: Emma L. and Mabel L. Mr. Lucore was a prominent farmer and is a wide-awake citizen; he has held various township offices and is a member of the Benezette Lodge, No. 988,1. O. O. F., also of M. W. Lubore Post, No. 216. G. A. R., of St. Mary's.

JOHN MAHANY, farmer, P. O. Benezette, was born in Bradford county, Penn., June 15, 1844, a son of Jerry and Catherine (McCarty) Mahany, natives of Ireland. He is the third son in a family of eight children. When twenty years old, he left home and worked in the lumber woods as foreman for Finley, Young & Co., until 1876, when he was employed in the same capacity for Andrew Kaul, of St. Mary's, until the spring of 1877. He then went to Virginia, where he had bought a farm in 1869, and engaged in farming until 1883, when he returned to Elk county, and again entered the employ of Mr. Kaul, and afterward bought the farm where he now lives. August 5, 1872, Mr. Mahany married Miss Eva M. Cross, daughter of Andrew and Eva Cross. Mrs. Mahany died March 26, 1886, leaving five children: Michael, John. Daniel, Catherine and Eva. October 6, 1887, Mr. Mahany married Mrs. Lena (Ernest) Gregory, widow of John Gragory, and they have one son, Arthur.

W. G. MILLER was born at Lock Haven, Penn., August 28, 1863, a son of George A. and Maria (Mader) Miller, natives of Germany. In 1877 he was graduated form the Lock Haven High School, and in 1882, from Poughkeepsie Business College. He then engaged with D. J. McDonald, merchant and lumberman, in the capacity of book-keeper. He came to Dent's Run. July 1, 1887, and in company with W. A. Hatton, opened a general store, where they did a flourishing and safe business.

ERASMUS MOREY, farmer, P. O. Benezette, a son of Leonard and Phoebe (Wheelock) Morey, was born in Charlton, Mass., May 16, 1790, and with his parents came to Benezette in 1813. His educational advantages were limited, there being at that time no schools in Benezette. He remained at home, working for his father upon the farm until 1824, when he married Miss Mary E., daughter of Frederick and Nancy (Hoyt) Weed, of Benezette, and they reared a family of four children, viz.: Alvina, Lydia (wife of Thomas Tozier, Caledonia, Penn,), Amelia A. (wife of Henry Derr, of Benezette) and B. E. Mrs. Morey died August 19, 1873. After marriage Mr. Morey settled on the farm he now owns, and where he has since resided. From a wilderness it has developed into one of the finest farms in the township. Mr. Morey has been very successful as a farmer and in all his business undertakings, and is now enjoying the fruits of his early industry.

ISAIAH MURRAY, farmer, Benezette, is a son of John and Hannah (Hollinsworth) Murray, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Wharton township, Potter Co., Penn., where they permanently settled. Isaiah Murray was born in Wharton, Penn., January 24, 1831, and received his education at Mount Pleasant, Benezette township. He worked at the old home until he was twenty-one years of age, when he married Miss Leah Hicks, a daughter of John C. and Sarah (Lewis) Hicks, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Benezette township in 1813. After his marriage he settled in Benezette, where he still resides. Mr. and Mrs. Murray have had a family of nine children, of whom four are deceased. Mr. Murray has been supervisor of Benezette township for three years. He and his wife are members of the Church of the Messiah at Mount Pleasant.

WILLIAM OVERTURF, farmer, P. O. Benezette, was born in Benezette township, Elk Co., Penn., November 17, 1850, the eldest son of four children of James and Delilah (Barr) Overturf, natives of Clearfield county, Penn., who were married December 26, 1844, and have since lived in Cameron and Elk counties. William received a practical business education, and worked upon his father's farm until he was eighteen years of age, when he entered the store of Edward Fletcher, of Benezette, where he remained two years. He married, January 7, 1872, Miss Julia Robertson, born in Buffalo, N. Y., July 27, 1854, daughter of Finley and Julia Ann (Nichols) Robertson, natives of Scotland and New York State, respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Overturf have two children: Wright and Finley. Mr. Overturf still resides upon the old homestead, and is employed as clerk by Johnson & Overturf, of Penfield, Penn. He has been prominently identified with interests of the township, and the family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Mount Pleasant, Penn.

T. J. SHAFFER, merchant, Benezette, was born at Sinnemahoning, Penn., May 2, 1854, a son of Jacob L. and Nancy (Johnson) Shaffer, of German and Irish origin, respectively. His grandparents were among the early settlers of Cameron and Elk counties. After the completion of his education, Mr. Shaffer remained on the home farm until 1875, when he came to Benezette, engaging with W. E. Johnson as clerk in his general store. He was married, November 11, 1876, to Miss Belle M., a daughter of James F. and Emley (Barr) Thomas, of Benezette, Penn., and they have been blessed with five children: Emley E., Nelly, Curnce M., Teoca and Jacob Cleveland. Mr. Shaffer was engaged in business for himself, as a lumberman and merchant, until June 20, 1884, when his store and entire stock were destroyed by fire, with a loss of $3,000 on the stock. He continued, however, in the lumber business until May 22, 1889, when he again opened a general store at Benezette. He is a practical business man, and has been successful in all his business ventures through life, and has held various township offices. He is a member of Driftwood Lodge, F. & A. M., and of Benezette Lodge, I. O. O. F.

H. F. WILSON, farmer, P. O. Benezette, was born in Benezette township, Elk Co., Penn., December 23, 1846, a son of H. R. and Jane (Johnson) Wilson, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Elk county in 1845. The father died in 1880, and the mother still survives, making her home with her son, H. F., who still resides upon the farm settled by his father. They reared a family of seven children, H. F. being the second son. He was educated in the district schools of Benezette township, and worked upon his father's farm during his boyhood days. He married, September 30, 1873, Olive Lucore, a daughter of Luther and Mary (Smith) Lucore, of Emporium, Penn., who were among the early settlers in Cameron county. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have one child, Clara J., residing at home. They are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of Mount Pleasant, Penn. Mr. Wilson is a Republican in politics, and has held various township offices. ,

WILLIAM K. W7INSLOW, farmer, P. O. Benezette, is a son of Charles K. and Rebecca (Hicks) Winslow, the eldest of seven children, and was born in Benezette township, Elk Co., Penn., August 20, 1846, upon the farm where he now resides, and which he purchased in 1875. He received his education in the common schools of Benezette. He married, November 6, 1870, Miss Minnie Lesh, of St. Mary's, Penn.. and to them was born one child, Minnie (now deceased). His wife died, August 10, 1872, and in January, 1875, he married Miss Mary M., a daughter of Andrew J. and Eliza M. Johnston, of DuBois, Penn. Mr. and Mrs. Winslow have had a family of eight children: Eva E., Lorena M. (deceased), Bruce M., Charles B. (deceased), Sylvan us J., William S., Merton H. and Ella E. Mr. and Mrs. Winslow are members of the Church of the Messiah, at Mount Pleasant, Penn.

C. S. WINSLOW, farmer, P. O. Benezette, is a son of Charles E. and Rebecca (Hicks) Winslow, former of whom was born January 23, 1818, in Maine, and latter born November 2, 1826, in Pennsylvania. They were married February 20, 1845, and reared a family of seven children—five sons and two daughters, of whom C. S. Winslow is the fourth son. He was born in Benezette township, Elk Co., Penn., October 3, 1852, and received a practical education in the district schools of the township. He has always lived upon the homestead which his father settled, and has for many years taken care of his mother, his father having died April 4, 1869.

GEORGE W. WINSLOW, farmer, P. O. Benezette, was born in Maine, May 25, 1820, the second son of ten boys and four girls born to Carpenter and Beulah (Keene) Winslow, also natives of Maine, who came to Clearfield county, Penn., in 1820. They lived here one year, then removed to Punxsutawney, Penn., where they remained until 1828, when they removed to Benezette township, Elk county, where George W. Winslow still resides. They were obliged to endure many hardships incident to pioneer life, bringing all provisions in a canoe from Lock Haven, a distance of seventy-five miles, taking two and one-half days to push the canoe up the stream. George W. Winslow -was educated in the common schools of Benezette township, and worked on the home farm until he was twenty-five years of age, when he purchased two hundred acres of land in Benezette township and began life for himself as a farmer. He has been successful in life, still retaining the farm he purchased in early manhood, upon which he has erected fine buildings, and which gives evidence of prosperity and thrift. His father and mother made their home with him during the latter years of their life.

C. H. WINSLOW, inspector of timber, and blacksmith, Benezette, is a son of James and Elizabeth (Miller) Winslow, natives of Maine, who came to Jefferson county, Penn., in 1818. They reared a family of twelve children, C. H. being the third son. He was born April 19, 1837, at Punxsutawney, Penn., and here received an education in the district schools, working upon the farm with his father during his boyhood days. In July, 1858, he came to Benezette, and engaged with Reuben Winslow as clerk in a general store, where he remained until 1863. He married in July, 1864, Miss Ellen J., a daughter of William and Eva R. Deer, natives of Union county, Penn., and they have had a family of ten children, seven of whom are still living. After his marriage, Mr. Winslow engaged in lumbering, and his time was divided between that business and blacksmithing, until 1887, since when he has been employed as a timber and log inspector. He has held various township offices, such as supervisor, school director, auditor, etc. Mr. and Mrs. Winslow are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

G. L. WINSLOW, butcher and proprietor of meat market, Benezette, is a son of Eben and Elizabeth (Hicks) Winslow, natives of Pennsylvania, and was born in the woods during the great flood of 1847, it having driven the family from their home. He received a practical education in Benezette, Penn., and, his father dying, he was thrown upon his own resources at the age of fifteen years. He went into the woods and cut timber, the second winter clearing $1,100; thus, when still a young man, securing a fair start in the world. He married, October 24, 1869, Miss Martha A., daughter of Benjamin and Margaret (Frisbee) Lee, of Caledonia, Penn., and to them have been born six children, all living at home and named as follows: Cora E., Ebon L., Roy, Byron, Jennie E. and Floyd L. In 1871 Mr. Winslow rented the Benezette Hotel, which he conducted until 1875, when he removed to what is now the Winslow House, where he remained until the spring of 1889, when he opened a meat market, which he still conducts with marked success in connection with his butchering business.

JAY TOWNSHIP.

JAMES BLAKE, Jr., blacksmith and wheelwright, Weedville, was born in Michigan, August 29, 1850, a son of James C. and Lucinda (McConnell) Blake. When fourteen years of age he entered a blacksmith shop as an apprentice, serving three years, and in 1868 he came to Elk county, Penn., where he engaged in lumbering. In 1872 he opened a blacksmith ^hop, in Weed ville, which he has since successfully conducted. Mr. Blake married, in February, 1884, Miss Annie Beck, of Armstrong county, Penn., and they have three children, named as follows: James O., Charles A. and Franklin.

E. L. BROOKINS, farmer, P. 0. Caledonia, is a native of New York State, born in Montgomery county, January 8, 1836, a son of Charles and Betsy (Lindsley) Brookins, who came to Elk county, Penn., in the fall of 1839, and lived in the old pine school-house the ensuing winter. They reared a family of ten children, the subject of this sketch being the fifth son. He worked for his father until he was twenty-one years of age, when he engaged in lumbering. He was in the Civil war, enlisting July 17, 1861, and was as signed to Company G, Forty-second Regiment, P. R. V. C, serving until the close of the war, and participating in many battles; was wounded in the right arm by a ball, and was honorably discharged June 28, 1865. His regiment was known as the old "Bucktail" regiment, which took part in nearly every battle fought by the Army of the Potomac, from Drainesville to the surrender of Lee at Appomattox Courthouse. He returned to his home, and in November, 1868, was married to Miss Harriet, a daughter of S. R. and Phoebe (Pearsall) Gardner. She died, June 6, 1875, leaving three children: Alice E., Martha J. (deceased) and Harriet E. Mr. Brookins still resides upon the old homestead, in Jay township, where his father lived and died.

R. BURK, sawyer, Caledonia, was born in Northumberland county, Penn., March 24, 1844, the fifth son of six children born to James and Jane (Nieff) Burk, natives of Pennsylvania. The mother died when our subject was eight years of age, and from that time, until he was seventeen, he followed the canal. In 1861 he enlisted in the United States army, and was assigned to Company D, Third Artillery, Pennsylvania Volunteers, in which he served well and faithfully until the close of the Rebellion, in 1865. Returning home, he engaged with the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad as fireman, filled the place three years and was promoted to engineer, which position he held one year, when he came to Jay township, and entered the employ of O. Dodge, in the capacity of sawyer. Mr. Burke married, in July, 1867, Miss Elizabeth, a daughter of William and Catherine (Brumbach) Levan, of Reading, Penn. Mrs. Burk died in August, 1887, the mother of nine children, six of whom are still living. July, 1888, Mr. Burk married Cora B., daughter of David and Charlotte (Kinner) Dixon, of Jay township, and to them has been born one child. Mr. Burk is a member of Benezette Lodge, No. 988, I. O. O. F.; White Pine Lodge, No. 478, K. of P., and Washington Camp, No. 437, P. 0. S. of A.

C. J. DILL, farmer, P. 0. Caledonia, was born in St. Mary's, Elk Co., Penn., December 21, 1849, a son of Joseph and Barbara (Schiessell) Dill, natives of Germany. They were married in St. Mary's, and here they afterward resided. C. J. is the eldest of six children. When twelve years of age, he began working in the woods, cutting lumber. He was married, October 30, 1877, to Miss Mary M., a daughter of Herman and Caroline (Groover) Straessley, of Fox township, Elk Co., Penn., and to them have been born five children, named as follows: Herman J., Frances E., John A., Annie G. and William G. Mr. Dill is a Democrat in politics, and in November, 1888, he was elected jury commissioner; he has also served one term as township auditor. The family are members of the Catholic Church.

O. DODGE, lumberman, P. O. Caledonia, was born in Burlington, Bradford Co., Penn., October 2, 1824, a son of Loren and Jane (Head) Dodge, natives of Massachusetts. They reared a family of five children, our subject being the second son. Mr. Dodge received a practical business education in the common schools of Bradford county, but worked at home on his father's farm until October 19, 1846, when he married Miss Amanda Smith, daughter of Rufus and Eunice (Mead) Smith, of Connecticut. In 1846 he also engaged in mercantile business, which he continued three years, when he returned to the farm, on which he passed another period of three years, after which he removed to Mississippi, and engaged in lumbering. In 1865 he came to Elk county, where he re-engaged in lumbering and still resides. Mr. Dodge has held various township offices, and is a successful business man.

S. R. GARDNER, farmer, P. 0. Caledonia, was born in Otsego county, N. Y., August 4, 1819, a son of John and Polly (Abbey) Gardner, who came to Elk county in 1822, settling in Jay township. S. R. Gardner is the eldest son of sixteen children. He remained at home until he was eighteen years of age, when he began life for himself by working for others, and was employed by one man for six years. He was married, in August, 1843, to Miss Phebe, a daughter of Peter and Hannah (Clement) Pearsall, who removed to Elk county from Saratoga, N. Y., in 1822, and settled in Jay (then Fox) township. Mr. and Mrs. Gardner have reared a family of sixteen children, ten of whom are still living. Before his marriage Mr. Gardner bought a small farm, which he afterward sold; the one where he now resides is owned by his son. He has taken an active part in local politics, and has held various township offices.

ABEL GRESH, merchant, Weedville, was born in Berks county, Penn., March 7, 1842, a son of Daniel and Susannah K. Gresh, natives of that county. His father's family consisted of twelve children—seven sons and five daughters, he being the ninth child, and sixth son. His parents being poor, he was bound out at the age of ten years to an uncle, John Kooser, of Lawrence county. He served there eight long and weary years, toiling on his uncle's farm, not being permitted to visit his native home in all that time. He then was hired to a drover of the neighborhood, and assisted in driving a drove of cattle from New Wilmington, Lawrence county, to Harrisburg, occupying three weeks and one day on the journey. He then started by railroad to visit his old home, being nearly eighteen years old—a scuff suit on his back, and $17 in his pocket, with which to battle the world for himself. He found his relatives, but his home was broken up, and a kind mother's heart alone left to counsel and assist him. He worked at whatever his hands found to do, and attended common school in winter, for two years, when, having saved a few dollars, he

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