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dise; and in 1873 he purchased his partner's interest, conducting the business alone until 1875, when he sold out. In 1883 he again resumed business in Ceres, and since 1887 the business has been conducted in the name of Robarts Bros., C. B. Robarts being his partner. Mr. Robarts was twice married; first, in June, 1871, to Ella A., daughter of V. Perry and Almira (Smith) Carter, of Ceres, by whom he had one daughter, Grace A. Mrs. Robarts died, and September 17, 1878, he married Minnie C., daughter of A. C. and Belle C. (Smith) Hovey, of Ceres, by whom he has two children: Jay E. and H. Ross. Mr. Robarts served as auditor of McKean county in 1878-80-81, and was deputy sheriff in 1882-83. He is a member of the Masonic order and K. O. T. M.; in politics he is a Republican.

CALEB B. ROBARTS, of Roberts Bros., Ceres, was born in Westfield, Tioga Co., Penn., March 9, 1850, a son of John J. and Phebe (Trowbridge) Robarts. He was reared and educated in Pleasant Valley, Potter Co., Penn. He served an apprenticeship of four years at the mason's trade in Corry,Penn., after which he worked as a journeyman for two years. He then engaged in farming on Bell's run, Ceres township, McKean Co., Penn., at which he continued for fifteen years, on the farm he now owns, settled by his father, and during that period was also engaged in lumbering. In 1886 he embarked in mercantile business in Ceres, and in 1887 formed a partnership with his brother John J. under the firm name of Robarts Bros. Mr. Robarts married, in 1871, Hattie M., daughter of James R. and Martha (Fuller) Grow, of Ceres township, and they have two children: Ray R. and Daisy. Mr. Robarts is a representative merchant and citizen of Ceres. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, the A. O. U. W., the S. of T. and the K. O. T. M.

FRANCIS M. VAN WORMER, lumberman, P. O. Ceres, N. Y., was born in Cohocton, Steuben Co., N. Y., February 18, 1836, a son of Henry and Hannah A. (Elliott) Van Wormer. His paternal grandfather, Lawrence VanWormer, was born near Kinderhook, N. Y., and was of the old Dutch Knickerbocker stock. He settled in Cohocton, N. Y., in 1810, with a family of fourteen children, as well as a number of negroes, remnants of slavery days, who remained with the family. He was a farmer by occupation and a large landholder. The maternal grandfather of Francis M. was Jonathan Elliott, also a pioneer of Steuben county, N. Y., formerly of Otsego county, N. Y. Henry Van Wormer was R large real estate dealer and speculator in Steuben county, N. Y. Francis M. Van Wormer was reared in his native county, and educated in the common schools and Macomb Street Academy, Monroe, Mich. He settled in Ceres, McKean Co., Penn., in 1858, where he worked in a lumber-mill until the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion. April 15, 1861, he enlisted in Company A, Twenty-third New York Volunteers, and participated in the battle of second Bull Run, Chantilly, Fredericksburg, Cedar Mountain, and other engagements, and was honorably discharged in June, 1863, at the expiration of his term of service. He then returned to Ceres, and, with L. P. White, purchased the grist-mill and lumber business of Eleazer Harmon, the business being conducted under the firm name of Van Wormer & White up to 1882, when Mr. Van Wormer purchased his partner's interest, and has since successfully conducted the business alone. Mr. Van Wormer married, in 1864, Elizabeth C., daughter of Rev. David B. and Alice H. (Pusey) Brown, of Coudersport, Penn., and they have three children living: A. Castella, Edith M. and Henry B. Mr. Van Wormer is a self -made and successful business man, and a prominent and respected citizen. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and politically he is a Republican.




C. A. ANDERSON, merchant, Colegrove, was born in Warberg, Sweden, March 5, 1860, a son of Andrew and Iuga Anderson. He attended school in his native country, when, his father having moved to the United States, he was anxious to come and find him, but having no money he borrowed enough of a friend to pay his passage to New York City. From New York he went to New Jersey, where he was employed two months in carrying water to a company of men working on a railroad. Having earned a little money determined to come to McKean county. He landed at Ridgway, a small boy without friends or money, and unable to speak the English language. Here a gentleman gave him money enough to take him to Wilcox, thirteen miles away, and from there he walked to Clermont, where he found some of his own country people, to whom he told his story. They furnished him with food and money enough to take him to his father in Smethport. He found his father, who was not able, however, to support him, and a Mrs. Rifle furnished him with a room and a bed, and he worked at anything he could find to do to obtain his food. After spending a week in Smethport he accompanied his father to Colegrove, where the latter was employed by W. J. Colegrove, and he worked for his board. His father left -Mr. Colegrove in about two months, but he continued in his employ, remaining on his farm until 1881, when he was employed as clerk in the general store of W. J. Colegrove & Son at Colegrove. This partnership was dissolved, and C. M. Colegrove carried on the business until July 19, 1883, when he sold out to Mr. Anderson, who, after a few months, admitted M. J. Gallup as partner in the business, and they continued together until April 1, 1886, when Mr. Anderson bought Mr. Gallup's interest and has since continued the business alone. Mr. Anderson has been a successful business man, and is highly esteemed in the town of Colegrove. He has held various township offices and August 1, 1883, was appointed postmaster. He was married April 25, 1887. to Miss Annie, daughter of Conrad and Lena Bayer, of Norwich township. Mr. Anderson is a member of Norwich Lodge, No. 538, E. A. U., and McKean Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

A. P. BREWER, farmer, P. 0. Norwich, is a son of William and Polly (Curtis) Brewer, natives of Connecticut, who came to McKean county, Penn., in 1815, and settled upon the farm where A. P. Brewer now resides. They reared a family of seven children, the subject of this sketch being the second son, and the only one now living. He was born October 24, 1821, and received his education in the public schools of the township where he now resides, and has always lived upon the farm which his father settled. In September, 1841, he married Miss Helen, a daughter of Luther and Jemima (Colegrove) Haven, of Norwich township. The Havens were among the first settlers of that township, and reared a family of eight children, all of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Brewer are the parents of four children, viz.: W. W. (proprietor of a hotel at Mount Jewett, Penn.), Milton A., Melvin F., and Nellie Alcena (deceased). Mr. Brewer served six years in the capacity of county commissioner, also six years as county auditor, and has been identified with various township offices. Mr. and Mrs. Brewer are members of the Baptist Church. In politics he is a Republican.

G. W. BURDICK, farmer, P. O. Norwich, a son of Rowland and Alvira (Webb) Burdick, natives of New York State, was born in Norwich township, McKean Co., Penn., April 17, 1820. He spent his boyhood days on the farm with his parents, and August 3, 1842, he married Miss Sarah H., a daughter of G. W. and Elizabeth (Rose) Griswold, natives of Vermont, who were among the early settlers of Smethport, Penn. Mr. Burdick has been identified among the many lumbermen of McKean county, is also an enterprising farmer, and was postmaster under President Tyler. His son, W. P. Burdick, was born November 27, 185'J, and is now a practicing physician in DuBois, Clearfield Co., Penn. G. W. Burdick's grandfather was a Baptist minister. His father and mother and six brothers and one sister belonged to the Baptist Church, and one sister joined the Methodist Church. Six brothers and one sister are still living.

G. A. BURDICK, farmer, P. O. Norwich, was born in Norwich township, McKean Co., Penn., November 1, 1830, the youngest of eight children born to Rowland and Alvira (Webb) Burdick, natives of New York, who came to Norwich township in 1815. Mr. Burdick has always resided on the old homestead, and been engaged in farming. He married, August 12, 1855, Miss Violetta, a daughter of Orin and Nancy (Corwin) Gallup, and they are the parents of six children, viz.: Clarence A., Elbert C, Orlo J., Wellington L., Alice E. and Ina V. Mr. Burdick has been actively identified with the interests of the township, and has held various township offices.

JONATHAN COLEGROVE, farmer, P. 0. Colegrove, was born in Norwich township, McKean Co., Penn., November 22, 1844, a son of Horace and Emily (Burlingame) Colegrove, both also natives of Norwich township. He was in the Civil war, enlisting in 1801 in Company F, Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served three years. He was in the siege of Yorktown, and was taken prisoner on the peninsula near Savage Station, in 1862, was prisoner two and a half months on Belle Isle, afterward joined his regiment near Falmouth, Va., was in the Gettysburg fight, and on the second day was wounded through the neck and windpipe, and also through the left shoulder. He was taken to Baltimore, Md., to Patterson Park hospital, which hospital was under the charge of Dr. S. D. Freeman. He was not expected to live, for several days; for twenty-two months he never spoke a loud word. He served the rest of the time in the medical purveyor's department, Baltimore, Md. He was married January 1, 1867, to Miss Hattie P., daughter of Sheffield and Mary E. (Baldwin) Purple, of Troy, Penn., and they are the parents of two children, viz.: Samuel (deceased) and Albert L. (living at home). He also has an adopted daughter, Mary P. Mr. Colegrove is a member of McKean Lodge, No. 128, F. & A. M.; Bradford Chapter, No. 100, and Sir Knights, No. 58.

C. D. COMES, lumberman, P. O. Digel, a son of D. D. and Polly V. (Smith) Comes, natives of Pennsylvania, was born in Keating township, McKean Co., Penn., June 13, 1855. He has always lived with his parents, and at the present time has control of a mill in company with his father. They are sawing 4,000,000 feet of lumber per year, and peeling 2,500 cords of hemlock bark.

C. W. DICKINSON, farmer, P. 0. Norwich, is a son of Edward H. and Roxie (Comes) Dickinson, the former a native of New Jersey, and the latter of Norwich township, McKean Co., Penn. The father came to McKean county in 1833, and engaged in hunting and trapping, at one time, killing fifty-seven deer in twenty-five days; he also killed three elks and twenty bears in McKeau county. C. W. Dickinson is the second son of eight children. He was born in Norwich township, November 10, 1842, and received his education in the common schools of Norwich. July 9, 1801, he entered the United States service, enlisting in Company-I, Forty-second Regiment Pennsylvania "Bucktails," and was discharged on account of disability, returning to Norwich September 28 of the same year. He married, November 18, 1873, Miss Estella, P. Denison, a daughter of William and Otteline (Carter) Denison, natives of the State of New York, who came to Norwich township in 1841. Mr. and Mrs. Dickinson are the parents of four children, viz.: Charlie B., Lena E., Carrie A. and Louis H. Mr. Dickinson is one of the wide-awake men of the township, and has been identified with various local offices. He has taken a great interest in the public schools of the township, and, like his father, has a disposition to hunt and trap, having killed about three hundred deer, nine bears, eighteen wolves, and about twenty wildcats, and caught too much small game to mention here.

J. C. DOYLE, lumberman, Crosby, P. O. Newerf, is a native of McKean county, Penn., born in Sartwell, May 10, 1860. He was reared and educated in his native county, and when but a boy began to work in his father's mill, and finally was appointed its superintendent, and on reaching his majority was admitted as a partner, the firm name then being M. Doyle & Son. Mr. Doyle was married October 10, 1884, to Miss Katie C. Butler, of Sartwell, and they have two children: Helen B. and Clayton P. Michael Doyle, father of J. C, came to this country with his parents from County Cork, Ireland, when but nine years of age. At twenty-three he married Ellen Keefe, a native of Canandaigua, N. Y. Michael Doyle died September 17, 1889, at Sartwell, Penn., surrounded by his family and a few intimate friends; the firm name was then changed to that of J. C. Doyle & Bro., who will in future carry on the business on the same system as before. Mrs. Katie C. (Butler) Doyle is a daughter of James Butler, the eldest of seven children, and who came to this country from County Kilkenny, Ireland, about the year 1850, and was married one year later at Cuba, N. Y., to Bridget Phelan, a native of Ireland.

MICHAEL ERHART, postmaster and merchant, Newerf, was born in St. Mary's, Elk Co., Penn., March 25, 1854, a son of John and Margaret Erhart, natives of Germany, who came to St. Mary's in 1853. Mr. Erhart received his education in the common schools of Keating township, and in April, 1884, he purchased a farm of 211 acres in Norwich township. He was married, in August, 1880, to Miss Laura, a daughter of Samuel and Matilda (Cochran) Layton, natives of New York State, who came to McKean county in 1880. Mr. and Mrs. Erhart have one child, Essie, born October 9, 1888. In May Mr. Erhart engaged in mercantile business in Newerf, since which time he has also acted in the capacity of postmaster.

W. O. GALLUP, farmer, P. 0. Norwich, was born in Norwich Township, McKean Co., Penn., June 28,1851, the elder of two sons born to Nathaniel C. and Alcena (Derby) Gallup, natives of Pennsylvania, horn in 1814, and who settled upon the farm now owned by their son, H. H. Gallup. W. O. Gallup received his education in the common schools of his native township, and has always been engaged in farming. He was married, in February, 1875, to Miss Ella Grigsby, born in December, 1851, a daughter of Samuel and Mary (Evendon) Grigsby, natives of England. Mr. and Mrs. Gallup are the parents of four children, viz.: Cora A., Bertha M., Milford H. and Susan R. Mr. Gallup takes an active interest in the affairs of the township, and has held various local offices.

N. W. HEINEMANN, lumberman, Colegrove, was born in Duderstadt, Germany, November 25, 1848, a son of Christopher Heinemann. When he was three years old his parents came to the United Slates and settled in Norwich township, McKean Co., Penn., where, in 1865, his father built what is called an up-and-down saw-mill. He was reared in McKean county, working on the farm and in the mill until manhood, and finally bought the homestead and mill of his father. He has rebuilt the mill, and has furnished it with the latest approved machinery, and is now cutting 30,000 feet of lumber a day. Mr. Heinemann was married, October, 1,1874, to Miss Annie Bell Waffle, of Elm Valley, Allegany Co., N. Y. She is a daughter of George and Bessie (Knight) Waffle, the former of whom was born in Cortland, N. Y., July 8, 1808, and the latter in Vermont, April 20, 1820. Mr. and Mrs. Heinemann are the parents of two children: Bessie W. and Theressa.

J. B. OVIATT, Jr., farmer, P. O. Norwich, was born in Smethport, McKean Co., Penn., December 22, 1850, the third son of eleven children born to J. B. and Catherine M. (Stickles) Oviatt, natives of New York State, who came to McKean county in 1837, and settled in Keating township. Mr. Oviatt remained upon the home farm with his parents until he was twenty-one years of age, when he went to Roulette, Penn., where he was employed by the late Leroy Lyman in hunting, and working upon the farm. From Roulette he went to Alfred Centre, N. Y., where he finished his education, after which he came to Norwich township and engaged as a laborer. He married, in October, 1875, Miss Hattie R., daughter of J. B. and Mary B. (Gallup) Kimball, who came to Norwich township in 1855. Mr. and Mrs. Oviatt are the parents of three children, named as follows: Jessie F., Milo and Frank, all of whom reside at home. Mr. Oviatt, after his marriage purchased the farm which he now owns, and upon which he has erected a handsome residence. Mr. Oviatt has been a very successful hunter, and has caught or killed, since 1875, the following wild animals: 170 deer and 10 bears, which netted $1,146.91; and 111 foxes, 112 raccoons, 8 otters, 35 minks, 8 wildcats, 30 martins, 56 skunks, and 120 muskrats, netting $403.86. He has held various township offices, and is highly respected by all who know him. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of Colegrove.

N. H. PARKER, lumberman, P. O. Gardeau, is a son of George and Polly Parker. George Parker was born in the city of Albany, N. Y., in 1784, but when eight years of age was taken by his father to the Cownaisque valley, where the family settled. In this same valley Polly Parker was born in 1792, and at the age of fifteen years was married to George Parker. Here also, N. H. Parker was born in 1812. In 1828 the family moved into the Genesee Valley, and bought the farm formerly owned by Shongo, the head chief of the Seneca Indians, Six Nations, and who then lived on the farm and continued to do so for over a year, George Parker afterward giving him the privilege of spending the remainder of his days there if he chose. But a majority of the other Indians had gone to the Buffalo, Cattaraugus and other tribes, and after about a y«ar and a half he said he must go to console and advise those who looked to him for counsel. He was a man of much intelligence, was a great warrior in the Revolutionary war, and had participated in the massacre in the valley of the Wyoming. He was also very skillful in the medical profession, and practiced much among the whites in the early history of the county with marked success. Among the Indians at that time was one named Johny Hacks, who

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