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gauge pole in mystery tanks. When no important well was drilled in, his tireless energy was expended in mapping important locations, compiling statistics and getting geological records. He was not always first in the mad rush to the telegraph office, for he never telegraphed anything until he knew it to be right. The last field work he did illustrated the integrity that actuated him. A week before his death he started out to collect the data for the monthly report of operations. There were conflicting reports regarding the Pittsburgh Manufacturers' Gas Company's well at Cannonsburg, and to settle all doubts Mr. McMullen went to the well to get a gauge. He was sick then. Other field men went out from Pittsburgh with him. When they reached the well, they were told it had just made a flow, and would probably not make another until the afternoon. They were told what the well was doing. This was good 'hearsay,' evidence, and as the thermometer stood several degrees below zero, the other fieldmen went away satisfied with it. Not so with 'Mac.' There had been false reports about the well and he must know the truth. For more than six hours he waited there, chilled to the very mar•row, until the well flowed again and he had gauged the flow. Then he went back to Pittsburgh sick. But he did not give up. He must complete his oil report, and he did, though the pain he suffered was terrible. The data he brought home with him, and dictated to his loving wife from his death-bed, was as accurate and reliable as any ever gathered."

H. L. McMULLEN, oil producer, Bradford, was born in Ireland, December, 12, 1846, a son of James and Susan (Sands) McMullen. His parents came to the United States in 1848 and located at Warren, Penn., where he was reared, and in his youth he learned the blacksmith's trade of his father. His father subsequently became one of the pioneers in the drilling of wells and the production of petroleum. H. L. McMullen was associated with his father at Oil Creek, and later in other oil fields until 1878, when he removed to Bradford. He is now in partnership with C. S. Whitney, and the firm of Whitney & McMullen do a large business. In addition to their oil interests, they established the Bradford Chemical Works in 1886, where they employ about thirty men. Mr. McMullen was married in February, 1869, to Miss Lucie M. Hall, of Worcester, Mass., daughter of Lowell Hall, and they have five children: Maud Alice, James Arthur, Clifton Adair. Hugh Theron and Edith. In politics Mr. McMullen is a Democrat. He is a member of the Royal Arcanum.

EDWARD McSWEENEY, member of the firm of McSweeney & Byles, attorneys at law, Bradford, was born in Pittsburgh, Penn., February 24, 1853, a son of John and Elizabeth (Quinn) McSweeney, the former a native of Ireland, the latter a native of Armstrong county, Penn., of Irish and German descent, and both now reside in Oil City, Penn. Of their family of six children the subject of these lines is the eldest. He was reared in Armstrong county and in Oil City, Penn., and, his father being a school-teacher, was given good educational advantages. He studied law in Butler, Penn., in the office of Kennedy & Marshall, and was admitted to the bar in 1875. In 1878 he came to McKean county, and has since been engaged in the practice of his profession at Bradford. In 1881 he was elected district attorney by the largest majority that was ever given to any Democratic office holder in McKean county, the county being at that time reliably Republican, and served one term. The present partnership of McSweeney & Byles was formed in 1885, and the firm are transacting a successful law business. In the spring of 1889 Mr. McSweeney was elected mayor of Bradford for a term of two years, but the terms of all holding city offices were shortened by the passage of an act of the assembly, approved May 23, 1889, providing for a new election in the spring of 1890, under which a new set of officials were elected for a term of three years. Mr. McSweeney is a member of Bradford Tent No. 4, K. 0. T. M., and also a member of the Knights and Ladies of Honor.

C. F. MADISON, foreman of A. Watson's manufacturing establishment, Bradford, was born in Chautauqua county, N. Y., March 17, 1845, a son of Charles A. and Hannah (Winegar) Madison, natives of Washington county, N. Y., of German and English descent, respectively. He was reared in his native county and in Warren county, Penn., and in 1860 went to the oil fields at Titusville, where he worked, as well as in Butler county. In 1879 he came to Bradford, and was employed at different oil wells until 1883, when he entered the employ of A. Watson. Mr. Madison was married in Union City, Penn., in 1873 to Jennie Gross, a native of Erie county, Penn., and daughter of David and Olive (Hulburt) Gross, and they have three children: Archie, Ernest and Ollio. Mr. and Mrs. Madison are members of the United Brethren Church; he is a member of the K. O. T. M., also of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics, and in politics is a Republican.

L. O. MADISON, of the firm of Madison & Blossom, grocers, Bradford, was born in Chautauqua county, N. Y., March 22, 1848, a son of C. A. and Hannah A. (Winegar) Madison. Mrs. Hannah A. Madison died September 5, 1887, and C. A. Madison January 14, 18'JO, both deaths occurring in Bradford. When a boy L. O. Madison began working about the oil wells, and as soon as old enough began taking contracts for drilling wells, and has worked in all the principal oil fields in the United States. In 1885 he became established in the grocery business at Bradford, which he has since continued. He was married in Venango county, Penn., May 21, 1872, to Miss Maggie E. Loveless, and they have two children: Clara Pearl and Florence Ethel. Mrs. Maggie E. Madison was born at Deerfield, Warren Co., Penn.. August 4, 1855, daughter, of Nathan A. and Mary A. Loveless. Nathan A. Loveless died in 1862, at Harrison's Landing, W. Va., while serving as sergeant of Company F, Seventyfourth New York Volunteers; his widow, Mary A. (Walker) Loveless died December 7, 1885. Mrs. Madison is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics Mr. Madison is a Republican, and has served as a member of the common council of Bradford. He is a member of the K. O. T. M., Knights of Pythias and the Knights and Ladies of Honor.

L. E. MALLORY, one of the representative oil producers of Bradford, was born in Cambridge, Erie Co., Penn., April 6, 1849, the eldest of six children born to Truman and Charlotte (Phelps) Mallory, who still live in Erie county, where the father is a prominent citizen. L. E. was reared on his father's farm, attending the district schools in his boyhood. When fifteen years old he began working in the oil fields as driller, and was subsequently employed in different capacities until 1869. when he embarked in business for himself at Oil City. He afterward went to Titusville, and from there came, in 1876, to Bradford, where he has since been operating most of the time. He now owns an interest in about two hundred oil-producing wells, a large number being in the Bradford oil fields. He has been an industrious man, always at work, and his success is the result of his energy and good management. He has, since his residence in Bradford, taken an interest in the prosperity of the town, and has always been ready to give of his means or of his time to the advancement of any enterprise of public benefit. He now owns a neat and substantial residence in the town, where he and his worthy wife dispense hospitality with an open hand. Mr. Mallory was married January 1, 1873, to Miss Emma Crawford, daughter of Eben and Elizabeth (Wilson) Crawford, who are of Scotch descent. Mr. and Mrs. Mallory have two children: Lewis E. and Nellie. Mr. Mallory is a Republican. in politics. He has taken the thirty-second degree in Freemasonry, and is a deputy grand master of Bradford Council. Mrs. Mallory is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

LOUIS MARCK, oil producer, and lately owner and proprietor of the " Union Hotel,'' Bradford, is a native of Mulhouse, Alsace, France [now Germany], born October 19,1849, a son of Francois L. and Eve (Eisenzimer) Marck. His father was in early life a cotton spinner, but during the French war was a soldier serving in Algiers, Africa; while there he studied surgery, and after leaving the army devoted his attention to his profession. He came to America in 1880, and is still a resident of Pennsylvania. Louis Marck is the eldest of a family of five children, was given good educational advantages, and after leaving college learned the trade of landscape gardener and florist, serving an apprenticeship of three years, and subsequently became chief gardener for one Albert Taschare, one of the senators of France. In 1870 he came to America, and settled first at Buffalo, N. Y. Being in a strange country and the winter being unusually severe, he was unable to obtain employment at his own trade; consequently he began working at the barber's trade, which he followed three years. He then took employment as a florist until 1878, when he removed to Bradford and engaged in the hotel business. He has met with success, also with misfortune, and recently has embarked in the oil-producing industry. Mr. Marck was married in January, 1872, to Maria Stuller, a native of Bavaria, Germany, daughter of John Stuller, and they have had three children, but one of whom, Louis A., is living. They are members of the Catholic Church. In politico Mr. Marck is a Republican, and has served two years as a poormaster.

A. M. MAYER, senior member of the firm of A. Mayer & Co., wholesale dealers in wines, liquors, cigars, tobaccos, and wholesale agents of Bartholomay's Rochester lager beer, at Bradford, is a native of Germany, born January 23, 1836, second son of Gabriel and Elizabeth Mayer, both parents being dead, the mother having died in 1876 at the age of sixty-five years, and the father, April 4, 1889, at the mature age of nearly ninety years: both died at Oil City, Penn. A. M. Mayer landed in New York City in the year 1853 at the age of seventeen; he engaged in the dry goods trade, principally, until 1872, locating at Oil City; thence moved to Millerstown, Butler county, where he remained until the fall of 1878, when the above firm started in the abovenamed business at Bradford, McKean Co., Penn., where, under his able management, the firm has attained the highest rank in the business community. Mr. Mayer has held various positions of honor in said city, such as member of the common council, director of the board of trade, and is now a member of the board of school control, also one of the executive board of the Bradford hospital. He also holds the position of president of the Hebrew Reform congregation. He was married in New York City April 10, 1871, to Miss Adelheit Rolland, daughter of Leopold and Babeth Rolland, the parents residing then in Germany, but both now dead. This union is blessed with a family of five daughters—ranging from six to seventeen years of age—namely, Ray, Belle, Flora, Estelle and Selma.

JOHN F. MELVIN (deceased) was a pioneer of McKean county, Penn., having come here from the State of New York about 1826. He was born in Chester, N. H., December 2, 1802, the second in a family of three children of John and Susanna (Richardson) Melvin, who were of Scotch-Irish ancestry. His father was a soldier in the war of 1812. Mr. Melvin was a prominent man in the early days of the county, a pioneer merchant, and an extensive lumber dealer. He also was a large land owner, and in connection with his other work carried on farming. Probably no man did more to develop the country about Bradford than Sir. Melvin. He owned extensive landed interests, which, since his death, have developed into the extensive Bradford oil fields. Mr. Melvin was married July 12, 1828, to Lucretia Fair, who was born at Bellows Falls, Vt., October 11, 1810, a daughter of Isaac and Pantha (Clark) Farr, who were also of Scotch-Irish descent. To Mr. and Mrs. Melvin were born ten children, but four of whom are living: C. C.; Adaline E., wife of Judge Loyal Ward; Evaliue A., wife of Hon. C. H. Foster, and Thomas J. One son, John S., was killed in the war of the Rebellion; a daughter, Mary L., was the wife of A. L. Smith, and died in Dunkirk, N. Y.; four children died in infancy. Mr. Melvin was a Democrat of the old school. He died in 1858.

C. C. MELVIN, oil producer, Bradford, is a native of Bradford, Penn., born April 15, 1833, and is the eldest son of John F. and Lucretia (Farr) Melvin, the former of whom was for many years a prominent citizen of McKean county, whose name is well known in business circles. C. C. Melvin was reared and educated in his native city, and has been closely identified with her business prosperity. In 1876 he became interested in the production of oil, and has since been very successful in that line. He has taken an active part in promoting the development of Bradford, especially in the advancement of her educational and religious interests. He was married December 26, 1874. to Miss Lina Loomis, daughter of E. R. Loomis, and they have two children: Lucretia and Carroll. Mr. Melvin is a Democrat in his political views, and is a member of the Masonic fraternity, lodge and chapter.

THOMAS J. MELVIN, oil producer, Bradford, is a representative of one of the pioneer families of McKean county. He was born in Bradford township August 18, 1847, a son of John F. and Lucretia (Farr) Melvin. He was reared in Bradford, where he had good educational advantages, and later attended Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College, at Buffalo. He then found employment as a clerk, which vocation he filled until 1869, when he embarked in the mercantile business on his own account, continuing in that line until 1876, when he became interested in the oil business. Mr. Melvin was married September 28, 1869, to Miss Marion B. Parker, daughter of Nelson Parker, who are of Scotch-Irish and English descent. Mr. and Mrs. Melvin have four children, all boys: John P., Charles C., Milton F. and Thomas J., Jr. In politics Mr. Melvin is a Republican. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and has taken the Knight Templar degree.

JOHN K. MERRIAM, a well-known business man, and proprietor of meat market, Bradford, was born in Franklin county, N. Y., January 9, 1840, the second in a family of six children of John and Lurey (Keeler) Merriam, natives of Vermont, but now residents of New York. He was reared on his father's farm in Franklin county, attending school in his youth, and when a young man began teaching, a vocation he followed six years. In 1868 he moved to Pennsylvania, first locating at Shamburgh three years, then at Titusville, all the time in the market and oil business, and in 1877 settled in Bradford, where he opened a meat market, which is now one of the largest in the city. During the time of the oil boom in this section his sales in his market amounted to nearly $200,000 per year. In the oil trade he has also been successful. He was married in 1873 to Mrs. Mary (Harney) Reed, widow of Capt. Reed, who lost his life in the war of the Rebellion. Mr. and Mrs. Merriam are members of the Presbyterian Church, and are active workers in all that pertains to either church or Sunday-school. In politics he is a Republican, and a member of the Masonic fraternity.

C. V. MERRICK, superintendent of the Bradford division of the New York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad, Bradford, was born in Canton, Bradford Co.. Penn., June 17, 1848, a son of J. Q. Merrick, and was reared in Potter county. whither his parents had moved when ho was a child. He attended the district schools, and by close application to his studies was able, when a young man, to obtain a teacher's certificate, and thus earned the money to pay his expense* at the State normal school, from which he graduated in 1871. He then taught a year in the village of Knoxville, Penn., and in 1872 obtained a situation with the company he now represents at Addison, where he remained two years; in the meantime he learned telegraphy, and was promoted to night operator at a small station near Elmira, N. Y., and a year later was given the same position at Elmira, where he remained four and a half years. In the meantime he studied law and was admitted to the bar. He was next promoted to assistant train dispatcher, and then to train dispatcher at Elmira. January 1, 1888. he was transferred to his present position. Mr. Merrick was married in 1878 to Miss Dell, daughter of T. V. Willow. In politics Mr. Merrick is a Republican. He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church.

JOHN MEYERS, wholesale and retail dealer in leather, and manufact urer of uppers for shoes, Bradford, was born in Buffalo, N. Y., January 16. 1842, a son of John and Anna Barbara (Miller) Meyers, natives of Bavaria, the father coming to America in 1835, and locating in Buffalo. John was reared on a farm, but in early life learned the shoemaker's trade, at which he worked until 1878, when he removed to Bradford, and soon after became established in his present business. Mr. Meyers was married in New York, in 1872, to Margaret Sproul, a native of that city and daughter of Andrew Sproul, who came from Scotland; they have two children: George and Ida. Mrs. Meyers is a member of the Methodist Church. In politics Mr. Meyers is a Republican. He is a member of the I. O. O. F., lodge and encampment.

C. G. MILLIGAN, of the firm of Sterns & Milligan, wholesale produce and commission merchants, Bradford, was born in Maryland, Otsego Co.. N. Y., December 23, 1849, a son of David and Rhoda (Strain) Milligan. natives of Massachusetts, of Scotch-Irish descent, who now reside in Georgia, where the father is engaged in farming. C. G. Milligan is the third in a family of four children. He was reared on a farm, but not liking agricultural pursuits, obtained a situation as clerk in a store, which he continued until 1881, when the present firm of Sterns & Milligan was formed. In politics Mr. Milligan is a Republican.

GEORGE H. MILLS, assistant cashier of the First National Bank, Brad ford, was born in Buffalo, N. Y., June 11, 1857, a son of George and Mary (Lee) Mills, natives of England, who came to the United States in 1844, and settled at Buffalo. He was educated in the schools of his native city, and since sixteen years of age has been employed in a bank, commencing as a messenger boy, from which he has worked his way up to his present position. He came to Bradford in 1880, and was book-keeper for the First National Bank one year, and in 1881 was appointed teller, and in 1886, assistant cashier. Mr. Mills was married September 22, 1886, to Miss Lena F. Bittles, a native of Newbury, Ohio, of English descent, daughter of C. H. and Flora E. Bittles. Mr. and Mrs. Mills have one son, George Charles. In politics the subject of these lines is a Republican; he is a member of the Royal Arcanum, and of the Independent Order of Heptasophs. He and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church.

F. A. MOORE, farmer and oil producer, Bradford, was born in Erie county, N. Y., April 8, 1822, a son of Amos and Cynthia (Gardner) Moore, natives of Massachusetts, who moved to McKean county, Penn., in 1839, where

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