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STONE DRINKING JUGS OF THE SHAKESPEAREAN

PERIOD. (Nos. 182-91). The so-called “ Bellarmine” or “Bartmann" Jugs, Nos. 186-8, were made at Frechen, near Cologne, and largely used for the export of Hollands or Dutch spirits in Shakespeare's time. The other specimens were made at Raeren, a village in the province of Limburg, then part of the Low Countries.

182.–Stoneware jug, blue and grey, 8in. high, with pewter cover; about 1600.

183.-Blue-grey stoneware cup, without handle, 8in. high, sin. diameter; in front "IE TENOR ICH HEB EMPOR”; about 1600.

184.—Blue-grey stone-ware cup, 3in. high, with metal cover; about 1600.

185.—Brown stoneware jug, zin. high, with cover and mounting of metal; early 17th century.

186.-Brown stoneware Bellarmine or Longbeard jug, sin. high; in front a bearded head; two circular bands, one formed of medallions of female heads and the other chiefly of leaves; early 17th century.

Bellarmine or Long-beard Jugs are so named after Cardinal Robert Bellarmine, the eminent Roman Catholic Apologist, (1542-1621). He was the opponent of the Reformers in the Low Countries, and met with much derision from the Protestants. He is said to have been very short, round, and hard-featured ; hence his name passed to these jugs. They appear to have been of different sizes, the largest, or Galonier," contained four quarts; the “ Pottle Pot,” two quarts ; a smaller, one quart; and the smallest one pint.

“Thou thing,
Thy Belly looks like to some strutting Hill,
O'ershadow'd with thy rough Beard like a Wood,
Or like a larger Jug, that some Men call
A Bellarınine, but we a Conscience ;
Whereon the lewder hand of Pagan Workman
Over the proud ambitious Head, hath carved
An idol large, with Beard episcopal,
Making the Vessel look like Tyrant Eglon."

The Ordinary, iii. 8. By Wm. Cartwright 1657.

187.-Greenish grey and brown stoneware Bellarmine or Long-beard jug, 7žin. high, with a bearded head in front.

188.-Brown stoneware Bellarmine or Longbeard jug, 14in. high, and about irin. diameter in its thickest part; in front a bearded head, and a circular plaque, 3țin. diameter, containing a sheep-shearing scene; the surface covered with rosettes in relief, and medallions with female bust.

189.- Brown stoneware jug, 8fin. high, bearing the arms of the seven Electors of the EmpireBishop of Treves King of Bohemia. Cologne

Prince Palatine » Mayence

King of Saxony Margrave of Brandenburg with the date 1603 below the last on the right.

190.-Brown stoneware jug, Izin. high and gin. diameter; six oval medallions, five round the middle and one above in front, containing a figure in ruff and trunk hose, holding in the right hand a purse and in the left spear, with the words, ICH BEN EIN HEBT ICH HAF DEN BUIDEL DOLT”;

on the rim the words: GELDERLOS BEN ICH ALTOS

MOETEN SEI WEISSEN ALDEI DIT LEISSEN: P.M. 87."

» and

191.-Brown stoneware

stoneware jug, rožin. high; Herod's banquet; on the front of a building “WILM KALES;” on a slab on the right “DEVNTHVIDVNG IOHANNIS ; below, an executioner delivering the head of John the Baptist to Herodias ; on the extreme right the date 1580.

Bequeathed by F. W. FAIRHOLT.

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“the shepherd's homely curds, His cold thin drink out of his leather bottle.

3 Henry VI. ii, 5, 47. Presented by OLIVER BAKER, Edgbaston, May,

1900.

193:-Centre panel of a chimney piece from a house in Stratford formerly belonging to the Clopton family; of walnut wood, ift. 63in. by 7 in., carved with fruit and foliage in high relief. 18th century.

Presented by W. O. HUNT, 1868.

194.-A brass snuffer-holder of the Elizabethan period.

Presented by JOHN MARSHALL, Chapel Street,

Stratford-upon-Avon, 1871.

195.—Rapier, of Shakespeare's day, apparently of German manufacture.

The perforated blade, is 2ft. 104 in.long, and engraved on one

PEDRO TESCH," and on the other side “AN SOLUNGEN." The hilt is of steel, and the leathern scabbard is bound with steel.

Presented by GEORGE CHAPMAN, 1866.

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196.—A sack-bottle of brown glass, with glass plaque attached bearing the crest of Partherich of Clopton.

Presented by SIR ARTHUR HODGSON, K.C.M.G.

Clopton, 1885.

197.-Photograph, three-quarter length, of Henry Graves.

Henry Graves, a well-known print-publisher of Pall Mall, London, was a life-Trustee of Shakespeare's Birthplace from 1879 to his death in 1892.

Presented by ALGERNON GRAVES, Pall Mall,

London, 1892.

198.-Photograph of William Oakes Hunt, with his autograph.

William Oakes Hunt, born at Stratford-upon-Avon, on 26 November, 1794, was Town Clerk of the Borough, in succession to his father, Thomas Hunt, from 1827 till his death on 16 March, *1873. He actively interested himself in the preservation of memorials of Shakespeare in the town, and was a Trustee of the Birth. place Trust from its creation in 1848 till his death.

199.-Photograph of James Orchard HalliwellPhillipps, with his autograph.

James Orchard Halliwell, afterwards Halliwell-Phillipps, who was born in London, on 21 June, 1820, and died at Hollingbury Copse, near Brighton, 1889, devoted himself to the elucidation of the life of Shakespeare, and the history of Stratford-upon-Avon. He was a Trustee of the Birthplace and initiated and successfully carried through, in 1863, the movement for the purchase, on the public behalf, of Shakespeare's New Place Estate. This property now forms part of the Estate of the Trustees of Shakespeare's Birthplace.

200.-An enlarged photograph (by J. F. Ward, of Stratford), of Miss Anne Wheler, 13 September, 1870, aged 88 years, with autograph; in oak frame, carved by John Marshall from wood formerly in Shakespeare's House.

Miss Wheler, who was born 25 January, 1782, and died in 1870, was sister of Robert Bell Wheler (1785-1857) author of “ The History and Antiquities of Stratford-upon-Avon (1806) and collector of local deeds and relics. Miss Wheler presented her brother's valuable collection to the Trustees of Shakespeare's Birthplace.

201.-Photograph of Charles Holte Bracebridge, Atherstone Hall, with autograph. Author of “Shakespeare no Deerstealer, a short account of

See Fulbroke Park, near Stratford-upon-Avon.” London, 1862. No. 248.

202.—Piece of ancient carving, in wood.

Presented by Miss ANNE WHELER.

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