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or made without specific authority of Congress, and so much of the Act of Congress approved June 10, 1920, entitled “ An Act to create a Federal Power Commission; to provide for the improvement of navigation; the development of water power; the use of the public lands in relation thereto; and to repeal section 18 of the River

and Harbor Appropriation Act, approved August 8, Authority for 1917, and for other purposes," approved June 10, 1920, licensing, therein repealed. as authorizes licensing such uses of existing national 2d sess., p. 1063. parks and national monuments by the Federal Power

Commission is hereby repealed.

Approved, March 3, 1921 (41 Stat. 1353).

Public Laws,

WATERING PLACES.

on

An Act Providing for the discovery, development, and protection of

streams, springs, and water holes in the desert and arid public lands of the United States, for rendering the same more readily accessible, and for the establishment of and mainteance of signboards and monuments locating the same.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered, in his discretion in so far as the authorization made herein will permit, to discover, develop, protect, and render more accessible for Development of the benefit of the general public, springs, streams, and public landet water holes on arid public lands of the United States; and in connection therewith to erect and maintain suitable and durable monuments and signboards at proper Erection of places and intervals along and near the accustomed lines

signboards. of travel and over the general area of said desert lands, containing information and directions as to the location and nature of said springs, streams, and water holes, to the end that the same may be more readily traced and found by persons in search or need thereof; also to provide convenient and ready means, apparatus, and appli- Means of utiances by which water may be brought to the earth's surface at said water holes for the use of such persons; also to prepare and distribute suitable maps, reports, and information.

Distribution of general information relating to said springs, streams, and water holes, and their specific location with reference to lines of travel.

Sec. 2. That to carry out the purposes of this Act the Expenditure expenditure of $10,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby authorized.

SEC. 3. That whoever shall willfully or maliciously in- Punishment for jure, destroy, deface, or remove any of said monuments juries. or signposts, or shall willfully or maliciously fill up, render foul, or in anywise destroy or impair the utility of said springs, streams, or water holes, or shall willfully or maliciously interfere with said monuments, signposts, streams, springs, or water holes, or the purposes for which they are maintained and used, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

SEC. 4. That the Secretary of the Interior is hereby Regulations, . authorized to perform any and all acts and make such rules and regulations as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying the provisions of this Act into full force and effect. Approved, August 21, 1916 (39 Stat. 518). 36039-23 42

653

WITHDRAWALS AND RESTORATIONS.

Page 654 655

Act of June 8, 1906--National monuments -
Act of February 20, 1909_Withdrawal of certain lands in California.
Act of June 25, 1910—President authorized to withdraw lands for public

purposes Certain rights not affected.---
Act of August 24, 1912—Withdrawals subject to certain rights..
Act of September 30, 1913—Restoration of withdrawn lands.--
Act of January 26, 1921--Disposition of certain withdrawn lands.--

655 656 657 658

An Act For the preservation of American antiquities.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

tives of the United States of America in Congress assemAmerican an:

an. bled, That any person who shall appropriate, excavate, tiquities. Penalty for un.

injure, or destroy any historic or prehistoric ruin or wuthorized exca- monument, or any object of antiquity, situated on lands

owned or controlled by the Government of the United States, without the permission of the Secretary of the Department of the Government having jurisdiction over the lands on which said antiquities are situated, shall, upon conviction, be fined in a sum of not more than five hundred dollars or be imprisoned for a period of not more than ninety days, or shall suffer both fine and

imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. Setting a part ŠEC. 2. That the President of the United States is of historic, etc., lands.

hereby authorized, in his discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and may reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the

proper care and management of the objects to be proRelinquishment tected: Provided, That when such objects are situated of private claims.

upon a tract covered by a bona fide unperfected claim or held in private ownership, the tract, or so much thereof as may be necessary for the proper care and management of the object, may be relinquished to the Government, and the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to accept the relinquishment of 'such tracts

in behalf of the Government of the United States. Permits for ex SEC. 3. That permits for the examination of ruins, cavations, etc.

the excavation of archaeological sites, and the gathering of objects of antiquity upon the lands under their

respective jurisdictions may be granted by the Secre

musconi

taries of the Interior, Agriculture, and War to institutions which they may deem properly qualified to conduct such examination, excavation, or gathering, subject to such rules and regulations as they may prescribe: Provided, The examinations, excavations, and gather- Preservation in ings are undertaken for the benefit of reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other recognized scientific or educational institutions, with a view to increasing the knowledge of such objects, and that the gatherings shall be made for permanent preservation in public museums.

SEC. 4. That the Secretaries of the Departments afore- Regulations. said shall make and publish from time to time uniform rules and regulations for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

Approved, June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225).

An Act To withdraw from settlement and entry certain lands in the

State of California.

California. Public lands

Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilouse of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all of the public lands in section eight, town ship one south, range two west, and in sections two, reserved to confour, eight, ten, and twelve, in township one south, San Bernardino range three west, San Bernardino base and meridian, in Valley. the State of California, are hereby withdrawn from settlement and entry and reserved for the purpose of aiding in the conservation of the waters of the San Bernardino Valley: Provided, That this Act shall not defeat Prior rights any vested right which has attached under any pending not affected. entry or location.

Sec. 2. That any individual or association of individ Use of waste uals or any company or corporation may have the right, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe, to conduct to said lands and to distribute over them any flood or waste waters not otherwise appropriated, and to build the necessary engineering works for this purpose, to the end that said flood or waste waters may sink into the sands and gravels of said lands, thereby increasing and replenishing the supply of underground waters in the San Bernardino Valley.

Approved, February 20, 1909 (35 Stat. 641).

waters, etc.

An Act To authorize the President of the United States to make

withdrawals of public lands in certain cases.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President may, at any time in his discre

Temporary

withdrawals by tion, temporarily withdraw from settlement, location, President for sale, or entry any of the public lands of the United States power sites, irri

, including the District of Alaska and reserve the same for water-power sites, irrigation, classification of lands, or

fide oil or

claims.

other public purposes to be specified in the orders of withdrawals, and such withdrawals or reservations shall remain in force until revoked by him or by an Act of

Congress. Mining rights

SEC. 2. That all lands withdrawn under the provisions continued.

of this Act shall at all times be open to exploration, dis

covery, occupation, and purchase, under the mining laws Rights of bona

of the United States, so far as the same apply to minerals

gas other than coal, oil, gas, and phosphates: Provided, That claimants.

the rights of any person who, at the date of any order of withdrawal heretofore or hereafter made, is a bona fide occupant or claimant of oil or gas bearing lands, and who, at such date, is in diligent prosecution of work leading to discovery of oil or gas, shall not be affected or

impaired by such order, so long as such occupant or Status of prior claimant shall continue in diligent prosecution of said

work: And provided further, That this Act shall not be construed as a recognition, abridgement, or enlargement

of any asserted rights or claims initiated upon any oil or Homestead, gas bearing lands after any withdrawal of such lands etc., settlements excepted.

made prior to the passage of this Act: And provided further, That there shall be excepted from the force and effect of any withdrawal made under the provisions of this Act all lands which are, on the date of such withdrawal, embraced in any lawful homestead or desert-land entry theretofore made, or upon which any valid settlement has been made and is at said date being maintained and perfected pursuant to law; but the terms of this proviso shall not continue to apply to any particular tract of land unless the entryman or settler shall continue

to comply with the law under which the entry or settleRestriction on forest" rement was made: And provided further, That hereafter

no forest reserve shall be created, nor shall any addi. tions be made to one heretofore created within the limits of the States of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana,

Colorado, or Wyoming, except by Act of Congress. Report of with

Sec. 3. That the Secretary of the Interior shall report gress.

all such withdrawals to Congress at the beginning of its next regular session after the date of the withdrawals.

Approved, June 25, 1910 (36 Stat. 847).

new serves.

drawals to Con

An Act To amend section two of an Act to authorize the President

of the United States to make withdrawals of public lands in certain cases, approved June twenty-fifth, nineteen hundred and ten.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

tives of the United States of America in Congress assemWithdrawals bled, That section two of the Act of Congress approved or specific pur. June twenty-fifth, nineteen hundred and ten (Thirty

sixth Statutes at Large, page eight hundred and fortyseven), be, and the same hereby is, amended to read as

follows: Mining rights

"SEC. 2. That all lands withdrawn under the provisions of this Act shall at all times be open to exploration,

continued.

• Amended by the Act of Aug. 24, 1912.

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