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GENERAL LAND OFFICE.

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OFFICIALS AND REQUIREMENTS.-Sections 446 447, Revised Stat

utes, Appointment of Commissioner and recorder...
Sections 450-456-Secretary to President to sign patents---Assistant

Secretary-Officers and employees to have no interest in public lands--
Sections 458-459-Patents-Duties of recorder---
Section 2478—Commissioner to execute the laws_
Act of June 19, 1878-Clerk designated by President to sign patents.-
Act of March 3, 1879—Director of Geological Survey to classify lands,

but to have no interest in same-
Act of July 7, 1884—Assistant commissioner and salary-
Act of March 2, 1895—Engrossing of patents by typewriters Duties of

recorder, in case of absence, to devolve upon assistant commissioner..
Act of May 23, 1908-Clerk to be temporary assistant commissioner.
Act of April 6, 1914-Subsistence while traveling-----
Act of August 1, 1914-No compensation in addition to salary-Sub-

sistence while traveling---
OFFICIALS NOT TO ACT AS ATTORNEYS.-Section 190, Revised

Statutes, Officials not to act as attorneys while in service nor within

two years thereafter..
Act of March 4, 1909-Penalty for acting as attorney.
REQUIREMENTS OF ATTORNEYS.-Sections 3478-3479, Revised

Statutes, Oath of attorneys ----
Act of July 4, 1884-Rules governing attorneys...

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OFFICIALS AND REQUIREMENTS.

UNITED STATES REVISED STATUTES.

107; 1873,

Mar. 17

Commissioner Sec. 446. There shall be in the Department of the Inof the General Land Office.

terior a Commissioner of the General Land-Office, who Apr: 257 1312; shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 4, 1836 ; 5 Stat. advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be entitled to a Stat: salary of four thousand dollars a year. (Now $5.000.) 1

SEC. 447. There shall be in the General Land Office an Recorder

of General Land of officer called the Recorder of the General Land Office, fice.

July 4, 1836, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 593:23 sMar. 3, advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be entitled to

a salary of two thousand dollars a year.

508.

SEC. 450. The President is authorized to appoint, from

time to time, by and with the advice and consent of the Secretary the President to

to Senate, a secretary, at a salary of one thousand five hunsign patents. dred dollars a year, whose duty it shall be, under the

July, 4, 1836, direction of the President, to sign in his name, and for 5 S. iii.

him, all patents for lands sold or granted under the authority of the United States.

? Increased to five thousand dollars by Act of Apr. 28, 1902 (32 Stat. 120-157).

Jan. 26, 1848.

4, 1836,

5 S. 112.

Duties of commissioner.

Sec. 451. If at any time the number of patents for te Assistant secreo lands sold or granted under the authority of the United patents. States, is such that they can not be signed within a reason- 9 8. 209. able time by the secretary appointed under the preceding section, the President may appoint an assistant secretary to sign the same, but such assistant shall be employed by the express direction of the President, and only for such time as may be necessary to bring up the arrears of patents which may be ready for signature.

SEC. 452. The officers, clerks, and employees in the Gen- Restriction eral Land Office are prohibited from directly or indirectly cerks, and ern: purchasing or becoming interested in the purchase of any ployees.

Apr. 25, 1812, of the public land; and any person who violates this sec- 2 s. 717; July tion shall forth with be removed from his office.

Sec. 453. The Commissioner of the General Land Office shall perform, under the direction of the Secretary , Apr. 25, 1812, of the Interior, all executive duties appertaining to the . $18366 July surveying and sale of the public lands of the United 107 June ; States, or in anywise respecting such public lands, and Feb. also, such as relate to private claims of land, and the 18 s. 317. issuing of patents for all grants of land under the authority of the Government.

Sec. 454. The Commissioner of the General Land Custody of seal, Office shall retain the charge of the seal heretofore books, records, adopted for the office, which may continue to be used, , Apr 25, 1812, and of the records, books, papers, and other property appertaining to the office.

SEC. 455. The Commissioner of the General Land Office shall, when required by the President or either House of Congress, make a plat of any land surveyed Plats of lands under the authority of the United States, and give such surveyed,

Apr. 25, 1812, information respecting the public lands and concerning 2 s. 717. the business of his office as shall be directed.

SEC. 456. All returns relative to the public lands Returns and acshall be made to the Commissioner of the General Land counts relativa to Office.

1874, 18 S. 62; 18,

1875,

Apr, 25, 1812, 2 S. 717.

*

for lands.

Duties of re.

SEC. 458. All patents issuing from the General Land Issue of patents Office shall be issued in the name of the United States, Apr. 25, 1812. and be signed by the President, and countersigned by is 17175. Mar. 3, the Recorder of the General Land Office; and shall be recorded in the office, in books to be kept for that purpose.

SEC. 459. It shall be the duty of the Recorder of the General Land Office, in pursuance of instructions from corder. the Commissioner, to certify and affix the seal of the 2 s. 717. office to all patents for public lands, and to attend to the correct engrossing, recording, and transmission of such patents. He shall prepare alphabetical indexes of the names of patentees, and of persons entitled to patents; and he shall prepare such copies and exemplifications of matters on file or recorded in the General Land Office as the Commissioner may from time to

Apr. 25, 1812

time direct. Whenever the office of Recorder shall become vacant, or in case of his sickness or absence, the duties of his office shall be performed ad interim by the principal clerk on private land claims.?

*

Power of Com. missioner of Land

Sec. 2478. The Commissioner of the General Land Office to enforce Office, under the direction of the Secretary of the InJuly 26, 1866, terior, is authorized to enforce and carry into execution,

by appropriate regulations, every part of the provisions of this title not otherwise specially provided for.

14 S. 253.

ACTS OF CONGRESS PASSED SUBSEQUENT TO THE

REVISED STATUTES.

Extract from the legislative appropriation Act approved June 19,

1878 (20 Stat. 178–183). Signing. land And the duties prescribed by section of the Revised patents.

Statutes numbered four hundred and fifty shall devolve upon and be discharged by one of the executive clerks, to be designated by the President for that purpose. Extract from the legislative appropriation Act approved July 7, 1884

(23 Stat. 159-186). Assistant com. One Assistant Commissioner of the General Land missioner, eral Land Office. Office), to be appointed by the President, by and with

the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall be authorized to sign such letters, papers, and documents and to perform such other duties as may be directed by the Commissioner, and shall act as Commissioner in the absence of that officer or in the case of a vacancy in the office of the Commissioner, three thousand dollars.

Gen

Extracts from the legislative appropriation Act approved March 2,

1895 (28 Stat. 764-807). Engrossing, Sec. 3. The engrossing and recording of patents for etc., may be by typewriters. public lands may be done by means of typewriters or

other machines, under regulations to be made by the

Secretary of the Interior and approved by the President. Duplicating of registers and re

The duplication of reports and returns of registers and ceivers' returns to receivers to the General Land Office shall be prevented be prevented.

by such regulation as the Commissioner of the General Land Office, with the approval of the Secretary of the

Interior, may make. Duties of as. sistant commis.

The duties imposed on the principal clerk of private sioner.

land claims by section four hundred and fifty-nine of the Revised Statutes shall hereafter be performed by the Assistant Commissioner of the General Land Office.

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: Transferred to assistant commissioner by the act of Mar. 2, 1895, following.

* Now $3,500.

Extract from the legislative appropriation Act approved May 23,

1908 (35 Stat. 184-225).

commis

That hereafter the Secretary of the Interior be, and Temporary as. he is hereby, authorized to designate an officer or em- sioner. ploye of the General Land Office to act temporarily as Assistant Commissioner of that office during the absence of the Assistant Commissioner, or in case of a vacancy in the office of such Assistant Commissioner, or when such Assistant Commissioner is acting as Commissioner, and all acts performed by any officer or employee while acting under such designation shall have the same force and effect as if performed by said Commissioner or Assistant Commissioner.

That hereafter the Secretary of the Interior be, and he corder. is hereby, authorized to designate an officer or employee of the General Land Office to perform temporarily the duties of the Recorder of that office in the absence of that officer and in the case of a vacancy in the office of such Recorder, and the acts of any person so designated shall have all the force and effect of an act performed by the Recorder.

Temporary re.

Subsistence ex

for of

Extract from the urgent deficiency appropriation Act, approved April

6, 1914 (38 Stat. 312–318). On and after July first, nineteen hundred and fourteen, unless otherwise expressly provided by law, no officer or employee of the United States shall be allowed or paid any sum in excess of expenses actually incurred for subsistence while traveling on duty outside of the District Acials. of Columbia and away from his designated post of duty, nor any sum for such expenses actually incurred in excess of $5 per day; nor shall any allowance or reimbursement Allowance for for subsistence be paid to any officer or employee in any erict of Columbia branch of the public service of the United States in the limited. District of Columbia unless absent from his designated post of duty outside of the District of Columbia, and then actual absence. only for the period of time actually engaged in the discharge of official duties.

Restricted

to

Extract from the sundry civil appropriation Act, approved August 1,

1914 (38 Stat. 609-680).

Lump-sum ap

Sec. 12. That it shall not be lawful hereafter to pay to

propriations. any person, employed in the service of the United States under any general or lump sum appropriation, any sum additional to the regular compensation received for or ditional salaries attached to any employment held prior to an appointment to one morbidden. or designation as acting for or instead of an occupant of any other office or employment. This provision shall not be construed as prohibiting regular and permanent promotions not appointments by promotion from lower to higher grades of employments.

Subsistence al. SEC. 13. That the heads of executive departments and lowances outside of District of Co-other Government establishments are authorized to prelumbia limited. scribe per diem rates of allowance not exceeding $1 in

lieu of subsistence to persons engaged in field work or traveling on official business outside of the District of Columbia and away from their designated posts of duty when not otherwise fixed by law. For the fiscal year nineteen hundred and sixteen and annually thereafter estimates of appropriations from which per diem allowances are to be paid shall specifically state the rates of such allowances.

Extract from the sundry civil appropriation Act, approved March 3,

1879 (20 Stat. 377–394). Employees of Provided, That this officer [the Director of the GeoSurrey to have no logical Survey) shall have the direction of the Geological interestuinelands Survey, and the classification of the public lands and

examination of the Geological Structure, mineral resources and products of the national domain. And that the Director and members of the Geological Survey shall have no personal or private interests in the lands or mineral wealth of the region under survey, and shall execute no surveys or examinations for private parties or corporations.

OFFICIALS NOT TO ACT AS ATTORNEYS.

Persons for.

UNITED STATES REVISED STATUTES.

Sec. 190. It shall not be lawful for any person appartments not to pointed after the first day of June, one thousand eight prosecute claims hundred and seventy-two, as an officer, clerk, or employe

June 1, 1872, in any of the Departments, to act as counsel, attorney, 17 S. 202.

or agent for prosecuting any claim against the United States which was pending in either of said Departments while he was such officer, clerk, or employe, nor in any manner, nor by any means, to aid in the prosecution of any such claim, within two years next after he shall have ceased to be such officer, clerk, or employe.

AÇTS OF CONGRESS PASSED SUBSEQUENT TO THE

REVISED STATUTES.

An Act To codify, revise, and amend the penal laws of the United

States.

Officers inter SEC. 109. Whoever, being an officer of the United ested in claims against United States, or person holding any place of trust or profit, States.

or discharging any official function under, or in connection with, any Executive Department of the Government of the United States, or under the Senate or House of Representatives of the United States, shall act as an agent or attorney for prosecuting any claim against the United States, or in any manner, or by any means, otherwise than in the discharge of his proper official duties,

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