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47 Participles; Deponent; perfect with present sense, 58
85 Participle and noun taken together as one noun to name
the action denoted by the participle (see 459).

107 Ablative Absolute-the ablative of this noun.

153 Imperfect Passive Participle and noun taken together as

one noun

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108 Imperative mood; Historic Infinitive, 125.



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51 Verbs and Adjectives followed both by Dative, and by
Ablative with a preposition

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88 Verbs naturally intransitive used transitively

226 Double use of circumdo, &c.

263 Comparatives

329 Eo-quo; quisque, 342; alius, and alter, 358

411 Uter and utri, &c., Superlative with quam, 436



1 Indicative: Present-imperfect; Historic Present, 22;

Past-imperfect, 36

Future; Present-perfect, 74; Aorist, 80

Past-perfect or Pluperfect; Future-perfect, 96

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in Bye sentences:

to denote the Purpose, with ut and qui

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Subjunctive Mood .

1 Primary, or Non-stating, use; in a Simple sentence (p. 137)
in the Main sentence of a Compound sentence



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Secondary, or Stating use; to denote the Result, with ut

(see 450)

with quum, to denote the Reason for, 'since;'
the Reason against, 'though'


in the pluperfect with quum.

436 Sequence of Tenses; Laws for, p. 144

456 Historic Present.


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478 Compounds for the Future in the Infin. and Subjunctive.



558 Usage with a few Conjunctions; si, 595

603 Single Questions, direct and indirect; Double, 642;

scio an, 698.

Rules for passing from Direct to Indirect Speech

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Prosody. Extracts from Ovid's Fasti

Notes ·

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Vocabulary to the Twelve first chapters

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1 A Noun is the name of an Object. An Object is anything whatever that we can think of. 'Henry,' 'Mary,' 'table,' 'happiness' are therefore nouns, because they name objects of which we can think.

2 A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. There are strictly speaking only three pronouns in Latin: ego 'I,' which names the speaker, or first person, as it is called; tu 'thou,' which names the person spoken to, or second person; and there is also for the third person the imperfect Reflexive, sui 'of himself,' &c. All the other so called pronouns are really adjectives. But these three, as they name objects, are nouns; they are subject to the same construction as nouns; and therefore in the following pages they will always be considered, except when distinction is necessary, as included under the head of nouns.

3 As a noun is the name of an object, so a Verb is a word about it. A verb then, to make sense, must be joined to a noun or pronoun, either expressed or understood. And a Verb, when thus joined to a noun, denotes that the object named by the noun performs a certain action, or is in a certain state: as, Gaius ambulat, 'Gaius walks;' aqua calet, 'water is warm.'

An Adjective also, to make sense, must be joined to a noun; and when thus joined it denotes that the object named by the noun is of a certain sort: as, bonus puer 'good boy;' calida aqua 'warm water.'

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