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step to step, in these pages, each measure of which mention is made in the course of the De-
18th Sessions, }
First Proceedings in Congress.
[Deo. 6--8, 1824.
IN SENATE-MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1824.
IN SENATE-WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8, This being the day fixed for the opening of the Second Mr. BARBOUR, from the Joint Committee appointed Session of the Eighteenth Congress, Mr. GAILLARD, to consider and report what respectful mode it may be president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice Presi- proper for Congress to adopt to receive General LAFAYdent, took the chair; and the roll being called over, it ap- Ette, made the following report : peared that a quorum of members was present, and a com “ The Joint Committee propose that each House adopt mittee was appointed, jointly, with such committee as its own manner of receiving General LAFAYETTE. the House of Representatives might appoint, 10 wait on “ The Committee on the part of the Senate recomthe President of the United States, and inform him that mend that the President of the Senate invite General the two Houses were assembled, and ready to receive LAFAYETTE to take a seat, such as he shall designate, in any communication he might have to make, &c. the Senate Chamber: that the Committee deliver the
invitation to the General, and introduce bim into the SeHOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.—SAME DAY. nate, and the members receive the General standing." At 12 o'clock this day, the SPEAKER, (Hon. HENRY
In delivering this report, Mr. BARBOUR stated that CLAY, of Kentucky,) took the chair; and the roll being the Joint Committee, entertaining every wish to make called, one hundred and eighty members answered to the reception of General LAFAYETTE as complimentary their names; and a committee was appointed on the part as possible, yet found difficulties in the way of any arof this House to join with such committee as should be rangement for a joint proceeding, which were not easily appointed on the part of the Senate, to wait on the Pre- removeable; and it was therefore thought by the comsident of the United States, and inform him that a quo mittee, best for each House to adopt its own arrangerum of both Houses is assembled, and ready to receive ments, and its own form, in the reception of that distinany communication he may have to make to them.
guished individual. Mr. MITCHELL, of Maryland, offered the following
It was resolved, unanimously, That the Senate do con. resolution:
cur in the report. " Resolved, that the Honorable the Speaker invite our distinguished guest and benefactor, Gen. LAFAYETTE,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.--SAME DAY. to a seat within the Hall of this House, and that he cli On motion of Mr. TAYLOR, of New York, the House rect the manner of his reception.”
resolved itself into a committee of the whole on the This resolution gave rise to some conversation as to state of the Union, Mr. P. P. BARBOUR, of Virginia, what would be the most proper mode of expressing the in the chair, and distributed, by a number of distinct re. respect felt by this House towards the illustrious indi-solutions, the various parts of the President's Message vidual referred to, which resulted in the adoption of the to the proper committees. following resolution, which was proposed by Mr. A. STE. The several select committees, established by these VEXSOs, as a substitute for the other:
resolves, were ordered to consist of seven members * Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the each, with the exception of that in relation to a provision part of this House, to join such committee as may be for General LAFAYETTE, which was ordered to consist of appointed on the part of the Senate, to consider and re-thirteen. port what respectful mode it may be proper for Congress to adopt to receive General LAFAYETTE, and to to determine in what manner Gen. Lafayette shall be
Mr. MITCHELL, from the Joint Committee appointed testify the very high gratification which he has afforded received by the two Houses of Congress, asked and ob. it by his present visit to the United States, made in pur- tained leave to report, and presented the following: suance of the invitation given to him by Congress, during its last session."
“The committee appointed on the part of this House, The coinmittee was appointed, to consist, on the part part of the Senate, to consider and report what respect
to join such committee as might be appointed on the of the House, of thirteen members.
ful mode it may be proper for Congress to adopt to reIN SENATE-TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1824.
ceive General LAFAYETTE, and to testify the very high On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, the Senate concurred gratification which he has afforded by his present visit in the resolution from the other
, respecting the to the United States, made in pursuance of the invitation reception of General LAFAYETTE.
given to him by Congress, during its last session, report: A written message was received from the President that subject, and that the committees have agreed to re
“ That they have met a committee of the Senate on of the United States, by Mr. EVERETT, (which will be con mend to their respective Houses that each House found in the Appendix.)
receive General LAFAYETTY in such manner as it shall The message was read, and, On motion of Mr. LLOYD, of Massachusetts, it was
deem most suitable to the occasion, and the committee Ordered, That three thousand copies thereof be print recommend to the House the following resolutions : ed for the use of the Senate.
“ Resolved, that the congratulations of this House be On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, it was
publicly given to General LAFAYETTE on his arrival in the Ordered, That fifteen hundred copies of the docu. United States, in compliance with the wishes of Conments accompanying said Message be printed for the gress, and that he be assured of the gratitude and deep use of the Senate.
respect which the House entertains for his signal and il. lustrious services in the Revolution, and the pleasure it
feels in being able to welcome him, after an absence of HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.—SAME DAY.
so many years, to the theatre of his early labors and ear. A Message was received from the President of the ly renown. Cnited States, by Mr. EVERETT, and read at the Clerk's “ Resolved, That, for this purpose, Gen. LAFAYETTE table. (See Appendix.)
be invited by a committee to attend the House on FriOn motion of Mr. TAYLOR, the Message, with the ac- day next, at one o'clock; that he be introduced by the companying Documents, were referred to a committee committee, and received by the members standing, un. of the whole on the state of the Union, and 6,000 copies covered, and addressed by the Speaker, in behalf of the were ordered to be printed.
House, in pursuance of the foregoing resolution."
Sen. & H. of R.]
Reception of Lafayette.
[Dec. 9-10, 1824.
The resolutions were adopted unanimously, and so der which you have placed our country. But the relaentered on record. The Committee of Invitation was tions in which you have ever stood to the United States, appointed, to consist of 24 members, on suggestion of interesting and important as they have been, do not conMr. STEVENSON.
stitute the only motive of the respect and admiration
which this House entertains for you. Your consistency IN SENATE_THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1824. of character, your uniform devotion to regulated liberty, Mr. BARBOUR, from the committee appointed to in all the vicissitudes of a long and arduous life, also com. perform that duty, reported that they had waited on mand its highest admiration. During all the recent General LAFAYETTE, with the invitation of the Senate, convulsions of Europe, ami Ist, as after, the dispersion of and that he had informed them he would wait on the every political storm, the people of the United States Senate this day at one o'clock.
have ever beheld you true to your old principles, firm At one o'clock, General LAFAYETTE entered the and erect, cheering and animating with your well-known Chamber of the Senate, accompanied by the Committee voice, the votaries of Liberty, its faithful and fearless of that body. On entering the bar, Mr. BARBOUR, champion, ready to shed the last drop of that blood chairman of the committee, announced the presence of which, here, you so freely and nobly spilt in the same the General, in the following words: “We introduce holy cause. General LAFAYETTE to the Senate of the United States;"
“The vain wish has been sometimes indulged, that whereupon, the President of the Senate and the Sena. Providence would allow the Patriot, after death, to retors rose from their seats, and the General, advancing turn to his country, and to contemplate the intermediate towards the Chair of the Senate, was invited by the Pre-l changes which had taken place-to view the forests sident to take a seat, prepared for him on the right of felled, the cities built, the mountains levelled, the canals the Chair.
cut, the highways constructed, the progress of the arts, Soon after the General was seated,
the advancement of learning, and the increase of populaMr. BARBOUR moved that the Senate adjourn.
tion. General, your present visit to the United States is Mr. LLOYD, of Mass. concurred in the wish for the the realization of the consoling object of that wish. Senate to adjourn, to afford the members an opportunity You are in the minst of posterity! Every where you of paying their individual respects to Gen. LAFAYETTE.
must have been struck with the great changes, physical The Senate then adjourned, and the Senators, indivi- and moral, which have occurred since you left us. Even dually, beginning with the President of the Senate, ten this very city, bearing a venerated name, alike endeardered him
their respects, which were cordially and feel ed to you and to us, has since emerged from the forest ingly reciprocated.
which then covered its site. In one respect, you behold
us unaltered, and that is in the sentiment of continued HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-Dec. 10, 1824.
dr-voʻion to liberty, and of ardent affection and profound Mr. CONDICT, of New Jersey, moved that a messen-try, and to y ur illustrious associates in the fi ld and in
gratitude to your departed friend, the Father of his Counger be sent to the Senate of the United States, inviting the Cabinet, for the multiplied blessings which surround that body to attend in the Chamber of Representatives, us, and for the very privilege of addressing you, which at one o'clock, to day, on the reception of General La. I now exercise. This sentiment, now fondly cherished FAYETTE. It was objected to the adoption of this motion, that with unabated vigor, down the tide of time, through the
by more than ten millions of people, will be transmitted, the Senate had, yesterday, adjourned over to Monday. countless millions who are destined to inhabit this conThe question, however, was taken, and the motion pass- tinent, to their latest posterity.” ed in the affirmative-ayes 90, noes 69. Seats were accordingly ordered for the members of a tone in which energy of character and sensibility of
To which address, General LAFAYETTE replied, in the Senate, who shortly after entered, and took the feeling were most interestingly blended, to the following places assigned them.
effect: At one o'clock, according to previous arrangement, General LAFAYETTE appeared, attended by the Commit
“ Mr. Speaker, and tee of twenty-four members of the House of Represen Gentlemen of the House of Representatives: tatives, and was introduced to the House by Mr. MIT “While the People of the United States and their hoCHELL, chairman of the committee.
norable Representatives in Congress have deigned to On the General's entry, the members and persons ad- make choice of me, one of the American veterans, to sig. mitted on the floor of the House, rose, and remained nify in his person their esteem for our joint services, and standing, uncovered.
their attachment to the principles for which we have had Mr. SPEAKER then rose, and, in behalf of the House, the honor to fight and bleed, 'I am proud and happy to addressed the Nation's Guest, in the following eloquent share those extraordinary favors with my dear Revolustrain, adorned by those graces of oratory for which he tionary companions. Yet, it would be, on my part, un is distinguished:
candid and ungrateful not to acknowledge my personal "Givenal: The House of Representatives of the share in those testimonies of kindness, as they excite in United States, impelled alike by its own feelings, and my breast emotions which no adequate words could exby those of the whole American People, could not have press. assigned to me a more gratifying duty than that of being "My obligatious to the United States, sir, far exceed its organ to present to you cordial congratulations upon any merit I might claim. They date from the time when the occasion of your recent arrival in the United States, I have had the happiness to be adopted as a young solin compliance with the wishes of Congress, and to assure dier, a favored son of America. They have been conyou of the very high satisfaction which your presence tinued to me during almost half a century of constant afaffords on this early theatre of your glory and renown. fection and confidence; and now, sir, thanks to your Although but few of the members who compose this bo- most gratifying invitation, I find myself greeted by a sedy, shared with you in the war of our Revolution, all ries of welcomes, one hour of which would more than have a knowledge, from impartial history, or from faith. compensate for the public exertions and sufferings of a ful tradition, of the perils, the sufferings, and the sacri. whole life. fices, which you voluntarily encountered, and the signal "The approbation of the American People, and their services in America and in Europe, which you perform-Representatives, for my conduct during the vicissitudes ed, for an infant, a distant, and an alien people, and all of the European Revolution, is the highest reward I feel and own the very great extent of the obligations un-I could receive. Well may i stand "firm and erect,"
Deo. 13-14, 1824.]
[Sen. & HR.
when, in their names, and by you, Mr. Speaker, I am The bill was then PASSED nem. con. and sent to the declared to have, in every instance, been faithful to Senate for concurrence. those American principles of liberty, equality, and true An engrossed bill, also of the last session, "authorizsocial order, the devotion to which, as it has been from ng repayment for land erroneously sold by the United my earliest youth, so it shall continue to be to my latest States," was read a third time, PASSED, and sent to the breath
Senate for concurrence. * You have been pleased, Mr. Speaker, to allude to On proceeding to call over the roll of bills reported at the peculiar felicity of my situation, when, after so long the last session, and laid over an ansence, I am called to witness the immense improve Mr. FULLER, of Massachusetts, moved that the House ments, the admirable communications, the prodigious go into committee of the whole on that bill which precreations, of wh ch we find an example in this city, poses to authorize the building of ten additional sloops whose name itself is a venerated Palladium; in a word, of war. The motion was negatived-ayes 72, noes 79. all the grandeur and prosperity of these happy United The House then went into committee of the whole, States, which, at the same time they nobly secure the Mr. LATHROP in the Chair, on the bill more effectually complete assertion of American Independence, reflect to provide for the punishment of certain crimes against on every part of the world the light of a far superior po- the United States, and for other purposes. The bill litical civilization.
having been read in part, Mr. BARBOUR, expressing " What better pledge can be given of a persevering an opinion that its provisions were inadequate to cover national love of liberty, when those blessings were evi- all cases necessary to be provided for, and that it would dently the result of a virtuous resistance to oppression, probably require additional provisions, moved that the and of institutions founded on the rights of man and the committee rise and report progress. The committee Republican principle of self-government ? No, Mr. rose accordingly, and had leave to sit again. Speaker, posterity has not begun for me-since, in the sons of my companions and friends, I find the same pub
IN SENATE-TUESDAY, Dec. 14, 1824. lic feelings, and permit me to add, the same feelings in On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, my behalf, which I have had the happiness to experience Resolved, That so much of the President's message as in their fathers.
relates to Foreign Affairs, be referred to the Committee “Sir, I have been allowed, forty years ago, before a on Foreign Relations. Committee of a Congress of thirteen States, to express [The motion of Mr. BARBOUR, it was understood, the fond wishes of an American heart. On this day I comprehended, besides others, that portion of the Meshave the honor, and enjoy the delight, to congratulate sage which relates to arrangements for the suppression the Representatives of the Union, so vastly enlarged, on of piracy and of pirates.on the Island of Cuba, &c. as well the realization of those wishes, even beyond every hu- as on the water. The question of reference gave rise to man expectation, and upon the almost infinite prospects some conversation on the part of Mr. BARBOUR, Mr. we can with certainty anticipate.
HAYNE, and Mr LLOYD, of Mass. which was interest“Permit me, Mr. Speaker, and gentlemen of the ing, as it indicated a strong desire and determination in House of Representatives, to join, to the expression of the Senate to leave no effort unemployed to effectually those sentiments, a tribute of iny lively gratitude, affec- protect our commerce from piracy in the West Indian tionate devotion, and profound respect."
seas, and to extirpate the freebooters who now, by the After the General and the Members had resumed facilities of concealment afforded to them in the Island their seats, and a short pause occurred,
of Cuba, &c prey on our commerce, and commit such Mr. MITCHELL, the organ of the Committee of re- atrocities on those who fall into their hands. In the ception, moved an adjournment.
course of the conversation, Mr. HAYNE and Mr. LLOYD The motion was agreed to, and the House was ad. both intimated an intention they had respectively formjourned to Monday.
ed, to bring the subject fully before the Senate, by spe. The SPEAKEŘ then descended from the Chair, and cial inquiries.] most affectionately saluted the General. His example Mr. BENTON presented the petition of sundry inhawas followed by the Members of the House, individually, bitants of the state of Missouri, on the subject of a trade and some time was spent in this agreeable manner be- and intercourse between that state and the internal Profore tbe GENERAL retired.
vinces of Mexico.
[This petition recited, that a beneficial trade had been HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES--Dec. 13, 1824 carried on for some years between the inhabitants of the
The engrossed bull (lying over from last session)" to two countries, in which domestic cottons and other authorize the state of Ohio to sell and convey certain articles had been carried out from the United States, tracts of land granted to said state for the use of the and gold, silver, furs, and mules, brought back in repeople thereof,” was read a third time.
turn; that the intervening tribes of Indians presented Mr. VINTON, of Ohio, rose, and explained the object the only obstacle to the successful prosecution of the of this bill, and the considerations which recommended trade upon a large scale ; that the merchandise had to its passage. The grant of these lands, on account of the be carried through a tract of country inhabited by differ. salt springs upon then, to the state of Ohio, was subject ent tribes, to enter whose territory, without a licence, to the condition that the state should not sell them, nor was penal under the laws of the United States, and dan. lease them for a longer term than ten years. The ob- gerous, unless the consent of the tribes was previously ject of this reservation was, to prevent a monopoly of obtained ; that some outrages to persons, and repeated this indispensable article of subsistence. Since this depredations on property, had already been committed ; grant, however, it had been ascertained that there was and that a total interruption to the commercial and soin the state an abundance of resources for the manufac- cial intercourse, so happily began in that quarter beture of salt; and springs had been discovered and work-tween the citizens of the two Republics, might be ap. ed, so superior in the quantity and quality of the salt, as prehended, unless the Government of the United States entirely to supersede the use of those on the reserved interposed for its protection. The petition, therefore, lands. These lands were, consequently, in their present prayedcondition, of no value to the state, and the state, there
1. That the right of an unmolested passage, for perfore, wished to be allowed to dispose of them. The sons and property, upon a designated route, between state alone was interested in this question, the United the frontiers of Missouri and the internal provinces of States having neither title to, nor interest in, these lands, Mexico, might be obtained by treaty stipulations from haviog ceded both to the state of Ohio.
the Indians referred to.
Sen. & H. of R.]
[Deo. 14-15, 1824,
2. That a military post and an Indian agency might be sioners; in 1809, some of their head men were in Washestablished on the Arkansas river, at the point of the ington to make arrangements for going to the West, and intersection of that river by the proposed route.] had much intercourse with the government; in March,
The petition, upon the motion of Mr. BENTON, was 1916, two Treaties were concluded with them, by Mr. referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
George Graham, then Acting Secretary of War; in Sep
tember, 1816, a Treaty was concluded with them by HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES-SAME DAY. Messrs. Jackson, Meriwether, and Franklin, Commis. Mr. WRIGHT, of Ohio, offered the following resolu- sioners; in 1817, a Treaty was concluded with them at tion:
the Cherokee Agency, by General Jackson; in 1819, Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be in- another by Mr. Caiboun, Secretary of War, at Wash. structed to inquire into the propriety of providing, by ington. in every one of these cases, Mr. F. said, Cololaw, that any judicial or other civil officer of the Govern- nel R. J. Meigs, well known to have been for many ment of the
United States, who shall hereafier engage in years agent of the United States in that nation, was either fighting a duel, or in challenging, assisting, or encou-commissioner or witness to the treaty. That gentleman raging, any other person so to engage, shall forfeit the died on the 28th January, 1823; and during his life this office by him so held, and be ever afterwards rendered treaty of 1804 was not ratified. But, the winter sucincapable of holding the like or other office under the ceeding his death, in May, 1824, the ratification was Government.
claimed by the Cherokees, who came here for the purMr. TUCKER, of Virginia, called for the previous pose, and it was ratified. This flouse was, at the last question of consideration, which was put, and the House session, invited to make an appropriation for carrying it agreed to consider the resolution.
into effect, but at so late a period of the session, that it Mr. P’OINSETT, of South Carolira, then moved to was not acted upon. As they would be doubtless exlay the resolution on the table; which motion was nega- pected to make an appropriation to redeem the faith of tived, and the resolution was adopted without a division the United States, pledged by this treaty, it was proper, being called for, though not without a considerable ne- before voting away the sum of $20 000 for this purpose, gative vote.
the House should have information of the causes which had for twenty years suspended the ratification of this
treaty. IN SENATE, WEDNESDAY, L'Ec. 15, 1824.
Mr. MALIARY, of Vermont, objected to a part of the The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. BROWN, to resolution, which proposes to inquire into "the motives appoint a Committee on Roads and Canals, was taken up. of the ratification of the treaty at the lust session,” and
Mr. CHANDLER observed, that he was one of those moved to amend the resolve by striking out that part of who believed that this was a subject on which Congress it. He had no objection to every fact being obtained had no right to legislate; that he believed it to be un, which had a bearing on the case-it was proper they constitutional, and that, for his part, he was determined should be called for -- but he did not know that it would to raise his voice, and vote against the resolution. be relevant or perfectly decorous to ask of the Executive
Mr. RUGGLES said, it would be impossible to pro- an explanation of the motives for its conduct, ceed regularly without a committee on this subject; that Mr. FORSYTH, not feeling tenacious of the language it was the practice of the Senate, and a very necessary of the resolution, consented to receive the amendment one, to have such a committee.
as a part of his resolution; and, thus amended, Mr. NOBLE said he was sorry to find the gentleman The resolve was agreed to, nem. con. from Maine opposed to the appointment of a committee The SPEAKER laid before the House a communicaon this subject. He thought the gentleman's scruples tion from the Department of the Treasury, accompanied would have time enough to operate on his mind here by a report from the First Comptroller of the Treasury, after. He adverted to the circumstance of the Presi- with enclosures on the subject of the collection of tondent's calling the attention of Congress to the subject of nage duties on Canal boats internal improvements; and observed, in relation to the Mr. STORRS moved that these papers be referred to message, that, thongh he had not the greatest confidence the Committee on Commerce, with the following instrucin every part of it, yet he was very well satisfied with tions, viz: the opinion of the Executive on this important subject. “That the communication and accompanying papers We would vote for the resolution with an eye directed to be referred to the Committee on Commerce, with inthe promotion of the general prosperity of the country.structions to inquire into the expediency of so amending The question was put and carried-ayes 18.
the acts of Congress regulating the commerce of the
United States, and imposing duties on tonnage, that they HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES-SAME DAY. shall not be construed to extend to boats employed exThe resolution yesterday offered by Mr. FORSYTH, clusively in transportation on the interior canals of the calling for information relative to the treaty of 1804 with respective states." the Cherokee Indians, the causes for the delay in its ra. Mr. NEWTON, (Chairman of the Committee on Com. tification, &c. was taken up, and the question being on merce) suggested that it would be better to leave the agreeing thereto
committee at large, under the assurance that they would Mr. FORSYTH rose, and said, that, upon a call for in- do justice to all parties in the case reforred to. formation of this description from the Executive, there Mr. STORRS explained that the object of his motion might be a propriety in stating the grounds of it. It was merely to present to the consideration of the comwould be found, upon examination of the records of the mittee the expediency of the measure referred to. government, here referred to, that, since the date of the Mr. TRACY doubted whether, by adopting the lanTreaty of 1804, with the Cherokees, which was ratified guage of the instruction, it would not be conceding too at the last session of Congress, there had been several much-inasmuch as he did not believe that the laws were treaties concluded and ratified with the same nation of susceptible of being so construed as to include the caIndians. Mr. F. enumerated those treaties as follows:
-nal boats, which the instruction seemned to take for In 1805, two treaties were concluded with them, by D. granted. Smith and R. J. Meigs, Commissioners ; in January, 1806, Mr. STORRS said he had taken particular care so to another was concluded with them at Washington, by frame his motion as to avoid any such admission, as Gen. Dearborn, then Secretary of War; in September, would be seen by referring to the expression " the acts 1807, another treaty was concluded with them, elucidating shall not be construed to extend to boats," &c. the preceding, by Mr. Robertson and Mr. Meigs, Commis The motion of Mr. STORRS was then agreed to.