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Nov. 16 Helvella mitra ap.

27 Greenfinches flock.

30. Dec. 29 Hepatica fl.

Dec. 4-21 Ulex europ. (gorse or furze) fl.

7-16 Polyanthus fl.

11-27 Lambs fall.

12-23 Moles work in throwing up hillocks. 14-30 Helleborus foetid, fl.

15 Daisy fl.

15 Wall-flower fl.

15 Mezereon fl.

29 Snowdrop fl.

"IN SESE VERTITUR ANNUS."

OBSERVATIONS ON VARIOUS PARTS OF NATURE

OBSERVATIONS ON BIRDS

BIRDS IN GENERAL

In severe weather, fieldfares, red-wings, sky-larks, and tit-larks, resort to watered meadows for food; the latter wades up to its belly in pursuit of the pupae of insects, and runs along upon the floating grass and weeds. Many gnats are on the snow near the water, these support the birds in part.

Birds are much influenced in their choice of food by colour, for though white currants are a much sweeter fruit than red, yet they seldom touch the former till they have devoured every bunch of the latter.

Red-starts, fly-catchers, and black-caps, arrive early in April. If these little delicate beings are birds of passage (as we have reason to suppose they are, because they are never seen in winter) how could they, feeble as they seem, bear up against such storms of snow and rain, and make their way through such meteorous turbulences, as one should suppose would embarrass and retard the most hardy and resolute of the winged nation? Yet they keep their appointed times and seasons; and in spite of frosts and winds return to their stations periodically, as if they had met with nothing to obstruct them. The withdrawing and appearance of the short winged summer birds is a very puzzling circumstance in natural history!

When the boys bring me wasps' nests, my bantam fowls fare deliciously, and when the combs are pulled to pieces,

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