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The shock threw us all into the utmost conster- 1769.

December nation; Mr. Banks, who had, undressed himself and was stepping into bed, ran haftily up to Tuesday S. the deck, and the man in the chains called out " five fathom ;”, by this time, the rock on which we had ftruck being to windward, the thip went off without having received the least damage, and the water very soon deepened to twenty fachom. . . .. This rock lies half a mile W. N. W. of the northermoft or outermost iNand on the south east side of the bay. We had light airs froin the land, with calms, till nine o'clock the next Wednes. 6. inorning, when we got out of the bay, and a breeze Springing up at N. N. W. we stood out to sea. I ni

This bay, as I have before observed, lies on the west side of Cape Bret, and I named it the BAY OF ISLANDS, from the great number of isands which line its shores, and froin several harbours equally safe and commodious, where there is room and depth for any number of snipping. That in which we lay is on the south west side of the south westermost island, called MATURARO, on the south east side of the bay. I have made no accurate survey of this bay, bez ing discouraged by the time it:would cost me; I thought also that it was sufficient to be able to affirm that it afforded us good anchorage and refreshment of every kind. It was not the

season

1769. December, une Wednes, 6.

feason for roots, but we had plenty of fish, most of which, however, we purchased of the natives, for we could catch very little ourselves either with net or line. When we thewed the natives our feine, which is such as the King's fhips are generally furnished with, they laughed at it, and in triumph produced their own, which was indeed of an enormous size, and made of a kind of grass, which is very strong: it was five fathom deep, and by the room it took up, it could not be less than three or four hundred fa. thom long. Fishing seems indeed to be the chief business of life in this part of the country; we faw about all their towns a great number of nets, laid in heaps like hay-cocks, and covered with a thatch to keep them from the weather, and we scarcely entered a house where some of the people were not employed in making them. The fish we procured here were sharks, ftingrays, sea-bream, mullet, mackrel, and some others.

The inhabitants in this bay are far more numerous than in any other part of the country that we had before visited; it did not appear to us that they were united under one head, and though their towns were fortified, they seemed to live together in perfect amity.

It is high water in this bay at the full and change of the moon, about eight o'clock, and the ride then rises from fix to eight feet perpen

dicularly. dicularly. It appears, from such observations 1769. as I was able to make of the tides upon the sea. La

December. coast, that the flood comes from the southward;

Wednes. 6. and I have reason to think that there is a current which comes from the westward, and sets along the shore to the S. E. or S. S. E. as the land happens to lie.

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CHAP. V.

Range from the Bay of Isands round North

Cape to Queen Charlotte's Sound; and a
Description of that Part of the Coast.

Thor

1769. N Thursday the 7th of December, at December.

U noon, Cape Bret bore S. S. E. E. di. urid. 7. ftant ten miles, and our latitude, by observa

tion, was 34° 59' S. ; soon after we made several observations of the fun and moon, the result of which made our longitude 185° 36' W. The wind being against us, we had made but little way. In the afternoon, we stood in shore, and fetched close under the Cavalles, from which islands the main trends W. by N.: several canoes put off and followed us, but a light breeze springing up, I did not chuse to wait for them.

I kept standing to the W. N. W. and N. W. Friday 8. till the next morning ten o'clock, when I tacked

and stood in for the shore, from which we were about five leagues diftant. At noon, the westermost land in sight bore W. by S. and was about four leagues distant. In the afternoon, we had a gentle breeze to the west, which in

the evening came to the south, and continuing Saturd. 2. so all night, by day-light brought us pretty well

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in with the land, seven leagues to the westward 1769.

December. of the Cavalles, where we found a deep bay s a running in S. W. by W. and W. S. W. the bot. Saturd. 9o tom of which we could but just see, and there the land appeared to be low and level. To this bay, which I called DOUBTLESS BAY, the entrance is formed by two points, which lie W. N. W. and E. S; E. and are five miles distant from each other. The wind not permitting us to look in here, we steered for the westermost land in fight, which bore from us W. N. W. about three leagues, but before we got the length of it it fell calm. :

While we lay becalmed, several canoes came off to us, but the people having heard of our guns, it was not without great difficulty that they were persuaded to come under our ftern: after having bought some of their cloaths, as well as their fish, we began to make inquiries concerning their country, and learnt, by the help of Tupia, that, at the distance of three days rowing in their canoes, at a place called Moor -Wennus, the land would take a short turn to the southward, and from thence extend no more to the west. This place we concluded to be the land discovered by Tafman, which he called Cape Maria van Diemen, and finding these people so intelligent, we inquired farther, if they knew of any country besides their own: they answered, that they never had visited any

other,

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