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1769. be useful in dying. We found also one cabbage

tree, which we cut down for the cabbages. The Sunday 29. country abounds with plants, and the woods

with birds, in an endless variety, exquisitely beautiful, and of which none of us had the least knowledge. The soil both of the hills and val. lies is light and sandy, and very fit for the production of all kinds of roots; though we saw none except sweet potatoes and yams.


снАР. ІІІ.

The Range from Tolaga to Mercury Bay,

with an Account of many Incidents that happened both on board and ashore: A Description of several Views exhibited by the Country, and of the Heppahs, or fortified Villages of the Inhabitants.

O n Monday the 30th, about half an hour 1769.

October. after one o'clock, having made fail again · to the northward for about ten hours, with a Monday 30. light breeze, I hauled round a small island which lay east one mile from the north east point of the land : from this place I found the land trend away N. W. by W. and W. N. W. as far as I could see, this point being the eastermost land on the whole coast. I gave it the name of East, CAPE, and I called the island that lies off it East Island; it is of a small circuit, high and round, and appears white and barren : the Cape is high, with white cliffs, and lies in latitude 37° 42' 30" S. and longitude 1810 W. The land froin Tolaga Bay to East Cape is of a moderate, but unequal height, formning several small bays, in which are sandy beaches: of the inland country we could not


1769. see much, the weather being cloudy and hazy. October.

The foundings were from twenty to thirty faMonday 30. thom at the distance of about a league from the

shore. After we had rounded the Cape, we saw
in our run along the shore a great number of
villages, and much cultivated land; the coun-
try in general appeared more fertile than before,
and was low near the sea, but hilly within. At
fix in the evening, being four leagues to the
westward of East Cape, we passed a bay which
was first discovered by Lieutenant Hicks, and
which therefore I called Hicks's Bay. At
eight in the evening, being eight leagues to the
weitward of the Cape, and three or four miles
from the shore, I shortened fail and brought to
for the night, having at this time a frein gule at

S. S. E. and squally; but it soon became mode. Tuesday 31. rate, and at two in the morning, we made fail

again to the S. W. as the land now trended; and at eight o'clock in the morning, faw land, which made like an island, bearing west, the south westermost part of the main bearing fouth west ; and about nine no less than five canoes came off, in which were more than forty men, all armed with their country pikes and battleaxes, shouting, .nd threatening an attack; this gave us great uneasiness, and was indeed what we did not expect; for we hoped, that the report both of our power and clemency had spread to a greater extent. When one of these


canoes had almost reached the ship, another, of 1769.

O&tober. an immense fize, the largest we had yet seen, crowded with people who were also armed, put Tuesday 35. off from the shore, and came up at a great rate ; as it approached it received signals from the canoe that was nearest to the ship, and we could fee that it had fixteen paddles on a side, beside people that fat, and others that stood in a row from stem to stern, being in all about sixty men: as they made directly to the ship, we were desirous of preventing an attack, by showing what we could do ; and therefore fired a gun, loaded with grape-shot, a-head of them : this made them stop, but not retreat; a round shot was then fired over them, and upon seeing it fall, they seized their paddles and made towards the shore with such precipitation that they seemed fcarcely to allow themselves time to breathe. In the evening, three or four more canoes came off unarmed; but they would not venture within a musquet shot of the vessel. The Cape ofi which we had been threatened with hostilities, I called, from the hasty retreat of the enemy, CAPE RUNAWAY. It lies in latitude 37° 32'; longitude 181° 48'. In this day's run, we found that the land, which inade like an island in the morning, bearing west, was fo; and we gave it the name of White ISLAND. At day-break, on the ift of November, we November,

Wednes.s. counted no less than five and forty canoes that


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were coming from the shore towards the ship: seven of them came up with us, and after some conversation with Tupia, fold us some lobsters and muscles, and two conger eels. These people traded pretty fairly: but when they were gone, some others came off from another place, who began also to trade fairly; but after some time they took what was handed down to them, without making any return; one of them who had done fo, upon being threatened, began to laugh, and with many marks of derision set us at defiance, at the same time putting off the canoe from the ship: a musquet was then fired over his head, which brought him back in a more serious mood, and trade went on with great regularity. At length, when the cabbin and gun-room had got as much as they wanted, the men were allowed to come to the gang-way, and trade for themselves. Unhappily the same care was not taken to prevent frauds as had been taken before, so that the Indians, finding that they could cheat with impunity, grew infolent again, and proceeded to take greater liberties. One of the canoes, having fold every thing on board, pulled forward, and the people that were in her seeing some linen hang over the ship's side to dry, one of them, without any ceremony, untied it, and put it up in his bundle: he was immediately called to, and required to return it; instead of which, he let his canoe drop


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