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south and east : boats can go in and out of the 1-69.

October, river at any time of the tide in fine weather; but as there is a bar at the entrance, no bokë Wednes. 11. can go either in or out when the sea runs high: the best place to attempt it, is on the north east fide, and it is there practicable when it is not fo in any other part. The shore of the bay, a little within its entrance; is a low flat fand ; behind which, at a small distance, the face of the country is finely diversified by hills and valleys, all clothed with wood, and covered with verdure. The country also appears to be well inhabited, especially in the valleys leading up from the bay; where we daily saw smoke rising in clouds one behind another tó a great distance till the view terminated in mountains of a ftupendous height.

The fouth west point of the bay I named
Young Nick's HEAD; after Nicholas Young,
the boy who first saw the land; ac noon, it
bore N. W. by W. diftant about three or four
leagues, and we were then about three mile's
from the shore. The main land extended from
N. E. by N. to south, and I proposed to follow
the direction of the coast to the southward as far
as the latitude of 40 or 41; and then, if I met
with no encouragement to proceed farther, to
return to the northward.

In the afternoon we lay becalmed, which the
people on shore perceiving, several canoes put


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1769. off, and came within less than a quarter of a

mile of the vessel; but could not be persuaded Wędnes. 11.

to come nearer, though Tupia exerted all the
powers of his lungs and his eloquence upon the
occasion, shouting, and promising that they
should not be hurt. Another canoe was now
seen coming from Poverty Bay, with only four
people on board, one of whom we well remem-
bered to have seen in our first interview upon
the rock. This canoe, without stopping or tak.
ing the least notice of the others, çame directly
alongside of the ship, and with very little per-
suasion, we got the Indians on board. Their
example was soon followed by the rest, and we
had about us seven canoes, and about fifty men,
We made them all presents with a liberal hand;
notwithstanding which, they were so desirous to
have more of our commodities, that they fold
us every thing they had, even the clothes from
their backs, and the paddles from their boats.
There were but two weapons among them, these
were the instruments of green talc, which were
shaped somewhat like a pointed battledore, with
a short handle and sharp edges; they were call-
ed Patoo-Patog, and were well contrived for
close-fighting, as they would certainly split the
thickest scull at a single blow,

When these people had recovered from the first impressions of fear, which, notwithstanding their resolution in coming on board, had mani


festly thrown them into some confusion, we in 1769.

October quired after our poor boys. The man who first came on board immediately answered, that Wedner, at, they were unhurt and at home; adding, that he had been induced to venture on board by the account which they had given him of the kindness with which they had been treated, and the wonders that were contained in the ship.. :

While they were on board they shewed every sign of friendship, and invited us very cordially to go back to our old bay, or to a small cove which they pointed out, that was not quite so far off; but I chose rather to prosecute my difcoveries than go back, having reason to hope that I should find a better harbour than any I had yet seen. . About an hour before fun-set, the canoes put off from the ship with the few paddles they had résérved, which were scarcely sufficient to set them on shore; but by some means or other three of their people were left behind : as foon as we discovered it, we hailed them; but not one of them would return to take them on board: this greatly surprised us; but we were surprised still more to obferve that the deserted Indians did not seem at all uneasy at their fituation, but entertained us with dancing and singing after their manner, eat their suppers, and went quietly to bed. :;' ... ' n wer!...? . .

A light

Wednes. I

1769. A light breeze springing up soon after it was .oétober.

dark, we steered along the Thore under an easy 11. fail till midnight, and then brought to, foon af

ter which it fell calm; we were now some leagues distant from the place where the canoes had left us, and at day-break, when the Indians perceiv. ed it, they were seized with consternation and terror, and lamented their situation in loud complaints, with gestures of despair and many tears.

Tupia, with great difficulty, pacified them; and Thursd. 12. about seven o'clock in the morning, a light came on board, who seemed to be a Chief from 1769. the finery of his garment, and the fuperiority of Etober his weapon, which was a Patoo-Patoo, made of Thursd. 12. bone, that, as he faid, had belonged to a whale. He staid on board but' a fhort time, and when he went away, he took with him our guests, very much to the fatisfaction both of them and us.

breeze springing up, we continued to stand south west along the shore. Fortunately for our poor Indians, two canoes came off about this time, and made towards the ship : they stopped, however, at a little distance, and seemed unwilling to trust themfelves nearer. Our Indians were greatly agitated in this state of uncertainty, and urged their fellows to come alongside of the ship, both by their voice and gestures, with the utmost eagerness and impatience. Tupia interpreted what they said, and we were much surprised to find, that, among other arguments, they assured the people in the canoes, we did not eat men. We now began serioufly to believe that this horrid custom prevailed among them; for what the boys had faid, we considered as a mere hyperbolical expreffion of their fear. One of the canoes, at length, ventured to come under the ship's side; and an old man


At the time when we failed, we were abreast of a point, from which the land trends S. S. W. and which, on account of its figuré, I called CAPE TABLE. This point lies feven leagues to the southward of Poverty Bay, in latitude 390 g S, and longitude 181° 36' W.; it is of a considerable height, makes it a sharp angle, and appears to be quite hat at the top..

In steering along the fhore to the southward of the Cape, at the distance of two or three miles, our foundings were from twenty to thirty fathom, having a chain of rocks between us and the shore, which appeared at different heights above the water. - At noon, Cape Table bore N. 20 E. diftant about four leagues, and a small island, which was the fouthermoft land in light, bore S. 70 W. at the distance of about three miles. This iffand, which the natives call TeaHOWRAY, I Ihand of

Portland. named the ISLÄND OF PORTLAND, from its very great resemblance to Portland in the English Channel : it lies about a mile from a point on


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