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1769. which had been quitted by the marines, the O&ober.
other fetched a compass by the swamp so that we could not see them : when they perceived that we had formed into one body, they Nacken, ed their pace, but still followed us in a gentle walk : that they Nackened their pace, was for us, as well as for them, & fortunate circumstance; for when we came to the side of the river, where we expected to find the boats that were to carry us over to the wooders, we found the pinnace at least a mile from her station, having been sent to pick up a bird which had been shot by the of. ficer on shore, and the little boat was obliged to make three trips before we could all get over to the rest of the party. As soon as we were drawn up on the other side, the Indians came down, not in a body as we expected, but by two or three at a time, all armed, and in a short time their number increased to about two hun, dred : as we now despaired of making peace with them, feeing that the dread of our small arms did not keep them at a distance, and that the ship was too far off to reach the place with a shot, we resolved to re-imbark, left our ftay should imbroil us in another quarrel, and cost more of the Indians their lives. We therefore advanced towards the pinnace which was now returning, when one of the boys fyddenly cried out, that his uncle was among the people who had marched down to us, and desired us to stay
und and and talk with them : we complied, and a parley 1769. immediately commenced between them and Tu. pia ; during which the boys held up every thing
hind Tuesday 106 we had given them as tokens of our kindness and liberality; but neither would either of the boys swim over to them, or any of them to the
boys. The body of the man who had been - killed the day before, still lay exposed upon the W beach ; the boys seeing it lie very near us, went E up to it, and covered it with some of the clothes
that we had given them; and soon after a single man, unarmed; who proved to be the uncle of
Maragovete, the youngest of the boys, swam i over to us, bringing in his hand a green branch, * which we supposed, as well here as at Otaheite,
to be an emblem of peace. We received his
branch by the hands of Tupia, to whom he gave : it, and made him many prefents; we also invited 3 him to go on board the thip, but he declined its
we therefore left him, and expected that his nephew, and the two other young Indians would
have staid with him, but to our great surprise, 1 they chofe rather to go with us. As soon as we
had retired, he went and gathered another green E branch, and with this in his hand, he approach
ed the dead body which the youth had covered with part of his clothes, walking sideways, with
many ceremonies, and then throwing it towards ok him. When this was done, he returned to his † companions, who had sat down upon the fand to
observe the issue of his negociation : they imm ediately gathered round him, and continued in a body above an hour, without seeming to take any farther notice of us. We were more curious than they, and observing them with our glasses from on board the ship, we saw some of them cross the river upon a kind of raft, or catamarine, and four of them carry off the dead body which had been covered by the boy, and over which his uncle had performed the ceremony of the branch, upon a kind of bier, between four men: the other body was still suffered to remain where it had been first left.
After dinner, I directed Tupia to ask the boys, if they had now any objection to going ashore, where we had left their uncle, the body having been carried off, which we understood was a ratification of peace: they said, they had not; and the boat being ordered, they went into it with great alacrity: when the boat, in which I had sent two midshipmen, came to land, they went willingly ashore ; but soon after she put off, they returned to the rocks, and wading into the water, earnestly entreated to be taken on board again; but the people in the boat, having positive orders to leave them, could not comply. We were very attentive to what happened on fhore, and keeping a constant watch with our glasses, we saw a man pass the river upon another raft, and fetch them to a place where forty
or fifty of the natives were assembled, who clof- 1767.
October. ed round them, and continued in the same place can till sun-set : upon looking again, when we saw
Tuesday 1o. them in motion, we could plainly distinguish our three prisoners, who separated themselves from the rest, came down to the beach, and hav- ing waved their hands three times towards the
Thip, ran nimbly back and joined their com- panions, who walked leisurely away towards that
part which the boys had pointed to as their „dwelling place; we had therefore the greatest reason to believe that no mischief would happen to them, especially as we perceived that they went off in the clothes we had given them.
After it was dark, loud voices were heard on shore in the bottom of the bay as usual, of which we could never learn the meaning,
CH A P. II. A Description of Poverty Bay, and the Face of the adjacent Country. The Range from thence to Cape Turnagain, and back to Talaga with some Account of the People and the Country, and several Incidents that happened on that part of the Coaft.
1769. THE next morning, at six o'clock, we Oétober.
I weighed, and stood away from this unWednes. 11. fortunate and inhospitable place, to which I
gave the name of Poverty 'BAY, and which by the natives is called TAONEROA, or Long Sand, as it did not afford us a fingle article that we wanted except a little wood. It lies in latitude 38° 42' S, and longitude 181° 36' W.; it is in the form of an horse-shoe, and is known by an isand lying close under the north east point: the two points which form the entrance are high, with steep white cliffs, and lie a league and a half, or two leagues from each other, N. E. by E. and S. W. by W.; the depth of water in the bay is from twelve to five fathom, with a sandy bottom and good anchorage ; but the situation is open to the wind between the