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fames accomplish my design, hoping it would either 1769.

O&tober. make them surrender or leap into the water.

Upon the discharge of the piece, they ceased Monday 9. obor paddling; and all of them, being seven in num

ber, began to strip, as we imagined to jump
overboard; but it happened otherwise. They
immediately formed a resolution not to fly, but
to fight; and when the boat came up, they be-
gan the attack with their paddles, and with
stones and other offensive weapons that were in
the boat, fo vigorously, that we were obliged to
fire upon them in our own defence : four were
unhappily killed, and the other three who were
boys, the eldest about nineteen, and the young-
eft about eleven, instantly leaped into the wa.
ter ; the eldest swam with great vigour, and
resifted the attempts of our people to take him
into the boat by every effort that he could make :
he was however at last overpowered, and the
other two were taken up with less difficulty. I
am conscious that the feeling of every reader
of humanity will censure me for having fired
upon these unhappy people, and it is impossible
that, upon a calm review, I should approve it
myself. They certainly did not deserve death
for not chusing to confide in my promises ; or
not consenting to come on board my boat, even
if they had apprehended no danger ; but the
nature of my service required me to obtain a
knowledge of their country, which I could no


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Otherwise effect than by forcing my way into it i n a hostile manner, or gaining admission through

the confidence and good-will of the people. I had already tried the power of presents without effect; and I was now prompted, by my desire to avoid further hoftilities, to get some of them on board, as the only method left of convincing them that we intended them no harm, and had it in our power to contribute to their gratification and convenience. Thus far my intentions certainly were not criminal; and though in the contest, which I had not the least reason to expect, our victory might have been complete without so great an expence of life; yet in such situations, when the command to fire has been given, no man can restrain its excess, or prescribe its effect.

As foon as the poor wretches whom we had taken out of the water were in the boat, they squatted down, expecting no doubt instantly to be put to death: we made hafte to convince them of the contrary, by every method in our power; we furnished them with clothes, and gave them every other teltirnony of kindness that could remove their fears and engage their good-will. Those who are acquainted with human nature will not wonder, that the sudden joy of these young savages at being unexpectedly delivered from the fear of death, and kindly treated by those whom they supposed would have been their instant executioners, surmounted their con. 1769.

October cern for the friends they had loft, and was strongly expressed in their countenances and be. Monday go haviour. Before we reached the ship, their suspicions and fears being wholly removed, they appeared to be not only reconciled to their fitu. ation but in high spirits, and upon being offered some bread when they came on board, they devoured it with a voracious appetite. They an. swered and asked many questions, with great appearance of pleasure and curiosity; and when our dinner came, they expressed an inclination to taste every thing that they saw: they seemed best pleased with the salt pork, though we had other provisions upon the table. At sun-set, they eat another meal with great eagerness, each devouring a large quantity of bread, and drinking above a quart of water. We then made them beds upon the lockers, and they went to sleep with great seeming content. In the night, however, the tumult of their minds having subsided, and given way to reflection, they lighed often and loud. Tupia, who was always upon the watch to comfort them, got up, and by soothing and encouragement made them not only easy but cheerful; their cheerfulness was encouraged so that they sung a song with a

degree of taste that surprised us: the tune was e folemn and slow, like those of our Psalms, conE' taining many notes and semitones. Their coun




1769. tenances were intelligent and expressive, and the October.

middlemost, who seemed to be about fifteen, day g. had an openness in' his aspect, and an ease in his

deportment, which were very striking : we found 'that'the two eldest were brothers, and that their names were TAAHOURANGE and KOIKERANGE; the name of the youngest was MARAGOVETE. As we were returning to the ship, after having taken these boys into the boat, we picked up a large piece of pumice stone floating upon the water ; a fure sign that there either is, or has been

a volcano in this neighbourhood.
10. . In the morning, they all seemed to be cheerful,

and eat another enormous meal; after this we
dressed them, and adorned theni with bracelets,
anclets, and necklaces, after their own fashion,
and the boat being hoisted out, they were told
that we were going to set them ashore : this pro-
duced a transport of joy; but upon perceiving
that we made towards our first landing-place
near the river, their countenances changed, and
they entreated with great earneftness that they
might not be set ashore at that place, because
they said, it was inhabited by their enemies,
who would kill them and eat them. This was
a great disappointment to me; because I hop-
ed the report and appearance of the boys would
procure a favourable reception for ourselves. I
had already sent an officer on shore with the ma.
rines and a party of men to cut wood, and I was


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determined to land near the place;' not, how. 1769.

Qetober. ever, to abandon the boys, if, when we got a.

fhore, they should be unwilling to leave us; bue Tuesday 16. I to send a boat with them in the evening to that

part of the bay to which they poinced, and

which they called their home. Mr. Banks, Dr. : Solander, and Tupia were with me, and upon

our: landing with the boys, and crossing the river, they seemed at first to be unwilling to

leave us ; : but at length they suddenly changed e their mind, and, though not without a manifeft

ftruggle, and some tears, they took their leave: when they were gone, we proceeded along a swamp, with a design to shoot some ducks, of which we saw great plenty, and four of the ma: rines attended us, walking abreast of us upon a

bank that overlooked the country. After we : had advanced about a mile, these men called out - to us and told us, that a large body of the In

dians was in sight, and advancing at a great rate. Upon receiving this intelligence, we drew, cogether, and resolved to make the best of our way to the boats; we had scarcely begun to put this into execution, when the three Indian boys

started suddenly from some bushes, where they - had concealed themselves, and again claimed

our protection : we readily received them, and | repairing to the beach as the clearest place, we · walked briskly towards the boats. The Indians

were in two bodies; one ran along the bank - VOL. III.



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