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C H A P. VI. Transužtions in Queen Charlotte's Sound: Passage

through the Streight which divides the two Islands, and back to Cape Turnagain: Horrid Custom of the Inhabitants : Remarkable Melody of Birds : A Visit to a Heppab, and many other Particulars.


CHA P. VII. Range from Cape Turnagain southward along the

eastern Coast of Poenammoo, round Cape South, and back to the western Entrance of Cook's Streight, which completed the Circumnavigation of this Country; with a Description of the Coast, and of Admiralty Bay: The Departure from. New Zealand, and various Particulars.

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CH A P. VIII. A general Account of New Zealand : its first Dif

covery, Situation, Extent, Climate, and Productions.


CHA P. ix. A Description of the Inhabitants, their Habitations,

Apparel, Ornaments, Food, Cookery, and Manner of Life.


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| C H A P. . . Of the Canoes and Navigation of the Inbabitants of

New Zealand; their Tillage, Weapons, and Music; Government, Religion, and Language : With fome Reasons again;t the Existence of a Souibern Continent.



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An Expedition of Mr. Banks to trace the

River: Marks of subterraneous Fire :
Preparations for leaving the Island : in
Account of Tupia.

N the 3d, Mr. Banks set out early in 1969.
the morning with some Indian guides, July.

to trace our river up the valley from Monday 3. which it issues, and examine how far its banks were inhabited. For about six miles they met with houses, not far distant from each other, on each side of the river, and the valley was every where about four hundred yards wide from the foot of the hill on one side, to the foot of that on the other; but they were now shewn a house which they were told. was the last that they would see. When they came up to it, the master of it offered them refreshments of cocoa. nuts and other fruits, of which they accepted; VOL. III,




· 1769. after a short stay, they walked forward for a

considerable time; in bad way it is not easy to Monday 3. compute distances, but they imagined that they

had walked about fix miles farther, following the course of the river, when they frequently paffed under vaults, formed by fragments of the rock, in which they were told people who were benighted frequently passed the night. Soon after they found the river banked by steep rocks, from which a cascade, falling with great violence, formed a pool, so steep, that the Indians said they could not pass it. They seemed, indeed, not much to be acquainted with the val. ley beyond this place, their business lying chiefly upon the declivity of the rocks on each side, and the plains which extended on their summits, where they found plenty of wild plantain, which they called Vae. The way up these rocks from the banks of the river was in every respect dreadful; the sides were nearly perpendicular, and in some places one hundred feet high; they were also rendered exceeding Nippery by the water of innumerable springs which issued from the fissures on the surface : yet up these precipices a way was to be traced by a fucceffion of long pieces of the bark of the Hibiscus tiliaceus, which served as a rope for the climber to take hold of, and allifted him in scrambling from one ledge to another, though upon these ledges there was footing only for an Indian or a goat. One of these ropes was nearly thirty feet in length,


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