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a . ... ... . ............... ....... ....... ........ become subdivided, and the great danger examined from year to year, and whenever which ever attends extensive bearings of symptoms of decay appear, effectual retimber, when merely supported by two medies ought to be resorted to forthwith; walls, which seldom receive more than a because, of all other other roofs, the dansingle foot in length at each extremity of gers attendant on neglect or delay in those the beams, avoided.
are most eminent. Where the span of the roof is large, fir The most effectual remedy, with which I timber is generally resorted to; because the am acquainted, is the plan already noted immense distance from wall to wall in as a preventive of this danger; viz. the these edifices leaves the parties who erect placing of cast iron columns over the them no choice; oak, or other timber, is heads of the gallery columns to the under not to be found sufficiently long to extend sides of the principal beams. This so across the area intended to be covered. effectually divides the bearings of these But fir is not the most durable timber, and beams, and of course so effectually supthere are species of fir timber which soon ports the roof, that if even the ends of decay. Carpenters in general know that a some of the principal beams were to rot particular kind of the red fir is the most off, the roof would not fall in, unless the endurable. But when immense beams are thrusting of a loose principal threw down wanted, and the best quality is not at the wall; and, even then, the falling in of hand, the length of a piece of inferior fir the roof would not be total, but only partimber, which offers at the time, is fre tial. In the event of the gallery columns, quently a sufficient temptation, during the in an old church or chapel, not being imhaste of an erection, to induce the parties mediately below the principal beams, then to place it upon the building, instead of beams might be placed over the heads of taking pains to search out, or waiting until these columns, and the upper columns timber of the first quality offers. Who placed thereon; or the upper columns can inform us how many of these inferior might be placed upon each of the gallery beams, loaded with immense weights of columns, and beams carried over their roofing, impend weekly over the heads of heads from principal beam to principal vast congregations throughout Great beam, in one or more lengths, from end to Britain ?
end of the ceiling; and these might be Within the last half century, numerous ornamented with cornices similar to those indeed are the erections in these islands, on the walls and ceiling. Iron braces where immense beams of fir extend in should also be carried from sound portions parallel lines over vast areas, from wall to of the principal beams, to the feet of each wall, without a single collateral support to principal, or from the foot of one principal divide their bearings. That these beams to the foot of the other upon the beam, in will suspend over the areas they cover the order to prevent, in the event of the beamimmense weights with which many of ends rotting off, the principals from thrustthem are loaded, to the end of time, is too ing out the walls. much for the most credulous to suppose; Another remedy might be resorted to, every one of us has arrived at one conclu. | but one which is by no means equal to sion, viz. they must fail at some period of the first proposed; viz. cast iron brackets, time; and I conceive we have arrived at similar to the knees which support the that period of time when some of these beams of a ship's deck, might be placed immense unsupported roofs may fail. within the edifice beneath the principal Forty years, yea, thirty, are an ordeal | beams, so as to support these beams, in sufficiently severe for ill-selected for timber; the event of their ends, on which they exand, to suppose that every beam is perfect clusively rest, becoming unsound; but, in when these years have elapsed, is rather a giving these brackets their rest or bearing presumption than a safe conclusion; and if, in the wall, great caution is needful, lest the as has been already stated, the failure of a wall itself should be damaged. These single principal beam might bring down a | iron brackets ought to have the perpendiroof, a catastrophe which cannot be con- cular end thrice the length of the bearing templated without the utmost horror, it end, at least; because, in the event of a cannot be deemed impertinent to call the heavy pressure on the extremity of the attention of all concerned to so serious a bearing end, the perpendicular end would subject; it is this consideration which has act as a lever to thrust out the wall of the induced me to pen these observations, and edifice; but, if this end was thrice the forward them for insertion in your widely length of the bearing end, the lever would circulated work. Roofs of this description, be so far decreased thereby, that its acti above all others, ought to be thoroughly I would not be dangerous. A strap
should also be carried round the throat of being overwhelmed with shame, hung each bracket over the wall plate, to some down his head ; and, after pausing a little, distance down the outside of the wall, and departed without making a purchase. In there bolted in, in order to prevent the a similar manner he served several cus. separation of the knee from the wall. If | tomers; and doing no business, had not the mould, from which these brackets were his father speedily returned, the trade would cast, was ornamented, and the brackets have been inevitably ruined. themselves painted, they would not be dis “While Abraham was thus musing on gusting objects, even within an elegant his situation, and lamenting over the follies building.
of his countrymen, an old woman came Other remedies will suggest themselves to the shop with a mess of pottage, as an to builders, and may be resorted to ac offering to the gods, where they were ex. cording to circumstances; but, as a general posed for sale. Having received this preventive of danger, I sincerely recom- glaring proof of ignorance and superstimend, in every new edifice of great dimen- tion, Abraham was so exasperated, that he sions, columns to be erected from the took a stick, and actually broke in pieces foundation to the underside of every prin all the idols, except the largest, and left cipal beam, in the way already noted, the fragments scattered over the floor. wherever it is practicable.
He then put the stick into the hands of WM. COLDWELL.
the large idol, giving it a menacing atti
tude, and in this state of things waited the King Square, April 7, 1828.
return of his father.
“Terah on his arrival perceiving the ABRAHAM AND TERAH'S IDOLS.
dreadful havoc that had been made in his
stock, inquired of Abraham how this Among the romantic traditions which have strange disaster happened? Abraham then been transniitted to us in the Jewish informed him that an old woman having legends, Mr. David Levi, in his Lingua | brought a mess of pottage as an offering Sacra, relates the following ainusing tale, to the gods, they being hungry, immedithe origin of which is buried in antiquity, ately fell together by the ears; that a too remote to be explored.
severe contention for the prize instantly “I cannot omit taking notice of what is ensued; that in the conflict, the large idol related in Medrash Berishith concerning had been victorious, had broken the others this patriarch Abraham; especially as it in pieces, and now held the instrument of shews his fortitude and reliance on the their destruction in his hand, as a memoprotection of the Supreme Being; and at rial of triumph and a signal of defiance. the same time exhibits the rational method “Specious as this account might seem, which he pursued in endeavouring to wean Terah was too well acquainted with the mankind from that gross idolatry and materials of which his idols were comsuperstition into which they were plunged. posed, to be imposed on by its plausi
" Terah, the father of Abraham, was an bility. He felt all the force of the satire, idolater, and likewise a maker of idols, saw the dangerous crisis to which his craft and a dealer in them, in which branches was brought, and perceived that his son he carried on an extensive trade. It is had embraced some very heretical notions. probable that Abraham in early life was Exasperated at this complication of disbrought up to the same profession, but his asters, he immediated applied to Nimrod, mind being enlightened from on high, he and, having stated his case, requested that saw the folly and wickedness of their call- Abraham might be cited to appear before ing, and resolved to seize an early oppor- | him, to receive punishment for the contunity of exposing it to contempt.
tempt he had shewn to the gods.. “It happened on one occasion, that "Nimrod, on hearing the case, and Terah being called away on a journey, having Abraham brought into his presence, Abraham was left at home, to take care of commanded him to worship the fire; but the shop, and sell such idols as customers Abraham answered, that it would be might happen to want during his absence. more rational to worship the water which Scarcely had Terah departed, before a man extinguishes the fire,” “Then," said Nimcame to purchase an idol. Having stated rod,“ worship the water.” “I think,” his business, Abraham asked his age, and replied Abraham, “it were better to woron receiving his reply, observed, “Can it ship the clouds which furnish the water." be possible that a person of your years can Nimrod then ordered him to “worship be so stupid as to worship this idol, which the clouds." To this Abraham replied, was made but yesterday?" The man that it would be still better to worship
the wind, which disperses the clouds.” I Nimrod then bade him “worship the wind.” Abraham again replied, that “it would be preferable to worship man, who is able to endure the winds.” On hearing this, Nimrod observed ; “ Well, I perceive your intention is to deride me. I must therefore tell you briefly, that I worship none but the fire, and if you do not do the same, you shall be immediately thrown therein, and then I shall see whether the god you worship will come to your relief.” Having thus said, Abraham was immediately thrown into a furnace of fire.
( While these transactions were taking place, Nimrod and Terah questioned Haran concerning his faith. His answer was, “ If Abraham comes safely from the fire, I will be of his; but if not, I will be of Nimrod's.” On hearing this, Nimrod ordered him to be immediately thrown into the furnace, which being done, he was instantly consumed, while Abraham came out of the fire without receiving the slightest injury.
* This statement agrees with Gen. xi. 28. And Haran died before (or in the presence of) his father Terah, in the land of his nativity, Ur, (in the fire,) of the Chaldees;' for it was by means of the accusation which Terah exhibited against Abraham, that Haran suffered death; so that he may justly be said to have died in the presence of his father. Here is an admirable lesson for mankind; which clearly points out the difference between those who serve the Lord in truth and sincerity, and those who are lukewarm, and easily turned to that which seems most profitable in this world. This transaction, the author of Shalsheleth Hakabula says, took place in the seventieth year of Abraham's
But where, alas! is Wisdom found? On verdant plain, or shady wood ? In depth of mine, or height of mound ? Or in the ocean's hoary flood ? The mine, with all its treasur'd ores, Exclaims, “In me it is not known !" “ And not in me,” old ocean roars ! “ Though pearl and coral deck my throne.” I sought her in the hermit's cell, Far from the world's alluring glare ; But there, alas ! she did not dwell ! I only found the fiend Despair. Monks bade me with assurance go, Monastic cloisters to explore ; But there 'twas Superstition, who The garb of heavenly Wisdom wore. To courts and camps I quickly hied, And there in vain for Wisdom ask, For Luxury, Ambition, Pride, Vile trio, only wore the mask. Some said, to make the nation wise, To polish and reform the age, She had assum'd an actor's guise, And now was seen upon the stage. Not fond of the histrionic art, Yet still resolved to urge my chase, I ran to folly's crowded mart, And found her mimic in Grimace. Bards said, with love of verse inspired, She sought the far Aonian shade; And as a minstrel nymph was hired, The Grecian muses' waiting-maid.
The muses' bower I soon attain's, And thought at length my point was lit ; But there I information gained, The ladies' maid was mistress Wit. Where Cam and Isis gently rove, I sought the nymph so much renown'd, Through school and cloister, hall, and grove, But she was not on classic ground. “ Apostates from God's grace, to wit,” Doctors and gownsmen, great and small, Upon her throne bade Learning sit, And turn'd the maiden from the ball. These said, she lived among the law, So to the courts behold me running! But there I no Sophia saw, The long-robed dame was madam Cunning. To that fair college I repair, Where grave physicians take degrees; But she was not admitted there, Because she could not pay the Fees. I sought her, but I found no trace In rural life, in sylvan bowers, There churlish Avarice filled her place, And Wisdom fled the fields and flowers ! And still from place to place 1 range, The busy fair, the crowded burse ; Some said she was upon the change, But Wealth, not Wisdom, kept the purse. These said, she was an F.R.S. Whose fame is heard in every zone; How great my disappointment, guess, I found 'twas Science fill'd the throne. This gains the plaudit of the day, But that is dear in Jesu's sight; She shines with ever-during ray, And brightest in affiction's night. Titles, diplomas, and the rest, May lustre add to men of parts ; But Wisdom is the lonely guest Of humble men, with honest hearts. And there I found her in a cot, With truth, and love, and faith, residing ; Contented with a lowly lot, And near the Cross of Christ abiding.
(For the Imperial Magazine.)
LINES, Respectfully inscribed to the Rev. George Red
ford, M. A. minister of Angel-street Chapel, Worcester, on his Sermon from Proverbs xix. 2, by his affectionate brother and faithful servant,
WHERE SHALL WISDOM BE FOUND ?
JOB xxviii. 12.
ON THE OPENING OF SPRING.
" Vernal delight, and joyable to drive Away all sadness but despair."
MILTON. W AT is Spring, unless the graces Of the Holy Spirit bloom ? Grove and garden wear new faces, Still within 'tis winter's gloom. Softness stealing o'er the breezes, Dewy morning, balmy air, Fail to please, for nothing pleases In the region of despair. Skylark, thrush, and blackbird, singing, Silver streams and emerald meads : Crocus budding, primrose springing, Fail to biud a heart that bleeds. Bloom embroiders every bower, Music thrills from copse and grove ; Beauty tinges every flower ; Nature sings the hymn of love. But amid creation's gladness, Florid garden, orchard's bloom, All within is wrapt in sadness, Till salvation's joys illume. From the Ram the sun emerges, Shedding lustre o'er the lawn; Nature laughs, but grace in dirges Mourns the living sun withdrawn.
Snowy bloom may deck the hedges, , Lowly violets scent the gale ;
These to sorrow bring no pledges,
Great his distance from the sun,
Scarce behold their glimmering ray..
Swift along the liquid skies,
And Sol's absent light supplies.
Centuries, ere bis circuit's done;
Till absorb'd in the bright sun.
With their mighty influence;
HARMONY OF THE HEAVENS; OR, MUSIC
OF THE SPHERES.
Where their shining ranks advance :
To perform their mystic dance.
Each its proper place maintains ;
Yet he unconsum'd remains.
Adding lustre to our night:
With bright Sol's reflected light.
Midst the other orbs of light:
His too long protracted night.
Traverses the azure way :
THE INFANT. BEHOLD the sweet Infant with smiles so engaging,
His mother bends o'er him with tenderest joy, She gives him sweet kisses, now fondly presaging, What studies and thoughts will his mind soon
employ: She sces all the graces and virtues delighting, - To polish his soul with the lessons of truth, And fancies the hero with vices is fighting,
While still in his cradle, or blooming in youth. Her care and her trouble she never can measure,
Nor ever is weary of tending her charge; Her prayers oft ascend, and she calls him hier
treasure, And longs for the time when his mind will en
large : His mind is enlarged, and he hears her instruction,
And lovely simplicity smiles on his cheek : And still he is guarded from vice's seduction,
And still he is gentle, submissive, and meek. But quickly, too quickly! he leaves her embrace
And launches his bark on the ocean so wide ; And then his dear image how oft she retraces, And liopes that kind Heaven will still be his
guide: The storms then arise, and the waves are fast
swelling, Tumultuous passions destroy his sweet peace ; Bewilder'd and fearful, he thinks of the dwelling,
Where innocent pleasures did ever increase. Seductions surround him, and vices are active,
To draw him aside from the ways of the pure ; He lears the soft Syrens with notes so attractive,
And listens, till virtues no longer allure : No longer he thinks of his parents with gladness,
But spends all his substance in riotous mirth, And boasts he shall pass through his life without
sadness, Then yield up his breath, and be mingled with
earth. As a palace rais'd up by the spell of a fairy,
Where revellings last all the hours of the night, Where splendour is glitter, and viands are airy, But the whole is a dream at the dawn of the
light : So pleasure soon left him, and Vice with her crea
tures, And gloomy diseases, all crowded around; His former companions had lost their gay features,
And leaden despondency sat on the ground,
The gold which had glitter'd, no longer attracted, Then on the banks of Jordan stand,
On Canaan's blissful shore ;
With songs for evermore.
E. A. Which he joyfully tasted within the abode, Where his parents had call'd him their darling and treasure,
MAN'S PURSUITS, When oft on their knees, and with rapture, he
As compared with those of CALDNOOD. He looks up to Heaven :-“Why here do I perish? He cries," I will go to my father again;
HUMAN hopes, and human fears, Perhaps my fond mother my bosom will cherish,
Vary not, from childhood's years ; And wipe off my tears, and relieve my sad pain."
Mid the sanny path of youth,
Fiction wears the garb of truth. But scarcely he reaches the sweet babitation,
All his hopes are gilded toys, Where innocent joys had encircled his head ;
That can give no real joys; When his father beholds him with glad exultation,
Like a butterfly on wing, And runs to embrace him, as raised from the
Each wafting gale seems fav'ring. dead.
Dreaming not of change of scene, He clothes and he feasts him, nor thinks of his
Storm, or cloud, to intervene; errors,
Pleasures to the youthful eye, And opens the stores of his fatherly love;
Transient as the cloudless sky. He binds up his wounds, and removes all his ter
Like a bubble blown in air, rors, And points to the throne of all mercy above :
With its rainbow tints so fair;
Or a passing pageantry, Then wisdom before him displays all her beauty,
Cheating to the gazer's eye. He sees she is peace, while transgression is
Years roll on- vet still the same ; hard ;
Man pursues a nobler game; That none can be happy while erring from duty,
So 'tis deem'd,-yet try its worth : That none but the foolish her lessons discard.
Is't not grovelling, as the earth? His breast is now peaceful, his griefs are sus. Man's a child of larger growth, pended ;
Trifles have a charm for both; Religion conducts him to realms of delight :
Honour, riches, glory, fame, She leads him to ONE, who in mercy descended,
These are but an empty name. To bring wretched mortals to worlds ever bright,
Yet how anxious they are sought; Sweet pleasures surround him, and soothe all his Few too dearly deem them bought : sorrow,
Not the truant schoolboy vies
Insect, fluttering on the wing,
In its gaudy colouring, And when his fesh fails, and he sinks to the Tban doth he who seeks for fame, regions,
Glory, with its glittering name. * Where the dead are laid slumbering in peaceful Wealth a Crosus could bestow; He yields up his spirit, and heavenly legions
Honour with its empty show; Guide it up to tbat spring which unceasingly
These are trifles, light as air: flows:
Are they not as fleeting, fair? To pain and distraction his soul is a stranger,
January 1, 1828.
I. S. H. The notes of the angels now ravish his ear; No more is he harass'd with trouble or danger, And joys everlasting before him appear.
REVIEW.- The Life and Opinions of Clipston, April 5, 1828.
John de Wycliffe, D. D. 2 Vols.
8vo. pp. 456—460. By Robert LINES
Vaughan. Holdsworth. London, 1828. Addressed to the Spirit of a departed Friend. | We have many names among us of high Go, gentle spirit, to the realms of day,
and deserved celebrity in the theological Unshrouded from the body's clay, This painful load of sin;
world, but not one so elevated in the Now thou canst gaze on Jesus' face,
region of hoary grandeur as that of And sing aloud of sov'reign grace, Uncheck'd by war within.
Wycliffe, whose eventful life forms the
basis of the volumes now before us. 0, if thy happy spirit there Can think on me, a prisoner here,
Nursed on the lap of superstition, which Attend my lowly cry;
age had rendered venerable, and common Watch over the upguarded hour, And when assail'd by satan's pow'r,
opinion had made formidable, his active Assist my soul to fly.
and penetrating mind pierced the clouds Remember me, still kept below,
with which he was surrounded ; and, with A captive in this world of woe,
a courage equal to his discernment, he set I chant the mournful strain : Unlike thy notes, which ceaseless flow,
his face against the errors which every Mine are too often check'd below
where prevailed. Armed with integrity, By sorrow, gnilt, and pain.
piety, and the Bible, he came nobly for0, when I draw my latest sigh,
ward against a host of foes, and lodged in Then let thy bov'ring shade be nigh, Unseen watch o'er my bed ;
its cradle the infant Reformation, which was And when the signal shall be given,
afterwards destined, like a mighty giant, to To waft my peaceful soul to heaven, Point to my risen Head.
attack popery in its strongest holds, and 115,- VOL. X.