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ture, and the obligations of duty by robe subject of the Begums. He spoke for hing and plundering one so deservedly two hours. His object was so proves dear to him. He next entered particu- that the resumption of the Jaghires, larly into the evidence of that treaty, which had been imputed to the Natob, by which the Company had folemnly en- as an act of his own, had been forced on gaged to secure the Begums in the quiet him by Mr Hastings, through the me. poffeffion of their property, on their pay. dium of Mr Middleton. He licre laing the sum of $60,00ol. and traced the houred to expose the inconfiftency and fubsequent transactions by which Mr implausibility of those pretences by which Hastings and his agents, on the most Mr Hastings'adherents had endeavoured trifling pretences, and by a series of the to justify their conduct on that occasion. baseft artifices, and most unjuftifiable acts. He said, that in the management of of violence, had engaged the Nabob to great affairs under Mr Hastings' governcountenance them with his name and ment, there were three principais and authority in plundering and starving the three subordinates, who lived together unfortunate Begums. Mr Sheridan prove in apparent friendship, being connected ed his assertions, by reciting the different by the bands of mutual intereft, but parts of the evidence in the course of his were, in truth, governed by tear, jezo ipeech ; and after speaking for four hours lousy, and avarice. The principals were, and an half, during the whole of which Mr Haftings, Mr Middleton, and Sir he fully coinmanded the attention of his Elijah Impey; the fubordinates, Major audience, he sat down, and the Court Davy, Col. Hannay, and Illy Khan, a adjourned till Friday.

confidential fervant of the Begums. This

knot of robbers and oppreffors, in a mane June 6. Mr Sheridan resumed his ner highly worthy of their characters, had Speech. This day he was chiefly engaged alternately cheated and suspected one in reading the evidence, to prove the po- another. He went into a minute detail sitions which he had laid down in his speech of their proceedings with regard to the on the 3d inft. He gave a lively and af- resumption of the Jaghires. He was profeding description of the barbarous treat- ceeding to read extracts from the cor. ment which the Princesses of Oude and refpondence between Mr Haftings and the women of Zenana hrad fuffered. A Mr Middleton on that occasion, when pretext of rebellion had been fabricated finding himself indisposed, the reading against them; difturbances, which had was committed to Mr Adam. Soon ato been occasioned by the oppreffion of the ter, Mr Fox informed the House, that English, had been attributed to them; Mr Sheridan was taken so ill as to be unand on this pretence they had been rob. able, at present, to do justice to the cause bed of their property, abusod by rude The Court adjourned to the 13th inft. and wanton violence, and even denied to the great disappointment of a mot the necessaries of life. By the evidence numerous and splendid audience. before him, he was enabled to exculpate them entirely from the guilt of fomenting June 13. Mr Sheridan again made rebellion against the Englidh government his appearance in the House of Peers, and to fhew, that all the injuries which and after making an apology for the they had suffered had been occafioned, additional trouble which his indifponot by their guilt, but by their wealth, fition had obliged him to give their Lord which had tempted Mr Haflings to form thips, proceeded to the fumming, up a plan for robbing and ruining those in- of the evidence, by pointing out thote nocent women. He took occalion to parts which tended most directly to crie throw out a number of fevere reflections minate the prisoner. He charged Mr on the conduct of Mr Middleton, Sir Hastings with supprelfing part of the core Elijah Impey, and late Col. Hannay, respondence, which had passed betweca who had concurred with Mr Hastings; him and the agents and sufferers, in the and acted as his agents and inftruments oppreffive resumption of the Jaghires; in that infamous business. Mr Sheridan particularly a letter from the Nabob, finding himself much exhausted and un. expreffing his unwillingnefs to engage in able to proceed, found it neceffary to that measure. However, by the letters crave the indulgence of the House for a which had passed between Mr Middleton further day, which was readily granted. and Mr Hastings, and were produced, las

was enabled to prove, that the Nabob June 10. Mr Sheridan refumed his had been forced to that meafure, and fun.ming up of the second charge--the that though he had perfifted in refusing



to countenance it with his name and au- usual forın Sept. 28, 1786, to Mefl. Le thority, it would, not withstanding, have Mefurier and Higgins, and from that been carried into execution by the fupe- time to Sept. 28, 1987, there were re. pior power of Mr Middleton. He painted, ceived for trial, one thousand five hun. in strong and affecting colours; the une dred and thiriyofix, making, with the happy tituation of the Nabob; thus com- 471, the total 2007, and of this number pelled to dispoffefs the friends and fa- one thousand four hundred and fifty-four. vourites of his father, and to plunder the were disposed of as under, treasures of his mother. He next detailed the dreadful consequences which

Execut:d had followed the resumption of the Jag: Transported to Botany Bay 117

225 hires. These he attributed solely to Me Sent to the hulks

Duad Hastings; for his agents, by his orders,

969 had gone through every step in the af. Discharged fair ; and he had procured the concur. rence of the Board of Calcutta, only by

1454 deceiving them through misrepresenta- Remained under fentence of death tion.

and transportation, &c.'

553 Such was the manner in which this powerful orator laboured, to establish the Making in all

2007 guilt of Mr Hastings' conduct, in regard to the Princesses of Oude and the re- The last five hundred and fifty-three sumption of the Jaghires; and the force, were of course delivered over to the the splendor, and the pathos of his ora- present Sheriffs, on their coming into fion, charmed and astonished one of the office, moft numerous and brilliant audiences. These reports, the first of the kind which were ever aflembled to listen to which have ever been made out, are unBritih eloquence.

commonly minute, the number of pri

foners for each crime being accurately State of crimes aml punishmens in Lone specified, but it is impossible for us to

don, for two years: Being the Sherif. copy cach article. We shall therefore falties of James Sanderson and Brook confine ourselves to the most remarkable: Watson, Elqrs, and of Paul Le Melu. During these two Sheriffalties, the rier and Charles Higgins, Esqrs, ab- number of murders was thirty-eight, of ridged from their reports..

which, however, only fix inftances were «« State of the Jail of Newgate, from The number of forgeries was alfo thirty

proved, and the murderers executed.the 28th of September, 1785, to the 28th eight, of which fix were punished cape September, 1786-being the Sheriffalty itally, before the expiration of the late of James Sanderson and Brook Watson, Sheriffalty, Ergrs.”

In the detail we have given, it will Including four hundred and forty-one not escape the reflection of our readers, prifoners, received from the former how finall the proportion of executions Sheriff Hopkins and Boydell--The to. is to that of comñitments, and what tal amount for the period above-men- proportion the number convicted bears rioned was, One thouland seven hundred to the number acquitted, It may not and ninety-fix.

be unworthy of remark also, that of the Of whom were ;

valt number discharged in any one of Executed

68 these years, even Charity herself will not Sent to the hulks

330 permit us to think that many return to Dead

16 industry and honefty, Thefe documents Dscharged

891 may be uteful to the curious inquirer into

the state of crimes and punishments, and

1325 who maywish to devise fome plan to operUnder sentence of death, but refpit- ate as a general preventative.

ed, under sentence of transporta- It may not, before we close the account tion, fined, and remained for tri- be unworthy of remark, that of the one al, Sept. 28, 1786.

471 hundred and fifty-five executed, only

fifty-two were Londoners. The rest

Total 1796 were from the country, a few of Ameri: The four hundred and seventy-one just ca, and one or two foreigners. The mentioned, were delivered over in the profeffions of the executed are also fpeciI 2



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fied; by far the greater part are labour. Aruck out of the army-lift for ever, and

has likewise ordered that the Major It appears from these accounts, that should be reprimanded for accepting a when people complain of the sanguinary challenge from an inferior officer-we nature of our laws, and the frequency of presume on the principle, that a fubaltern our executions, they have have not fuffi- may be placed in the service, without ciently balanced one circumstance against any material injury to the public, but a "another. When they think it a shocking commanding officer cannot. circumstance that eighty-seven persons are Mr John Hunter opened his very cuexecuted in one yicar, they should also rious, extensive, ard valuable muleum consider that this is eighty-seven out of at his house in Leicester fields, for the

two thousand and feven. The number inspection of a confiderable number of bi then will not appear to be so great, and the literati, in which were included le. • it will still appear less, if we consider veral members of the Royal and Anti

that of those Tentenced to die, two thirds quarian Societies, the College nf Phyficiare in general pardoned, or their fengence ans, and many foreigners of distincétion, changed to transportation.

To enumerate the feveral curious çar.

ticulars would require a detached publie DEBTORS.

cation in itself, and that publication to That we may have foune idea of the be written by a perfon of corresponding number of debtors, in the Jail of New: science. What principally attracted the gate, the following statement is added notice of the cognosccnti was Mr Hunter's to the above reports:

novel and curious system of natural phiThe number of Debtors in Newgate, losophy running progreffively from the

from the 28th of Sept. 1785 to the lowest scale of vegetable up to animal 28th Sept. 1786, was

nature, Well, Sick. Dead, Mr Addison has a paper upon this fubGreatest number 266 6

ject in the Spectator, which, as a mora. Loweft number 112

lift, he touches with his usual feeling and Average number 147 3 7 perspicuity; but it was reserved for Me From the 28th Sept, 1785, to 28th Sept, Hunter's genius and ardent zeal in his 1787, the number was,

profession to develope, in this inftance, Well. Sick. Dead. the wifilom of Providence in its works. Greatest number 134


Mr Hunter attended himself, and gave Lowest number 118

a kind of peripatetic lecture on the leveAverage number


ral articles, which took up between two

and three hours, very much to the fatis. A few days fince a violent affray hap: faction and information of his audience. pened in the 18th regiment, ftationed in The whole of the Museum muft have Gibraltar, which unfortunately terinina. coft Mr Hunter above 20,000l. besides a ted in a duel between Major Benjamin very accurate and industrious collection Chapman, the commanding officer of the of near thirty years. regiment at the time, and Captain de Lancey, an American gentleman belong. Anecdote of Lens, the famous Miniature ing to the same corps.

Painter. When they met at the ground, Capt, You muft know, Mr Printer, that a de Lancey made a molt extraordinary brother of mine, who was a jolly Parfon, declaration, viz. “ That Major Chap and loved a beef-steak as well as any man might fire if he thought proper, but Layman in Britain, walked up to Iryfor his part he was resolved not to din lane in order to regale himfell, with a charge his pistol until the muzzle of it prime cut at Master Burrows', and as he touched the Major's breaft.”. To which entered the house, a gentleman in a lay the Major replied, “ That he expected, habit went out, but whose general dress when he came there to decide their dif- pointed him to be a clergyman : my bro ferences upon the point of honour, that it ther, whose dress was much the same, took was to be with a gentleman, and not an his place at the table where one person only alaffin;" at the fame instant, he threw fat, and that person was this Miniature away his pistol, and left the ground with painter. My brother hadna socner ordered his second.

his fteak, than Lens said, “ God, I be His Majesty was so much offended lieve that fellow who is just gone out with the conduct of Captain de Lancey, is a Parson: I with I had thought on it that he has commanded bis name to be while he was in your scat, for of all fun


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whatever nothing is so great to me as be brought him daily by à fervant, but roasting a Parson.” Such a declaration with whom he was never to exchange made to a stranger, who appeared to be one syllable; he was to wear a camblet likewise one of that order, attonihed the robe, never to cut his beard or his nails, surrounding company, who, like the Par- to tread on sandals, nor never to stray fon and the Painter, were waiting for into the open parts of the ground, not their dinners; and rather rouzed in my beyond their limits: that if he lived there brother a lifpofition to roast him. Per under all thefe restrictions till the end of ceiving the eyes of every one fixed to- the term, he was to receive feven hun. wards them, and a profound filence, he dred guineas; but on breach of any one thus began :

“ You observed, Sir, (faid of thein, or if be quitted his place ang he) that had you known the gentleman time previous to that term, the whole just gone out to have been a Parson, you was to be forfeited, and all his loss of would have roasted him; now as you time remedilels. One person attempted have nothing else to do till your dinner it, but three weeks were the outmoft exe is set before you, I an a Parson at your tent of his abode. service, and while my feak broils, I beg you will roast me for the gratification

SCOTLAND. of your humour, and the entertainment The following address of the General of all the gentlemen who fit round us ;' Anembly of the Church of Scotl. having adding, that he would take the roasting been transinitted to the Right Honour with that decency and temper which it able Lord Sydney, his Majesty's Princihecame one of his cloth to receive the pal Secretary of State for the home de. taunts and sneers of such men who partment, has been by him presented to thought Parsons fair game. This was the King : Which Address his Majesty the first time, perhaps, that Lens was was pleased to receive very graciously. put to the blush. In short, Sir, he could not even spit bis ment, much less roast

May it please your Majesty, st; however, a prospect of something to The gracious letter with which your hide his embarrassinent appeared, and Majesty hath been pleased to honour that was fine mackerel, with gooseberry- this meeting of the General Asembly fauce, which were set before him, but be- was reccived with becoming respect and fore he could put his knife to it, my bro- gratitude. ther obferved that he never saw a finer The distinguished marks which your mackerel, adding, that as his steak was Majesty has given of your Royal appronot ready, he would take the liberty of bation of the conduct of former assem. eating a nit of his mackerel. Accordingly blies, and which you graciously condehe stripped it up to the back-bone, and scend to repeat at this

time, afford us helped himself. This manquvre had the most fincere satisfaction, and are a a wonderful effect, and produced such moft animating motive to induce us to an unanimous roar of laughter through- persevere in our earneft endeavours fos out the whole room, that Mr Lens got the preservation and advancement of true up, went to the bar, paid for his fish, religion and virtue, and to embrace every and left the other moiety to my victori- opportunity of teftifying the ardent zeal ous and reverend brother.

which we feel for the fupport of your Ma. ANECDOTE.-The gardens at Pains. jesty's government and royal person. Hill, near Cobham, in Surrey, in the Upon your Majesty's renewed assurs present poffeffion of Mr Hopkins, of ances to preserve to ihe Church of Scot. which fo much praise has been justly gi- land all its legal rights, dignities, and ven, brings to our recollection an anecdote privileges, we rest with that entire con. of the late owner Mr Hamilton. He ad- fidence which is due from subjects to a vertised for a person who was willing to Sovereign who makes the laws the rule become the hermit of that retreat, under of his government; and we bless the the following, among many other curious King of Kings, that we live under 1 conditions: that he was to dwell in the Prince who hews himself the true nurhermitage for seven years; where he fing father of the Church, by recomfhould be provided with a Bible, optical mending to us as his earnest wish, and as glasses, a mat for his bed, and a hafsock the most effectual method of securing for his pillow, an hour glass for his time the continuation of his protection, that piece, water for his beverage from the we would hold forth an example of Chrif. Atream that runs at the back of his cot, tian charity, and every incitement to and food from the bouse, which was to pursue the paths of Christian virtue, and


that we fhould give every discourage. py, regions where pious and virtuous ment to idleners and vice.

Princes receive an unfading crown, is the We gladly embrace this opportunity carnest prayer of, of offering our humble thanks to your May it please your Majesty, Majesty for your late royal proclamation Your Majesty's moft faithful, mot for the encouragement of piety and vir obedient, and most loyal subjects, tue, and for preventing and punishing The Ministers and Ellers met in this vice, profaneness, and immorality, which National Assembly of the Church of is truly worthy of a Chriftian Prince, Scotland. and a strong proof of the same watchful Signed in our name, in our preence, and attention to the best interests of your at our appointinent, by kingdom, which is so fully exprefled in

ARCH. DAVISON, Moderator. your Majesty's gracious letter to this Af Edinburgh, May 24, 1788. fembly. Deeply sensible that righteoulncfs exalteth a nation, and that lin is the Edinburgh. The following is a list of reproach of any people, we beg leave to the Appeals from the Court of Session, assure your Majesty, that we will most that have been heard by the House of chearfully exert ourfelves to the utmost Lords this serion of Parliament, with of our power in recommending and en- the determinations generally: forcing your Majesty's pious commands, i. Sir John Stewart verfus by promoting among the people under Duke of Athol, Compromised, our care a sacred regard to the institu- 7. Delville v. York Building, tions and laws of our holy religion, Company;

Reversed, We have had so mucň experience of No counsel appearing for the Responthe many amiable virtues by which the dents. Right Honourable the Earl of. Leven is 3. Whiteford v. Whiteford, Affirmed. diftinguished, and his love of virtue, and 4. Donald v. Donald and real attachment to the good of his coun- Kirkcaldy,

Afirmed. try and the interests of the Church of s, Tailour v. Tailour, Compromijeda Scotland, are lo generally known, that 6. Bruce v. Ross, Affirmed. we receive your Majesty's re-appointe

ABSTRACT. ment of him to the very great and inte, Afirmed,

3 refting charge of Lord High Commission, Reverjed, er to the General Asembly of the Church Compromised, of Scotland, as a gracious and acceptable mark of your favour.

Total Your Majesty'sroyal donation of a thou, From the above ftate

it appears, that fand pounds, for the propagation of reli. there have been fewer Scots Appeals ta gion in the Highlands and Itands of Scotthe House of Lords chis seffion than there Iand, we receive with the fincereft gra- have been for many years past, and it titude, and we shall be careful in apply. may be faid that none have been Revere ing it to the pious purposes for which it fed, the appeal of Delville having been is bestowed.

abandoned by the Refpondents. In 1787, Convinced that unanimity and bro. there were feventeen Appeals, only fwa therly love are becoming our characters of which were Reversed. In 1986, there as minifters of the Prince of peace, and were twelve Appeals, none of which will give dignity to our proceedings, we were Reverfed. la 1785, there were tall Tudy to observe your Majesty's re. fifteen Appeals, two of which were Ree commendation, and to conduct our bufin versed; so that, in the last four sessions, ness in such a manner as to bring the As, there have been fifty Appeals, out of Sembly to a happy conclusion.

which only four (exclufive of Delville's) That Almighty God, the Father of have been Reversed. This does very our Lord Jesus Christ, may proted your great bonour to the Court of Seffion, perfon and establish your throne in right when it is considered that many of these ieousness; that he may pour down his queftions were very intricate and doubthest bleffings upon our gracious Queen, ful. his Royal Higness the Prince of Wales, The public will be happy to be informand all the Royal Family, and that af. ed, that the Royal Bank of Scotland has ter reigning long with wisdom and feli, juft now obtained a new charter from city over a free, a dutiful, and affec- the Crown, empowering the Proprietors tionate people, you may enter those hap: to double their capital. This was origi,


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