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" Note, The doors will be opened uniformity of the language shews that At ten, and the combatants mount at all the advertisements from the Tota twelve.
tenham-Court Booth were written by “ There will be several bye-battles, one person, who was employed for the as usual ; and particularly one between purpose. We find, indecd, that this John Divine and John Tipping, for was really the case ; and that, in the tive pounds each.”
true spirit of the heroick ages, a poet May 4, 1742
undertook to celebrate the exploits of « At the Great Booth, at Totten- these champions; and that poet, our ham-Court, to-morrow, the 5th of readers perhaps will be a little surpris May, will be a Trial of Manhood zed to hear, was no less a man than between the following champions, viz. Mr Theophilus Cibber.
“ Whereas I, John Francis (com- The Tottenham Court Booth was monly known by the name of the the only stage on which these Profesa Jumping Soldier) who have always fors, or 'as they called themselves, had the reputation of a good fellow, Masters of the Boxing Art, displayand have fought several bruisers in the ed their prowess, till Broughton, en, ftreet, &c. nor am afraid to mount the couraged and patronized by some of the stage, especially at a time when my nobility and gentry, built his amphimanhood is called in question by an theatre in Oxford Road. This place Irish braggadocio buffer, whom I was finished 1742. George Taylor, fought in a bye-battle some time since the proprietor of the booth, was himht Tottenham Court, for twelve mi- felf a very abie practitioner, and wels putes, and though I had not the fuc- comed every champion who offered cess due to my courage and ability in himself to fight, by giving him what the art of boxing, do invite him to was called, in the cant language of fight me for two guineas, at the time those bruisers, the truth of a good drub: and place above-mentioned, when I bing. doubt not but I shall give him the truth. The nobility and gentry, who paof a good beating. John Francis.” tronized this exercise, and among
“ I Patrick Henley, known to e. whom were reckoned the first characvery one for the truth of a good fellow, ters in the kingdom, having complain, who never refused any one on or off ed of the inconveniences sustained at the stage, and fight as often for the di- the Tottenham Court Booth, they preversion of gentlemen as for the money, vailed on Mr Broughton, who was accept the challenge of this Jumping then rifing into note as the first bruiJack, and shall, if he don't take care, ser in London, to build a place better give him one of my brothering blows, adapted for such exhibitions. This which will convince him of his igno. was accordingly done, in 1742, prin. Tance in the art of boxing.
cipally by subscription, behind OxfordPATRICK HENLEY.” road. The building was called BroughThis last advertisement appeared al- ton's New Amphitheatre; and, beso in the Daily Advertiser, and is, to- sides the stage for the combatants, had gether with the others, a curious fpe- seats corresponding to the boxes, pit, cimen of the boasting style used by and galleries, much in the same manthose boxers in challenging each other. ner with those at Astley's. The fol. It must not, however, be supposed, lowing advertisement, in the Spring of that the challenges were penned by the 1743, announced the opening of it to respective parties by the generality the publick, though several matches of these men, the art of writing was had been fought in it before. not esteemed a manly or an honourable
Murch 10, 1743. Accomplishment: Befides which, the "At Broughton's New Amphitheir company.
theatre, in Oxford-road, the back of “Mr Broughton has likewife infertthe late Mr Figg's, on Tuesday next, ed in his bills, that there never was athe 13th inst. will be exhibited, The ny impofition on the champions who true Art of Boxing, by the eight fa- fought at his amphitheatre, and has ia med following men, viz. Abraham vain endeavoured to make it appear, Evans, Sweep, Belos, Glover, Roger which gentlemen will be fenfible of Allen, Robert Spikes, Harry Gray, when an account of his exactions are and the Clog-maker. The above-said set forth at large in print, which will eight men are to be brought on the be done with all expedition. ftage, and to be matched according to “ And to convince Mr Broughton the approbation of the gentlemen who that I have no disgust to his amphishall be pleased to honour them with theatre, I am willing to meet him there,
and fight him for an hundred pounds, “ Note. There will be a Battle whenever he pleases; not in the least Royal between the noted Buckhorse regarding (as he expresses himself) the and seven or eight more ; after which valour of his arm. G. TAYLOR." there will be several By-battles by 0
March 12, 1743. thers.Gentlemen are desired to come Mr Broughton, in his reply to this betimes, by reason of the number of declaration, stated, that he had built battles.
his theatre at the express solicitation “ The doors will be opened at nine, and desire of the publick ; that it had and some of the champions mount at cost four hundred pounds, of which eleven.-No person to pay more than eighty were by contribution ; and that, a Milling."
having himself been at the
expence This undertaking of Mr Broughton what was required beyond that fum, he justly gave alarm to the proprietor of thought it but fair and reasonable that the Tottenham-Court Booth, who im- he should appropriate to himself a third mediately engaged Taylor, Stevenson, part of the money collected at the door, James, and Smallwood, four first-rate the rest going to the champions. champions, under articles, like regular All the principal amateurs and en. performers, not to fight on any Itage couragers of the science gave their but his. Mr Broughton's advertise. fanction to Broughton's causes and in ment was answered by the following the end all the profeffors were obliged appeal to the publick
to come over. Taylor, and the others,
finding that their exertions could not To all Encouragers of the manly art of prevent the Tottenham-Court Booth Boxing
from being deserted for Broughton's " Whereas Mr Broughton has ma- more commodious theatre, like the se: liciously advertised several battles to be ceding actors in the Haymarket, gave fought at his amphitheatre on Tuesday up the contest; and on condition that sext, the 13th of March, in order to Mr Broughton engaged to make good detriment me, who fight Mr Field the to them the loss incurred by the for. Fame day at Tottenham-Court, I think feitare of their articles, they agreed to it incumbent on me to undeceive gen- leave the Booth, and to fight no long, tlemen, by informing them the greatest er but on his stage. part of the perfons mentioned to fight Mr Broughton thus became fole mas there never intended any such thing, nager and proprietor of the boxing the or were ever acquainted with it; there atre, engaged all the first performers, fore hope this assertion will be under and reared many pupils, who were af. stood (as it really is) a spiteful under- terwards expert professors of this gym. .. taking.
R Pope has introduced a har- main of real genius to recommend
mony of verse which, however them! They would not be read, nota difficult to invent, is imitated with ease. withstanding their glare of epithet and The close of the sense in couplets, and their soncrous numbers. the frequent antitheses in the second It is usual with these works to rise line, are features so prominent, that an to universal fame immediately on publi-, antift of inferior skill, a mere faber cation ; to bak, like the ephemera, in inus, is able to copy them, and to pre- the sunshine for a day, and then to fall serve a resemblance.
into a sudden and irretrievable obscus His translation of Homer is a trea- rity. fury of splendid language; and he who One of the principal arts of their has ftudied it will not find himself at a writers is to secure attention by seizing lofs for Shining epithets adapted to the topic of the hour, by filling their every occasion. I detract not from his poems with the names of persons who merit; for, as the improver of English are the subject of conversation at the verfilication, as the introducer of a moment, and by boldly surprising their brilliant diction unknown before, he readers with attacks on the most rela has justly obtained universal fame. pectable characters, or at least on per
But that which is laudable in him fons who, from their rank and their oft as the inventor, cannot entitle his mere fices, provided they are tolerably deimitators to any great applause. They cent, ought to be exempted from viru, may be called good verlifiers, pretty lent abuse and public obloquy. It is poètalters, but they cannot rank with the intereft of the community, that per. their master as a poet, or an original soos of high stations, whose example improver of versification.
is powerful, and whose authority ought While they exercised their imitative to carry weight, should not be held on kill on fubjects not at all injurious, to the vulgar as objects of derilon. If they might obtain approbation, and they have common failings, or have would certainly escape censure; but been guilty of human errors, a veil the candid, the moderate, and impar- should be thrown over them for the fake tial part of mankind, have lamented of decorum, and of that beautiful order that they have stolen the graces of in society which conduces to a thouPope's versification to decorate and fand beneficial purposes. recommend a kind of satire, abound- But a spirit of levelling high characing in virulent and personal invective. ters and rank is one of the distin
I am sensible that some works of guishing marks of the present times. this kind have been extolled in the It was introduced by what is called highest terms ; but I know, at the the Opposition. Unfortunately for same time, that the extravagant ap- all that is decent, and honourable, and plause was, in great measure, the ebulo right, it has been judged expedient. lition of party-zeal, or of that unhappy that Government, or the Ministers of disposition of the human mind which Government, should be constantly ein. prompts it to rejoice in seeing elevated barrassed by a standing Opposition. merit or rank degraded by defamation. The tools employed by the leaders of Take away from such poems the per- this Opposition are often such as are , sonality, the local and temporary allu- only fit for dirty work. Unable to, kons, and how small a portion will re- efect any more laudable purpose, they VOL. VII. No. 37. B
have Frozu Winter Eieninys; or Lucubrations on Life and Letters. Juf published.
have been employed to asperse the mind suffers on such occasions, and characters of the temporary possessors how little right a dark and malignant of office, and its consequent powers affaslin can have to inflict å punishand emoluments. Not satisfied with ment without an offence, to bring an attacking the Political persons, they accusation without coming forward as have dared to go farther, to enter in the accuser. to the privacies of family retirement, The practice is injurious to the puband to spare neither age nor sex, in lic, as it tends to discourage the growth divulging whatever envy has suggeste of virtue, and all honest attempts to ed. The poetical fatirist has been be distinguished by merit. Such atcalled
upon as a powerful auxiliary in tempts of neceflity render a man conconducting the levelling engine. Some fpicuous; and he no fuoner becomes read, and are pleased with verse, who fo, than he is considered as a proper would have overlooked the invective mark for Scorn to shoot at, and for in humble prose. Good versifiers have Envy to asperse. A man may be afraid been found, and the most exalted per- to exert himself, when, every step he fons in the kingdom cruelly hitched advances, he is the more in danger of in a rhyme, and thrown out to the attracting notice, and consequently of vulgar, to be tossed about by the tongue becoming the mark at which the maof Infamy.
levolent may bend their bows, and shoot Every loyal subject, every gentle- out their arrows, even bitter words. man, every considerate father of a fa
What a triumph to villany, profli. mily, every map of common huma- gacy, and ignorance ; when virtuous nity, is hurt at the cruel and opprobri- and innocent, and inoffensive characous treatment which the King, the ve- ters are singled out for that satire ry fountain of honour, has experienced which themselves only can deferve ! from the hands of rhyming ruffians. This is a vis digna lege regi. Ex.
Great pretensions to good humour, postulation is in vain ; and laws, which mirth, and gaiety, are made by the might restrain it, will not be duly exsatirists; but the pretensions are a veil ecuted, in a country where licentioufof gauze. It is easy to see through ness is unfortunately considered as the pellucid difguise, the foakes of en- essential to the existence of civil livy, the horrid features of malice, the berty. yellow ringe of jealousy, the distortions of disappointment grinning with a Sardonic smile.
Of affected Sensibility; a Lamentation Hic nigræ fuccus loliginis, hæc eft
over an unfortunate Animalcule*. Erugo mera.
ELINDA was always remarkably and pleasantry are promised, and as and elegies. Sterne's sentimental beaudetraction from illustrious merit is but ties were her peculiar favourites. She too agreeable to most men, the poems had indeed contracted fo great a tenare read, and do much mischief in the derness of fenfibility from such reading, short period of their existence. that the often carried the amiable as
The pain they give to individuals, weakness into common life, and would who are burned with a caustic, yet weep and sigh as if her heart was are conscious of having given no pro- breaking at occurrences which others, vocation, is enough to render the prac- by no means deficient in humanity, tice odious in the eyes of all who viewed with indifference. She could consider duly how much a feeling not bear the idea of killing animals
for * From the fames
for food. She detelted the sports of light, and who arei now left destitute of fishing and hunting, because of their a protector in their helpless infancy. ineffable cruelty. She was ready to “ Thy pain is indeed at an end; but faint if her coachman whipt his horses I cannot help deploring the unfeeling when they would not draw up hill; cruelty of those who deprive the smalland the actually fell down in a fit on est reptile, to whom nature has given a gentleman's treading on her favour. breath, of that life which, though it rite cat's tail, as he eagerly stooped to appears contemptible in the eyes of fave her child from falling into the the thoughtless, yet is sweet to the fire.
meanest animal was sweet to thee, As she was rather of a romantic thou departed animalcule. Alas, that turn, she would frequently utter sen- I must now say was sweet to thee ! timental soliloquies on benevolence and Did I possess the power of resuscitahumanity; and when any catastrophe tion, I would re-animate thy lifeless of a pathetic nature occurred, she ge- corpse, and cherish thee in the warmest nerally gave vent to her feelings by corner of thy favourite dwelling-place. writing a lamentation. I procured But adieu for ever ; for my wish is from one of her friends the following vain. Yet if thy shade is still conscipiece, with liberty to present it to the ous, and hovers over the head it once pablic eye.
inhabited, pardon a halty act of vioBelinda, it seems, was at her toi- lence, which I endeavour to expiate lette, adorning her tresses, when an with the tear of sympathy and the ligh animalcule of no great repute in the of sensibility.” world, but who often obtrudes where
Flendo turgiduli rubent ocelli. he is not welcome, fell from her beautiful tresses on her neck. In the first
I am informed that the drawer of emotions of her surprise and anger she her writing-table is full of elegies and seized the little wretch, and crushed elegiac sonnets on rats and mice it between her nails, till it expired caught in traps, and of tom-tits and with a sound
robin red - breasts killed by school. Δουπησεν δε πεσων,
boys. I remember to have heard a ,
most pathetic elegy recited on the as Homer expresses the exit of his death of a red-breast, but can only reheroes.
collect one pathetic Erotesis,“ Who The noise and the light of the vis. « killed Cock Robin ?” cera soon recalled her sensibility, and There is also a sublime deification the thus expressed it :
of an earth-worm which he once ac“ Thou poor partaker of vitality, cidentally trod upon as she was enfarewell. Life undoubtedly was sweet deavouring to rescue a fly from a spiunto thee, and I have hastily deprived der in the garden. It concludes thus : thee of it. But surely the world was wide enough for thee and me; and But cease to weep-no more to crawl : it was ungenerous to murder one who
In the dark earth bencath yon wall, sought an asylum under my fostering And claiin thy place in yonder skies.
On snow-white pinions thou shalt rise, protection.
“ Because thou art minute, we are Efts, toads, bats, every thing that inclined to suppose thee insensible. hath life, has a claim to her tenderest But doubtless thou hadít nerves and compaffion. And certainly her tendelicate fensations proportioned to the derness to them does her honour ; but fineness of thy organs. Perhaps thou the excessive sensibility which their hadít a partner of thine affections, and slightest fufferings feem to occasion, a numerous progeny, whom thou saw- gives room to suspect that she is not est rising to maturity with parental de- without affectation. What is fo finB 2