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1900 years from the deluge, till the that he must have been either Tubaly 3ooth year before the Christian æra; or Tarsi, to whose lor Spain fell in at which period the armies of Rome the partition of the globe. The lana first penetrated beyond the Pyrenneés, guage spoken by the colony of Tubal; The early history of Spain, like that or Tarli; must have been that which of most other countries, has been dis the vocal organs of him and his fami: figured and obscured by fable. The ly had been supernaturally directed to Titans, several of the forty fabulous articulate at the confusion of tongues ; beroes known under the common name and that language must have formed of Hercules, the Argonauts, Ulysses, the ground-work of the Iberian, and

the Milefians, the Carians, and the the Celtic. From a mixture of those · Meffcnians, as well as many others of two languages the Celtiberian was pro

the celebrated nations and heroes of duced, of which several vestiges may · the ancient world, have been repre. still be traced in the Gascon idiom. * sented by various authors, either as. With regard to the Celts, M. Malo

Aborigines of Spain, or as having deu advances a dew and singular opia landed on the coasts; or made expe- nion. He thinks that their original ditions into the country, and having settlement was not in Gaul, but in there established settlements; or per. Spain. He places them in the most

formed fome notable exploits. M. western parts of Spain, while he makes - Masdeu has canvassed the pretensions the Iberians to have, at the same time,

of those nations and heroes to a place fucceffively occupied the rest of the in the early history of Spain, and has country, as far as the Pyrennees. But rejected them as groundless. He is about the beginning of the 19th cena disposed even to diminila the number tury, before the Christian ra, the of the labours and adventures of Her- Celts, gradually advancing towards cules ; nor will be allow any advent the North and South of Spain, expelo turer of that name to have vanquished led the Iberians ; who, in the course Geryon, or extended his travels to the of the next century, entered France;

famous Pillars. He blames the igno- and having traversed that country, pe- rance or credulity of foreigo histori- netrated into Italy; which they overans, for disgracing the annals of his tan about the 2,700th year of the couotty with such inconsistent and ina world. They, in all probability, were credible fables; and afferts, that thewell., the founders of Rome ; and to them kaown veracity and honour of his count the Etruscan language seems to have trymen have always rendered them in been indebted for its origin. capable of attempting to magnify the This author also gives an account glory of their country by such gross of the religion, the government, the and extravagant fictions.

manoers, and the military police of · But though M. Masdeu has judi- the ancient Celtiberians. He is of ociously rejected those fabulous tales of pinion, that they were indebred for antiquity, yet he does not presume to their civilization, arts, and laws; to Offend the pride of the Spaniards, by the Phænician colonies which settled calling them creatures of yesterdays among ther; and that, before the are He traces their defcent from the far rival of the Greeks or Carthagenians, mily of Japhet, the son of Noah. Ja- they had become an ingenious, polish phet had a numerous family, and it ed, and induftrious people. has been keenly difpated among the This short and imperfe& account of

learned, which of his sons the Spa. the contents of his first volume, may · niards ought to tespect as their great give our readers fome idea of M. Malo

progenitor.. M. Masdeu is induced, deu's plan. He endeavour's to discuss

by a number of authorities, to think critically every obscure or dubious fact, . Vor. VII. Ne 43•*

in the assais of his courTy, and ris. Aoceber carie, of teace i s es to 2 ford to the sorid a core te ence, is, dat cere de view, not werely of the evil aná mi- cetur of Frederic bas coree, it litary bittory of S a , but of their not to treat in Es Ice's fortes, kaws, arts, ani mangers, trongh all at ieart to find as fase. The cas the discreat periods of ibeir exi.iesce. cnicatiocs of F:2004, and the cada He perforas, for the Spacia mitory, of E-giac, are allo to be takes isto what Door Hory does for that of the accocar. HocOST and protone Grea: Britain.

acorded his Prazan lizzetta III. Toe factuation of pollins ne preostor interferire in mee aan ci ser fail to attraâ the curiosity of man. Hic land. To sindicate te e kiod. War and peace, the cosnec. di coiiy o sis site, and to proces tions between nations, e. 5 shed by violated rights of Es brother -29, views of motoalidiereil, and the op- the Sueduw.det, w e reacs fogoent politica Occioned, not by the fim to ic biy, in the erss ot ail, bu: tica attachment of either party to trat) or agaiait ubora tha restare is dire justice, but by mosires of national a. ted, the marching of his trucs 10:) Farice or ambition; and pureed either the Dutch tertiones. Ecclabi ar 30, by secret dezociation, or by te open according to this writer, bai ber to and buite orations of military force, litical reatoos for taking part with int are general. lo important in their cau. Stadeholder. By wasing the waith, fes, their coctinued operations, and and running the commerce of the l'. their consequences, as to engage the pied Provinces, ce might bore to attention, but only of those who are see an hated risal bombiad before ber, more immediately intereited, but also as weil as to aggrandize and canch la of such as are placed at a dittance own trade: by costributieg to e ith from both their hartial and bepeticial the power and digoity of the Sead. effects. But to the subjects of any em- tholder over the ruins of bis covat, pire,its interpal property or wretched. the night hope to secure to berielf nefs, and its ltuation and difpofitions an ally whole precarious attachment with regard to the neighbouring itates, France had been obliged to purchase are peculiarly interesting; for on these at an immense experce. She would the aliuence or beggary, the ease or thus be enabled to derive des adrane deprtifion, the security or precarious tages froin her late commercial treaty existence of every individual among with the court of Verfailles ; and ia them, directly depen.d.

India the weakness of Holland, co. The lately - published work of a festled or dismembered, would leare French author, entitled, Letters, by a all a prey to the rapacity and power Soldier, on the Changes which are at of the English. Thus have both Prut. preferit taking place in the Political Ss- fia and England been engaged in sup. pem of Europe, affords an instance in port of the ufurpations of the Stad. proof of the truth of this general ob- tholder. The union between France fervation. The author examines into and the House of Austria has induced the causes which, since the death of them to form a connection with each the late King of Pruflia, have produ. other; and the present circumstances ced so considerable a change on the of the Ottoman empire, have difpofed views and connections of the leading the ministers of the Porte to attach powers of Europe ; he attributes that themselves to the interests of the cours political revolution chiefly to the trog- of Berlin and London, in preference bles and confusion which lately dile to their ancient allies, the French tracted Holland, and the aspiring am- The author next proceeds to point Lition of the Semiramis of the North. out those views and circumstances



which form the bands of that union rienced young men, being sent by their which has been established, and which, friends to Paris, to study law, and to in his opinion, time will sender still acquire such other accomplishments as closer, between the courts of Vienna, might finish them for acting their parts Petersburgh, and Versailles. He then in life, fpend their tine and money takes a comparative view of the cir- in a course of Itudy, rather different cumstances and resources of France from what their friends intended ; and Britain ; and benevolently con- and, at the end of eighteen months, foles his countrymen amid their wretch- find themselves considerably indebted ed slavery and poverty, by represent- to merciless usurers, and destitute of ing to them that the resources of every resource, either to satisfy their Fiance are still far more numerous than creditors, or to supply the necessaries those of the British government ; that for sublistence. Here the busoess of public justice and the rights of indi- the play commences. In order to viduals, are more carefully respected extricate them from this embar. in France than in Britain ; and that if rassed and distressful situation, FolleFrance and Spain had consulted their ville contrives to write to Daiglemont's just resentment, they might, long 'ere uncle, that his nephew is dead, and now, have humbled the pride of Bri- that he has been obliged to discharge tain in the dust, by withdrawing from the expences of his illness and funeral. her the advantages of their commerce. The uncle of Daiglemont, receiving For, in the opinion of this author, the this piece of news with much concern, articles of commerce, which France immediately remits to Foileville a draft imports from Britain, are only super. on his banker for a thousand crowns, fluous luxuries which might well be to reimburse the expences which he has wanted ; while again, those articles laid out on account of bis deceased ne. which Britain derives from France, are phew. Folleville, triumphing in the suce neceflaries and conveniencies, without cels of his artifice, now communicates which, life would be comfortless or in- it to Buiglemont, who is much surprised fupportable.

at the shrewdness and dexterity with The French critics have pronoun- which it has been accomplished, and, ced this writer a profound Politician, at the same time, somewhat uneasy at and we shall not prefume to contradict the thought of what pain the news of their assertions,

his death must have given his affec: • IV, Les Etourdis, ou, Le Mort tionate uncle. The scene is a furnishe Supposé, a new comedy, acted at Ver- ed hotel in Paris. Young Daiglemort failles on the uth of January laft, now fits down to write to his credibefore the King and Queen of France, tors, that he is at the point of death, has received so much applause from and threatens to haunt them after his both fpectators and readers, that we decease, if they agree not to make a cannot avoid taking notice of it. It composition with him for one half of is not of the sentimental species. The he sums which he owes them. In author has not presumed to encroach the mean time a gentleman, who hapo upon the province of tragedy, by at. pens to be his uncle, enters the hotel, tempting to awake sympathetic emo. and approaches the room where the tions, or to call forth tears. Gay nephew is writing. The young man, characters, droll incidents, and divert, who is known in this house only by ing situations, are the chief engines the name of Derbain, has just time ot which he has here made use of, to escape into a closet. The uncle, meancommand attention and applause. ing to stay some time in Paris, takes : Folleville and young Daiglemont, lodgings in the house. The mistress two lively, thoughtless, and unexpe- of the hotel, a very talkative woman, 3 M 2

gives gives him an account of the other lod.. been deceived. The rections of gers, and among the relt, of a M. Der. Julia, who does not yet recognize her bain, a very studious young man, who cousin, render that scene highly entere has not been out of bis room for these taining. eight days. Old M. Daiglemont ex. In the beginning of the third and presses himself much pleased with the last act, M. Daiglemont the uncle, chara&ter of this young man, and ve- has a meeting with his nephew's cree ry desirous of getting acquainted with ditors, and proposes to them a compo, him. He advances to the door of his firion, to which they refuse to agice, nephew's closet, but cannot gain ad. He then leaves them, and the nephew, mittance; and, being afraid of disturbo who is still concealed in the adjoining ing fo studious a gentleman, retires closet, takes the opportunity of exe without making any farther attempts. cuting his threat of visiting them after, This pleasant scene is succeeded by a death. The two usurers are so ftruck conversation between the mistress of with terror, as to fall down on the the hotel and Julia, daughter to old M. foor; and the uncle, returning, fiods • Daiglemont, Julia appeaz's extremely them much more manageable, and clo. sad and disconfolate ; and the mis. ses with them. Scarceis this affair over, tress of the hotel discovers, by dint of when a letter, addressed to young inquiry, that her sadness is accafioned Daiglemont, is, by mistake, delivered by the death of her cousin, young M. to his uncle. On opening it, he per. Daiglemont, who was also her lover ceives that it is, in answer to one wnica and the object of her affections. The ten that morning, by his nephew. The good woman sympathizes with her, whole plot is now detected and Folle. and kindly consoles her, by promising ville avows himself the contriver. The that, in four or five days, the plca, uncle is at last reconciled, and promises fures of Paris Shall fufficiently make to give Julia to his nephew, and to up her loss.

carry the two young men with him The second act opens with a scene be into the country. tween the two young friends, Folleville Such are the outlines of this play; and young Daiglemont. They agree, it no where offends virtue or delicacy; that the nephew shall confine himself the plot is sufficiently interesting; the to his closet till the evening, when he characters are well drawn, and though Shall take an opportunity to escape from not absolutely original, yet not directe the house, while Folleville and his ly borrowed; the Gituations and inci. fervant keep the uncle out of the way. dents are truly comic ; yet, in some In the mean time, poor Julia is still in instances, it perhaps descends from the a very disconsolate situation. Her decorum of comedy to the levity of cousin, who, from his closet, overhears farce. On the whole, it is not unthe expressions of her grief, cannot worthy of the applause which it has bear that she should continue so un, obtained. . happy on his account. He comes for. V. As one of the greatest orators ward, and is about to explain to her and philosophers of antiquity, wben the whole contrivance, when the misto the distresses of his country, and the ress of the hotel making her appear. influence of his enemies, drove him ance, Somewhat unseasonably, addres, from the senate and the forum, to the fes him under the name of Derbain, folitude of his villa; instead of unking and begs him to affilt her in comfort, under despair, when he looked back ing the young lady, This he readily on his own misfortunes, and on the complies with ; and with a view to fate of his beloved country; consoled chat, relates, under fictitious names, and diverted his grief and anxiety by the artifice by which his uncle had the aid of philosophy, wd employed

his leisure in tracing the distinctions ciments, with that of laws and of opia between good and evil, in examining nion, on the conduct of mankind; tra. into the nature and extent of the obli- ces the influence of religion on the gations incumbent on human beings, happiness of society; marksits power ja and in vindicating the dignity of vir. directing the politics of sovereigns; and, tue, and of human nature : so the ce- from his investigations on these, and a lebrated M., when no longer number of other topics connected with presiding over the department of the these, concludes, that, 'belief in theex. finances, in the French government, istence of a Deity, the creator and the ' has employed his leisure and priv cy, governor of the univerle; and senti.. in asserting the happy influence of re- ments of veneration, gratitude, depout ligious belief, and religious sentiments, confidence, and filial affection towards on the welfare of society. He has that Being, muft ever have the happiest lately published a work on that import- effects in supporting wise and legal goant subjcer, which naturally attraês ·vernment; and that, therefore, relia the attention of the public, as being gion mcrits the constant veneration

the production of so celebrated a poli. and encouragement of patriots and po. - tician. Politicians, though not al. liticians. His great object seems to,

ways the direct enemies of virtue and be, to demonstrate, that, without reli. religion, are believed to be, not always gious belief and devotional sentiments, their voraries or friends. They con. civil government could have no exist. sult private interest or ambition; or, if ence. We will not, however, venture actuated by more generous motives; to assert, that, supposing the human even their noblest views are to aggran- race destitute of the knowledge of a dize or enrich their native country. Deity, and consequently of all senci. And, while their aims are directed to ments of reverence or affection for such ends, they are seldom scrupulous . Such a Being, they could have no ideas in the choice of means ; they will, at of civil order, subordination, and re. one time, or in one instance, support lative duties. But we admire and reor vindicate the cause of justice, virtue, spect the politician, who shows a desire and religion ; but, again, do the inte to unite the present with the future rests of these oppose or seem to oppose interests of mankind; and who, with their schemes or wishes ? they readily the voice of vehement and persuasive desert or sacrifice them. Nay, they eloquence, calls to the nations to serve even pretend, that it is their duty to God, and to kings to worship the Lord prefer the useful to the honeft. And, of Hofts! as for religion, they boldly tell us, VI. In our Magazine for last month, that it is beneficial to mankind, only we took notice of a collection of the in so far as it is an happy engine, in original writers of the French history, the hands of princes and rulers, to of which thirteen volumes have been preserve the subordination of their in- already published, and the rest are, in feriors. ,

due time, expected; by the Bencdica M. Neckar has viewed that heaven- tines of the congregation of St Maur. ; ly form with profounder reverence. The publication of another CollecHe confiders religious principles, and tion, scarce less valuable, and which Sentiments of devotion, as effentially will also contribute to elucidate many necessary to the existence of civil so important particulars, in the different ciety ; but he presumes not to assert, periods of the French history, has been, that they have no farther use or end. for some time, carrying on by different He examines the connection between hands ; it is said to be printed at Lon. religious sentiments and public order ; don, though published at Paris. It compares the influence of such sentia conlítsof, Memoirs of a number of the


due rimi

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