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poor, who are in such circumstances, the product, accounting the loss fude objects of efficient charity. Contri. tained in the disposal of it to be gain, butions were formerly made for the He laid up coals and corn to inredemption of Naves ; a contribution, fure them in dearth against cold and for instructing the deaf and dumb, hunger. He distributed a Scripture may, may be considered as a ransom Catechism to instruct them in pure res for the soul. , .

Jigion. Thus, wisely contidering the · (Noto, This art is happily revived case of the poor, of their bodies, and • in Scotland, by Mr John Johnson of their son's, he honoured the Lord i writing-malter in Edinburgh.} with his substance, and left an example

of judicious alms, which, by manys Mr HOWARD.

might be imitated on a smaller scale. Truth is preferable to fiction; it conveys knowledge with more effect, and Characters of a Bad and of a Good a pure mind relishes it more. Such a "* Landlord. book as Howard on the State of Prisons One, living on a rich inberitance in England, interests and edifics. Mi- without child or brother, who thews sery is beheld in forms little thought no kindness to his relations, whose te of, not fantastical, but rcal forms. "A Aants often feel the rigour of justice pattern of mercy is set before us, not unqualified by equitable and humane in word, but in deed. We see the considerations, whose mercy never ex. : knowledge of laws and of arts, of re- tends to the poor on his eltate, who ligion and of the world, rendered fub- abandoris his domestic fervants in age servient, and learn what this meaneth, and sickness, who contributes poshing « Lét love abound with all knowledge." to public plans of beneficepce, and We trace the footsteps of love strong whose scanty offering in the house of as death in its exertions and influen. God is a reproach; this man has the ces. Sympathetic emotions incite the appearance of evil; an hofpital rising powerful to amend laws less humane on his alhes is not an atonement. : to prisoners in Britain than on the One, in similar circamstances, who continent, and to check illegal impo- puts on bowels of mercies is lovely sitions on the unhapy; they incite the and of good report. He is a city fet private citizens to alleviate miseries on a hill which cadnot be hid. His less under the public eye, and less con., wealth is known, and the symptoms Dected with guilt than those of prison. of it ate observed; but with the kaos. ers. To the devout reader, prospects ledge and observation of his wealth, of God's administration open. “From are combined the knowledge and obe Heaven God beholds the earth to hear servation of his public spirit and huthe groaning of the prisoner." He manity. His devotion and ums in sends his fervant the organ of his com- the houfe of God are exemplary. The pallion, having trained him by the for-, plenty and peace in his owo house, with rows of captivity from cruel men. goodness and mercy following his do. « Surely the wrath of man shall praise mestiçs all their lives, render it defirable. thee, and the residue of wrath wiłt to be a hired fervant there. On his ethou restrain.”

state, the remains of bondage are abo***Mr Firmin. , lished, and his temans secured in long Thomas Firmin, a citizen of Lon.. and peaceable poffeffion. To fuch as are don, a name consecrated to humanity, oppreffed he is a refuge. Poor families, among other memorable labours of love, whom the cruel are lo eager to thrust. efected a warehoufe for employing the out, he plants in houses, and institutes idle. To many hundreds he furnish- employment for their children. In all ed materials for work, and purchafed his improvemcats, and in all his or na.

on meg is,

ments, it is a leading obje&t to feed original right to a subsistence on the the poor with the bread of industry. earth, and how many ways that right Like his father in heaven, he pours may be tiolated. Attend to the fpis mercy over all his works; none of bis rit of human laws, favouring, protecă induítrious poor are forgotten in the ting, and avenging the rich, appropri: day of their calamity. - He is a hi- ating the earth, the air, and the water, ding place from the storm, and a co- debatiing the poor by penalties from vert from the tempelt, as rivers of wa. all that in them is. Is it mach if, ia ter in a dry place, and the shadow of one instance, they breathe another fpja a great rock in a weary land." rit, by insuring to the miserable a fub Or Poor Rates.

Gistence and a grave ? " Consider the equality of man, his

Abou Taib, an Eastern Tak. À BOU TÀIB, Emperor of In. dation, and the genius Abafloa stood A dia, ascended the throne of his before the monarch. fathers amidst the acclamations of his Repining mortal, said the etherial people, and blessed with all that nature visioni, I have heard thy murmurs, and or fortune could bestow to confer hap- that thou mayest no longer have reafor piness. His treasures surpassed com- for such complaints, take this talisman, putacion, and forty nations submitted and at the end of any day hereafter, implicitly to his fceptre. His seraglio which thou hast spent in pleasures was filled with the greatest beauties of and delight, apply it to thy forehead, the East, his table constantly furnish- forming a with that the next may be ed with a round of the most luxurious perfectly like it ; and thou shalt find daingies, and nothing which fense can each following one exactly the same. defire, or capricious fancy invent, was in every event and enjoyment, nor denied to Abou Taib.

shall they cloy by repetition; thou shalt One day as he walked in his palace, be new to the pleasures of each suco reflecting on his power, his wealth, and ceflive day, as if the preceding had the various means of pleasure he pos- never been. The day thou wil fix feffed ; a messenger arrived to inform on is left to thy choice; only be carehim, that ore of the principal nobles ful how thou useft my gift, arid chuse of his court was suddenly dead. This that, the delights of which thou would te melancholy and unexpceted event en- perpetuate with prudence ; for, having tirely occupied his thoughts. Alast once employed the charm, thou wilt faid he, what is every thing that am- have no power to reverse it, but wilt brion can attain, or wealth procure ! be necessitated continually to repeat the One end happeneth to all, and death, felicity first chosen : so saying, the gewhich concludes the wocs of the beg- nius disappeared. gar, fhall one day terminate the pow. 'Abou Taib received the talisman er and splendor of the Emperor of In- with inexpreflible joy, believing now dostan. Were life eternally to endure, that an immortality of pleasure was in what I enjoy were indeed much to be his power, and nor doubting but he prized : but of what value are riches, should soon be able to fix on the day pleasure, or power, while the loss of of which the constant return should them is thus certain. .

produce a never-cealing round of per : At the same moment, a burst of fect happiness. thunder Thook the palace to the foun- . But this was "not fo eafy as he had

at forft fupposed. Every evening, when - His mifery soon made him delirons he came to reflect on the circle of to invite that death he had been so lohours that had just Aed, he constantly licitous to shun, but the fatal charri found something too unsatisfactory in was not to be reversed.' Day atiet the pleasures they had presented for day he started from the same dreadful bim to expect much delight from their dreams, to fuffer the same round of repetition. Hope continually allured fackness, pain, and torture. bim op to look forwards to fome hapa The genius, at ler gih, pitying his pier moments, which might deserve condition, and mored by his prayer, better perpetuity. This felicity, how appeared' again before bim. Man of ever, was continually expected, bioe many follies, cried he,murmut no more never arrived. Every successive day at the decrecs of heaven ; repine got pleased him still less than the past. at the flight of pleasures you have not

In the mean time, age crept upon thought worth repeating! Wherefore Abou Taib. Those enjoyments which tould you blame the shortness of a he had found so imperfect in the feră life in which you have been so unwii. vour of youth; appeared (till less satis- ling to protract, even your highest en. factory in his declining years. Yet; joyments? Whatever applies to every strange infatuation of the forceress part, must apply to the whole; and Hope! his chimerical expectations of what is true of every day of our livesy greater happiness to come, daily in= must be true of life in general. What creased.

then, in praying for its continuancer · Ac last, while fancy was amusing do you wish to be continued ? The him with scenes of future, and forem faciering dreams of imagination, and ver recorring bliss, an acute disorder the fallacious promises of hope nereti seized upon Abou Taib. His gaiety, completely fulfilled ; but repeatedly his vigous, and every capacity of en-' nay almost always, arteris falfified, joying pleasure, fed before it ;. nor Let thofe who hear your story; learen was it long 'ere the most experienced by your example, to remain cuitentes of bis physicians pronounced he had: with the condition Providence has als pot fix hours to live. Shocked at the lotted them; and remember, ihat even basty approach of the angel of deathythe end of their imperfect happiness, and resolved to avail himself of his is to be considered as an addition to talisgang: he applied the gift of the tie little felicity they enjoy. genius, from which he had promised. The genius ended; and the angel Himself never-ending pleasure, to pets of death, to him the angel of blissy phtuate extreme and eternal anguish! closed the eyes of Abou Taib.

Abridgement of M. Methetie's: retrospellite Vienu of the State of Natüral Siz

ente por the year 1787. NN METAERTE sets our with obó owing to the advancontent of the I I . ferving; that' though the disa science of nature. The numerous coveries made during 1787 be not lights afforded in natural subjects; have fai conliderable as those of preced- fhaken to their foundation the treniens ing years, yet it is pleasing to fee: dous colossafes of despotifm, which the fame fpirit of selearch prevails oppressed part of mankind. On the fie The progress of reason, in moral and. accounts the investigation of the faas political btanches, which is now un. of nature is interesting to every friend Paralleled by: any former periody is of humanityou...

After .. After an aordinm of which the a- In the next place, the author an bove is an extract, M. de la Mecherie nounces that she Abbé Rochon has for enumerates some of the most considere nished his colescope,.and that the mire able discoreries and changes in the ror, which is of platina, has a great different branches of natural science effect. last year.

Mr Mechain's discovery of a pla i Aftronoiny. Hevelius, Caffini, and net in April latt is also poriced. Don Ulloa, thought they perceived vol. M. de Caikni, jun. M. Mechain, canic appearances in the moon ; but it add M. le Gendre, having been apé was reserved to the celebrated Her pointed to reunite the triangles made fchel; on the 21st of April last, to in France and England, in coole: confuin the existence of volcanos in quence of M. de Cassini's, (fen.) prox this planet. Hence it is concluded, posal to our Royal Society to continue sbat the moon is analogous to our to ascertain in England the meridian earth, and that it has an atmosphere, traced in France. i s because fire cannot be supported with The Abbé Beauchamp is engaged out air.

in making observations in an observa, • We do not mean to controvert the tory at Bagdat. An observatory has opinion, that the moon has an atmof, also been crc&cd at the Ecole Militaire phere ; but we must observe, that thc in Paris, apd another at Gotha. i conclusion is liable to error, that such M. Bernard, in the marine observas an atmosphere exists because there are tory at Marseilles, observed the fam volcanos ; for although it is true, that tellites of Saturn, not seen for 70 years inflammation cannot subfilt without a before. continual application of fresh air, to In England, new and very exact la. the body to be consumed, yet that air nar tables have been given. ; may be supplied by the decomposicion Such are the principal discoveries of the inflammable substances them- of laft year : the instruments for this felves, or of substances mixed with branch of science have also been im. the inflammable body. Sulphur mixed proved ; Mr Grateloup, by gluing to. with nitre burns in close vessels, and gether, with a particular mastick, glaf, this is the process for making she vi- fes of differeot qualities, bas given a triolic acid by the manufacturers. On degree of power not experienced bea which occasion the air is furnished by fore, and M. Deslandes has run a the nitre, a substance mixed with the piece of glafs 73 inches in diameter; indammable body, (the fulphur) and and 20 lipes thick, and another place not by the atmosphere. It is only in 32 inches in diameter and four inches this way that subterraneous fire can chick ; both plates of great beauty. I be explained. Therefore the volcanic Zoology. In this branch M. de la fire in the moon may be fupported, Metherie notices the anatomical imnot by an atmosphere of air, but by prorements of M. Vicq d'Azyr ; M. air afforded by the combustible acids, Pinel's and Mr Cruickshanks's in Phy: which are containod in, and issued GologyMr Schreiber's and Mr Pen. of the moon. i , i nant's in the History of Quadrupeds.

This observation is only offered as On the subject of regeneration of doubt concerning the conclusion of parts of animals, M. Louis, Mr Arrethe moon's havinganatmosphere,drawo maan, M. Murray, and M. Kuba have from the existence of volcanos. written : they are of opinion that there • M. de Mecherie gives an account is onlya regeneration of a substance ana, of Mr Herschel's other aftronomical bogous to the destroyed fubftance, but discoveries of the last year, and of never a reproduction of a real nerve his large telescopos, in or mufcle. On the other hand, Cam

per, pet, Fontana, Michaelis, White, Blu- ral advancement of natural science, menbach, are of opinion that there is The adamantide spar has been discord a regeneration of parts the fame as vered ; M. Pidet has found out a dew those removed.

crystallized stone ; M, le Lievre has In Ornithology, Mr Latham, M. developed the nature of the chrysolito Moerhem, Mr Penpant, M. Marti- of volcanoes, which appears to be a pet and Sparrman are mentioned as species of serpentinę stane, that has improvers of this branch of patyral been acted upon by volcanic fires, hiftory..

Delarbe and Quinquct have described M. Hermann bas cultirated the a new species of bitumen; de la Msa history of amphibious animals, and M. therie's descriprion of Derbyłhire ca Bloch continues that of fishes. laltic bitumen, analogous to the caout.

-Natural Hiftory. bas been so much chouc, or elastic gum, is quite new. cariched fince the death of Lineæus, :: Physique, or Natural History. M. that his system of. nature has become de la Place is the only person who has quite imperfed... Dr Smith, says M. last year, done any thing considerable de la Metherie, could not employ him- in this part of natural science, excepe felf more usefully than by giving the ting van Marom's electrical experipublic. a new edition of that work.' ments, and those of M. Charles. : . It would be necessary to begin In Metcorolagy, Mr. Agnos's obfer, with the animal kingdom, and if one varion of a new and curious variation person could not execute the whole; of ihe. barometer is noticed ; allo M. as it would be a difficult task, the fub- de Luc's new. hygrometer; M. de ject might be divided; for example, Saussure's interesting observations on the fx grand divisions of the animal the summit of Mont Blanc; and M. kingdom might be afligned to as many Sennebier's memoic. different perlans. Others might take Agriculture seems to languish in the charge of the vegetable kingdom, greatest part of Europe, and neither which also o:ight be divided among the publications on this subject, nor feveral learned persons, Mineralogy the rewards offered by societies, apcomes last, becaufe the genera there pear to have brought it into a flourish. are less numerous, and besides, we ing state. In England, the author hare several compleat works on that observes, that among the causes of ad fubject.' . :

fancement in agricukure, have been In Entomology advances have been first, the great numbers of owners who made by Gigot d'Orcy, Garangeot, cultivate their own lands ; fecond, tho 'Abbé Poiret, de la Martiniere, Brui- long leases granted, of forty, fifty, of cre, Thunberg, Fabricius, Vahl, and fixty years, so that the farmer confia Caroligi, .iii.

ders the land as his own property Botany has been coriched by the and is induced to spend money in cul

collections of a great many learned tivating it ; thirdly, the estimation and · travellers. M, de la Peyrouse, of the credit of people who cultivate land in Academy of Thoulouse, bas proposed that country. But in do country has to publith a Flora Pirenaica, or a mag, agriculture been so much improved pificent description of the plants found as in China, because the Emperor himon the Pyrenean siountains. M. de self tills the ground, which is to be his la Metherie Dext mentions the expe. fupport, li was alfa in great perfec. riments of Spallanzani, which seem to tion in ancient Egypt, and the highest contradict the sexual fyftem of Lin- marks of honourable distinction were næus, but in which he apprehends bestowed upon it. . shere is fome mistake. 7. : Chemniftry. The zeal for this science : Mineralogy has lared in the gene had been uniformly maintained als


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