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devastations there : but my thoughts Leipzig, 22d Jan. 1763. fhall be confined to you alone. . “ Fifty-one years, my dear mam

Farewell, dear mother, ma, are no trifle ; it is almost the

FREDERICK.': whole stock of the distaff of Madam Clotho, who spins the thread of our

28 June, 1763. : lives. I thank you for interesting « Your letter and remembrance, yourself in behalf of an old friend; in my dear mother, gave me real joy ; whose sentiments, neither age nor ab- as they were certain proofs of your fence has made the least alteration ; better health, I did allured that you are and who hopes to see you at Berlin in no danger, agd that you will shortly (to speak poetically) before Flora has recover. Let me recommend you to embellished the earth with her flowery take the air frequently, which will re. prefents. And if I sincerely rejoice vive your blood, and re-establish your at seeing any body in the metropolis, health. You know my old heart re. it will be you alone ; but take no no- mains always the same, and is entire. tice. This is not poetical, but liter- ly formed for loving you, as long as ally true. May heaven protect your its motions are vibrated by the string days, and lower its bleflings on you, of life. Take as much care as possible as much as your virtues deserve. May of yourself, and do not forget me. I we meet again in health and happi- lament that you are not here, though Dess; and may your friendship been you are certainly right to spare your ver preserved for me; which I shall person. In fact, it would not be in endeavour to meric by an inviolable my power to enjoy much of your attachment for you, my dear mother, charming company, if you were here ; till envious fate cuts the thread of my for we are nearly in the same bustle, life. . - FREDERICK.” as if it were a general convocation of

the members of the whole Roman em.

pire, surrounded with thirty princes Dahlen, 6th March, 1763. and princeffes. Besides, my weak “ We shall meet again, my dear state of health prevents my being premother, at the end of this, or begin- sent at all the feasts--it is only on ning of next month. I hope to find great folemnities that I appear; and you as well, and good tempered, as in the intervals I endeavour to enjoy when we parted. You will find me some tranquillity. The old baron rie grown old, nearly childish, and grey dicules my lame legs, and has ventuas an ass: I almost daily loose a tooth, red a running match with Prince Heaand I am lame with the gout : but you ry; but as for me, creeping very lowwill excuse the infirmities of age, and ly with one leg, like a tortoise, I am we shall converfe about past times. a spectator of their feasts, like a paraOur good Marquis Baireuth is dead lyric at the ballet of Dennis. When -I sincerely lament his loss. We my old legs will permit me to climb . ' mult facrifice our friends ; and our up the stairs of the palace, leading to enemies remain to eternity. Alas! your apartment, you shall see the eld. how I dread to fee Berlin, and the eit of your adorers. FREDERICK."

Extract of a Letter from Maka ; written to M. l'Abbé Telfier, by M. de
: Moncrif, Agent des Affaires for the King of France, in that City.
T HIS country is a good deal dif- an European, desirous of information
I ferent from India, into which concerning the Itace of the country.


can eally obtain access. Arabia the inhabitants of Tehama ate supporteda Happy is divided into two parts , the It produces all sorts of grain, wheai, Lower, called Tehama, extending from rye, millet, barley, beans, peas, kido che mountains to the sea ; and the Up. ney-beans, &c. variety of fruit-trees; per, Djabel, comprehending the range such as fig, peach, almond, plumb, aof mountains. The first containing pricot, and quince trees, vinos, &c. por Moka, Houdeida, Lohia fituated on herbs, medicinal and aromatic plants, the shore, Zabid, and Beit-el-Fach-hi, &c. It rains a good deal there in the is extremely dry, parched, and burnt up course of the year, and the temperaby the heat of the fun, and bears no- ture of the air becomes cooler in 1950thing but date-trees, which thrive best portion to the height of the mountains; on a light, dry foil, and a few shrubs; so that at Sana, the capital, tho' only only, Zabid is lituated at the opening in the latitude of 15 degrees, a pretty of a vale bearing the fame name, severe cold is felo, according to the acwhich is sometimes watered by rains counts of the Arabians. Water free collected on the neighbouring moun. Zes there during the Winter nights, tains ; and being carefully cultivated, These are all the natural adrastages produces several forts of grain for the thar have gained to this part of A. use of. man and the domestic animals. rabia the name of the Happy, whicla But through the whole of Tehama, bas been bestowed on it, not on acexcept in the neighbourhood of Zabid, count of its posfelling greater fertility there is not the least verdure to be or beauty than the rest of the world, feen, fave that of date-trees, which is but from its bordering on Arabia De far from being chearful, of a few cot- træa and Deserta. For Indoftan, parcon trees, and fome sword-grass and ticularly towards the North, has greatfruit frubs scattered here and there. ly the advantage over it in point of This is what I obferved in a journey fertility and beauty; and tho' in Ipdia of thirty leagues between Moka' and they have neither peaches, apricotse Beit-el-Fach-hi, one of the most fa- plumes, not pears, &c. get their lofs tiguing that can polfbly be travelled. is not great, and is sufficiently made The same may be said of all Tehama, up in oher respects ; for all the fruits which is the only part in which Ey- which I have mentioned, have, in A. Topeans have any business, and reside; rabia, a cettein disagreeable wildness for beyond its limits they are not al. of taste and flavour, and beter tipes lowed to pass without communicating fully : they are four and dwarsth, in to government the motives of their re- comparison with ours; particularly the moval, and the objects of their travels. peaches, which I have never eaten, ered From this, Sir, you perceive that, ex- with wine, without finding them dilcepting the productions which I have agreeable. mentioned, I can draw nothing else It would be very useful, Sir, to a from Tehama to gratify your curiofi- person in my situation, to be guided ty; and, that if I draw any thing from by the observations of fome of those the mountains, not having it in my who have formerly visited Arabia, power to leave Tehama myself, it mult or the natural prodactions of the te by means of the Arabians, a set of country. These might enable me 10 haughty, stupid, and ignorant people, make few obfervations, and to distinwho cannot be brought to compre: guith those plants which the Arabians hend any ideas relative to the arts gather on the mountairs, and ufe for and sciences without the greateft dif- medical purposes. But I know nor culty.

of any better defcription than that by Djabel, or the mountains, is very M. Niebuhr, and the natur:d hiftory fertile, and with its productions the of the country is what has been latt

she object of his attention. "Tis true, tate in the world, that he is feared by that his province was the civil history, all the monarchs in Europe, and that the geography, and such other things he has done the King of France the as are connected with mathematical honour of giviog him his daughter in knowledge. But as he survived all his marriage? Yet, they are not all equally fellow-travellers, it would have been ignorant and narrow-minded. Some very useful, if he had published, along true Arabians are not quite destitute with his own work, with the leave of of education; that is, they are able to his Danish Majesty, the Observations read, write, and cast accompts, koow of MM. Fortkal and Cramer, who how to conduct themselves with próhad been employed on the natural his. priety in their different situations, and kory of the country, and had doubl. are honeft, tho' no friends to ceremoless made many important observations ny. But none of them, whom I have in their travels into the interior paris. as yet feen, has any knowledge of fo: However that may be, if those gentle- reign countries, or aay curiosity which men penetrated into the mountainous might prompt him to inquiries con. parts of Arabia, even as far as Sana, cerning them ; because, as they really it is what they could not accomplish believe their own country to be the without encountering a vast number of country of the gods; they have no i. difficulties. I am, therefore, obliged dca that the native country of any of to have recourse to the Arabians for the Europeans who visit them can be whatever I wish to procure from the superior to theirs, nor the least notion mountains, fach as grains, plants, &c. of the utility of our sciences. They without knowing whether they will are content with smoaking, drinking be careful to execute my commillions. coffee, and reposing on carpets. And This I have done fome days ago, and in this they differ much from the In, though every thing which I have com- dians, who have more activity, and miffioned be punctually sent me, I lefs haughtiness; are indeed less firm Thall Itill have as much difficulty to and manly; but more social, more reknow their names, their uses, and the gular in their government and man, manner in which they are cultivated, ners, and well acquainted with many &c. · What can you expect from peo- conveniencies of life, which are whol. ple who are persuaded that the Em. ly unknown to the Arabians . peror of Abyshnia is the richest poten

Extracts from a work in Munufcript; entitled, Ma Robe de Chambre, by M.

d'Elmotte, self-KNOWLEDGE. · ples, or examine the laws by which T HY hould I curioully observe it operates on the bodies thaç are ex'

the sensible properties of the posed to 'it? Will those painful reobjects around me? Why study the searches make me wiser or happier ? fyitem and motions of the celestial No, the true, the proper study of bodies, and enquire ioto the uncere man, is his own nature and moral ob.' taip rise of the winds, or the cause of ligations. the Aux and re-flux of the rides? Why Presumptuous philosopher ! thou labour to classify the different substan- thinkelt of compassing within the sphere ces which are torn from the bowels of of thy knowledge all the regions of of the earth, or gathered on its surface existence ; in the extravagance of thy Why analyse water into içs first princi- pride, thou even fattereft thyself with Vol. VII. No 4ž. 3 K


the hope of attaining the positive know- merit; but ment became caferriceablea ledge of infinitude ; and, loft in an and often hurtful to those who refused ocean of chimæras, thou forgetreft to fawn upon him. He was the great the confideration of all that is truly est politician of his age ; at least, if w: interesting and important, the knowo give thaç nanie to bim who has dil. kedge of thyfelf. ?Tis not around thee played most fill jo the art of gratify. chou fhouldest cast thy eyes ; thou ing bis ambition; which directed bim oughtest to look inward, and examine to labour for the aggrandisement of what passes in thy breast. Ar! shou himself and his 'maller, without pay delirous of regulating thy life? Lay jog any regard to the rights and in. afide thy books; look with an obfer- terelts of the people. But if, on the vant eye upon thyself; Audy thine own other hand, we give the name of a heart; but bevare, tbe ftudy is ai- great politiciaı, oply to him who ren çended with difficulties, Not only a ders mankind happy, by such nicalures few particular sentiments and actions as justice and prudence prefcribe, none mad pass under revicw: accidental is less worthy of that name than Rich, fallies of virtue will not constitute a clieu ; while the unanimous voice of Pirtuous man. The gale of opporty- posterity will confer that honourable nity sometimes conducis us to good, title on the able minister, who etta, and sometimes we are indebted even blished the liberty of the Americans to our vices for that accidental good. by the peace of 1783.

Self-knowledge, however, is por ac. ; quired without indefatigable pains, and WASHINGTON. a serious attention, not only to our WHEN thou gazelt on the portrai words and actions, but, fill more, to of any of our illustrious heroes, doft our most secret thouglies ; nor without thou then feel thy heart beat quick? a careful scrutiny into the rise, the pro. Is thine eye moistened with a few pre. gress, and the duration of our passions, cious tears ? Do thy checks glow? If as well as the fatal consequences which such are thy fcelings, oboy the pro. often Aow from their indulgenee. penfity of nature; thou art born ta

An admonition to mankind to know imitate those venerable objects of thing theinfelves, faid Montaigne, ought admiration. Bục tby courage will be surely to produce important effeéts; of small value, unless to it be joined a fince the God of knowledge, and of skilful acquaintance with the different light, caused it to be inscribed on the branches of knowledge which have refront of his temple, as comprehending lation to the art of war. You must be all the uscful directions that he had to sober and liberal, you must join pru. communicate. Platofays, that prudence deace to greatnets of foul, you su is only the application of this knowledge be grave in your conversation, and to the regulation of life, and Xenophon strictly faithful to your promise ; for afcribes the same opinion to Socrates, this will greatly contribute to support

yous authority. You must know the · OF CARDINAL RICHLIEU. interests of princes, and be able ta

Richlieu was polfeffed of a bold {peak with facility of all that reand extensive genius, a solid judg. lates to war and politics : you muf ment, a keen and penetrating wit. He endeavour to form to yourself a folid was revengeful ; and, to render less and penerating judgment, and be quick odious those deeds which were di&ta. in the execution of those enterprizes ted by that spirit, he disguifcd his re- which you have judiciously planned. venge under the name and garb of If you would gain the affe&tion of justice. The meanest adulation was your soldiers, always wear in their ure to please him. He diftinguifcd pcfence : fwling coupscaanse ; thew

fa goor conduct towards thier, mildo and punishments infitted without pafo pels, humanity, and a desire to pro: lion. Profit by the mistakes of the more thicir intersts; yet without de enemy, and in chusing a situation fod Teending from your dignity, lealt, by your camp, look forward to the ada too great condescension, you weaken vantages, or inconveniencies which the spirit of subordination, and be, in may resulç from your encamping og the end, compelled to affume excess such and such ground. Attend also live reserve and austerity. Gain the to the wants of your army ; let them love of your foldiers; but let their always enjoy, by your paternal care; love be blended with veneration and plenty without profufion; what may tefpe&. Above all, bewäre of exciting be sufficient to support, without ener among them hacred; difgust, and jea- vating the soldier. By uniting in yourlous envy, by preferences discouraging felf all those qualities, you will become to true merit, and unjust predilections. a great general, and refemble the ima Let rewards be judicioudly bestowed, inortal Washington. .......48

. . nisi e

l it .. A Sermon on Alms, by. Samoel Charters, Minifter of Wilton Published for

the Benefit of the Society in Scotland for promoting Religious Knicvwledge and mong the poor.

The following extracts will give an idea of this publication,

Sindīy Schools. . tish stipend a slender maintaintance. TATITH a small' annual lam, å The priesthood; as in the days of Jeg

V school may be opened on the roboam, iš descending to the meanest Lord's day for the young who have of the people. Extensive knowledge kearned to read, and are entering on and liberal-manners, seldom fall to their labour. By this mean, their acquainta lot. This, id an enlightened and luked! ance with Scripture is retained and is. warm age; makes the sacrifice of the dreased. A habit of reverencing the Lord to be despised. It indeed bea Sabbath is acquired, at the time of contes the thinilter of Christ to be con.. life when kabits are formed, and wheñ tent with little; and to atone for pover. Sabbath-breaking is often the first step ¢y by virtue: but it is for the honour and in that broad way which leadeth to interest of religion, that he abounds in destruction. A good foundation is laid' knowledge as well as goodness. While for the time to come : memory is sto- do public provision is made adequate red with the truths, and laws, and to the experice of a liberal education, confolations of God': the tender heart it is a good work for rich individuals to receives its first indelible impressions furisith some with the means of know. from the sacred or cle: the opening ledge, who in the next age mag stand mind is occupied and interested with in the gap, to stem the tide of growo , things concerning sålration, and the ing profisyenefs and infidelity. way of life iš chosen:

Teaching the Deaf and Damb. i Education for the Ministry. The art of instructing the deaf and

To educate for the ministry, a younig dumb is a high and happy effort of tað of good parts and of a serious genius. It reflects honour on the unsind, would be a valuable gift, and, derstanding and heart of chofe who in the present state of things, very sea- practise it. It makes light to arise on fonable. They who can educate their luch as sit in darkness, and calls forth foos liberally, are apt to thiók a Scoi-' their latent powers. li renders the


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