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Worthy philosopher cursed," wrote to them in reply: " I insist on Socrates being saved—as also on Eberhard's becoming your preacher. Frederick."

Colonel Senning, who was tutor to his Majesty in geometry fortification, Sic. was one of those who was favoured with particular friendlhip. During the misunderstanding between the king (when prince) and his father, honest old Senning became involved in his master's fate—for which, Frederick, when he came to the throne, made him full amends in a manner fully peculiar to himself. Age, and infirmity, prevented him from going to the campaign in the year 1740 ; but he received uninterrupted marks of remembrance and iavour from the king—and in May I74!, the following letter, dated from the camp near Brezcst, also:

Dear old honest Senning,

"I thank you for the interest you take in the occurrences with which fortune has savoured me. You have seme reason to feel for my account-.-for you know how much I am your friend. It is an old faying, that peace is-the cause of war—but it is a more true maxim with me, that war promotes peace. After this last battle, I am of opinion, that the Austrians are incapable of continuing the war ; and, as far as I can judge, I (hall soon embrace you as a peaceable inhabitant of Charlottenburg.or of Rhcinsberg; and astute you, viva voce, how much esteem and real friendship I entertain for you. Farewell, my dear Senning. Frederick."

The king permitted this favourite to to live in the royal palace at Berlin; and continued his true friend till his death

At carnival time in Berlin, the king used to have many public characters brought before him. One day a young man was announced, who had his hair xiressed in a new and very singular fashion ; but as soon as he perceived tb£ person opening the door, he shut

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it immediately, without speaking to him, feigning that this man's figure had terrified him. The following day, he said to his Generals, "Oh heavens! how terribly was I frightened yesterday,"—and gave them a description of the young man's dress. "Take particular care," continued he, "that my officers do not fee him ; but much mote so, that they do not take him for a pattern." . .

A grenadier of the first battalion of guards at Potsdam, standing centry one day in the royal gardens, his sweetheart came, to fee him. They were toying together, when on a iudden, the girl gave a horrid scream, and rail off. The surprized soldier looked round, was much more terrified than his mistress, when he saw the king close behind him. In his tremor and confusion he shouldered his piece; and, endeavouring to face about, turned two or three times round on his heel, and at last rested his arms,—" What have you been about, fellow," said the king, " have you forgot my commands I" " For God's fake! your Majesty," stammered the trembling son of Mars, "do not tell my captain; for he would have me flogged to death if he knew it." His Majesty smiled at the man's downright simplicity; and doubled his pay out of his privy purse. .

The king disliked all ceremony; and avoided it, as much as he could do consistently with good manners. On his acceflion to the throne, he was obliged to have homage done him at Konilberg, in Pruffia. Going thither for that pm wise, he took with him the Marquis d'Argens; in order to instruct him in the usual ceremonies, as he had already seen them performed in France. On the day appointed foe the homage, his Majesty wore a small gala sword ; and was going to mount the throne, on which he was to appear, in this manner. D'Argens reminded him, that he should have an imperial sword, which was the proper one for I l such

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king. . ' . t- . * ing decree unde

It came to the king's knowledge, that a corporal of his body regimentj a fine young fellow, wore a watch. chain suspended firpm a 'leaden ball, metely from a wish to appear consequential.—His Majesty wanting to be convinced of the matter, it was so setvied, that the corporal could not fail meeting hint at - a particular hour. •* Ah! corporal," said the monarch, "you must be a brave fellow, to have laved a watch out of your pay. "I flatter myself vhat I am brave, sire," said the man, "but the watch is of •vary little consequence.** The king taking out a gold watch, set round with diamonds, said: "My watch points at five—how much is youi's ¥' Shame and confusion appeared at first in the poor corporal's face-; and, however unwilling he might be to boast at that moment, he drew out his chain with the bullet, and answered with a fitm •voice—** My wsjtch, your Majesty, shews neither five nor six ; but it points Dot to me, in the clearest manner, that, death which I am ready to die for my king every moment." The monarch feplied: ". In order that you may fee daily, one of those hours in which you are to die for me—take this watch."

ed against the eternal punishments sfc hell. He applied to the king, who immediately issued a cabinet order to reinstate him ; and to observe more to-, leration for the. future. .The states protested agaiqst it; pleaded the priviledges of their constitution; in short, totally refused, M.ougn 'n respectful expressions, to obey, since the peojle would not listen to any thing relativeto a cessation of punishments of hell. The king, who did not wish to infringe their aacienf privileges, returned the protest; after have writiea the follow*

Si messujets de Valangin veulent. etre4amneseternellenient,jen'yrrouve rien a redire." "If my subjects of Valangin will insist on being damned eternally, I have nothing to fay against it. ,"

The states of Valangin bad deposed a reformed preacher, for haying preach

From the earlier and happier day* of the king, may be d;.rcd rut friend* ship for Madame de * Citrus. The following letters, which he wiote to her, prove the monarch's amiable disposition i

Neusiadt, 11 Nov. 1760.

f 1 A«j very punctual in my answers you fee, that your cuiiosity may be satisfied. What strange revolutions are produced by age. These feur years pst I have abstained from all kind of suppers; since they do not agree with my profession, or rather the manner in which I live according to my profession ; and, during our days of marching, my whole dinner is a single dill of chocolate. Believe me, I lead such a miserable life, as no person but Don Quixote ever did before. These irregularities have made me look Ca old that you will scarce know me again. On the right side of my bead the hair is turned grey; my teeth break to pieces, and begin to loosen ; my face is as full of Wrinkles as a petticoat is of

quilting i

• Afterwards Countess, whose maiden name was de Brand—* lady adorned with a neble heart, and great understanding. She was- principal governess to lie, king's mother; and was bora in the last century.

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quilting •, mi my back is vaulted Kke a monk of la Trappe. I tell you all this beforehand, that in cafe we (hould fee each other again in tieih and bones, you may not be surprised, nor take offence at my figure. The heart only remains unalterable—and shall, while I breathe, preserve sentiments of esteem, and the most tender friendship, tor my dear mother, Farewell.


Nov. %"]lh. "You fee, dear mother, with what an active zeal you arc served. Herexirith you receive the snuff. At present we are employed in arranging our Winter quarters. I have yet to make a short journey; and then intend to take some red at Leipzig, if it is to be found there. Reft is to me a metaphysical word, without reality. Between ourselves, my dear mother, the lire we lead is literally worse than that os a dog—but no notice must be taken of it. Farewell. Remember me often. Frederick."

Nov. 30/*, "It must be confessed, dear mother, that you have had great experience, and I congratulate you on your knowledge, of the dropsy. The accident you mention, is almost a daily one. There is no court, nor even convent, where the like does not happen. I, for my part, who am rather indulgent to the foibles of my own sex, cannot throw stones at the courtladies who bring children, God's own creatures, into the world. They propagate the human species: and darklooking politicians destrqy the seme by unhappy wars. I must confess that, to my ideas, these too tender-hearted damsels, are far preferable to those dragons of chastity, who treat their equals -with a merciless severity, for having yielded to a temptation by which themselves might have been subdued, had they been put to the trial—and to these sevidiog g°%*> who are gene: ally void

of mercy, and full of -malice." Pray • let proper care be taken of the child's education ; and, in such a manner, that the family may not be exposed to the censorious tongue of flander. The poor girl shall withdraw from court*, so as not to be noticed; and her reputation saved as much as possible.—T. We are likely to have peace, my dear mother: and IpurpoJe to enjoy a goodlaughable tete a tete when I lhall have the happiness of seeing you again. Adieu, my dear mother—I embrace. you. Frederick."

Mtijscn, zotb Dee. "Herewith, my dear mamroa, I send you a bagatelle, by which you may remember me. You may use this box, either for rouge, beaaty-fpots, snuff, sweetmeats,or pills: to whatever use you put it, do not forget, on the sight of this dog, the emblem of faithfulness—that be who sends the seme excels all the dogs in the universe, in respect to his attachment for you ; and that his devotion for your person hat nothing analogous with the frail matter fabricated here. I have bespoke china for every body: for Schonhausen, for my sister-in-law j in short, lam rich in this frail merchandise; and hop: that those who are to receive it, wiii take it as ready money: for alas, dear mother, we are but poor devils; having nothing left but honour, swords, and china. Faiewell. If it pleases heaven for me to behold you agaja face to face, I (hall repeat verbally what is here written—but let me manage how I will, it will never be in my power to express what my heart feels for you. Frederick."

Head-quarteis at Betllern, ,r 8th June, 1761. "I Am very well convinced, my dear mother, that you are sincerely concerned in every thing that befajs us. The worst is, that we were so much behind hand, as to stand every -way in need of good fbrtune, to.reco

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▼fcr ourselves, and make peace with the two powers; which is of the utmost importance j which at any other time would have been sufficient to restore general tranquillity, but produces ac present no other benefit than to finish the war in a less inglorious manair. I wish, from the bottom of my heart, that heaven may preserve you many years ; that I may have the pleasure ot" seeing, hearing, and embracing you once more. In all appearance, you will soon be peaceable inhabitants at Berlin; But with regatd to us, we (hall probably be obliged- to sight till all the fire of nature is extinguilhed. It must, however, finish at last; and the only agreeable prospect which peace opens to me, is to assure you, viva voce, of the great esteem with which I remain, my dear madam,

Your faithful friend,


J mil 11th. "I AM rejoiced, dear mother, at Your good temper, and advise you to increase it. Since all sublunary things must have an end, it is to be hoped, that this cursed war will not be the only thing eternally existing. Ever since grim-faced death has been so kind to take off a certain intriguing lifter in the North, our situation is turned to advantage, and proves far mote tolerable than it was before. You speak of Berlin: I with very much to be able to conduct you thither; but if so, 'tis not my will that you should be settled, like the birds cm a twig—but that you may remain there with all due honour and dignity. Therefore, I wait the period in which this matter will be fixed on a firmer basis, in order to acquaint you with it. If the issue proves honourable, I shall thank heaven, that we may emee more embrace, my dear mother. Yes, I fay, embrace—for in this world you have no other lover but me. You earn not make me jealous: and in return for my constancy and faithfulness, I

have a right to claim a kiss for my. reward—therefore prepare. Finette may fay what she pleases; nay, frit herself to death; for since her duke's deceased, she gets no kisses. Farewell, dear mother, pardon the povertywith which 1 write. I banish all chagrin when left alone to love you, and enjoy the pleasure of entertaining myself with you. Fkldekick."

PeterfrvaUr, 19/A Gfl. "I wish to take a sonified city every day, my. good mother, for the sake of receiving your charming epilrbs; but blockheads of commanders are often the cause of my losing one in a dishonourable manner: and though there may be emperors who wish me well, yet—T—But you may judge in what situation I find myself. If our emperor was still in being, we might ptobably enjoy peace before the end of the Winter; and you might return, full gallop, to your sandy paradise at Berlin. But the public, who commonly love to flatter themselves beforehand, thought, without foundation, that peace must necessarily'follow the taking the Schweidnitz:—perhaps you might have been of the fame opinion; on the contrary, it appears to me, that our enemies have not yet the least desire of reconciliation, judge then, wliether it would be prudent to return to Berlin, on the hazard of flying to Spandau on the first alarm. You mention the poor Finette; alas ! my dear mother, for these six months past, I have not lamented the dead so much as the living. Our life is a miserable one—not worth regretting the loss of. I wish you much patience, and all the happiness this poor world can yield; but, above all, I wish the preservation of your good temper; the ooly great and real good which fortune cau bestow upon you. As far as I am concerned, my old friendship and eiltera (hall never cease.

Adieu, dear mother, l.v. . . • Fa.C9saic.fe"

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Leipzig, 2ld Jan. 1763. *' FifT Y-one years, my dear mamma, are no trifle; it is almost the whole stock of the distaff of Madam Clotho, who spins the thread of our lives. I thank you for interesting yourself in behalf of an old friend; in vhose sentiments, neither age nor absence has made the least alteration; and who hopes to fee you at Berlin (to speak poetically) before Flora has embellilhed the earth with her flowery presents. And if I sincerely rejoice at seeing any body in the metropolis, it will be you alone : but take no notice—This is riot poetical, but literally true. May heaven protect your days, and shower its bleflings on you, as much as your virtues deserve. May we meet again in health and happiness; and may your friendship be ever preserved for me; which I shall endeavour to merit by an inviolable attachment for you, my dear mother, till envious fate cuts the thread of my


Dahlen, 6th March, 1763. "We shall meet again, my dear mother, at the end of this, or beginning of next month. I hope to find you as well, and good tempered, as when we parted. You will find inc grown old, nearly childish, and grey as an ass: I almost daily loose a tooth, and I am lame with the gout: but you will excuse the infirmities of age, and we shall converse about past times. Our good Marquis Baircuth is dead —I sincerely lament his loss. We must sacrifice our friends; and our enemies remain to eternity. Alas! how I dread to fee Berlin, and the

devastations there: but my thoughts shall be confined to you alone.

Farewell, dear mother,


id June, 1763. "Your letter and remembrance, my dear mother, gave me real joy; as they were certain proofs of your better health, I no assured that you are in no danger, and that you will shortly recover. Let me recommend you to take the air frequently, which will revive your blood, and re-establish your health. You know my old heart re mains always the fame, and is entire* ly formed for loving you, as long as its motions are vibrated by the string of life. Take as much care as possible of yourself, and do not forget me. I lament that you are not here, though you are certainly right to spate your person. In fact, it would not be in my power to enjoy much of your charming company, if you were here * for we are nearly in the same bustle, as if it were a general convocation of the members of the whole Roman empire, surrounded with thiity princes and princesses. Besides, my weak state of health prevents my being present at all the feasts—it is only on great solemnities that I appear; and iu the intervals I endeavour to enjoy some tranquillity. The old baron ridicules my lame legs, and has ventured a running match with Prince Henry; but as for me, creeping very slowly with one leg, like a tortoise, I am a spectator of their feasts, like a paralytic at the ballet of Dennis. When my old legs will permit me to climb up the stairs of the palace, leading to your apartment, you shall see the eldest of your adorers. Frederick."

Extract es a Letter from Moka; written to M. V Abbe Testier, ly M. Moncrif, Agent du sfjs,iires for the King ('//"France, in that City.

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HiS country is a good deal dis- an European, desirous of information fereot from India, -into which concerning .the state of the country.

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