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Tembly might surely have been bet- of our country in behalf of the disfer supported, and the cause of jus- tressed Africans ; again we coosidered tice and humanity more fully vindi. that our application was not likely to cated. However important the fub. produce any useful effects : and we ject of confideration, or howerer much concluded, that it was nor incumbent esteemed the eloquence of the speaker upon us, as upon elders and pastors who was holding forth, nothing could in the days of St Paul, to be inliant in prevail with the members to continue, feafon, and out of perfon. Yet I mean even for ten minutes, still or quiet. not to insinuate, that this Aliembly Some were always palling and repas- displayed to my observation more e fing, to the great disturbance and con- gregious dulness or folly, more confi. fusion of the whole house. Doubtless, dent disregard of truth and justice, or they retired to meditate or to pray, less regularity and decorum than must and returned, after accomplishing, or in the present age, distinguish every yainly labouring för, the end for which court equally numerous, cqually prothey retired ; and, indeed, some of miscuous, and whose atiention is not those gentlemen appeared, on their re. engaged by objects more highly inter. turn, to be inflamed with the pirit; elting to themfelves or to the public. but still the feo fon which they chose My expectations are indeed disappointfor those purposes was rather incon- ed; but I had foolishly expected to yenient. I was sorry also to observe find things inconsistent united in close the existence of party, where there union. I had hoped to behold togeappears no room for party-spirit. What ther the zeal of Knox, and the liberal can posibly produce or cherish that sentiments of Priestly; the majesty of fpirit, when power, aMuence, and con- ancient Roman fenators, with the ci fideration do not appear denied or huld vility of well-bred Scotchmen. How. out to anyone ser of political sentiments, ever, I am disgusted with such assem. or anyone tenor of public conduct more blics : I rejoice that I have hitherto than another? But perhaps I am wrong, spent my time mostly in the country, and some weighty confiderations of in- equally at a distance from the business terelt determine every member, with and the pleasures of the world; cultiregard to the fide of the house on which vating my little farm, reading again he firs, and the side of the question and again my few books, partaking op which he votes. The Slave-trade with my family in a few genuine and came under consideration; but we had simple pleasures, and joining with them amongst us either too little philosophy, in equally simple and sincere exercises or too little concern for the interests of of devotion. Neither ambition nor our Negro brethren, to inquire into' zeal shall ever bring me 'to another and determine upon the injustice, im. General Affembly. I am, policy, and inhumanity of that traffic.
Dear Brother, Ae one time, we thought it below
Yours affectionately, our dignity to apply to the legislature
Anecdotes of Frederick the Great, late King of Prussia. T HE unremitting and strict at. That degree of industry, which a man
1 tention of the King of Prussia, endowed with the greatest intellectual is perhaps unparalleled among men, power may bestow on certain occasions, and is one of the most remarkable employed the king in the course of traits in his extraordinary character. forty-lix years ; without suffering him
self to be interrupted in his plan for except the barking of his little grepe one single day, either by pleasure, in- hound should betray him to the Pan. dulgeoce, chagrin, or disappointment. dour-horsemen palling the said bridge a
As his age and infirmities increased, but the animal, as if fenfible of its it happened once that he slept a little master's danger, pressed herself close longer than he designed to do ; this to bis person, without making the pexed him fo much, that he order. least noise. Soon after, the king met ed his valets de chambre to wake him General Rothenburgh, to whom he every morning precisely at four o'clock, smilingly presented little Biche as one and not suffer him to fall asleep again, of his molt faithful friends. Not long wbatcver he might say to them. Not after this, in the battle near Soor, the long after, a newly-appointed valet en, poor dog fell into the hands of the tered the king's bed-chamber to exe- Austrians along with the king's bag. cute his commands : “ Let me lay a gage. The lady of General Nadalli little longer," said the king, “ for I took it, and was, after many folicitae am exceedingly sleepy !" Your Majes- tions, with great difficulty prevailed ty ordered me to call you at this hour. upon to return the same to its royal “ Only a quarter of an hour longer owner. The king fat writing just I say" -Not one minute your Majif- when Liche was brought back to the ty; it is past four o'clock, and I will palace. Rothenburgh foftly opened not be sent away in this manner.-- the apartment, and Biche entering vo“ You are a brave fellow,” exclaimed perccived jumped upon the table, stood the king, riling, “for you would have before the king, and laid her fore-legs - fared ill if you had suffered me to round his neck, which fo much re. sleep any longer." . . . . . . joiced her master, that the tears giil
It is one of the most agreeable a. tened in his eyes. A little monument musements to an observer, to follow the has been erected in the palace of Sansunsubdued hero in his domestic and souci to the memory of this faithful private life, and there to trace his pliant creature ; and her progeny remaiced heart, and all those little, social in. about the king's person till he diede clinations which marką tender soul. Among the latter, his fondness of dogs . The king's magnanimity, made aa deserves to be mentioned, for he was impression on diftant nations ; and eres exceedingly partial so these good-pa- uncivilized men felt themselves une tired and faithful animals. He gene- nerved by his incredible, dauntless inrally kept a number of small leather trepidity. In the seven years war, he, balls in his cabinet, which he suffered attended by a small suite on horseback, there faithful companions to play with. went out to reconnoitre. Some PanIf they were ill, he ordered them to dours lay in ambush in a wood, and be carefully attended to. One of these took their aim, though ineffe&tual, a four legged favourites accompanied the king's party, by discharging their him every where, in his first campaigns, muskets fingly. At one time, when quite alone, he A chasseur perceiring the hero rehad ventured himself too far, he un, gardless of their attempts, cried out, expectedly discovered a troop of Pan- & Please your Majesty to save your dours coming up the road, whom he self; for behind yonder tree very near could not avoid by any other means, the road, fomebody has prefented his than by concealing himself under the musket at your person." Frederic arch of a bridge thrown over a pretty remained quite composed, and looking Jarge ditch. In this disagreeable situ- perceived à Pandour taking aim si ation he was hid from every one, and him: when lifting up his case, and had seemingly nothing to apprehend, calling to him with a menacing voice
Said, “ Ah, firrah !" the affrighted the fame. The princess, very much Pandour dropt his piece, uncovered irritated by this behaviour, sent the his head, and remained in this respect. officer word, she was willing to pay ful posture till the king had pa:fed him. the penalty; and requested that he
himself would bring the Gik.--He o: The king being fond of jesting, used beyed-she took the gown from him frequently to beltow his favours in a --and giving him a smart box on the jocose manner, on those who enjoyed ear, ordered him to be turned out of the honour of his particular attach- the apartment. The officer, thinkiog mients. One day when the state mi- his honour wounded, had a long compifter, and the first master of the horse, plaint drawn up by a lawyer, refpecting Count Schwerin, dined with him, the this case, which he delivered to the king faid: “ I know you are fond of king. To which he gave the following going to church ; but tell me pray answer : “ I agree to lose the daty what do you think of God?” The count Let the princess keep the filk---and the replied, “ Please your Majesty, I have officer the box on the ear; as to his always thought God to be gracious, being dishonoured, I declare the touch but now I have altered my opinion.” of a fair hand cannot di:honour the * For whai reason, pray?" " That 0- face of an excise onicer,” .. therwise he would not have suffered On the introduction of a new hymn. my estate's to he burnt down." Here book, four parishes petitioned the king the king broke off the conversation. for permission to use the old one, with The following day, he asked the count: which they were much better acquaint..
Do you know how to explain ed; and received the following ane dreams « Not very well, fire." " I swer :bad a dream last night !” “ Indeed," “ His Majesty, our most gracious fays the count. “ I have conversed sovereign, is coo renable of the invawith God; what does that mean?” luable privilege of a reasonable and “ I do not know how to explain .it, prudeni toleration in religious matters, fire, unless I could divine the subject to take amiss the petition of the four of your Majesty's conversation with parishes, delivered by them on the God." " Will then, I conversed 141h instant, and much less to oppofe with God, and he bade me re-build the fame. His Majesty on the conthe burnt estates of count Schwerin. trary, is of opinion, that the duty of Since he has ordered it so, I have al- every good sovereign, and father of ready affigned the needful fum, and his country, makes it a positive and given proper directions for that pur. unalterable law, to give full liberty to pose." "I return my humble thanks his subje&s to believe and to arrange to your Majesty,” replied the count. their worship as they please ; but so far * But pray," says the king, “ what only, as their doctrines and religious is now your opinion of God ?“ The ceremonies are not contrary to the peace fame again, as it was at first, viz. of our ftate, or to the good morals of That he is gracious, and that your our country. : Therefore, his Majesty Majesty is the instrument of his grace will not suffer the constraint to prevail towards me ; wherefore my warmest in the churches, refpecting the catethanks are but too feeble." .. . . chism or hymo-books, but is pleased · The Princess Elizabeth of Prussia, to allow, that every creed fhall be and had ordered some rich silk for a gown, remain entirely at his subjects discrefrom Lyons, in France ; but foreigå tion.' And yet the new catechiin, filks being totally prohibited in the and the new hymn-book, are, perhaps, Prussian dominions, the excise officer more intelligible, more rational, and had the temerity to seize and confiscate more confident with lze religioo ; as
fo many other parishes, at the head of thing, are ignoramuses in all count which, are so many persons of an esta. tries. In England, the king's own blished reparation, have given the pre. son is now but a midshipman on board ference to the latter. The said four a man of war, to learn the duties of parishes, therefore, may make them- the fervice. If; therefore, any thing Ielvs very easy; fince, as already men. is to be done for the count, in order tioned, they, as well as their fellow. to his becoming useful to the world in subjects, are perfectly at liberty to be general, and his country in particular, lieve, and to sing whatever pfalms they, he must never be vain of his birth and an please.
FREDERICK."empty title, for this is mere nopfeose; Berlin, 18th Jan. 1781.
all mult depend on his personal meris. The King's own postscript.
FREDERICK." " Every one may believe what he Tihe magistráte of a little village, in pleales, if he is but honelt., Keipec. the marquisate of Brandenburg, com. ting the hymn-book; every body is at mitted a burgher to prison, who was liberty to fingdom
charged with having blafphemed God, + At prefent all the itoodlands fleep; the king and the magiftrate. The
Men, beasts, and towns, and fields, &c. burgomaster reported the same to the ör such similar nonsensical and foolish king, in order to know what pupifh stuff. And the priests are not to for- ment such a criminal deserved. The get toleration ; for their hobby-horse following sentence was written by his persecution will never be suffered in Majesty in the margin: .... my dominions. FREDERICK." "That the prisoner has blasphemed .. :: : ...
God, is á süre proof be, does not The marshal of the court, the count know him; that he has blasphemed . Vand S***, folicited the king, that his me, I willingly forgive; bui for bis Majesty would be pleased to prefer his blaspheming the magisfrace, he hall be fon in the military line. :
punished in an exemplary manner, and The king returned to the count the committed to Spandau f for balf an, following Cabinet Order: ; hour.
FREDERICK." « Wellborn, beloved, faithful! “ I have observed the solicitation
In a church of one of the Romai
catholic cities in -Silesia; it was fres respecting your song by your letter of the 22d May: and mult tell you that quently obietvedy that, of the offerings long ago I have given orders to ad. brought to the Virgin Mary, several mit no counts whatever into my army;
w were missing. After many endeavours because, after having served one or
to find out the thief, the clerk noticed two years, they generally retaro home.
a soldier, who was generally the first If your son really wishes to serye, bis
and the last perfon in the church. He title must heve nothing to do with his
was therefore stope, and some things cmilitary duty; nor can he ever ad
fered found upoo him. Notwithitandó vance, if he does not study his pro
ing this, he denied the theft, and
boldly afferied, that the Virgin Mary, I am your affectionate King;
to whom he always applied when in - FREDERICK."
want, had, in the night-time, broughc
these pieces of Glver to his lodgings. The King's own postscript. This subterfuge was not listened to i " Young Doblemen who learn no- but a court-marcial adjudged him to a
fevere f An old evening hymn, well known in most parts of Germany.
This is a fainous fortification, where Nate-prisoners and criminals are ufuzli incarcerated.
fevete punishinent: Whea the fen- King of Prusfia himself could not tence was laid before the king for con- have released me from this little cere. formation, he ordered enquiry to be mony." In this he was not deceived. made, of some of the catholic eccics. The banker's wife was called. “ What aitics, whether, according to che doc. have you done, exclaimed the hus. 'trines of their church, such a case was band ?", informing her of the quality to be allowed potable. The answer of his visitor. “ Down on your knees, was unanimous Miracles; thoagh and bez pardon for your rudeness.” they happened but feldom, are not in- Well, lays the, I cannot help it: kings posible." Whereapon the king wrote and queens must fübmit don't I pull under the sentence : « The pretended off my shoes, although the mistress of criminal is absolved from punishment the apartment?" You are perfectly while he perlifts in denying the sheft ; right; madam," answered the best of as, according to the declaration of kings. “Now, my dear fir, are you theologists of their own persuasionconvinced? I was certain that my sub, such a miracle is noi deemed impol- million, and keeping incognito, would hble. But, for the future I forbid save the King of Prussia from difgrace." him, on pair of severe punishment;
. i . . . . . ever to actept any thing, either from Our hero was a great friend to, and the Virgin Mary, or from any other very fond of children. The young saint whatever. FREDERICK," pripces, Von ***, had always free ac
o . i i. cefs to him. One day writing in his His Majesty being incognito at Am- cabinet, whete the eldest of them was sterdam, wished to fpeak to a batiker, playing with a bally it happened to fall who was to pay him a considerable on the table , the king threw it on the Sum of money. He therefore were to foor; and wrote on presently after, his house; buć not finding him at the ball fet again on the table ; he homc; the banker's wife said he would threw it away once more, and cast a foon be back, and if he chose, he might ferious look on the child ; who prowait in the parlour; the door of which mifed to be more careful, and contithe opened. The king, who did not sued his play. At last the ball undiscover himself to the lady, accepted fortunately fell on the very paper on be propotal; but was not in the least which the king was writing ; who beaware of the compliment he was going ing a little out of humour, put the ball to receive ; for the begged Wim to leave in his pocket. The litde prince humhis shoes at the door *. The king, bly begged pardon, and intreated to fcraped and wiped them as cléat as have his ball again, which was refused, poffible ; but in vain, he was at last He continued some time praying in a obliged to fubmit to the ceremony: very piteous manner, but all in vain. The lady was not polite enough to Aclast; grown tired of afking, be placed ftay with him till her husband return himself before his Majesty, put his ed, which was shortly after, and who little hand or his side, and said, with was much astonished to fee the ro- & menacing look and tone, “ Do you barch under his roof; but was neat chuse, lire, to teltore the ball or not !!! hinking with flame; when he faw himn The king smiled; took the ball from without his shoes. Throwing himself his pocket, and gave it the prince, on his knees, to beg pardon for his with chefe words : “ Thou art a brave wife : " Heavens, why did not fellow--Silesia will perer be retaken
tour Majesty, discover yourfelf is whilst thoá art alive." - « Quite the contrary," said the kingi i
.ii " I took pains not to do it ; for the. The colimon actreffes, who played VOL: VII, No 42. 31
the * A cuftom in all the elegant houses in Hollandi