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sabsequent comparison, we shall pro- . ment of the country; they being Çeed to the statement, where the first · neither bound to abide by his Maparagraph that demands any particular jesty's will and pleasure, or even to attention, is the following: . communicate with his Majesty up
on any one meafure or matter re• Mr Fox's bill establi Maed no fourth lating to India, of any fort what
eftate, nor gave any one power to · ever.' • the directors therein named, which
did not exist before in the company; That Mr Fox's bill trenched upon but, on the contrary, did limit and the prerogative of the crown, is a restrain the said directors,- fo ap- charge of great weight in the general pointed by parliament, in various estimation of that transaction; and particulars in which the company's this important circumstance Mr Sheri.
directors were not before restrained. dan labours with all his ingenuity to • Mr Pitt's bill has established a fourth,' disprove, in the observations annexed
or new estate, or department ofrgo- to the Statement. •If, says he, a par: vernment, with powers infinitely liamentary nomination of persons to be exceeding those possessed by the concerned in the government of India, court of directors or court of pro- was an attack upon the conftitution, prietors at the time when the said the constitution had sustained and sur. board of controul was established. vived a fimilar attack in the regulating
act of 1773, and in the subsequent • Mr. Fox's bill, so far from placing bills which repeated those parliamen
the directors, named by parliament, tary appointments. If the employing above the executire governmept of the patronage of the company, with. the country, and out of the reach out the King's authority, was an inds. of its inspection and controul, did foon of his prerogative, it was of a preexpressly and distio aly place them rogative never heard of; for the crowa under the same obligation to com- had never had the grant of a single of municate their transactions to his fice, civil or military, belonging to Majesty's minifters for the time be the service of the East India company.' ing, and did expressly and distinct. In the former part of this extract, Mr ly make them subordinate and a- Sheridan confounds subordinate regu.
menable to his Majesty's pleasure, lations with the supreme jurisdiction .: and to the directors of his ministers, of India, which have no fimilarity to
in the same manner, and upon the each other. In respect of the latter fame footing, and under the same clause, we agree with Mr Sheridan,
limitations and restrictions," as ibe that the patronage of the Eaft India - regulating act of 1973, and the act company was no part of the royal pre 1 of 1781, and various other acts, rogative; but it does not thence fol. had placed the court of directors, low, that the annexing of that patro. · chosen, and appointed by the com- nage to any delegates constituted by pany.
parliament, was pot an invasion of the • Mr Pitt's bill has expressly repealed royal prerogative. It was, indeed, as
all the provisions in the said acts, indirect, but a most important inta· which gave to his Majesty any right, fion ; because it transferred to partick
power, or authority, to interfere in lar ageats, who derived their auibo - any matter or concern of the Bri- rity from parliament, a political in
rish government in India, and has fuence, attached by the constitucioa
made the board of controul wholly to the executive power alone. .. independent in the exercise of their The essential difference between the
offices of the general executive goverte two bills which form the subject of
the Comparative Statement is, in our have, ander Mr Pitt's bill, feparaopinion, extremely obvious, and may ted and uprrged those very imperial be comprised in a single observation. prerogatives from the crown, which By Mr Fox's bill, a board of Indian were falsely said to have been given government was created, objectionable, to the new board of directors under bot to say dangerous, by its unlimited Mr Fox's bill. power, and totally independent of the crown ; while Mr Pitt's, on the con. The powers which Mr Sheridad trary, by assigning the nomination of ascribes to the Indian commissioners The commissioners, and their continu- are such as no legislature, in the posance in office, to the crown, preserved session of its rational faculties, can ethe responsibility, without virtually ver be suppored to convey. If we extending the duration of ministers, rightly conceive the constitution of and reconciled the efficiency of India the board of controul, the men bers government with the safety of the Bri- of it; should they abuse their authori. Tish constitution.
iy, are not only liable to dismission The next paragraph in the Compa. from office; but to an impeachment. fative Statement is likewise worthy of In the last paragraph of his State notice.
meni, Mr Sheridan affitms, that 'neio
ther against the board of controul Earl Fitzwilliam, and the other di- acting on purposes of exclusive power sectors under Mr Fox's bill, could and ambition, nor against the crown neither have had transactions with acting in collusion with the board of any of the country powers in the controul, and covertly directing its East Indies, nor have directed hole measures, and its influence, is there tilities againlt, nor have concluded any provision made for the danger treaties with, any state of power, which may arise to the constitution. but subject to the orders of his Ma. We are surprized to find Mr Sheridan jesty; and his royal will and plea: make any remark to inconlistent with fure, fignified to them by the secre- the knowledge of the British constitutary of ftate, they were bound by tion. It is a salutary inaxim, and has law, to obey.'
been long established in this country, Mr Dundas, with any two more that i the King can do no wrong. commiffimers, may tranfaét matters To argue for the contrary, therefore, is of any sort with the country powo not only inadmissible, but gives too inuch ers ; may treat with, or ally with; counterance to a principal imputation, or declare war against, or make which the author feems delirous to peace with all, or any of the power's remove; we mean, an injurious de. or princes of India; may levy ar: sign against the royal prerogative. The mies there to any extent, and com- fame objection which Mr Sheridan mand the whole revenues of all our makes in this case, might be urged with possessions for their support, with equal force against all the ministers but taking his Majesty's pleasure of the executive power in Great Briupon any of these subjects in any rain. It is impotlible that their cona Mape, and without acting in his due can be universally prescribed by bame, or under his authority ; and positive regulations ; but for every a. these things may do against the will buse of their delegated power, it is of the directors, and without the well known that they are amenable ta, knowledge of parliament ; so that the tribunal of their coupéry, i in truth, the prefent board of controul
YOL. VII. No 43.
Extract from a Letter addressed to the Printer of a London Newspaper. A LTHOUGH I am, for the most ries, so that he could not poffibly spare
A part, amply gratified by the him any more money then; but that number of literary as well as miscel. if his affails took a favourable turn, laneous articles which daily appear in :all his friends might rely on being your Paper, I confess that I felt the most generously remunerated for their teverse of those sensations on reading kindness to him. This was the real a letter, containing unfavourable (tric. cause of his disappointed holl's ani. tures on the late P 's character, mosity, and here lay the rindiative and the rather, as they were not found. grudge. : : ed in truth. The publishing Hom's There are a fost of people, Sir, letter at this time, together with the (too frequently I fear to be met with extract from old
H i ms's con- ainong men of letters) who have mech versation, is considered as an indecent of the original fin, or a great deal of åttempt, not only to disturb the ashes of the devil about them; for if once of the dead, but to throw dust in the eyes fended, they never forgive, but will of mankind, already too much hood. draw thë hidden poniard against any winked, or blinded. The letter itself, man whilst living, and infamously itab indeed, never did, or even can reflect his character, or blacken his memory any credit on its author, considering when dead, not scrupling even to break the circumstances of the case. through the most facred ties of honous,
The idle tale endeavoured to be pro- truth, juitice, friendship, gratitude, and pagated against the late P 's ho- hospitality, to ferve a private end! hour, is easily put down, and the flig.: As to the suggestion toaching the ma wiped off, by the following state P 's fupposed tàrdiness in embark. of facts. That the P- was under ing, &c. it is a vile afperfion, a mot fome obligations to H-I- s, is attrocious piece of scurrility, hammer. admitted. When under that man's ed in the forge of turpitade äed ranjoof, he happened to receive a remit. cour, without having any colour of tance'; which his fordid landlord no truth in it, or even plausibility, unless sooner faw, than he very unconscionthe following circumstance could far: ably spelled hard for, or made a dead nith some depraved cysic with the set, at the whole of it! Representing means of representing a casual inti. the great and eminent services which dent, and fabricating or ingrafting the he had fendered, &c. The P , groffest falities upon it. When the however, very provideatly, as well as was upon the very point of wisely, pocketing the money and bills, going aboard the ship that wafeed him retired to his bedchamber, but not over to Scotland, in order to try his without hearing fome indecent mor fortune there, he was unexpectedly tering expressions dropt as he went out, presented by a private hand, with one touching meanness, difhonelty, and ib. ihousand guineas ; which event caused gratitude, &c.
a short delay of about twenty minutes In the morning the P , dot. after the signal gun was fired for en withstanding what had occurred over Barking, it being requifite or neceffary night, gave this son of avidity one that the receiver fhould few fome hundred Jouidores ; observing, at the marks of civility to the donor of so fame time, it was almoft uonccessary acceptable a present : this, with the to tell him, money had been fong å additional trouble of getting at the kind of stranger to his purse ; that strong box to put up the money, caules himself, and the major part of his some short delay, as above-mentioned. fuite, were in want of many cscella. Ob! Sir, would I could exorcise
yout your generally-deserving paper from volent disposition, and whereby those fuch low scurrilities and insinuations embers became effectually extinguish which tend to open and exulcerate old ed at laft. wounds. Lord H. did not think him. The P and his cause are now self at all obliged to the writer of the no more. England, Scotland, and Ire derter , in question, for the mention land, united under a gracious Prince, made of his name therein.
may set the world at odds; therefore, Lord (CN-1--or) H. after the let all well-wishers to the King and the Supprellion of his Sovereign's enemies three kingdoms, unanimously join in in the North, gave him the best ad. cultivating the principles of true loyvice that a faithful counsellor, and alty; and then, by uniformly walking great statesman could pollibly do ; tend- in the pleasing paths of honour, virtue, ing to conciliate, not infame matters, peace, harmony, and industry, ..... by raking too busily into the dying em.
Naught can make them rue, bers, but to let them go out of them. “ If firmly to themselves they prove Selves; a mode of acting and govern.. .but true.” ing congenial to the late King's bene. May 6, 1788.
To the Publisher of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE. . SIR,
T H E following Letter from a such of the lạity whose piety and patri· 1 Country Elder, a Member of otism render them mort zealous for the the last General Assembly, in town, interests of religion, and the support of to his Brother in the country, fell ac, ecclesiastical discipline, appeared to me cidentally into my hands. It contains likely to command veneration and ei fome Ihrewd observations, and bold steem. When I considered the cha: sentiments, which may, perhaps, afford racters and circumstances of the indi: some entertainment to your readers. viduals of this body, almost all of them
RHENO. men who have enjoyed the advantages DEAR BROTHER,
of a liberal and classical education ;
scholars, distinguished for elegance or IHE business of the General AS. Tublimity of genius; philosophers,whose sembly is now concluded, and I might accurate observation, and laborious in. return home to-morrow; but as some vestigation of the phenomena of nature of my old acquaintance, whom I had and society have contributed to improve not seen for some years, wish to detain and enlighten Britain ; orators, whose me with them some time longer, you rapid or infinuaciog eloquence has been will perhaps not see me for these eight known to produce the most powerful or ten days. You are, no doubt, de- effects from the pulpit, or at the bar ; firous of hearing something of our pro- men whose dignity of Itation and rank ceedings in the Assembly ; but to en- in life enable them to add weight to ter into a minute detail of our deli- the acts and resolutions of an eccleberations and resolutions, would be to lialtical court; men whose juridical fame a disagreeable labour, without af. gacity and erudition render them able fording you much entertainment to direct the proceedings of such an
You well know what high ideas I assembly in a manner consistent with have hitherto entertained of the Na- its former acts and decisions, and with tional Assembly of the Church of the civil and political legislature of their Scotland. A body, composed of the country; and others, whose firm, thos molt respectable of the clergy, and of simple honesty, and ardent, tho' pero ..... 3 H 2
Kaps unenlightened piery, have atrach. But I am now fully fenfible of the ed them inflexibly to the cause of re- fanciful extravagance of those notions, ligion and virtue:-When I consider. I shall noi, qç any time be heard to ed in this light the characters and cir, boast of the honour which I have en. cumstances of its members, I was in. joyed in allting at the deliberations duced to form the most respectful, and of this Assembly; nor shall I ever 2even extravagant notions of the wif- gain thew any solicitude for being indom, dignity, and rirtue of this Ar vested with the same character. Digni. sembly. The British House of Peers ty, decorum, candour, eloquence, and çongis of an order of men whose he- a firm adherence to the right in preTeditary wcalth and honours often ren- ference to what is merely planinle or der them averse or careless to practise famonahle, are what I here foolimiz that manly virtue and vigorious in- expected, but hare not found. I have dustry which are neceffary to consti- behe!d vanity and petulant dulness dis. tute personal merit. In the House of play themselves in all their glory : I Commons, among wise politicians and have, in the course of the various bu: honest patriots, there is a mixture of the finels before us, listened to orators, unprincipled pillagers of the East, def- who seemed to have learned to speak, titute of every merit but enormous and without knowing it to be fult neces ill-gotten wealth ; and polisicalądventu. sary that they snould think; who seem, Ters, the mean creatures and dependentsed to be fatisfied with pouring forth of ministers and opulent nab!cs. But in a torrent of words, without informing, a General Assembly, virtue, abilities, or influencing the sentiments of their and dignity of character might be expec brethren ; and whom you would have Bed to meet. The subjects of their con- guested to have painfully gor by rote; fideration, and the objects of their in, like parrors, those speeches which quirics appeared to be scarce of fuffi. they delivered, had they not been fo cient consequence in the world, to wholly destitute of meaning, that they cause any finister arts to be used for could be only the productions of their influencing their determinations; and, own babbling tongues. Some I have at the same time, the nature and de observed endeavouring to make up by Sign of their constițution Tecmed to loudness of voice, fomie by violence of exclude from their body every con action, and some by a seeming ease temptible or ynworthy character. I and indifference, for want of words, the ambassador of Pyrrhus reverenced or want of thoughts. Blugtness, perte the virtue of the rustic and unpolished pels, and yolubility of tongue, were senators of Rome ; is the eloquence alternately mistaken for wit; and if, of orators, the venerable sanctity of perhaps, a man had already acquired priests, and the awful dignity of jud. a reputation for wit or humour, he ges, have ever attracted the admiration was able to make my good brethren and commanded the respect of man- and fathers of the General Assembly kind ; surely, said I, the Assembly of distort their faces, and shake their the Church of Scotland must be truly lides with laughter, without saying one respectable. When I was elected el good thing. Instead of candour and der from our Presbytery to the Af- calmness, heat and prejudice, or else sembly of this year, I regarded that listless' indifference appeared to conas the most honourable and important duct the discussion of almost every circumstance of my life. Though I question. Without enlargement of bad sometimes ming!cd with the world, yiews, without accurate inquiry, withand had often felt and observed the out nature deliberation, resolutions frailties of human nature, yet such were hastily passed, in some cases, in were the romantic notions which I which, by a different conduct, the fondly entertained on this occasion." dignity and respectability of the Af